• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sikhye

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A Definition and Historical Study of Traditional and Commercial Sikhye (전통식혜 및 시판식혜의 역사적 고찰 및 정의)

  • 안용근;이석건
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 1996
  • Korean traditional Sikhye is made from rice and malt. Since 1740, there have been many records about the method of making traditional Sikhye, generally used in the folks. And the first records of sugar addition Sikhye were found In 1924. Therefore commercial sugar Sikhye is not traditional. Traditional Sikhye uses 30% of rice and malt (dry weight) as raw material, and main content is maltose. However commercial Sikhye uses only 3% of cooked rice, and adds 10% of sugar, .Even though some domestic Sikhye used sugar, the amount of added sugar does not exceed 115 of raw materials. Therefore, commercial Sikhye differs from not only traditional Sikhye but also domestic sugar Sikhye.

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Some Problems of Sikhye Production and An Improvement Method of Sikhye Quality (식혜산업의 문제점과 품질 향상방안)

  • 안용근;이석건
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 1996
  • Korean traditional Sikhye is made from rice and malt, and It's main product Is maltose. However commercial Sikhye differs from traditional Sikhye because it's main component is sucrose. Sikhye industry faces many problems such as contamination of malt with microorganisms, low amylase activity of malt and technical difficulties. There is no commercial Sikhye which is only using rice and malt by these reasons. To produce the traditional Sikhye free from these problems, it is necessary to restrict the microorganisms of malt and to standardize the amylase activity of malt. In addition, the Introduction of effective control and sanitaric process is required. In Sikhye production. if $\beta$-amylase and isoamylase or pullulanase were added, starch could be saccharified 100% as maltose. Accordingly, this method brings us the low cost of Sikhye.

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The Establishment of Optimum Conditions for Saccharification in Manufacturing Red Ginseng Sikhye

  • Hur, Sang-Sun;Choi, Suk-Won
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.191-195
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    • 2007
  • Red ginseng sikhye is one of Korean unique beverages with the addition of effective ingredients of ginseng. Considering economical and mechanical efficiency and quality of sikhye, the optimum conditions for saccharification is to saccharify at 90 degree celsius for 3 hours in the composition of 4% of malt, 20% of steamed rice, and 6% of red ginseng power. The red ginseng sikhye has high soluble solid content over 33% compared with conventional commercial sikhye. On the other hand, ginseng sikhye, which shows low pH, has more or less higher acidity than conventional commercial one. Especially the turbidity of the red ginseng sikhye is much higher than that of commercial sikhye, due to as high amount of rice as 20% compared with 3% in the commercial one. The use of high quantity of rice affected the level of turbidity in red ginseng sikhye. In this study, we wanted to establish optimum conditions for saccharification in manufacturing red ginseng sikhye which contains effective herbal medicinal ingredients maintaining the original taste of traditional sikhye.

A Study of Sikhye (한국 시판 식혜에 관한 연구)

  • 안용근;이석건
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 1995
  • Sikhye is a traditional sweet rice drink in Korea by $\beta$-amylase's saccharifing action. Sikhye has great potentiality for commercial beverage because of It's characteristic taste and flavors. But, the chemical compositions and production methods of Sikhye are little known. The total amount of carbohydrate of sixteen Sikhye selected in Korean market was 11~15%. The reducing sugar by the Somogyi-Nelson's method was measured 0.4~2% as maltose, which has little influence on the sweetness of Sikhye. While sucrose content was about 10% by the TLC and Seliwanoff analysis. It means that carbohydrate in Sikhye was almost sucrose. Furthermore the most of Sikhye has brown color and turbidity. To improve the quality of Korean Sikhye, it is necessary to increase the production of maltose and to reduce brown color and turbidity, without adding sucrose.

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Preparation of Traditional Malt-Sikhye 1. Preparation by Malt and Amyolytic Enzymes (전통식혜제조 - 제 1보 엿기름과 효소를 이용한 제조)

  • 안용근
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 1999
  • To develope the scientific preparation method of Dorean traditional rice drink 'Sikhye', effect of malt and commercial amylolytic enzymes in preparation of malt-Sikhye were studied. amylase activity of malt used in this study was 9,725unit/g. In malt-Sikhye preparation effective saccharifying conditions were 4% of malt 20% of rice at 6$0^{\circ}C$ for 5hour. Commercial amylolytic enzymes such as $\beta$-amylase(Bio-zyme ML Himaltosin GL) $\alpha$-amylase(Bokhabhyoso 5000, Teramyl and Fungamyl) and pulluanase(en-zyme CK-20) were not effective in saccharification for Sikhye preperation.

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A Study on Sugars in Korean Sweet Rice Drink "Sikhye"(III) -Commercial Sikhye- (식혜의 이소말토올리고당에 관한 연구(III) -시판식혜-)

  • 안용근
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.92-96
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    • 1997
  • A Korean commercial sweet rice drink "Sikhye" showed sucrose, fructose, glucose, maltose, limit dextrin and various size of maltooligosaccharides in HPLC and TLC analysis. Commercial Sikhye was found to contain 0.09% of limit dextrin and 0.2% of rice residue. Limit dextrin in commercial Sikhye showed both signal of $\alpha$-1,4- and $\alpha$-1,6-glucosidic linkage with its estimation ratio of 15:1 by 1H-NMR analysis. This limit dextrin was hydrolyzed to produce various size of maltooligosaccarides with more longer chain than that of traditional Sikhye by pullulanase. Limit dextrin was digested wit enzymes(30units/ml) of $\alpha$-amylase, $\alpha$-glucosidase and glucoamylase from Aspergillus awamori, sweet potato $\beta$-amylase and human salivary $\alpha$-amylase at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 1 hour, respectively. Hydrolysis rates of these amylases on it were higher than in case of traditional sikhye. $\alpha$-Glucosidase plus human salivary $\alpha$-amylase hydrolyzed it to 61.3%. Hydrolysis rates of these amylases on rice residue were lower than that of traditional Sikye. These results suggest that limit dextrin in commercial Sikhye is less effective than isomaltooligosaccharides in traditional Sikhye as a growth factor for Bifidobacterium while rice residue in commercial Sikhye is more effective than that in traditional Sikhye as dietary fiber.ary fiber.

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Studies on Sikhye Wine -2. Glutinous Rice Sikhye Wine- (식혜주에 관한 연구 -2보. 찹쌀식혜 올리고당주-)

  • 안용근;김승겸;신철승
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.365-369
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    • 1997
  • Glutinous rice Sikhye was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae for 10 day at 29$^{\circ}C$. Fermentable sugars such as maltose and maltotriose in glutinous rice Sikhye were converted into ethanol by the yeast, but limit dextrin was remained after the fermentation. fermentation rate of sugars in glutinous rice Sikhye was lower than that in rice Sikhye. Glutinous rice Sikhye wine was found to contain 7.3% of limit dextrin, 3.6% of ethanol, 0.35$\mu$mol/ml of amino acid, 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml of protein, and the acidity of the Sikhye showed 3.2, respectively, and its pH was 3.23. Limit dextrin in glutinous rice Sikhye wine showed both signal of $\alpha$-1, 4- and $\alpha$-1,6- glucisidic linkage with its estimation ratio of 5.6:1 by 1H-NMR analysis. The taste of rice Sikhye wine was similar that of wine.

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Quality characteristics of Sikhye prepared with Sasa borealis extracts (조릿대 추출물을 첨가한 식혜의 품질 특성)

  • Seo, Ji-Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.599-604
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    • 2016
  • This study was performed to evaluate the quality characteristics of Sikhyes (SBE-5, SBE-10, SBE-30, and SBE-50) prepared using various concentrations (5%, 10%, 30%, and 50%) of Sasa borealis extracts (SBE). There were no significant changes of pH and total acid contents in Sikhyes prepared with various concentration of SBE. Sikhye SBE-30 and Sikhye SBE-50 showed significantly higher contents in sweetness, reducing sugar, total polyphenol and flavonoid than other Sikhyes. In color, the more SBE was added, each Sikhye appeared the decreasing of L value, the increasing of b value and turbidity. In DPPH radical scavenging activity, there were no difference between Sikhye control (SBE free) and Sikhye SBE-5. But DPPH radical scavenging activity of Sikhye SBE-10, SBE-30 and SBE-50 increased proportionally as the concentration of SBE in Sikhyes were increased. The evaluation for taste tended to get high score in Sikhye SBE-30 and Sikhye SBE-50. The color preference decreased by additon of SBE. Overall preference showed a trend of decreasing in Sikhye SBE-50. These results indicates that the SBE could be beneficiary for preparation of Sikhye due to anti-oxidative effect, and the proper amounts of SBE would be about 30%.

Change in the Composition of Ginseng Sikhye during the Saccharification Process (인삼식혜 당화공정중 성분의 변화)

  • Hur, Sang-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.650-654
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    • 2007
  • Ginseng sikhye is a unique beverage containing medicinal ingredients and having the unique flavor of ginseng. In this study, changes in the sugar composition of ginseng sikhye were investigated during the saccharification process. The concentration of ginseng sikhye was varied and the sugar content analyzed during the process. The amount of ginseng powder was varied from 3% to 12% in a mixture of malt (20 g), steamed rice (400 g) and 0.2 mL ${\alpha}$-amylase (Teramyl). With increasing time and temperature during the saccharification process, the sugar content in the ginseng sikhy eincreased, reaching levels similar to commercial sikhye. However, based on analysis of free sugars, the maltose content in ginseng sikhye was over 4.3%, which was higher than for commercial sikhye. Therefore, ginseng sikhye shows excellent marketability quality.

Studies on Sikhye Wine -3. Commercial Sikhye Wine- (식혜주에 관한 연구 -3보. 시판식혜 올리고당주-)

  • 안용근;김승겸;신철승
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.370-374
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    • 1997
  • Commercial Sikhye was fermented by Saccharomyces cerevisiae for 10 day at 29$^{\circ}C$. Sucrose was hydrolyzed into glucose and fructose by invertase from the yeast, and the glucose and fructose were converted into ethanol by the yeast. Commercial Sikhye wine was found to contain 6.6% of ethanol, 0.32$\mu$mol/ml of amino acid, 226$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml of protein, and 2.5ml 0.1N NaOH of acidity, respectively, and its pH was 3.21. Limit dextrin in commercial rice Sikhye wine showed both signal of $\alpha$-1, 4- and $\alpha$-1, 6- glucosidic linkage with its estimation ratio of 25:1 by 1H-NMR analysis. The taste of rice Sikhye wine was similar that of wine.

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