• Title, Summary, Keyword: SiC

Search Result 9,669, Processing Time 0.055 seconds

Synthesis of Si-SiC-CuO-C Composite from Silicon Sludge as an Anode of Lithium Battery (실리콘 슬러지로부터 리튬전지(電池) 음극용(陰極用) Si-SiC-CuO-C 복합물의 합성(合成))

  • Jeong, Goo-Jin;Jang, Hee-Dong;Lee, Churl-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.51-57
    • /
    • 2010
  • As a recycling of Si sludge from Si wafer process, a Si-SiC-CuO-C composite material was synthesized and investigated as an anode material for lithium batteries. The Si sludge consisted of Si, SiC, machine oil, and metallic impurities. The oil and metal impurities was removed by organic washing, magnetic separation, and acid washing. The Si-SiC-CuO-C composite from the recovered Si-SiC mixture was prepared by high-energy mechanical milling. According to the electrochemical tests such as charge-discharge capacity and cycling behavior, it showed the improved cycle performance. The SiC and CuO-related phases were presumed to restrain the volume expansion of the anode and Fe, however, should be removed below 10 ppm prior to synthesis of the composite because it caused the capacity loss of the active material itself.

Mechanical and Tribological Properties of Si-SiC-Graphite Composites (Si-SiC-Graphite 복합재료의 기계적 물성과 마찰 마모 특성)

  • 김인섭;이병하
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.32 no.6
    • /
    • pp.643-652
    • /
    • 1995
  • Si-SiC-graphite composites were developed by incorporating solid lubricant graphite into Si-SiC, in the light of improving tribological properties of Si-SiC ceramics. Si-SiC-graphite composites were fabricated by infilterating silicon melt into the mixture of α-SiC, carbon black and graphite powder at 1750℃ under 3 Torr. The particle size of graphite was in the range of 150 to 500㎛, and the loading content of graphite was 0, 20, 25, 30, 35 vol% in the mixture of α-SiC and carbon black. The mechanical and tribological properties of this composites were studied. The density, hardness, flexural strength, compressive strength and Young's modulus were decreased with increasing of graphite content. An additiion of solid-lubricant graphite up to 30 vol% has improved tribological properties of Si-SiC ceramics without considerable degradation of mechanical properties.

  • PDF

Interfacial Characteristics of $\beta$-SiC Film Growth on (100) Si by LPCVD Using MTS (MTS를 사용한 LPCVD 법에 의한 (100)Si 위의 $\beta$-SiC 증착 및 계면특성)

  • 최두진;김준우
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.34 no.8
    • /
    • pp.825-833
    • /
    • 1997
  • Silicon carbide films were deposited by low pressure chemical vapor deposition(LPCVD) using MTS(CH3SICl3) in hydrogen atmosphere on (100) Si substrate. To prevent the unstable interface from being formed on the substrate, the experiments were performed through three deposition processes which were the deposition on 1) as received Si, 2) low temperature grown SiC, and 3) carbonized Si by C2H2. The microstructure of the interface between Si substrates and SiC films was observed by SEM and the adhesion between Si substrates and SiC films was measured through scratch test. The SiC films deposited on the low temperature grown SiC thin films, showed the stable interfacial structures. The interface of the SiC films deposited on carbonized Si, however, was more stable and showed better adhesion than the others. In the case of the low temperature growth process, the optimum condition was 120$0^{\circ}C$ on carbonized Si by 3% C2H2, at 105$0^{\circ}C$, 5 torr, 10 min, showed the most stable interface. As a result of XRD analysis, it was observed that the preferred orientation of (200) plane was increased with Si carbonization. On the basis of the experimental results, the models of defect formation in the process of each deposition were compared.

  • PDF

Characteristics of porous 3C-SiC thins formed by anodization (양극 산화법으로 형성된 다공질 3C-SiC 막의 특성)

  • Kim, Kang-San;Chung, Gwiy-Sang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.45-45
    • /
    • 2009
  • This paper describes the formation of porous 3C-SiC by anodization. 3C-SiC thin films were deposited on p-type Si(100) substrates by APCVD using HMDS (Hexamethyildisilane: $Si_2(CH_3)_6$). UV-LED(380 nm) was used as a light source. The surface morphology was observed by SEM and the pore size was increased with increase of current density. Pore diameter of 70 ~ 90 nm was achieved at 7.1 $mA/cm^2$ current density and 90 sec anodization time. FT-IR was conducted for chemical bonding of thin film and porous 3C-SiC. The Si-H bonding was observed in porous 3C-SiC around wavenumber 2100 $cm^{-1}$. PL shows the band gap enegry of thin film (2.5 eV) and porous 3C-SiC (2.7 eV).

  • PDF

Effect of the C/Si Molar Ratio on the Characteristics of β-SiC Powders Synthesized from TEOS and Phenol Resin (C/Si 몰 비가 TEOS와 페놀수지를 출발원료 사용하여 합성된 β-SiC 분말의 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Youm, Mi-Rae;Park, Sang-Whan;Kim, Young-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
    • /
    • v.50 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-36
    • /
    • 2013
  • ${\beta}$-SiC powders were synthesized by a carbothermal reduction process using $SiO_2$-C precursors fabricated by a sol-gel process using phenol resin and TEOS as starting materials for carbon and Si sources, respectively. The C/Si molar ratio was selected as an important parameter for synthesizing SiC powders using a sol-gel process, and the effects of the C/Si molar ratio (1.4-3.0) on the particle size, particle size distribution, and yield of the synthesized ${\beta}$-SiC powders were investigated. It was found that (1) the particle size of the synthesized ${\beta}$-SiC powders decreased with an increase in the C/Si molar ratio in the $SiO_2$-C hybrid precursors, (2) the particle size distribution widened with an increase in the C/Si molar ratio, and (3) the yield of the ${\beta}$-SiC powder production increased with an increase in the C/Si molar ratio.

Physical Characteristics of Polycrystalline 3C-SiC Thin Films Grown by LPCVD (LPCVD로 성장된 다결정 3C-SiC 박막의 물리적 특성)

  • Chung Gwiy-Sang;Kim Kang-San
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
    • /
    • v.19 no.8
    • /
    • pp.732-736
    • /
    • 2006
  • This paper describes the physical characterizations of polycrystalline 3C-SiC thin films heteroepitaxially grown on Si wafers with thermal oxide, In this work, the 3C-SiC film was deposited by LPCVD (low pressure chemical vapor deposition) method using single precursor 1, 3-disilabutane $(DSB:\;H_3Si-CH_2-SiH_2-CH_3)\;at\;850^{\circ}C$. The crystallinity of the 3C-SiC thin film was analyzed by XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), XRD (X-ray diffraction) and FT-IR (fourier transform-infrared spectometers), respectively. The surface morphology was also observed by AFM (atomic force microscopy) and voids or dislocations between SiC and $SiO_2$ were measured by SEM (scanning electron microscope). Finally, residual strain was investigated by Raman scattering and a peak of the energy level was less than other type SiC films, From these results, the grown poly 3C-SiC thin film is very good crystalline quality, surface like mirror, and low defect and strain. Therefore, the polycrystalline 3C-SiC is suitable for harsh environment MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems) applications.

Phase and microstructure of hot-pressed SiC-AlN solid solutions (열간가압소결에 의한 SiC-AIN 고용체의 상 및 미세구조)

  • Chang-Sung Lim;Chang-Sam Kim;Deock-Soo Cheong
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.238-246
    • /
    • 1996
  • High-density SiC-AIN solid solutions were fabricated from powder mixtures of $\beta$-SiC and AIN by hot-pressing in the 1870 to $2030^{\circ}C$ temperature range. The reaction of AIN and $\beta$-SiC (3C) powder transformed to the 2 H (wurzite) structure appeared to depend on the temperature and SiC/A1N ratio and seeds present. The crystalline phases consisted of a SiC-rich solid-solution phase and an A1N-rich solid-solution phase. At $2030^{\circ}C$ for 1 h, for a composition of 50 % AIN/50 % SiC with a seeding of $\alpha$-SiC, the complete solid solution could be obtained and the microstructures are equiaxed with a relatively homogeneous grain size of 2 H phases. The variation of the seeding of $\alpha$-SiC in SIC-A1N solid solutions could be attributed to the transformation behaviour and differences in size and shape of the grains, as well as to other factors, such as grain size distributions, compositional inhomogeneity, and structural defects.

  • PDF

Effect of Transition Metal on Properties of SiC Electroconductive Ceramic Composites (SIC 도전성 세라믹 복합체의 특성에 미치는 천이금속의 영향)

  • 신용덕;오상수;주진영
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
    • /
    • v.53 no.7
    • /
    • pp.352-357
    • /
    • 2004
  • The composites were fabricated, respectively, using 61vol.% SiC - 39vol.% TiB$_2$ and using 61vo1.% SiC - 39vo1.% WC powders with the liquid forming additives of 12wt% $Al_2$O$_3$+Y$_2$O$_3$ by pressureless annealing at 180$0^{\circ}C$ for 4 hours. Reactions between SiC and transition metal TiB$_2$, WC were not observed in this microstructure. The result of phase analysis of composites by XRD revealed SiC(6H), TiB$_2$ and YAG(Al$_{5}$Y$_3$O$_{12}$) crystal phase on the SiC-TiB$_2$, and SiC(2H), WC and YAG(Al$_{5}$Y$_3$O$_{12}$) crystal phase on the SiC-WC composites. $\beta$\$\longrightarrow$$\alpha$-SiC phase transformation was ocurred on the SiC-TiB$_2$, but $\alpha$\$\longrightarrow$$\beta$-SiC reverse transformation was not occurred on the SiC-WC composites. The relative density, the vicker's hardness, the flexural strength and the fracture toughness showed respectively value of 96.2%, 13.34GPa, 310.19Mpa and 5.53Mpaㆍml/2 in SiC-WC composites. The electrical resistivity of the SiC-TiB$_2$ and the SiC-WC composites is all positive temperature coefficient resistance(PTCR) in the temperature ranges from $25^{\circ}C$ to 50$0^{\circ}C$. 2.64${\times}$10-2/$^{\circ}C$ of PTCR of SiC-WC was higher than 1.645${\times}$10-3/$^{\circ}C$ of SiC-TiB$_2$ composites.posites.

Properties of SiC-$ZrB_2$ Electroconductive Ceramic Composites by Spark Plasma Sintering (방전플라즈마 소결에 의한 SiC-$ZrB_2$ 도전성 세라믹 복합체 특성)

  • Shin, Yong-Deok;Ju, Jin-Young;Jo, Sung-Man;Lee, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Cheol-Ho;Lee, Hee-Seung
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1252_1253
    • /
    • 2009
  • The composites were fabricated by adding 0, 15, 20, 25[vol.%] Zirconium Diboride(hereafter, $ZrB_2$) powders as a second phase to Silicon Carbide(hereafter, SiC) matrix. The physical, mechanical and electrical properties of electroconductive SiC ceramic composites by spark plasma sintering(hereafter, SPS) were examined. Reactions between $\beta$-SiC and $ZrB_2$ were not observed in the XRD analysis The relative density of mono SiC, SiC+15[vol.%]$ZrB_2$, SiC+20[vol.%]$ZrB_2$ and SiC+25[vol.%]$ZrB_2$ composites are 90.97[%], 74.62[%], 77.99[%] and 72.61[%] respectively. The XRD phase analysis of the electroconductive SiC ceramic composites reveals high of SiC and $ZrB_2$ and low of ZrO2 phase. The electrical resistivity of mono SiC, SiC+15[vol.%]$ZrB_2$, SiC+20[vol.%]$ZrB_2$ and SiC+25[vol.%]$ZrB_2$ composites are $4.57{\times}10^{-1}$, $2.13{\times}10^{-1}$, $1.53{\times}10^{-1}$ and $6.37{\times}10^{-2}[{\Omega}{\cdot}cm]$ at room temperature, respectively. The electrical resistivity of mono SiC, SiC+15[vol.%]$ZrB_2$, SiC+20[vol.%]$ZrB_2$ and SiC+25[vol.%]$ZrB_2$ are Negative Temperature Coefficient Resistance(hereafter, NTCR) in temperature ranges from 25[$^{\circ}C$] to 100[$^{\circ}C$]. It is convinced that SiC+20[vol.%]$ZrB_2$ composite by SPS can be applied for heater above 1000[$^{\circ}C$].

  • PDF

TEM and Raman Spectrum Characterization of 3C-SiC/Si(001) Heterostructure Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition (화학증착 방법으로 Si(001)기판 상에 성장된 3C-SiC 이종접합 박막의 투과전자현미경 및 라만 특성분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Geun;Lee, Byeong-Taek;Mun, Chan-Gi;Kim, Jae-Geun;Jang, Seong-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
    • /
    • v.7 no.8
    • /
    • pp.654-659
    • /
    • 1997
  • HMDS[Si$_{2}$(CH$_{3}$)$_{6}$]단일 선구체를 이용하여 화학증착 방법으로 성장된 3C-SiC/Si(001) 이종접합박막의 특성을 XRD, 라만 스펙트럼 및 투과전자현미경(TEM)등을 이용하여 조사하였으며 시판되고 있는 상용 3C-SiC/Si 시편을 같은 방법으로 분석하여 특성을 비교검토하였다. $C_{3}$H$_{8}$-SiH$_{4}$-H$_{2}$혼합가스를 선구체로 이용하여 5$\mu\textrm{m}$두께로 성장된 상용 3C-SiC/Si 이종접합박막 시료의 XRD스펙트럼에서는 강한 3C-SiC(002)피크 만이 관찰되었으며, 라만 스펙트럼의 LO피크는 970nm$^{-1}$ 정도에서 강하게 나타났다. TEM 관찰 결과 다수의 전위, 쌍정, 적층결함 및 APB와 같은 결정결함들이 3C-SiC/Si 계면 근처에 집중적으로 분포되어 있었으며 성장된 박막은 단결정임을 확인할 수 있었다. 선구체로 HMDS를 사용하여 0.3$\mu\textrm{m}$ 및 2$\mu\textrm{m}$ 두께로 성장시킨 3C-SiC/Si 박막 시료의 XRD 스펙트럼은 다소 완만한 3C-SiC(002) 피크와 함께 3C-SiC(111)피크가 관찰되었으며, TEM으로 확인한 결과 소경각 결정립들이 약 5˚-10˚ 정도 방위차를 가지고 성장하여 기둥구조(columnar structure)를 이루고 있기 때문임을 알 수 있었다. 라만 스펙트럼 분석 결과 박막의 LO 피크가 967-969nm$^{-1}$정도로 다소 낮은 wavenumber쪽으로 이동되어 박막 내에 상당한 응력이 존재함을 확인할 수 있었다. 이와 같은 HMDS 3C-SiC박막의 특성은 성장 온도가 낮고 박막 성장용 가스로 사용한 HMDS 선구체에서 탄소가 과잉으로 공급되기 때문으로 제안되었다.다.

  • PDF