• Title, Summary, Keyword: Slot

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A Study of Collision Avoidance Methods For a STDMA Algorithm (STDMA 알고리즘에서의 충돌 회피 방법에 관한 연구)

  • 김현재;김영호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.124-126
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    • 2002
  • 최근의 TDMA(Time Division Multiple Access) 알고리즘에 대한 발전 방향을 살펴보면 크게 두 가지로 요약할 수 있다. 먼저, 대용량의 데이터 - 멀티미디어 데이터 등 - 에 대한 활용이 많아짐에 따라 전송할 데이터를 적절하게 Scheduling하여 전송 효율을 증대시키는 접근 방향이 있으며, 또 다른 접근으로는 Time Slot에 대한 재사용성이나 Slot 할당 기법의 개선을 통하여 성능을 향상시키는 방법이 있다. 본 논문에서는 후자에 거론된 Time Slot에 대한 재사용성이나 Slot 할당 기법의 개선 방법 중의 하나인 STDMA(Self-organized TDMA)알고리즘에서, Slot 할당 시의 충돌 회피 방법을 고려하여 기존의 STDMA 알고리즘의 효율을 향상시키고자 한다. 현재 STDMA 알고리즘에서는 가용한 통신 범위 내에서의 Slot에 대한 할당 여부가 알고리즘 내에서 정의되고 있다. 따라서 부가적인 알고리즘의 추가가 없이 Slot할당 상황을 알 수 있으며, 이를 통하여 Slot 할당 단계에서 충돌 회피 방법을 추가하여 Conflict를 회피하도록 할 수 있다.

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Effects of Slot Combination and Skewed Slot on the Electromagnetic Vibration of a 4-pole Capacitor Motor under Load Condition

  • Hirotsuka Isao;Tsubouchi Yutaro;Tsuboi Kazuo
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2006
  • Recently, the reduction of electromagnetic vibration and noise of a capacitor motor (CRM) has become a very important subject from the standpoint of environmental improvement. Therefore, the authors have studied the characteristics of the dominant electromagnetic vibration of the CRM under load condition. In this paper, the effects of slot combination and skewed slot on the dominant electromagnetic vibration of a CRM under load condition are discussed both theoretically and experimentally. As a result, the characteristics of the dominant electromagnetic vibration for the slot combination and the reduction effect of the skewed slot on the electromagnetic vibration are clarified for a 4-pole CRM.

Influence of slot width on the performance of multi-stage overtopping wave energy converters

  • Jungrungruengtaworn, Sirirat;Hyun, Beom-Soo
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.668-676
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    • 2017
  • A two-dimensional numerical investigation is performed to study the influence of slot width of multi-stage stationary floating overtopping wave energy devices on overtopping flow rate and performance. The hydraulic efficiency based on captured crest energy of different device layouts is compared with that of single-stage device to determine the effect of the geometrical design. The results show optimal trends giving a huge increase in overtopping energy. Plots of efficiency versus the relative slot width show that, for multi-stage devices, the greatest hydraulic efficiency is achieved at an intermediate value of the variable within the parametric range considered, relative slot width of 0.15 and 0.2 depending on design layouts. Moreover, an application of adaptive slot width of multi-stage device is investigated. The numerical results show that the overall hydraulic efficiency of non-adaptive and adaptive slot devices are approximately on par. The effect of adaptive slot width on performance can be negligible.

Firing Offset Adjustment of Bio-Inspired DESYNC-TDMA to Improve Slot Utilization Performances in Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Kim, Kwangsoo;Shin, Seung-hun;Roh, Byeong-hee
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.1492-1509
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    • 2017
  • The wireless sensor network (WSN) is a key technology to support the Internet of things (IoT) paradigm. The efficiency of the MAC protocol in WSN is very important to take scalability with restricted wireless resources. The DESYNC-TDMA has an advantage of simple distributed slot allocation inspired by nature, but there is a critical disadvantage of split slots by firing message. The basic split slot model has less efficiency for continuous packet transmitting because of wasting of the slots less than the packet size. In this paper, we propose a firing offset adjustment scheme to improve the efficiency of slot utilizations, which can manage the slot assigned to each node as a single large block, called the single slot model. The performance analysis models for both the existing and the proposed schemes are also derived. Experimental results show that the proposed method provide better efficiency of slot utilization than the existing schemes without any loss of the nature of the desynchronization.

Extraction of S-Parameters for a Slot Unit on the Post-Wall Waveguide from Measured Data

  • Lee, Jae-Ho;Park, Jung-Yong
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.122-127
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    • 2012
  • Post-wall waveguide structures have attracted a great deal of attention for micro- and millimeter-wave applications. One of the waveguide’s applications is a slotted waveguide array. In order to design the slotted array, the characteristics of a slot unit alone on the post-wall waveguide should be investigated. In this paper, a method for extracting the S-parameters of a unit slot is proposed. This simple method requires only two kinds of waveguides: waveguides without a slot unit and waveguides with a slot unit. Three kinds of slot units are fabricated, and the extracted results show a high level of agreement with predicted (simulated) results. With this method, the equivalent slot length can also be found.

Effect of Slot Opening on the Cogging Torque of Fractional-Slot Concentrated Winding Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor

  • Yan, Jianhu;Zhang, Qiongfang;Feng, Yi
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.78-82
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    • 2016
  • Cogging torque will affect the performance of a permanent magnet Brushless DC Motor (BLDCM), thus the reduction of cogging torque is key for BLDCM optimization. In this paper, the phase shifting of cogging torque for a fractional-slot concentrated winding BLDCM is analyzed using the Maxwell tensor method. Moreover, a 9-slot 10-pole concentrated winding BLDCM driven by ideal square waveform is studied with the finite element method (FEM). An effective method to reduce the cogging torque is obtained by adjusting the slot opening. In addition, the influences of different slot openings on back electromotive force (back-EMF), air gap flux density and flux linkage are investigated and experimentally validated using the prototype BLDCM.

The Study on the Hydrodynamic Characteristics of the Single Slot Cambered Otter Board (단일 슬롯 만곡형전개판의 유체역학적 특성에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Kyoung-Hyun;Lee, Ju-Hee;Hyun, Beom-Soo;Bae, Jae-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2001
  • This study deals with the experimental and numerical investigations to design the high performance otter board. Experiment was carried out to determine the most effective slot size of single-slot cambered otter board in the circulation water channel of BAEK KYUNG IND. Co. LTD. Numerical analysis was done by the commercial CFD code, FLUENT, to provide some valuable physical interpretations and finally to design the otter board section by numerical method. The major results are as follows ; 1. In experiment, the maximum lift and drag coefficients of simple cambered type otterboard were 1.41, 0.55, respectively, at the angle of attack $28^\circ$, while those of slot one with slot size 0.02C (C denotes the chord length) were 1.72, 0.42 at the angle of attack $24^\circ$. 2. The hydrodynamic characteristics depending upon slot size shows the greatest at 0.02C of the slot size. 3. Numerical results well visualized the streamlines, pressure fields, and speed vectors of a simple cambered and slot cambered otter board with slot size 0.02C. The slot cambered one with slot size 0.02C was shown that pressure field was distributed moderately on front and back side of otter board. And, the delay and decrease of separation were favorably achieved by flow through slot. 4. Computed result on the pattern of hydrodynamic field and the values of $C_L$ and $C_D$ by the commercial CFD code, FLUENT, show almost the same as those of the experimental result.

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Comparison of the frictional characteristics of aesthetic orthodontic brackets measured using a modified in vitro technique

  • Arici, Nursel;Akdeniz, Berat Serdar;Arici, Selim
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2015
  • Objective: The coefficients of friction (COFs) of aesthetic ceramic and stainless steel brackets used in conjunction with stainless steel archwires were investigated using a modified linear tribometer and special computer software, and the effects of the bracket slot size (0.018 inches [in] or 0.022 in) and materials (ceramic or metal) on the COF were determined. Methods: Four types of ceramic (one with a stainless steel slot) and one conventional stainless steel bracket were tested with two types of archwire sizes: a $0.017{\times}0.025$-in wire in the 0.018-in slots and a $0.019{\times}0.025$-in wire in the 0.022-in slot brackets. For pairwise comparisons between the 0.018-in and 0.022-in slot sizes in the same bracket, an independent sample t-test was used. One-way and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's post-hoc test at the 95% confidence level (${\alpha}$ = 0.05) were also used for statistical analyses. Results: There were significant differences between the 0.022-in and 0.018-in slot sizes for the same brand of bracket. ANOVA also showed that both slot size and bracket slot material had significant effects on COF values (p < 0.001). The ceramic bracket with a 0.022-in stainless steel slot showed the lowest mean COF (${\mu}$ = 0.18), followed by the conventional stainless steel bracket with a 0.022-in slot (${\mu}$ = 0.21). The monocrystalline alumina ceramic bracket with a 0.018-in slot had the highest COF (${\mu}$ = 0.85). Conclusions: Brackets with stainless steel slots exhibit lower COFs than ceramic slot brackets. All brackets show lower COFs as the slot size increases.

The Characteristic of L-shape and Triangular Slot Antenna

  • Narkcharoen, K.;Charkrit, P.;Anantrasirichai, N.;Wakabayashi, T.
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1680-1683
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    • 2003
  • To describe the performance of an antenna, some parameters are necessary. Some of the parameters are interrelate and not all of them must be specified for complete description of antenna performance. The parameters in characteristics of printed antenna for this analysis are radiation pattern, input impedance, VSWR, S parameter and electromagnetic field. In this paper we will consider two shaped of slot antennas one is triangular slot antenna and other is L - shape slot antenna for compare the radiation pattern, return loss, and VSWR. Two slot antennas are designed to have a resonant frequency at 10 GHz. The microstrip line is designed to be 50 ohms in order to match the measurement system, it has the substrate of the thickness = 1.52 mm and dielectric constant (${\varepsilon}_r$) 2.17. The problem space in the FDTD analysis are $60{\times}123{\times}100$ cells for L-shape slot antenna and $50{\times}171{\times}120$ cells for triangular slot antenna with the cell dimensions ${\Delta}x=0.152\;mm.$, ${\Delta}y={\Delta}z=0.15\;mm.$

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Time Slot Exchange Protocol in a Reservation Based MAC for MANET

  • Koirala, Mamata;Ji, Qi;Choi, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of the Institute of Convergence Signal Processing
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.181-185
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    • 2009
  • Recently, much attention to a self-organizing mobile ad-hoc network is escalating along with progressive deployment of wireless networks in our everyday life. Being readily deployable, the MANET (mobile ad hoc network) can find its applications to emergency medical service, customized calling service, group-based communications, and military purposes. In this paper we investigate a time slot exchange problem found in the time slot based MAC, that is designed for IEEE 802.11b interfaces composing a MANET. The paper provides a method to maintain the quality of voice call by providing a new time slot when the channel assigned for that time slot gets noisy with interferences induced from other nodes, which belong to the same and/or other subgroups. In order to assess the performance of the proposed algorithm, a set of simulations using the OPNET modeler has been performed assuming that the IEEE 802.11b interfaces are operating under a modified MAC, which is a time slot based reservation MAC implemented in the PCF part of the superframe. In a real-time voice call service over a MANET of a size 500 ${\times}$ 500 meter squares with the number of nodes up to 100, the simulation results are collected and analyzed with respect to the packet loss rate and packet delay. The results show us that the proposed time slot exchange protocol improves the quality of voice call over that of plain DCF.

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