• Title, Summary, Keyword: Single Optical Axis

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Extraction of a Distance Parameter in Optical Scanning Holography Using Axis Transformation

  • Kim, Tae-Geun;Kim, You-Seok
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.104-108
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    • 2010
  • We proposed an axis transformation technique which reveals a distance parameter directly from optical scanning holography (OSH). After synthesis of a real-only spectrum hologram and power fringe adjusted filtering, we transform an original frequency axis to a new frequency axis using interpolation. In the new frequency axis, the filtered hologram has a single frequency which is linearly proportional to the distance parameter. Thus, the inverse Fourier transformation of the filtered hologram gives a delta function pair in the new spatial axis. Finally, we extract the distance parameter by detecting the location of the delta function pair.

Development of single optical axis scanning PIV method (단일 광경로 스캔PIV기법의 개발)

  • Kim Hyoung-Bum;Jeong In-Young;Lee Sang-Hyuk;Ryu Chung-Hwan;Jean Hertzberg
    • 한국가시화정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.6-10
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    • 2005
  • PIV(Particle image velocimetry) presents the flow velocity of whole flow fields in a fraction of a second. Conventional PIV method uses two optical axis configuration during the image grabbing process. That is, the illumination plane and the recording plane must be parallel. This configuration is very natural to grab the whole field without the image distortion. In the real problem, it is often to meet the situation which this configuration is hard to be fulfilled. In this study, we developed new PIV method which only uses single optical axis to grab the particle images. This new PIV method become possible by utilizing the scanning method similar to echo PIV technique. One particle image of scanning PIV consists of scanned several line images and by repeating this scanning process, two particle images were grabbed and processed to produce the velocity vectors.

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Development of the Scanning PIV Method with Single Optical Axis (단일 광경로 스캐닝 PIV기법 개발)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Bum
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2007
  • Conventional PIV method uses two optical axis configuration during the image grabbing process. That is, the illumination plane and the recording plane must be parallel. This configuration is very natural to grab the whole field without the image distortion. In the real problem, it is often to meet the situation when this configuration is hard to be fulfilled. In the present study, the new PIV method which uses only single optical axis to grab the particle images is developed. This new PIV method becomes possible by utilizing the scanning method similar to the echo PIV technique. One particle image of the scanning PIV consists of scanned several line images and by repeating this scanning process, two particle images were grabbed and processed to produce the velocity vectors. An optimization study was performed to find parameters which minimize the measurement errors. The effects of particle diameter, beam overlap ratio and particle number density were investigated.

Surface Form Measurement Using Single Shot Off-axis Fizeau Interferometry

  • Abdelsalam, Dahi Ghareab;Baek, Byung-Joon;Cho, Yong-Jai;Kim, Dae-Suk
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.409-414
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    • 2010
  • This paper describes the surface form measurement of a spherical smooth surface by using single shot off-axis Fizeau interferometry. The demodulated phase map is obtained and unwrapped to remove the $2\pi$ ambiguity. The unwrapped phase map is converted to height and the 3D surface height of the surface object is reconstructed. The results extracted from the single shot off-axis geometry are compared with the results extracted from four-frame phase shifting in-line interferometry, and the results are in excellent agreement.

Micromirrors Driven by Detached Piezoelectric Microactuators For Low-voltage and Wide-angle Rotation (저전압 대회전을 위한 분리된 압전 구동기에 의한 미소거울)

  • Kim, Sung-Jin;Jin, Young-Hyun;Lee, Won-Chul;Nam, Hyo-Jin;Bu, Jong-Uk;Cho, Young-Ho
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents a torsional micromirror detached from PZT actuators (TMD), whose rotational motion is achieved by push bars in the PZT actuators detached from the micromirror. The push bar mechanism is intended to reduce the bending, tensile and torsional constraints generated by the conventional bending bar mechanism, where the torsional micromirror is attached to the PZT actuators (TMA). We have designed, fabricated and tested prototypes of TMDs for single-axis and dual-axis rotation, respectively. The single-axis TMD generates the static rotational angle of $6.1^{\circ}$ at 16 VDC, which is 6 times larger than that of single-axis TMA, $0.9^{\circ}$. However, the rotational response curve of TMD shows hysteresis due to the static friction between the cover and the push bar in the PZT actuator. We have shown that 63.2% of the hysteresis is due to the static friction caused by the initial contact force of the PZT actuaor. Without the initial contact force, the rotational response curve of TMD shows linear voltage-angle characteristics. The dual-axis TMD generates the static rotational angles of $5.5^{\circ}$ and $4.7^{\circ}$ in x-axis and y-axis, respectively at 16 VDC. The measured resonant frequencies of dual-axis TMD are $2.1\pm0.1$ kHz in x-axis and $1.7\pm0.1$ kHz in y-axis. The dual-axis TMD shows stable operation without severe wear for 21.6 million cycles driven by 16 Vp-p sinusoidal wave signal at room temperature.

Design and Manufacture of an Off-axis Aluminum Mirror for Visible-light Imaging

  • Zhang, Jizhen;Zhang, Xin;Tan, Shuanglong;Xie, Xiaolin
    • Current Optics and Photonics
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.364-371
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    • 2017
  • Compared to one made of glass, an aluminum mirror features light weight, compact design, low cost, and quick manufacturing. Reflective mirrors and supporting structures can be made from the same material, to improve the athermal performance of the system. With the rapid development of ultraprecise machining technologies, the field of applications for aluminum mirrors has been developed rapidly. However, most of them are rotationally symmetric in shape, and are used for infrared applications. In this paper, the design and manufacture of an off-axis aluminum mirror used for a three-mirror-anastigmat (TMA) optical system at visible wavelengths is presented. An optimized, lightweight design provides a weight reduction of more than 40%, while the surface deformation caused by earth's gravity can meet the required tolerance. The two pieces of an off-axis mirror can be diamond-turned simultaneously in one setup. The centrifugal deformation of the off-axis mirror during single-point diamond turning (SPDT) is simulated through the finite-element method (FEM). The techniques used to overcome centrifugal deformation are thoroughly described in this paper, and the surface error is reduced to about 1% of the original value. After post-polishing, the form error is $1/30{\lambda}$ RMS and the surface roughness is better than 5 nm Ra, which can meet the requirements for visible-light imaging.

Design of micro lens array (Micro lens array 설계)

  • 홍경희
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.204-211
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    • 1994
  • Micro array lens systems are designed for a faximile or copy machine. The array type is hexagonal. Diameter of a lens is 0.16 mm and the distance of the center of the nearest neighbor is 0.192 mm. The magnitude of the lens system is 1:1. Working distane is 10.55 mm and the spot size is less than 0.04 mm radius on axis and 0.20 mm off-axis in case of single layer system. Working distance is 7.90 mm and the spot size is less than 0.07 mm radius on axis and 0.09 mm radius off axis in case of double layer system. Performance of single layer micro array lens system and double layer micro array lens system are compared with the characteristics of the ray fans.y fans.

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Development of Micro-opto-mechanical Accelerometer using Optical fiber (광섬유를 이용한 미세 광 기계식 가속도 센서의 개발)

  • Lee, Seung-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Mechanical Technology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.93-99
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    • 2011
  • This paper presents a new type of optical silicon accelerometer using deep reactive ion etching (DRIE) and micro-stereolithography technology. Optical silicon accelerometer is based on a mass suspended by four vertical beams. A vertical shutter at the end of the mass can only moves along the sensing axis in the optical path between two single-mode optical fibers. The shutter modulates intensity of light from a laser diode reaching a photo detector. With the DRIE technique for (100) silicon, it is possible to etch a vertical shutter and beam. This ensures low sensitivity to accelerations that are not along the sensing axis. The microstructure for sensor packaging and optical fiber fixing was fabricated using micro stereolithography technology. Designed sensors are two types and each resonant frequency is about 15 kHz and 5 kHz.

Statistical Analysis of 3D Volume of Red Blood Cells with Different Shapes via Digital Holographic Microscopy

  • Yi, Faliu;Lee, Chung-Ghiu;Moon, In-Kyu
    • Journal of the Optical Society of Korea
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we present a method to automatically quantify the three-dimensional (3D) volume of red blood cells (RBCs) using off-axis digital holographic microscopy. The RBCs digital holograms are recorded via a CCD camera using an off-axis interferometry setup. The RBCs' phase image is reconstructed from the recorded off-axis digital hologram by a computational reconstruction algorithm. The watershed segmentation algorithm is applied to the reconstructed phase image to remove background parts and obtain clear targets in the phase image with many single RBCs. After segmenting the reconstructed RBCs' phase image, all single RBCs are extracted, and the 3D volume of each single RBC is then measured with the surface area and the phase values of the corresponding RBC. In order to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed method to automatically calculate the 3D volume of RBC, two typical shapes of RBCs, i.e., stomatocyte/discocyte, are tested via experiments. Statistical distributions of 3D volume for each class of RBC are generated by using our algorithm. Statistical hypothesis testing is conducted to investigate the difference between the statistical distributions for the two typical shapes of RBCs. Our experimental results illustrate that our study opens the possibility of automated quantitative analysis of 3D volume in various types of RBCs.