• Title, Summary, Keyword: Slab vibration

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Vibration Control and System Identification of Long Span Slab (대형 구조물 바닥판의 동적 거동 및 제어)

  • 황재승;김장윤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.56-59
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    • 2003
  • As the slab is longer and lighter, it is more sensitive to the external force so that the vibration of slab and noise induced by the slab vibration is bigger than expected in normal slab. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the dynamic characteristic of slab is different from the normal slab through the system identification and tn evaluate the vibration control performance when the damper system is installed. Finally, we was trying to understand by what mechanism the slab noise is induced from the slab vibration. The relationship between the vibration and the noise of slab is shown by the numerical simulation.

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A Study on the Vibration Control of the Slab Using the Viscoelastic Material (점탄성 소재를 이용한 바닥판의 진동저감에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soo-Jin;Hwang, Jae-Seung;Kim, Hong-Jin;Kim, Do-Hun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.526-529
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    • 2005
  • Attempts have been applied to reduce the vibration of slab. There are several method in the vibration control of slab from a traditional method such as increment of mass or stiffness of slab to a innovative method augmenting damping of slab. In this study, a attempt has been made to increase the effective damping in slab using the viscoelastic dampers made of viscoelastic material. The dampers are installed in a gab between slab and a beam. It is assumed that the stiffness of the beam is infinity for simplicity of the evaluation. we evaluate the reduction effect of the slab selected through numerical simulation and optimization process by applying it to a FEM model. The numerical simulation shows that the effective damping is increased as the number of bean is increased and the vibration control effect is very high.

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Vibration Control of slab Using the Multi Tuned Mass Damper (다중동조질량감쇠기를 이용한 바닥판의 진동제어)

  • Kim, Su-Jin;Hwang, Jea-Seung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.582-585
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    • 2006
  • Attempts have been applied to reduce the vibration of slab. There are several method in the vibration control of slab from a traditional method such as increment of mass or stiffness of slab to a innovative method augmenting damping of slab. In this study, a attempt has been made to increase the effective damping in slab using the Multi Tuned Mass Damper. we evaluate the reduction effect of the slab selected through numerical simulation and optimization process by applying it to a FEM model. The numerical simulation shows that the effective damping is increased as the number of bean is increased and the vibration control effect is very high.

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Vibration and Noise Control of the Simply Supported Slab Using the Multi-tuned Mass Damper (다중동조질량감쇠기를 이용한 단순지지 슬래브의 진동 및 소음저감에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jae-Seung;Hong, Geon-Ho;Park, Hong-Gun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.1006-1013
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    • 2008
  • In this study, it is outlined that heavy weight floor impact noise induced by the vibration of slab can be reduced using multi tuned mass damper(MTMD) effectively. Substructure synthesis is utilized to develope analytical model of the slab coupled with MTMD and acoustic power is introduced to evaluate the performance of noise control for simplicity. Numerical analysis is carried out to investigate the effect of the properties of MTMD on the vibration and noise control of the simply supported slab. Numerical analysis shows that mass ratio of MTMD is critical on the vibration and noise control of the slab and it is also essential to reduce the vibration in higher modes of slab in the light of its great effect on the radiation of sound.

Study on vibration energy characteristics of vehicle-track-viaduct coupling system considering partial contact loss beneath track slab

  • Liu, Linya;Zuo, Zhiyuan;Zhou, Qinyue;Qin, Jialiang;Liu, Quanmin
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.75 no.4
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    • pp.497-506
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    • 2020
  • CA mortar layer disengagement will give rise to the overall structural changes of the track and variation in the vibration form of the ballastless track. By establishing a vehicle-track-viaduct coupling analysis and calculation model, it is possible to analyze the CRTS-I type track structure vibration response while the track slab is disengaging with the power flow evaluation method, to compare the two disengaging types, namely partial contact loss at one edge beneath track slab and partial contact loss at midpoint beneath track slab. It can also study how the length of disengaging influences the track structures vibration power. It is showed that when the partial contact loss beneath track slab, and the relative vibration energy level between the rail and the track slab increases significantly within [10, 200]Hz with the same disengaging length, the partial contact loss at one edge beneath track slab has more prominent influence on the vibration power than the partial contact loss at midpoint beneath track slab. With the increase of disengaging length, the relative vibration energy level of the track slab grows sharply, but it will change significantly when it reaches 1.56 m. Little effect will be caused by the relative vibration energy level of the viaduct. The partial contact loss beneath the track slab will cause more power distribution and transmission between the trail and track slab, and will then affect the service life of the rail and track slab.

Vibration and noise control of slab using the multi-tuned mass damper (다중질량감쇠기를 이용한 슬래브의 진동 및 소음저감에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jae-Seung;Kim, Hong-Jin;Kang, Kyung-Soo;Hong, Gun-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.659-664
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    • 2008
  • In this study, it is outlined that heavy weight floor impact noise induced by the vibration of slab can be reduced by multi tuned mass damper(MTMD) effectively. Substructure synthesis is utilized to develope analytical model of slab coupled with MTMD and acoustic power is introduced to evaluate the performance of noise control for simplicity. Numerical analysis is carried out to investigate the effect of the properties of MTMD on the vibration and noise control. Numerical analysis shows that mass ratio of MTMD is critical on the vibration and noise control of the slab and it is essential to reduce the vibration in higher modes of slab because it has a great effect on the radiation of sound.

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Numerical study on impact noise control of PC slab coupled with viscoelastic material (점탄성재료가 결합된 PC슬래브의 바닥충격음 제어에 관한 수치해석 연구)

  • Hwang, Jae-Seung;Hong, Gun-Ho;Park, Hong-Geun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1160-1166
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    • 2007
  • In this study, a new slab system that adjoint precast slabs are connected each other by viscoelastic material is proposed and numerical analysis is performed to evaluate the effect of the slab system on the vibration and noise control. Substructuring is introduced to develope the equation of motion of the slab system and the optimal properties of viscoelastic material are calculated. For the performance evaluation of the new slab system, the sound power and acceleration of the slab are compared with those of two way slab and the slab which the viscoelastic material is not connected. Numerical results show that the sound power of the new slab system can be reduced an amount of 6dB.

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Minimum Thickness of Flat Plate Slab Satisfying Floor Vibration Criteria (수직진동 사용성을 고려한 플랫 플레이트 슬래브의 최소두께 제안)

  • Lee, Min-Jung;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Han, Sang-Whan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.574-581
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    • 2006
  • Flat plate slab systems are more economical rather than reinforced concrete frame systems because flat plate slab system reduces story height. Furthermore flat plate systems are more popularly needed in construction practice due to flexibility of plan. Korean Concrete Provisions 2003 provide the minimum thickness of the slab that satisfies serviceability requirement to the static displacement. However, floor thickness in residence buildings may not satisfy the floor vibration criteria although the thickness satisfies the serviceability requirements in current design provisions. This study estimates the dynamic properties of floor vibration for existing flat plate slabs, and proposes the slab thickness satisfying the floor vibration criteria. The dynamic response analysis using finite element method and reliability analysis are carried out for this Purpose.

Vibration and Noise Control of Slab Using the Mass Type Damper (질량형 댐퍼를 이용한 바닥판의 진동 및 소음 저감)

  • Hwang, Jae-Seung;Park, Sung-Chul;Kim, Hong-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.597-602
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    • 2007
  • It is proposed to analyze the vibration of slab with MTMD and vibration-induced noise. Substructure synthesis is introduced to develope the interaction between the slab and MTMD which are defined in different space and acoustic power is obtained from the velocity field of slab. Numerical analysis is performed to show that the vibration and noise of slab can be reduced by MTMD. A living room of wall type apartment including the wall and MTMD is modeled and analyzed by FEM program Numerical analysis shows that the vibration and noise control effect is different depending on the location and mass ratio of MTMD. Futhermore, noise is more effectively reduced when the vibration of higher modes of slab are reduced rather than lower modes.

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The effect of dynamic property of absorbing sheet on the amplification of heavy weight floor impact noise (완충재의 동특성에 따른 중량충격음 증폭에 관한 해석적 연구)

  • Hwang, J.S.;Moon, D.H.;Park, H.G.;Hong, S.G.;Hong, Geon-Ho;Lim, J.H.;Kim, Y.N.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.527-528
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    • 2010
  • Previous experimental results performed by many researchers for a couple of decades in South Korea have shown that an absorbing sheet inserted in a conventional floating slab system for thermal insulation or vibration absorption may amplify the vibration of the slab system at specific frequency ranges depending on the material properties of the sheet. The amplified vibration, consequently, results in the heavy weight floor impact noise exceeding the sound level limit for an apartment house, 50dB. In this study, the amplification mechanism is examined through numerical analysis and a new slab system is proposed to reduce the amplification and control the noise. The new slab system consists of studs connecting the base slab and upper concrete finishing yielding the dramatically increased stiffness of the slab. The numerical simulation is performed to investigate the effect of the slab system with studs on the vibration and noise control. The results show that the performance of the slab is sensitive to the number and location of studs, and the heavy weight floor impact noise can be reduced up to 6-7dB compared to the conventional slab system at the optimal stud location.

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