• Title, Summary, Keyword: Single-person Household

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Study on Trip Generation Characteristics of Single-Person Household in Seoul Metropolitan Area (수도권 1인가구의 통행발생 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Hyo Won;Rhee, Jong Ho;Oh, Seung Hwoon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.2503-2508
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    • 2013
  • Single-person households in the Seoul Metropolitan Area have increased sharply during recent 20-30 years. Despite of decreasing in the total population, the number of single-person household is predicted to increase continuously. However, the effect of single-person household growth on the domestic transport sector has not been studied concretely. In this study, the differences on trip generation characteristics by household size and attributes were figured out by analyzing Seoul Metropolitan Area Household Travel Behavior Survey (SMA-HTBS). Firstly, trip generation rates (trips/day/person) were produced by household attribute, household member attribute and trip attribute based on SMA-HTBS. Secondly, trip generation rate of single-person household and that of multi-person (2 or more) household were compared by significance test. It was found that trips generation characteristics of single-person household is quite different from those of multi-person household by housing type, residential type, living area, and transport mode. The result of this paper is expected to contribute developing more sophisticated trip generation model and transport policy reflecting trip generation characteristics of single-person household.

Correlation Analysis According to Consumption Trend using Association Rule (연관규칙을 이용한 가구별 소비 트렌드의 상관분석)

  • Choi, Jung-Ah;Jung, Yong-Gyu
    • Journal of Service Research and Studies
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2015
  • According to Korea Social Trends 2012 report presented in National Statistical Office, based on 2010, single-person household out of all households in Korea ratio is 23.9%, not only this ratio is beyond a family of four's ratio (22.5%) but also overtake couple-person household. Last year, according to financial industry and National Statistical Office, Korea's single-person household is estimated 4 million Five hundred and thirty thousand nine thousand family (25.3%). this mean is Korea's One of four household furniture is single-person household. Furthermore. According to National Statistical Office's report 'Future household projections 2010~2035 Report', In 2035, Korea's single-person household is assumed to increase by 34.3%. Korea's causes an increase of single-person household causes an increase is reduced marriage, increase in divorce, low fertility, increasing older singles etc. also Around the World as well as Korea single person household is increase. Based on 2011, single-person household is reached at 2 hundred million 42 million furniture (This ratio is 13%), China and U.S.A's single-person household ratio close in upon 30%. Sweden and Norway, the Philippines, Denmark is also approximately 40% of all households. Up to now, Not reached at OECD average, but this is increasing at a very fast pace. and then It will overtake this ratio. so government, regarding single-person household upsurge, try to find definitive solution. Appeared to statistics through the data, this find out the single-person household characteristics. Using association rule, the association between consumption trend and single-person.

Housing Cost Burden of Single- or Two-person Households in Their 20s and 30s in the United States (미국 20-30대 1-2인가구의 주거비 부담 실태)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.69-77
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore housing cost burden of young single- or two-person households in the United States who have recently moved for job-related reasons. Total 580 households were selected from 2009 American Housing Survey public-use microdata for data analysis. The findings are as follows: (1) Targeted single-person households were characterized as younger households with higher educational attainment, lower household income, and greater proportion of renters, multifamily housing residents and households with housing cost burden than other households; (2) two-person households showed a higher income level and lower housing cost burden; (3) characteristics that showed significant influences on housing cost burden were household size, householder's age, gender, race and educational attainment, household income level and tenure type; and (4) a linear combination of household size, household income, whether or not a low-income household, residency in metropolitan area, and home structural type were found to be most efficient to predict a single- or two-person household's housing cost burden regardless of the household size.

The Effects of the Economic Characteristics of Single-person Households on the Food Service Industry (1인 가구의 경제적 특성이 외식산업에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Pil Kyoo
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.321-331
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the economic characteristics of single-person households and explain the effects of them on the food service industry. Methods: For this paper, I analysed the data related with single-person households and the food service industry in two surveys, Household Income and Expenditure Survey and Wholesale and Retail Trade Survey published by Statistics Korea from 2006 to 2015, with an empirical test performed utilizing these data. The indicators of the age of householders, disposable income per capita, and the rate of household of worker were compared between single and multi-person households. Furthermore, sales and the number of establishments in the food service industry were used as industry-variables, and disposable income, eating-out expenses and the rate of single-person households as the household-variables were used in a panel analysis. Results: The results showed that household incomes were lower, age of householder was higher, and the percentage of household of worker was lower in single-person households in contrast to multi-person households. According to the empirical analysis, eating-out expenses of single-person households, in comparison to multi-person households, has significantly positive effects on the growth of the food service industry. This means that the recent trend of increasing numbers of single-person households may help the growth of the food service industry. Conclusions: The growth in the rate of single-person households has been one of the most striking demographic shifts in recent decades. Their economic characteristics and the effects were analyzed to give the managers in the food service industry and the policy-makers useful information in dealing with this new trend. Moreover, in considering the fact that single-person households eat out more frequently than multi-person households, the food service business should develop the managerial strategies focused on acclimatizing to single-person households.

A Study on The Housing Consumption Problem in Young Single-Person Household - Focusing on Reduction of Housing Area - (서울시 청년 1인 가구 주거 문제 분석 - 주거소비 면적 감소 현상을 중심으로 -)

  • Jo, Haeun;Kim, Euijune
    • Journal of the Korean Regional Science Association
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of the study is to analyze the housing problems of single-person household in 20-35 age group. Using the survey of Household's Consumption in 2014, we estimated the housing demand function of young single-person household in Seoul. As a result, the coefficient of the permanent income for young single-person household housing was significantly lower than other groups and the housing demand was also lower than others. Since current income isn't come up to permanent income enough, the housing consumption of young single-person household shrinks. It implies the role of the housing financial market is less activated. That is, the difficulty of realization of permanent income and lack of housing finance are the main cause of the imbalance of housing demand of one young person. Therefore, it implies that in order to alleviate the housing problem of the young single-person household, a policy to balance the permanent income with the housing demand is needed.

A Longitudinal Study on the Effects of Socioeconomic Deprivations on Depression of middle-aged Single-Person Household - A Focus on the Comparison between Single-person and Multi-person Households - (중장년 1인 가구의 사회경제적 박탈이 우울에 미치는 영향에 관한 종단 연구: 다인 가구와의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Ko, A Ra;Jeong, Kyu Hyoung;Shin, Bo Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Family Social Work
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    • no.59
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    • pp.55-79
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    • 2018
  • The aim of study to compare the change trajectory of socioeconomic deprivation and depression the middle-aged in the single-person household and that in the Multi-person Household and to confirm the difference between the two groups. It is to examine the Longitudinal relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and depression. To do so, we studied 4,212 single-person household and Multi-person Household cases in the 7th to 11th Korea Welfare Panel Study (2012~2016). To verify the difference between both groups, we go on analysis with the latent growth curve model. According to our analysis, it is confirmed that the socioeconomic deprivation and depression of single-person households is higher than those of Multi-person Household and thus there is meaningful difference between both groups. Also, we reveal that the socioeconomic deprivation of Multi-person Household tends to decease while that of single-person household doesn't decline significantly. Furthermore, it appears that the socioeconomic deprivation is directly proportional to the depression in both groups. This research has meaningful significance in that we discussed in depth the relationship between the socioeconomic deprivation and depression of both groups, suggesting that welfare approach should be needed in the middle-aged in the single-person household.

A Study on the Interaction of Single-person Household and Smart Device Based on the Context (컨텍스트 기반 1인가구-스마트 디바이스의 인터랙션 연구)

  • Chang, Mi;Nah, Ken
    • Journal of the HCI Society of Korea
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2018
  • The rapid increase of Sinlge-person household and the increase in the use of smart devices necessitate the context analysis of Sinlge-person household and specific design direction for Sinlge-person household products. Previous studies have analyzed the overall context of smart devices without distinguishing between Sinlge-person household and a household. However, since the number of family members, age distribution, and residential space are different in the case of Sinlge-person household, it is necessary to analyze the different behaviors of smart devices. Therefore, this study limits the use environment of smart device of Single-person household to the scope of investigation, and based on the theoretical background, defines the existing comprehensive context based on user's situation that lasts for a certain interval. For the concrete and empirical research results, Consolidated Flow Model was constructed through Contextual Task through user research. This shows the interaction characteristics such as the guarantee of physical space, efficiency, lifestyle reflection, and safety assurance of Single-person household.

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The impact of household types and social relationships on depression : based on the comparison between single-person households and multi-person households (가구형태와 사회적 관계의 객관적·주관적 측면이 우울에 미치는 영향 : 1인 가구와 다인 가구의 비교를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Yu Jung;Lee, Myoung-Jin;Choi, SetByol
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.25-51
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: This research started with the attempt to comprehend the relationship between household types and psychological stability by linking single-person households to the emotional index "depression." Method: For this purpose, we first compare to see if there is a difference in socio-demographic variables, social relationships, the degree of depression between single households and multi-person households, and to comprehend the relative influence that household types have on depression by taking other factors under consideration. Results: Then based on the results, we compare and analyze the factors that affect the degree of depression on single-person households and multi-person households, respectively. To summarize the results, first of all, residents in single-person households are somewhat older but show lower level of income, education, and health condition compared to peers inmulti-person households. They also had a consistently high level not only in the frequency of contact and emotional connection with families, relatives, and friends, but also in the degree of depression when compared to multi-person households. Secondly, for depression, considering the various factors targeting all the households, the following had a strong influence in the order of "health condition compared to peers," "emotional connection with family," "household types," "emotional connection with colleagues," "frequency of contact with neighbors," "gender," and "age."The degree of depression increases in the following conditions: if the health condition is worse, lower emotional connection with family, single-person household, lower emotional connection with colleagues, lower the frequency of contact with neighbors, female, and older the age. Thirdly, comparing the factors that affect depression by dividing single-person households and multi-person households, "health condition compared to peers" and "emotional connection with family" had the largest effect in common, respectively. In cases of living alone, regardless of other factors, the degree of depression increases with "health condition compared to peers" and "emotional connection with family." Conclusions: On the contrary, in multi-person households, "health condition compared to peers," "emotional connection with family," "emotional connection with colleagues," "income," and "gender" are important.

Analysis on Financial Statuses of Single and Non-single Low-income Households (저소득층 일인가구 및 비(非)일인가구의 가계재무상태 분석)

  • Kim, Sung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.125-145
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    • 2011
  • The purposes of this study were to examine low-income households' financial statuses and the socio-economic characteristics of single-person and non-single person households according to the financial indexes used for evaluating financial security and growth status developed based on financial ratios. Using 2009 KLIPS(Korean Labor & Income Panel Survey) data collected by the Korean Labor Institute, the satisfaction levels from the indexes were analyzed and compared between the two household types. The results showed that 46.0% of single-person households were not satisfactory in terms of all financial growth indexes but were partially satisfactory in terms of all financial security indexes. These householders tended to be females and in the their 70s, who lived in Seoul or in a suburb of Seoul, Korea. They reported problems with a lack of financial growth possibilities. 47.0% of non-single person households were not satisfactory in terms of all financial growth indexes but were partially satisfactory in terms of all financial security indexes. These householders tended to be males in their 60s and 70s with no job who were living in Seoul or in a suburb of Seoul, Korea. They reported having low level of liquidity and high level of debt redemption. 42.6% of single-person households were not satisfactory in terms of both financial security and growth indexes partially. These householders tended to be females in their 20s or 70s who were living in rural areas. They reported problems related to an adverse balance between household income and expenditures and a large scale of debt. 43.1% of non-single households were not satisfactory in terms of both financial security and growth indexes partially. These householders tended to be males in their 60s or 70s and homeowners. They reported problem related to an adverse balance of household income and expenditures and high a level of housing expenditures and liquidity. The research findings have implication for policy makers considering financial support programs and welfare programs for low-income householders, considering the recent changes in households structures.

Housing Characteristics and Determinants of Housing Cost Burden of Young Single- or Two-person Households in the U.S. Metropolitan Areas (미국 대도시 지역 청년 1-2인가구의 주거 특성 및 주거비 부담 영향 요인)

  • Choi, Byungsook;Lee, Hyun-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to explore housing characteristics of young single- or two-person households in the U.S. metropolitan urban areas and determinants of their housing cost burden. Total 764 single-person households, 744 two-person households and 424 households with three or more persons were selected from the 2011 American Housing Survey public-use microdata for the study based on specific sampling criteria. The major findings are as follows: (1) In comparisons with larger households, single- or two-person households were characterized to be headed by younger householders, to have less income, and to have a greater proportion of households living in central cities of metropolitan areas, renting housing units, living in smaller size units or multifamily structures; (3) housing cost of single- or two-person households were significantly less than a larger households while housing costs per unit square footage (SQFT) of single- or two-person households was significantly greater; (4) regardless of the household size, there are many household headed by young college graduates paying too much of their income for housing, and single-person households were found to have the greatest housing cost burden; and (5) a linear combination of low-income status, monthly housing costs per unit SQFT, annual household income, and unit SQFT per person was found to be most efficient to predict single- or two-person households with housing cost burden.