• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Slot

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외부식 다단형 슬로트 후드의 효율 향상에 관한 연구 (A Study on Improvement of Ventilation Efficiency of Multi-Stage Slot Hood)

  • 김현석;백남원
    • 한국산업보건학회지
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.204-212
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    • 1993
  • This study was conducted to evaluate ventilation efficiency of 4-stage slot hood by variation of slot width, flow rate, hood size and baffle size. The slot velocity, control velocity and plenum velocity were related to slot width and the distance between source of contamination and hood. The results obtained from laboratory experiment for local exhaust ventilation systems were as follows ; 1. When slot widths were constant(equally changed) and the velocity was 6-10 m/s, the slot velocity from 1st slot to 4th slot gradually decreased. As the slot width-to-slot length ratio(WLR) decreased, the slot velocity of each stage increased. But if WLR value was less than 0.04, the slot velocity decreased. 2. When slot velocity exceeded 10 m/s with constant slot widths, the slot velocity of each stage was uniform. 3. When the slot velocity was uniform within 10 m/s and the first slot width was 14-20 mm, the slot width ratio between 1st slot and each of three other slots were 1, 1.25, 1.5 and 3.0, respectively. 4. The slot and plenum velocity were uniform when exhaust flow rate changed from 14 to $19m^3/min$ and there were no hood splitter vanes. 5. When the slot velocity at each stage was uniform, the control velocity at site 30 cm away from hood No.2 increased from 0.15-0.30 to 0.25-0.45 m/s and the control distance from 20 to 30 cm(about 1.5 times).

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ATM 통화로 망에서의 다중호 배치방법에 대한 연구 (A Study on the Time-slot Allocation Methods for the Multi-slot Calls on ATM Telephone Network)

  • 박경태
    • 한국융합신호처리학회논문지
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2004
  • 시간 순서 보전을 만족하는 프레임내 시간 슬롯의 배치 방법에는 임의, 연속, 주기 배치 방식 등이 있다. T-S-T 스위치 구조의 각 입력, 출력, 정터 시간스위치를 256개의 시간슬롯으로, 공간 스위치를 2*2로 구성하고, 시뮬레이션 검색횟수를 32회로 한정하며, 각 경우에 대한 시뮬레이션 시간은 10만 단위로 설정하였다. 시뮬레이션에 적용된 다중호는 기본호, 2배호, 6배호로 한정하였다. 부가된 기본호:2배호:6배호의 구성을 8:1:1, 6:2:2, 4:3:3 로 달리하면서 스위치에 트래픽을 할당하며 트래픽에 따른 호손율을 구하였다. 요약하면, 동일한 트래픽을 부가하였을 때 다중호의 배치 방식은 임의, 연속, 주기 방식의 순서로 호손율이 낮은 결과가 도출되어 다중호의 호손율이 제일 낮은 방식은 주기적 배치방식임을 알 수 있었다.

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Effects of bracket slot size during en-masse retraction of the six maxillary anterior teeth using an induction-heating typodont simulation system

  • Kim, Ji-Yong;Yu, Won-Jae;Koteswaracc, Prasad N.K.;Kyung, Hee-Moon
    • 대한치과교정학회지
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.158-166
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    • 2017
  • Objective: To investigate how bracket slot size affects the direction of maxillary anterior tooth movement when en-masse retraction is performed in sliding mechanics using an induction-heating typodont simulation system. Methods: An induction-heating typodont simulation system was designed based on the Calorific Machine system. The typodont included metal anterior and resin posterior teeth embedded in a sticky wax arch. Three bracket slot groups (0.018, 0.020, and 0.022 inch [in]) were tested. A retraction force of 250 g was applied in the posterior-superior direction. Results: In the anteroposterior direction, the cusp tip of the canine in the 0.020-in slot group moved more distally than in the 0.018-in slot group. In the vertical direction, all six anterior teeth were intruded in the 0.018-in slot group and extruded in the 0.020- and 0.022-in slot groups. The lateral incisor was significantly extruded in the 0.020- and 0.022-in slot groups. Significant differences in the crown linguoversion were found between the 0.018- and 0.020-in slot groups and 0.018- and 0.022-in slot groups for the central incisor and between the 0.018- and 0.022-in slot groups and 0.020- and 0.022-in slot groups for the canine. In the 0.018-in slot group, all anterior teeth showed crown mesial angulation. Significant differences were found between the 0.018- and 0.022-in slot groups for the lateral incisor and between the 0.018- and 0.020-in slot groups and 0.018- and 0.022-in slot groups for the canine. Conclusions: Use of 0.018-in slot brackets was effective for preventing extrusion and crown linguoversion of anterior teeth in sliding mechanics.

개구부의 기하학적 형상이 구획실의 연료-공기 혼합특성 및 백드래프트 거동에 미치는 영향 (Geometric Effects of Compartment Opening on Fuel-Air Mixing and Backdraft Behavior)

  • 하수임;오창보
    • 한국화재소방학회논문지
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.30-38
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    • 2019
  • 메탄 연료성분이 가득 찬 축소 구획실을 대상으로 개구부에서 유입된 공기와 내부 연료의 혼합특성과 백드래프트 발생특성을 규명하기 위해 대와동모사를 수행하였다. 통상의 문 형태(Door)와 가로 형태의 문이 벽면 상단($Slot_U$), 중단($Slot_M$) 및 하단($Slot_L$)에 있는 구획실의 4가지 개구부 조건들에 대해서 검토를 수행하였다. 점화원이 없을 경우 구획실 내부로 유입되는 산소의 양과 외부로 유출되는 연료의 양은 Door > $Slot_U$ ~ $Slot_M$ > $Slot_L$의 순서로 크지만 $Slot_U$의 경우가 구획실 내부에서 연료와 산소가 전체적으로 가장 잘 혼합되었고 $Slot_L$의 경우에는 연료와 산소가 층을 이루어 혼합이 가장 잘 이루어지지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 구획실 내 산소량과 연료량으로 정의되는 총괄당량비는 구획실에서 발생하는 백드래프트의 강도와 잘 연관되지 않음을 확인하였다. 백드래프트 발생 시의 구획실 내부의 최고 압력은 혼합이 가장 잘 이루어진 $Slot_U$가 가장 높게 나타났으며 $Slot_L$의 경우에는 압력상승이 낮아 백드래프트가 발생하지 않았다. 백드래프트 발생 시 Door와 $Slot_M$ 조건에서의 최고 압력값은 $Slot_U$ 다음 순서로 나타났으며, 각 조건들의 최고압력은 백드래프트 발생순간까지의 총 열발생량과 잘 연관되어 설명될 수 있었다.

분수슬롯을 가진 영구자석 전동기에서 극당 슬롯 비율이 코깅토크와 역기전력에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Pole to Slot Ratio on Cogging Torque and EMF Waveform in Permanent Magnet Motor with Fractional-Slot)

  • 이갑재;이주
    • 대한전기학회논문지:전기기기및에너지변환시스템부문B
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    • v.52 no.9
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    • pp.454-459
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    • 2003
  • Conventional integral-slot design in permanent magnet(PM) motor tends to have a high cogging torque and large end turns, which contribute to copper losses. The fractional-slot design is effective compared to integral-slot design in the cogging torque and electromotive force(EMF) waveform. The effectiveness of fractional slot can be maximized by selecting optimal pole to slot ratio. This paper presents the effect of pole to slot ratio on the cogging torque and EMF waveform in the PM motor with fractional-slot. The effectiveness of the proposed designs has been confirmed by comparing waveform of EMF. cogging torque and torque ripple between conventional and new models.

메탄/공기 다중 제트 예혼합 화염에서의 유동과 연소특성 (Flow and Combustion Characteristic in an Array of Multiple Pre-Mixed Methane/Air Flame Jets)

  • 김영수;이대래;하만영;장영준;전충환;조승완;강길영;유재현
    • 대한기계학회논문집B
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.547-557
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to investigate the flow and combustion characteristic of the experimental burner which was manufactured for the reflection of the oven and broil burner features. As slot shape, spacing between slots, and slot arrangement of the exit area which emits the mixing gas are different in case of oven burners and broil turners, the purpose of this study is to know the affection of the flame interaction and combustion characteristic according to the change of shape factors such as slot shape, slot arrangement, and slot-to-slot spacing. With no relation of the slot shape, as the spacing between slots became narrow, the occurrence of a lift-flame was delayed. So the combustion was possible in the leaner region, but the appearance of yellow-tip became a little fast. Slit slot port had the broadest operating range among the other slot shapes. Specially, from the side of lift-flame, as the jet that spreads downstream in the longitudinal slot was nearly circular just a few slot lengths away from the orifice, slot-to-slot spacing of the Slit port was closer than the other ports. These results could be expected through the computer numerical method and had a good agreement. As the spacing between slots increased, in case of Slit and Mix port, NOx emission rate was constant or decreased, but the NOx emission of Hole port was increased. CO emission rate of Slit and Hole port was increased as the slot-to-slot spacing was broadened.

AIP 모델을 응용한 균형적 공항 슬롯 배정 모델에 관한 연구 -인천국제공항 사례 연구- (A Study on Balanced Airport Slot Allocation Model Applying AIP Model -Focused on Incheon International Airport-)

  • 박학순;김기웅
    • 한국항공운항학회지
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents a new airport slot allocation model that uses AIP model to balance the use of airport slots within existing capacity based on the limitation of capacity expansion of airport slots. This new model is called a 'balanced airport slot allocation model', which integrates the airport facility usage system, which is applied independently without linkage, with the airport slot allocation system, introducing the market logical characteristic of 'administered incentive pricing. In this paper, we propose a new proposal to dramatically change the airport slot allocation system in the current situation where the expansion of facilities is limited in the urgent problem of the airport slot shortage, and it is necessary to balance the airport slot allocation. Airline paying for the use of an airport slot can determine the slot of the desired time slot based on the costs incurred by differentiating in the new airport slot allocation model. This is a system that allows the airlines that are willing to pay a lot of money in the market to use preferred airport slots.

유량조절이 가능한 사이펀 여수로 수리모형실험 (Hydrualic Model Test for Siphon Spillway Capable of Controlling Discharge)

  • 정재상;장은철;이창훈
    • 한국수자원학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2019
  • 본 연구에서는 수리모형실험을 통해 사이펀 여수로에 장착된 air slot의 방류량 조절 능력을 검토하였다. air slot의 단면 형상으로 원호 및 직사각형 형상을 채택하였으며, 개구부 면적을 조절할 수 있게 하였다. air slot이 장착된 경우 사이펀 관 내부에 공기와 물이 혼합된 복잡한 흐름이 발생하였다. air slot이 장착된 사이펀 여수로에서 저수지 내측 수위가 상승할 때와 하강할 때 동일한 수위에서 동일한 유량이 계측되었다. air slot의 무차원 개구부 면적이 증가할수록 무차원 방류량은 더 서서히 증가하였다. 수리모형실험 결과는 air slot의 면적 조절을 통해 사이펀을 통한 방류량 조절이 가능함을 보여주었다.

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구형 도파관 측벽 공진 슬랏의 특성 해석 (Analysis of Resonant Slots in the Narrow Wall of a Rectangular Waveguide)

  • 박정호;김민준
    • 한국정보통신학회논문지
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.23-28
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    • 1999
  • 구형도파관 slot 안테나는 그 구조가 간단하고, 고효율, 고신뢰성 및 소형 제작이 가능한 이유로 많은 Radar 분야와 마이크로파 통신 분야에서 그 응용 분야가 확대되고 있다. 도파관 벽에 형성된 slot은 도파관 내부 도체의 전류를 차단하여 전자파를 자유공간으로 복사한다. 그러므로 슬랏의 경사각도, 절삭깊이, 슬랏폭, 슬랏 길이 등이 안테나 특성 변화의 중요한 변수가 된다. 이러한 slot에 대한 이론적 해석의 어려움으로 인하여 주로 실험적으로 측정된 데이터를 이용한 설계와 제작이 이루어져 왔다. 본 논문에서는 slot의 전계 분포로부터 복사되는 복사전력 및 모드 전류 계산에 의해 slot 어드미턴스를 구하고, 공진길이 및 절삭깊이, 경사각도 등을 계산할 수 있는 표를 완성함과 더불어 동일 slot을 유한요소법을 사용하는 상용 소프트웨어(HFSS)를 사용하여 해석하는 방법을 동시에 수행하여 해석 결과를 기존 문헌의 측정 결과와 비교하므로서 적절한 해석 방법을 찾아내고자 한다.

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5 GHz Bow-tie-shaped Meander Slot Antenna

  • Wi, Sang-Hyuk;Kim, Jung-Min;Yoo, Tae-Hoon;Park, Jae-Yeong;Yook, Jong-Gwan;Park, Han-Kyu
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, Ive propose a bow-tie-shaped meander slot antenna find by a microstrip line to achieve compact size as well as wideband characteristic. While conventional bow-tie slot antennas exhibit wide band characteristic, they have relatively large size. On the other hand, the meander slot antennas are very small, but they reveal quite narrow bandwidth (typically less than 1 %). To realize miniaturized antennas balling large bandwidth, combination of the bow-tie slot and the meander slot geometries is proposed in this paper. Theoretical results show that the proposed antenna with uniform slot width is 65.5 % smaller than that of the conventional bow-tie antenna in size, while the bandwidth is 3 times larger than that of the meander slot antenna. Moreover, the non-uniform slot width antenna shows 60 % smaller in size and about 3.5 times wider in bandwidth than the previous antennas. Measured antenna performance reveals excellent agreement with the predicted values.