• Title/Summary/Keyword: Smart phone addiction

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Trends and Issues of Adolescent's Smart Phone Addiction Research in Korea (청소년 스마트폰 중독관련 국내 연구 동향)

  • Kim, Young Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.17-29
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the trend of adolescent's smart phone addiction researches from 2012 to 2014 in Korea, and to propose further study for prevention of adolescent's smart phone addiction. Methods: Subjects were 169 researches about adolescent's smart phone addiction from 2012 to 2014 in Korea, and the theme was summarized as following: variables associated with adolescent's smart phone addiction, prevention and intervention strategies of it, the status and development of adolescent's smart phone addiction scale, awareness and prevention of smart phone addiction. Results: As a result of this study, 63.3% were as the most source of researches in 2014, and master's thesis was 74.6 percent. According to the theme of research, the most effects on smart phone addition is self-control and parenting and the most relational variables with smart phone addition are anxiety and parenting. The most affected by smart phone addiction is adaption of school life and conversational breakdown. The studies about prevention of smart phone addiction and intervention examine the effect of therapy program and group consultation. Conclusions: The educational program for using smart phone should be made and applied for preventing adolescent's smart phone addiction.

The Effects of Self Esteem and Optimism on Adolescents' Smart Phone Addiction (중학생의 자아존중감과 낙관성이 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.61-75
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship among self-esteem, optimism, and smart phone addiction of middle school students and examine the variables on smart phone addiction. Methods: Data were collected by questionnaires from 475 middle school students in U city. To analyze the sample survey data, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, duncan test and multiple regression analysis were performed with SPSS/WIN 15.0. Results: There were statistically significant differences among general characteristics sex, grade, school record, satisfaction with school life, economic state, romantic relationship, the period of smart phone usage, and smart phone usage fee with smart phone addiction. Also, there were significant negative relationships between self-esteem and optimism. Significant factors that affect smart phone addiction in middle school students were sex, self esteem, smart phone usage fee. These variables explained 10.8% of smart phone addiction. Conclusions: The results of this study reveal that the significant factors of smart phone addiction are sex and self-esteem. This study indicates that it is important to develop self esteem promotion programs that focus on sex trait in order to prevent smart phone addiction on adolescents.

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The Effect of Self-Identity on Smart phone Addiction

  • Kim, Jung-ae
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.44-53
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-identity and smart phone addiction among University students. This study used descriptive cross sectional study to analyze the relationship between self-identity and smart phone addiction. Study participants included 357 University students located in C province who selected through volunteered, but 10 missing data were excluded and finally 347 participants completed the study. The study data were collected using self-identity tool made by Park A chung in 1996 which was composed of Independence, Proprioception, Future conviction, Goal orientation, Initiate, and Intimacy and Smart phone addiction tool made by National information society agency. The self-identity's Cronbach's alpha was .937 and Smart phone was .670. All data analyses were performed using SPSS 18.0. Results showed that most students were not addicted(97.1%) in Smart phone using and middle level(73.2%) of self identity. Also, there was a difference in self - identity level according to gender and grade(the ratio of smart phone general users, not at all addicted, was 90.79% for males and 98.53% for females), and there was difference in Smart phone addiction level according to gender and residence type(the ratio of Smart phone general users, not at all addicted, is 99.32% for commute, 97.04% for dormitory, and 89.66% for self governing). Also there were strongly related with self-identity and Smart phone addiction(p < .001). This results reveled that self-identity affect to Smart phone addiction, therefore it is important to raise self-identity to prevent Smart phone addiction for University students.

A Study on Sense of Self-efficacy and Stress Encountering Strategy of Smart-phone Addicted University Students (스마트폰중독 대학생의 자기효능감과 스트레스 대처전략에 관한 연구)

  • Baek, Yumi
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.173-183
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the difference of sense of self-efficacy and stress encountering strategy of university students under the stress situation depending on the smart-phone user group (addiction group, general user group). For this purpose, the study issues are established as follows. First, it has analyzed what is the correlation of smart-phone addiction, sense of self-efficacy, and stress encountering strategy. Second, it has studied if there is any difference of sense of self-efficacy and stress encountering strategy for the smart-phone user group. In order to verify such study issues, For 1,670 university students in the Chungcheong area, smart-phone addiction scale, sense of self-efficacy scale, and stress encountering method scale were administered. Looking into the study result, first, as a result of the relativity analysis, it displayed the correlation of preference of test difficulty, self-control efficacy and important negative from the smart-phone addiction and sense of self-efficacy. In addition, all sub-variables of smart-phone addiction and avoidance orientation from the stress encountering strategy displayed the important positive correlation, and from the smart-phone addiction, the virtual world orientation and pursuit of social-support displayed the important negative correlations, and all sub-variables (interference with ordinary living, virtual world striving direction, withdrawal, resistance) of smart-phone addiction and problem solving-orientation displayed the negative correlation. Second, as a result of verification for the difference of the smart-phone addiction group and general use group following the sense of self-efficacy, the general use group is shown to have higher self-control efficacy sense than the addiction group. And third, as a result of verifying the difference of stress encountering following the smart-phone addiction group and general use group, the addiction group is shown to be lower than the general use group in terms of social support pursuit and problem solution orientation with the avoidance orientation shown to be higher. This type of result is expected to provide the base data when developing the smart-phone addiction preventive education program by finding out in details for the characteristics of smart-phone addiction group for university students.

Effects of Self-Control, Parent-Adolescent Communication, and School Life Satisfaction on Smart-phone Addiction for Middle School Students (중학생의 자기통제, 부모-자녀 간의 의사소통 및 학교생활만족도가 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Su Jin;Moon, Hyuk Jun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.587-598
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    • 2013
  • This study is to examine (the) effects of self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction on smart-phone addiction for middle school students. The 127 students who were classified as smart-phone addicts among first to third grade at two middle schools located in Gyunggido were sampled with a survey. T-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis were used. The results of study were as follows. First, smart-phone addiction make no difference according to adolescent's sex and grade. Second, the relations between smart-phone addiction and the factors included self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction were negatively correlated. As a result, the higher self-control, parent-adolescent communication, and school life satisfaction were, the lower smart -phone addiction was. Third, it is significant as variable that adverse effect, low rank class of parent-adolescent communication and personal relationship, same class as the former of school life satisfaction exert influence on smart phone addiction.

The Impact of Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem on Internet and Smart Phone Addiction, Sports Activities, and Reading of Youth

  • Kwon, Mee Rhan
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2017
  • In the rapid industrialization and civilization, the material and the life have been enriched, but smart phone and the Internet are spreading and the spirit of Korean modern people is falling into addiction without knowing themselves. In particular, according to the recent Internet addiction reported by the National Statistical Office, "the Internet addiction rate in 2014 is the highest among adolescents to 19 years old." This study empirically analyzed whether internet addiction, smart phone addiction, sports activities and reading affect adolescents' emotional intelligence and self-esteem. Regression analysis showed that internet addiction, smart phone addiction and sports activities affected emotional intelligence and reading did not affect. Also, internet addiction, smart phone addiction and sports activities were found to affect self-esteem and reading did not affect. Reading and emotional intelligence, reading and self-esteem seem to require further study in the future.

The effects of inconsistent parenting attitude on smart phone addiction of adolescents (부모양육태도가 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향: 양육태도 일치 집단과 불일치 집단을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Jin;Kwon, Ho-Jang
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to parenting attitudes perceived by adolescents into different groups and to examine the impact of sub-factors of parenting attitudes on smart phone addiction. Methods: Data was collected by distributing questionnaires to high school students located in the nationwide regions and a total of 1,020 people were surveyed. Inconsistent parenting attitudes were divided into the consistent group and inconsistent group to carry out descriptive statistics, multiple regression, and path analysis. Results: In both the consistent and inconsistent parenting attitude groups, it was found that among the sub-factors, interest(p<.01) had the biggest impact on smart phone addiction. Inconsistent parenting attitude group was found that smart phone addiction levels in adolescents were more higher than consistent parenting attitude group. Conclusions: Through the above results, it was confirmed that smart phone addiction to directly impact parenting attitude. This implies that when raising their children, parents should display consistent attitudes in order to prevent addictive smart phone usage among adolescent.

The Effect of Middle School Students' Emotional Trauma to Internet·Smart Phone Addiction : The Moderating Effect of Self-Esteem (중학생의 정서적 외상경험이 인터넷·스마트폰 중독 성향에 미치는 영향 : 자아존중감의 조절효과)

  • Choi, Eun-Sil
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.375-383
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the moderating effect of self-esteem between emotional trauma and internet smart phone addiction of adolescents. For this purpose, this study confirmed moderating effect by setting emotional trauma as predicting variable, self-esteem as moderating variable and internet smart phone addiction as dependent variable. The study conducted a questionnaire survey on 645 middle school students regarding emotional trauma, self-esteem and internet smart phone addiction. The results of this study are as follows; first, emotional trauma had negative correlation with self-esteem and positive correlation with internet smart phone addiction. Self-esteem had negative correlation with internet smart phone addiction. Second, as the result of hierarchical regression analysis, there was an interaction effect of emotional trauma and self-esteem on internet smart phone addiction. The meaning of this study are as follows; first, it is proved that one of the causes of internet smart phone addiction is adolescent's emotional trauma and, second, it is proved that the intervention of self-esteem is required to reduce the negative effect of adolescent's emotional trauma. That is, it turned out that self-esteem moderated the relationship between emotional trauma and internet smart phone addiction.

A Study on Correlation between Undergraduates' Smart Phone Addiction and Sociality in an IT Environment (IT환경에서 대학생의 스마트폰 중독과 사회성과의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyung-hee
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.1671-1679
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of undergraduates' smart phone addiction on their development of sociality. According to the results of positive analysis, if smart phone addiction gets more serious, sociality becomes lower. More concretely, smart phone addiction consists of its subareas: difficulties in daily living, pursuing experience in the virtual world, withdrawal, and tolerance. Sociality has its subareas as confidence, sociability, and interpersonal relationship. If difficulties in daily living and tolerance become increased, confidence gets lower. In addition, as pursuing experience in the virtual world and withdrawal become increased, sociability gets lower. Regarding the dispositions of smart phone addiction in groups subdivided by sex, men are more apt to be addicted than women. Recently, smart phone use has been tremendously increased, and issues regarding addiction to it have been raised as problems in society. Therefore, it will be needed to discuss solutions for more reasonable use in society in order to prevent smart phone addiction.

Effect of Smart-phone addiction on School Adjustment of Highschool Students : Focused on Mediating Effect of Psychological Distress (고등학생의 스마트폰 과의존이 학교적응에 미치는 영향: 심리적불편감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Jo, Eun-Jung;Kim, Ye-Jin;Kwon, Eun-Bi;Lee, Dong-Hun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.193-203
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to test the effect of smart-phone addiction on school adjustment. In detail, this study focus on mediating effect of psychological distress. For this purpose, Data Collected on 375 students at 4 high schools in the capital area were used in the analysis. Correlation analysis was conducted to find out the relationship between smart-phone addiction, school adjustment, psychological distress. To find out if smart-phone addiction and school adjustment are mediated by the relationship between psychological distress, the model was tested using a structural equation. The results of the study were as follows: The smart-phone addiction is found to have an adverse effect on high school students' school adaptation and a positive effect on psychological distress. And the results of the verification of the structural model showed a significant mediating effect of psychological distress in the relationship between smart-phone addiction and school adjustment. Based on the results of this study, significance and implications were presented.