• Title, Summary, Keyword: Skill Competence

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Influences of Communication Skill and Interpersonal Ability on Clinical Competence of Nursing Students (의사소통과 대인관계 능력이 간호대학생의 임상수행능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Ya Ki
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the relationship between communication skill, interpersonal ability and clinical competence of nursing students, and to identify factors influencing clinical competence. Methods: Research participants were 172 nursing students in the nursing departments of 3 universities located in G city and J province. The students had completed over 2 semesters of clinical practice. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: Participants' scores for communication skill, interpersonal relationships and clinical competence were $3.81{\pm}0.42$, $3.74{\pm}0.43$ and $3.49{\pm}0.43$ respectively. Communication skill, interpersonal relationships and clinical competence had positive correlations. Factors influencing nursing students' clinical competence included communication skill, interpersonal relationships, subjective health status and satisfaction with nursing as a major. These variables explained 40% of the variance in clinical competence. Conclusion: The findings show that development and application of educational programs to increase communication skill and interpersonal relationships are important and will improve nursing students' clinical competence.

Effects of Simulation-based Education on Communication Skill and Clinical Competence in Maternity Nursing Practicum

  • Kim, Hye Young;Ko, Eun;Lee, Eun Sook
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.312-320
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effects of simulation-based education on communication skill and clinical competence in maternity nursing practicum. Methods: This study used a non-equivalent control pretest-posttest design. The simulation-based education in maternity nursing practicum consisted of two clinical situation scenarios pertaining to patients with normal and high-risk deliveries. The control group consisted of 35 students in 2010 and the experimental group consisted of 35 students in 2009. The experimental group was given the simulation-based education using a high-fidelity patient simulator over 3 sessions, whereas the control group was given a conventional pre-clinical practice orientation before maternity nursing clinical practicum. Data were collected using a questionnaire, which included questions to assess communication skill and clinical competence. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: Members of the experimental group, who received the simulation-based education, showed significantly higher communication skill and clinical competence scores than the control group (t=-2.39, p = .020; t=-2.71, p = .009). Conclusion: The simulation-based education in maternity nursing practicum is effective in promoting communication skill and clinical competence. With application of diverse clinical situation scenarios, it is recommended to develop and apply simulation-based education using a high-fidelity simulator in the area of maternity nursing.

The Relationships of Maternal Attachment, Social Competence and Interpersonal Cognitive Problem-Solving Skill in Kindergarten Children (유아의 애착행동과 사회적 능력 및 대인문제해결력과의 관계)

  • 조복희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.249-259
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationships of maternal attachment, social competence and interpersonal cognitive problem-solving skill. fifty-four children aged 5 and 6 years and their mothers were observed and videotaped in a strange situation. Children were interviewed in order to assess interpersonal cognitive problem solving skill. teachers rated children's social development using modified ISCE(Iowa Social Competency Scale : Preschool Forma). The results showed that there were significant relationships of maternal attachment, social competence and interpersonal cognitive problem-solving skill. children of the secure attachment to mothers were greater social activator, cooperative, alternative solution thought and consequential thought. In contrast, children of insecure attachment to mother were less social activator and cooperative, and more hypersensitive and apprehensive. Children's social competence was related to the interpersonal cognitive problem-solving skill.

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Relationship between Self-Efficacy and Clinical Skill Competence of Nursing Students (4년제 간호대학생의 자기효능감과 간호수기능력과의 관계)

  • Yoo, Moon-Sook;Yoo, Il-Young;Hong, Sung-Kyung;Son, Youn-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.343-350
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship between self-efficacy and clinical skill competence of nursing students. Method: The participants in the study were 375 student nurses enrolled in 3rd & 4th year of a BSN program in Seoul and Gyeongi province, Korea. Data were collected from December 12, 2004 to November 30, 2005 using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS 11.0 Win program. Results: The average score for self-efficacy was $3.21{\pm}0.60$, and for clinical skill competence $2.80{\pm}0.42$. The self-efficacy score showed a significant difference according to student's year in college (t=2.494, p=0.013), and GPA score (t=4.299, p=0.000). The clinical skill competence score showed a significant difference according to year in college (t=5.351, p=0.000), GPA score (t=2.997, p=0.003) and satisfaction with course (F=5.214, p=0.006). There was a significant positive correlation between self-efficacy and clinical skill competence (r=0.224, p=0.000). Conclusion: These findings show that there is a need to develop strategies to improve self-efficacy for student nurses in Korea. And also, it is recommended that programs to improve clinical skill competence need to be included in nursing curricula.

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A Qualitative Study on University Students' Multicultural Competence - Focusing on the Cultural Cognition, Cultural Knowledge and Cultural Skill - (대학생의 다문화 역량에 관한 연구 - 문화적 인식, 지식, 기술을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.945-965
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    • 2010
  • The present study examined the cultural competence of university students on migrants and multicultural society in Korea. A total of 11 university students living in Seoul, Gyeonggido and Chungcheondo, were selected for the interview. The participants provided their cultural cognition, cultural knowledge and cultural skill on a variety of issues related to migrants and multicultural society in Korea. Interview results indicated that participants perceived negative and positive affects to Korean society and prejudice about immigrants, thaught economic support as a emergent policy, and didn't experience multicultural society. They wanted to take a trip and learning foreign language. On the cultural skill participants had progressive perspectives about immigrants' right, discrimination and evaluation and had a multiculturism based on assimilation. Implications of the study and directions for future research were discussed. It is needed to educations and programs for development of university students' cultural competence.

The Relationship between Emotional intelligence and Communication skill, Clinical competence & Clinical practice stress in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 감성지능과 의사소통능력, 임상수행능력, 임상실습스트레스와의 관계)

  • Lee, Oi Sun;Gu, Mi Ok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.2749-2759
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    • 2013
  • This study was done to identify the relationship between emotional intelligence and communication skill, clinical competence & clinical practice stress of nursing students. Subjects were 184 associate nursing students(2nd grade) in Korea. The data were collected using self -report questionnaire from jan 1 to february 29, 2012. Data were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, multiple regression using SPSS Win 18.0. Emotional intelligence were significantly correlation with communication skill, clinical competence and stress of clinical practice in nursing students. And the higher emotional intelligence was showed the higher communication skill, clinical competence and the lower stress of clinical practice. Therefore, To increase communication skill, clinical competence and to decrease stress of clinical practice of nursing students, it is necessary to develop and test the program for improving emotional intelligence of nursing students.

The Relationship among Clinical Competence on Diabetic Diet Education Using Standardized Patients, Self-efficacy, Communication, Learning Satisfaction, and Professional Values of Nursing Students (표준화 환자를 활용한 간호학생의 당뇨식이교육 수행능력과 자기효능, 의사소통, 학습만족도 및 간호전문직관의 상관관계)

  • Hyun, Kyung-Sun;Jeong, Youn-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.221-228
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship among clinical competence of diabetic diet education on standardized patients, self-efficacy, communication skill, learning satisfaction, and professional values of nursing students. Methods: The present study was a descriptive research. The participants were 144 junior nursing students in a university. The clinical competence on diabetic diet education was assessed by trained evaluators when nursing students performed diabetic diet education using the standardized patients. The students' self-efficacy, communication skill, professional values, and learning satisfaction were measured by themselves using the questionnaires. Results: The clinical competence on diabetic diet education showed positive correlations with communication skill and learning satisfaction, while the competence was not correlated to self-efficacy and professional values. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that clinical competence on diabetic diet education may be more related to communication skills and learning satisfaction than self-efficacy and professional values. Promoting communication skills and learning satisfaction using a standardized patient may increase nursing students' competence on diabetic diet education.

Effects of a Standardized Patient Simulation Program for Nursing Students on Nursing Competence, Communication Skill, Self-efficacy and Critical Thinking Ability for Blood Transfusion (표준화환자 시뮬레이션 실습교육이 간호학생의 수혈 간호수행능력, 의사소통능력, 자기효능감과 비판적 사고능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Joo, Ga Eul;Sohng, Kyeong-Yae;Kim, Hee-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of a standardized patients (SP) simulation program for nursing students on nursing competence, communication skill, self-efficacy and critical thinking ability for blood transfusion. Methods: A nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design study was used and included as participants 96 junior nursing students at C University. The SP group (n=48) participated in the teaching class using a SP, while the control group (n=48) received conventional practice education. The outcome measurements were nursing competence, communication skill, self-efficacy, and critical thinking ability for transfusion. Results: Nursing competence, communication skill, self-efficacy, and critical thinking ability improved for students in both groups after training ($2.01{\leq}t{\leq}13.03$, p<.05). Self-efficacy showed greater improvement in students in the SP group compared to the control group (t=3.36, p<.001). Conclusion: SP simulation practice may be more effective in enhancing self-efficacy than that of conventional practice education. Whether self-efficacy will contribute to enhancing learning motivation for nursing students needs further examination.

Effectiveness of Video-Record Method on Fundamental Nursing Skill Education - Focused on Enama - (기본간호 실습교육에 있어서 비디오녹화학습의 효과 -배변술을 중심으로-)

  • Kang Kyu-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.273-283
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    • 1996
  • Effectiveness of the video-record learning method in teaching bowel elimination nursing skill was investigated using an experimental research methodology. Data was collected from 63 female students attending Fundamental Nursing class from a nursing college in Seoul. The subjects were randomly assigned to two groups, one is the experimental group of 29 and the other the control group of 34. The independent variable was video-record learning method and the dependent variable were the degree of knowledge achivement, nursing skill achivement, competence on practicing elimination skill, and satisfaction about the learning method. The hypotheses of the study were as following. 1) There will be significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in dependent variables. 2) There will be significant positive correlations between nursing skill achievement and other three dependent variables-interest in nursing, adaptation in nursing, and preference of nursing job. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square test, t-test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS $PC^+$ program. Findings of the study are : 1) There was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in knowledge achievement using P<.05. 2) There was significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in nursing skill achievement using P<.05. 3) There was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in competence on practicing elimination skill using P<.05. 4) There was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group in satisfaction about learning method using P<.05. 5) There was positive correlation between nursing skill achievement and the other variables but no significant difference was shown. 6) This study suggests that video-record learning method is an effective learning method for achiving basic nursing skills but is not effective in other areas such as knowledge achivement, competence in performing nursing practice, and satis-faction about the learning method. Further study with more developed research design and statistical analysis should be done to investigate the effectivenes of video-record learning method in learning basic nursing skill more accurately.

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The Influence of Online Social Networking on Individual Virtual Competence and Task Performance in Organizations (온라인 네트워킹 활동이 가상협업 역량 및 업무성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Suh, A-Young;Shin, Kyung-Shik
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.39-69
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    • 2012
  • With the advent of communication technologies including electronic collaborative tools and conferencing systems provided over the Internet, virtual collaboration is becoming increasingly common in organizations. Virtual collaboration refers to an environment in which the people working together are interdependent in their tasks, share responsibility for outcomes, are geographically dispersed, and rely on mediated rather than face-to face, communication to produce an outcome. Research suggests that new sets of individual skill, knowledge, and ability (SKAs) are required to perform effectively in today's virtualized workplace, which is labeled as individual virtual competence. It is also argued that use of online social networking sites may influence not only individuals' daily lives but also their capability to manage their work-related relationships in organizations, which in turn leads to better performance. The existing research regarding (1) the relationship between virtual competence and task performance and (2) the relationship between online networking and task performance has been conducted based on different theoretical perspectives so that little is known about how online social networking and virtual competence interplay to predict individuals' task performance. To fill this gap, this study raises the following research questions: (1) What is the individual virtual competence required for better adjustment to the virtual collaboration environment? (2) How does online networking via diverse social network service sites influence individuals' task performance in organizations? (3) How do the joint effects of individual virtual competence and online networking influence task performance? To address these research questions, we first draw on the prior literature and derive four dimensions of individual virtual competence that are related with an individual's self-concept, knowledge and ability. Computer self-efficacy is defined as the extent to which an individual beliefs in his or her ability to use computer technology broadly. Remotework self-efficacy is defined as the extent to which an individual beliefs in his or her ability to work and perform joint tasks with others in virtual settings. Virtual media skill is defined as the degree of confidence of individuals to function in their work role without face-to-face interactions. Virtual social skill is an individual's skill level in using technologies to communicate in virtual settings to their full potential. It should be noted that the concept of virtual social skill is different from the self-efficacy and captures an individual's cognition-based ability to build social relationships with others in virtual settings. Next, we discuss how online networking influences both individual virtual competence and task performance based on the social network theory and the social learning theory. We argue that online networking may enhance individuals' capability in expanding their social networks with low costs. We also argue that online networking may enable individuals to learn the necessary skills regarding how they use technological functions, communicate with others, and share information and make social relations using the technical functions provided by electronic media, consequently increasing individual virtual competence. To examine the relationships among online networking, virtual competence, and task performance, we developed research models (the mediation, interaction, and additive models, respectively) by integrating the social network theory and the social learning theory. Using data from 112 employees of a virtualized company, we tested the proposed research models. The results of analysis partly support the mediation model in that online social networking positively influences individuals' computer self-efficacy, virtual social skill, and virtual media skill, which are key predictors of individuals' task performance. Furthermore, the results of the analysis partly support the interaction model in that the level of remotework self-efficacy moderates the relationship between online social networking and task performance. The results paint a picture of people adjusting to virtual collaboration that constrains and enables their task performance. This study contributes to research and practice. First, we suggest a shift of research focus to the individual level when examining virtual phenomena and theorize that online social networking can enhance individual virtual competence in some aspects. Second, we replicate and advance the prior competence literature by linking each component of virtual competence and objective task performance. The results of this study provide useful insights into how human resource responsibilities assess employees' weakness and strength when they organize virtualized groups or projects. Furthermore, it provides managers with insights into the kinds of development or training programs that they can engage in with their employees to advance their ability to undertake virtual work.

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