• Title/Summary/Keyword: Situational Factor

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An Empirical Study on Situational Factor of ERP Introduction

  • Yim, Ki-Heung;Chong, Min-Yeong;Ra, Jong-Hei
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2007
  • In today's dynamic and turbulent business environment, in order to become globally competitive, many companies are trying to get closer to the customer and deliver value added product and services in the shortest possible time which demands integration of business processes of an enterprise, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is such a strategic tool, which helps the company to gain competitive edge by integrating all business processes and optimizing the resources available. This paper throws light on how ERP evolved, what makes up an ERP system and what it has to offer to the industries. The paper includes the role of ERP, perception of ERP value, ERP plan and direction. The author also argues checkpoints as a preview to ERP introduction.

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A Empirical Study on Situational Factor of ERP Introduction

  • Yim, Ki-Heung;Kim, Jong-Ho;Quan, Yue-Shun
    • 한국디지털정책학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.181-188
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    • 2007
  • In today's dynamic and turbulent business environment, in order to become globally competitive, many companies are trying to get closer to the customer and deliver value added product and services in the shortest possible time which demands integral ion of business processes of an enterprise. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) is such a strategic tool, which helps the company to gain competitive edge by integrating all business processes and optimizing the resources available. This paper throws light on how ERP evolved, what makes up an ERP system and what it has to offer to the industries. The paper includes the role of ERP, perception of ERP value, ERP plan and direction. The author also argues checkpoints as a preview to ERP introduction.

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A Study on Evaluation Model Construction of Man-Machine System Using Transfer Function (전달함수를 이용한 Man-Machine System의 평가 모델 구축에 관한 연구)

  • 김만균;함효준
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.19 no.40
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    • pp.291-299
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    • 1996
  • This study is concerned with the evaluation model construction of Man-Machine System(MMS) using Transfer Function in order to improve the control characteristics of an operator in the system and the procedure for ergonomic system design, When man, as a subsystem, performs his allocated functions in a system, many physical and physiological problems such as fatigue, stress and error occur. And the imperfect design of a MMS may itself be a situational factor that accelerates stress as well as an idiosyncratic factor that causes errors. So, the economy of design should be considered together with the ergonomic characteristics on the evaluation of MMS.

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A Theoretical Study on Clothing Conformity: Conformity type, Reference Group, and Influencing factor (의복동조성에 대한 이론적 연구 -동조유형, 준거집단 및 영향요인을 중심으로-)

  • Park Hye Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.223-241
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    • 1989
  • As a preliminary work for the clothing conformity study, Its theoretical backgrounds were reviewed. In the view of convertibility into clothing conformity, two prevailing conformity types were studied. One is normative-social influence and informational-social influence classified by Deutsch and Gerald. And the other is Kelman's classification which includes compliance, identification and internalization. Reference group, as an object of conformity, was studied. In addition to Engel and Blackwell' s and Assael's classification, the reference groups which were revealed in the studies of consumer behavior and clothing behavior were reviewed. The factors were reviewed which influence conformity and clothing conformity. They were product factor, group factor, situational factor and individual factor.

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The Demographic Faultline Is a New Situational Factor for Team Management: The Effect of Leader Teamwork Behaviors on Support for Innovation

  • Na, Dong Man;Park, Seong Hoon;Kwak, Won Jun
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.149-160
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    • 2018
  • An alternative method for team diversity studies is to examine demographic faultlines. A concept of demographic faultline enables us to better understand team dynamics with multidimensional diversity. This study suggests the demographic faultline as a new situational factorto influence the relationship between leader teamwork behaviors and a climate of support for innovation. When subgroups divided by demographic faultline are homogeneous within them and heterogeneous between them, the homogeneity may increase intimacy in each subgroup while the heterogeneity may increase exclusiveness between those subgroups. We argued that a leader could play an important role to build a cooperative relationship between faultline-based subgroups and highlight positive aspects of developing and maintaining subgroups in organizations. With a sample of 81 teams (558 employees), it was examined how leader teamwork behaviors would affect a team-level climate of support for innovation and how this relationship would be moderated by each team's demographic faultline (gender, age, and educational specialty). As predicted, it was found that there was a significant positive relationship between each leader's teamwork behaviors and each team's climate of support for innovation. In addition, this relationship was stronger for teams with strong faultline than with weak faultline. Our findings and their implications were further discussed.

A Study of the Influence of Situational.Emotional Factors on Impulsive Buying in Duty-Free Shops (면세점내 상황적.감정적 요인이 충동구매에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Joo-Won;Cho, So-Yeon;Park, Myung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.8
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the factors, which influence impulsive buying at duty-free shops. This involved an investigation into the effects of demographic characteristics, the types of purchased items, and the situational and emotional factors affecting impulsive purchasing behaviour in consumers, who had bought items from duty free shops in the past three years. The findings are as follows. Firstly, while beverage and cosmetic items were found to encourage impulse buying, in general demographic variables and type of product had only a slight influence. Secondly, the situational factors of price benefits, overseas luxury branding, and ease of access in the duty free shopping area all had a definite positive influence. Thirdly, with regard to emotional factors, positive emotion was found to have strong augmenting effect on impulsive purchasing. The findings can be used in the development of educational materials to prevent impulsive purchasing and promote sensible consumer behaviour.

Moderating Effect of Situational Factors on Purchase Intention and Purchase Behavior for Environmentally Friendly Products (친환경 제품 구매의도와 구매행동 간의 상황적 요인의 조절효과)

  • Kim, Sa-Won;Lee, Soo-Hyung
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.27 no.12
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    • pp.1195-1203
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    • 2018
  • Many consumers intend to make environmentally purchase. However, this is not always what occurs. A gap exists between consumer intentions to purchase environmentally friendly products and their actual purchase behavior. In this study, we examined the effect of situational factors such as price sensitivity, product quality perception, and label trust on the relationship between purchase intention and purchase behavior for environmentally friendly products. First, we conducted a theoretical consideration through a review of literature on price sensitivity, product quality perception, label trust, purchase intention and purchase behavior. Based on the literature review, we designed a structural model and developed the hypotheses. Next, we collected data using a survey and processed them statistically in order to verify the hypotheses. A total of 213 samples were collected and the data were analyzed using a structural equation model (LISREL 8.70). The results suggest that the situational factor of label trust has a moderating effect on the relationship between purchase intention and purchase behavior for environmentally friendly products. However, price sensitivity and product quality perception have no moderating effect. This means that trust in labels is important when consumers want to buy environmentally friendly products. Although this study has some limitations, it is expected that it will positively trigger follow-up research.

Test of the New Health Promotion Model for the Prediction of Female Employees' Health Promotion Behavior at the Manufacturing Plants (제조업 여성근로자의 건강증진행위 예측을 위한 새 건강증진 모형의 검증)

  • Yun, Soon-Nyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.557-569
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of the study was to test the Pender's New Health Promotion Model in order to explain and predict female workers' health promotion behavior at manufacturing plants by using latent variable structural equation model. The data were collected from 280 female workers at 8 electronic factories located at Seoul. Kyunggi. and Incheon using a structured questionnaire through interview and self-report. LISREL was used to test the model. The results are as follows: 8 out of 15 paths of the modified one from the hypothetical model of Health Promotion were statistically significant and the total variance was 40%. The relationship between the previous health behavior and the cognitive emotional factor, and the interpersonal factor. and the situational factor each. and the relationship between perceived health status and interpersonal factor, and health promotion behavior each among gamma paths were unidirectional. On the beta paths. the relationship between the interpersonal factor and the cognitive emotional factor was bi-directional: the relationships amongst the interpersonal factor and the commitment to action, and the health promotion behavior were unidirectional. But the commitment to action was not a significant mediating factor to the health promotion behavior. Pender's New Model is considered good to explain and predict the female workers' health promotion behavior. The interpersonal factor should be considered in occupational nursing practice. But the concepts of situation and commitment to action should be further validated and measured.

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Factors Affecting the Delay of the Final Purchase Decision in Online Shopping: Investigating the Moderating Effect of Need for Cognitive Closure (온라인 쇼핑에서 최종 구매결정 지연 발생의 영향요인: 인지적 종결욕구의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Ae Ri;Kim, Dohoon;Kim, Kyung Kyu
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.658-669
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    • 2017
  • While online shopping has been increased expeditiously, a significant portion of purchasing intention has not been converted into actual purchasing behavior without delay in online space. This study investigates the factors causing a delay in online purchasing decision even after purchasing intention has been formed. It identifies the uncertainty variables (information, psychological, and preference uncertainties) related to consumer needs and the situational variables (time pressure and past purchase experience) surrounding the purchasing transaction. Furthermore, the need for cognitive closure is proposed to moderate the relationships between uncertainty/situational variables and the purchasing behavior. The results show that the uncertainties and situational factors significantly influence purchasing delay. Also, the need for cognitive closure indeed works as a moderator between the uncertainty variables and the purchasing behavior. Practical and academic implications of these findings are also discussed.

Technical, Individual and Situational Factors Affecting Intention to Use of Mobile Easy Payment Service : Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Subjective Norms (기술, 개인, 상황 특성이 모바일 간편 결제서비스 이용의도에 미치는 영향 : 주관적 규범의 조절효과)

  • Park, Hyunsun;Kim, Sanghyun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2018
  • With the development of information and communication technologies, popularization of smart phones, and relaxation of the government regulation, mobile easy payment service is rapidly growing as a major financial service. Therefore, this study examines factors that influence the intention to use mobile easy payment service through empirical analysis. We collected 386 responses by survey and formed structural equation modeling with AMOS 22.0. The results show that technical factors(relative advantage, security), individual factor(self-efficacy), situational factors(trust in prior services and satisfaction of prior services) had a positive effect on the perceived value. In addition, perceived value had a positive effect on the intention to use mobile easy payment services. Lastly, subjective norms are closely related to the relationship between perceived value and intention to use mobile easy payment services. The results can be expected to provide useful references to the Fintech related industry fields.