• Title, Summary, Keyword: Smart-phone Addiction

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Development of a Group Art Therapy Program to Reduce Adolescents' Smart Phone Addiction Tendency (스마트폰 중독성향 청소년을 위한 미술치료프로그램)

  • Ryu, Jin-A
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Computer Game
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2017
  • This study was intended to develop a group art therapy program to reduce adolescents' smart phone addiction tendency. Particularly, this study aim to provide subjects, contents and activities using the approach of a group art therapy based on person centered counseling. The program was designed to intervent to solve the problems such as relationship based on unsecure attachment, negative emotions like depression and anxiety, low self-efficacy, and impulsiveness and lack of self-regulation.

Effects of Korean Medicine Music Therapy on Anxiety, Anger Expression, and Concentration of Smart phone Addicted Adolescents (한방음악치료가 스마트폰 중독 청소년의 불안과 분노표현 및 주의집중력 향상에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Mi-hee;Lee, Seung-hyun
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : As of 2013, South Korea ranked number one in the world in smartphone penetration rate with 67.6%. Unfortunately, with the rise of smart phone use, side effects such as fraud, loss of personal information, identity theft, formation and widening of a mobile information gap, and last, but not least, smart phone addiction, also increased. Methods : Seventh (7th)graders from a girls' junior high school in Seoul, the capital of South Korea, we reevaluated the Smart phone Addiction Proneness Scale (S-scale). Among the 9 students classified as high risk users, 5 were randomly selected for a study group, and the remaining 4 students, meanwhile, were designated as a control group. The study group received Korean medicine music therapy (KMMT) in a total of 8 sessions, each session lasting 50 minutes. Both pre- and post-interventions, the two groups completed the S-scale, Harris and Harris' concentration grid exercise, STAI, and STAXI-K. We analyzed the data by t-test and paired t-test using IBM SPSS Statistics. Results : KMMT had a significant influence on proneness to smart phone addiction (t=3.130, p=.035). KMMT had positive effects on concentration improvement (t=-2.935, p=.043), trait-anxiety symptoms improvement (t=2,992, p=.040), and anger-expression control (t=4.416, p=.012). Conclusions : KMMT had positive, improving effects on trait anxiety and anger expression, which in turn enhanced the improvement of concentration as well as the decrease of smart phone-addiction proneness.

Moderated Mediation Effect of Self-control on the Relationship of 'Neuroticism - Smart Phone Addiction - School Adaptation' (신경증-스마트폰 중독-학교적응의 매개관계에 대한 자기 통제력의 조절된 매개효과 검증)

  • Jung, Sung Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.243-251
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to demonstrate 'moderated mediation' effect of self-control on the relationship of neuroticism-smart phone addiction-school adaptation. For this purpose, we carried out a survey targeting middle school students who were vulnerable to smart phone addiction, and 1,400 middle school students responded to questionnaire. The results showed that the moderated mediation effect of self-control was statistically significant. In detail, school satisfaction and school performance, the sub-factors of school adaptation, showed significant results but social relation non-significant. Concerning moderating effect of self-control, results supported significantly moderating effect, demonstrating that high level of self-control showed consistently lower level of smart phone addiction than low level of self-control regardless of level of neuroticism. We can find the meanings of this study in having demonstrated, on the one hand, the causal process of smart phone addiction, and on the other, moderating effect and moderated mediation effect on this causal process through interaction between neuroticism and self-control. Finally, limitations and suggestions for future research were discussed.

Influence of Social Isolation on Smart Phone Addiction through Self-regulation and Social Support (장·노년층의 사회적 고립감이 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향 : 자아통제감과 사회적지지의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Hyuk-Joon;Lim, Jin-Seop
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.482-498
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to examine between the social isolation and smart phone addiction in elderly. Under this relationship, we investigated the double-mediation effects of self-regulation and social support. Research data were collected from 404 elderly in DaeJeon, South Korea. The final sample were 404 who fully responded. As a result of structural equation modeling, the social isolation of elderly significantly effected directly in smart phone addiction. Furthermore, self-regulation and social support effected the smart phone addiction indirectly through the double-mediation path. Based on the results of this study, the implications and future studies of the smart phone addiction of elderly are suggested.

Neural activity during simple visual imagery compared with mental rotation imagery in young adults with smartphone overuse

  • Hwang, Sujin;Lee, Jeong-Weon;Ahn, Si-Nae
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This research investigated the effects of simple visual imagery and mental rotation imagery on neural activity of adults who are at high risk of smart phone addiction by measuring their electroencephalography (EEG). Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Thirty people with a high risk of smart phone addiction was selected and then were evaluated for their neural activation patterns using EEG after reminding them about simple visual imagery and mental rotation imagery. A simple visual image was applied for 20 seconds using a smartphone. This was followed by a resting period of 20 seconds. Mental rotation imagery was applied for 20 seconds. During mental rotation imagery, the rotational angle was selected at random. We compared activation patterns according to the analyzed EEG with hemisphere reminding them about imagery. Results: On the EEG, theta rhythm from the left hemisphere parietal area increased when the subjects were reminded of mental rotation imagery, and sensorimotor rhythm from close to the left hemisphere area increased when the subjects were reminded of simple visual imagery. Conclusions: Neural activation from the left hemisphere occurs for motor imagery in adults who are at high risk of smart phone addiction. These results identify a neural mechanism of adults who a have high risk of smart phone addiction, which may provide contribute to the development of motor rehabilitation for smartphone users.

The Effects of High School Students' Smart Phone Addiction on Impulsivity, Stress, Self-efficacy, and Self-control (고등학생의 스마트폰 중독이 충동성, 스트레스, 자기효능감, 자기통제력에 미치는 영향)

  • OH, Ju
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.998-1012
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    • 2015
  • This study is smartphone addiction impulsiveness, stress, self-efficacy, and examine any changes to appear self-control. This study is a response to the results obtained for 310 people targeting high school in Pusan, the second grade students. For the analysis of the collected data by using the SPSS 22.0 program was the analysis of the T-test, ANOVA, Multiple Regression. The major findings of this study can be summed up as follows: first, smart phone addiction has significant difference in impulsivity, stress, self-efficacy, and self-control. Second, sex is found to be significant in impulsivity, stress, self-efficacy, and self-control. Third, grades are significant in impulsivity, self-efficacy, and self-control. Fourth, the model for impulsivity indicates 4% of explanatory power, which is significant. Fifth, explanatory power for stress is 4%, which is significant. Sixth, the model for self-efficacy shows 14% of explanatory power, which is significant. Meanwhile, smart phone addiction, sex, and grades have no significant effects on self-efficacy. Seventh, the model for self-control indicates 20% of explanatory power, which is significant.

An Analysis on the Status and Degree of Recognition for Smart Phone Syndrome of Undergraduate Students (대학생들의 스마트폰 증후군에 대한 인지정도 및 실태 분석)

  • Kim, Tae-Hee;Kang, Moon-Seol
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.941-948
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    • 2014
  • As smart phone became popular, a word smart phone syndrome is also commonly used among us. Its excessive uses cause adverse effects on daily lives such as mental and physical health education and individual relationships. This paper targeted to undergraduate students who are mostly using smart phones to analyze on their perception of smart phone syndrome and a reality of typical syndrome such as digital forgetfulness, smart phone addiction and dependence on Kakaotalk. It also suggested basic countermeasures for preventing smart phone syndrome. The perception on smart phone syndrome of undergraduate students using over the average 5 hours a day was resulted to be very low, and it is analyzed smart phone syndrome including digital forgetfulness, smart phone addiction and dependence on Kakaotalk is quite serious, so that proper countermeasures and the actions are required.

Effect of University Students' Smartphone Addiction on Their Life Management: Mediating Effects of Protective Factor and Risk Factor (대학생들의 스마트폰중독이 자기생활관리에 미치는 영향: 보호요인과 위험요인의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Bee;Kim, Nami;Park, Kyung Eun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.594-606
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effect of positive psychological capital as an protective factor and mental health as an risk factor on the relationship between smart phone addiction and self life management of university students. The following are the results of the analysis on the measures of smart-phone addiction, positive psychological capital, mental health and self life management among the 266 college students. First, the analysis of the correlation between relevant factors, smart-phone addiction showed a significant amulet correlation between self life management and positive psychological capital and a significant static correlation between mental health. Second, the positive psychological capital showed a mediate effect as a result of the analysis of university students' smart-phone addiction and self life management. Third, the results of a regression analysis between positive psychological capital and psychosomatic health sub-factors, optimism and resilience in the positive psychological capital and Depression and Impulsion in mental health, had a significant impact on managing self-life management Based on the results of this study, we discussed educational implications for the management of university students ' lives and suggestions for further research.

Influence of smartphone addiction on personal relationship in dental hygiene students (치위생과 학생들의 스마트폰 중독이 대인관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Seong-Sook;Jun, Soo Kyung;Kim, Dong Ae
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.775-782
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of smart phone addiction on personal relationship in dental hygiene students. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 475 dental hygiene students in Gyeonggido and Chungcheongdo from May 9 to June 10, 2016. Except incomplete questionnaire, data were analyzed using SPSS 23.0 program. The instruments consisted of general characteristics of the subjects, smartphone addiction, and personal relationship. Results: The percentage of smart phone was 23.0% in a risk group and 77.0% in a general group. The level of smartphone had a statistically significant difference with personal relationship(p<0.05). Smartphone addiction resulted in bad personal relationship. Conclusions: Smartphone addiction problem interrupts personal relationship. It is very important to reduce smart phone addiction through a variety of solution.

The Influence of Life Stress, Depression, Smart-phone Addiction on Quality of Life among College Students (대학생의 생활스트레스, 우울, 스마트폰 중독이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Baek, Sun-Sook;Cho, Ju-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.248-256
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of life stress, depression, and smart-phone addiction on quality of life as well as to verify the variables related to quality of life and the factors contributing to quality of life among undergraduate students. The data were collected from 194 subjects at K university in G city using a self-administered questionnaire. T-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. As a result, mean scores of life stress, depression, smart-phone addiction, and quality of life were $62{\pm}.33$, $24{\pm}.3$, $2.59{\pm}.63$, and $3.48{\pm}.54$, respectively. There was a negative correlation between life stress, depression, smart-phone addiction, and quality of life. The factors influencing quality of life were life stress, depression, and smart-phone addiction. Based on these findings, it is necessary to improve quality of life and multidisciplinary interventions in order to reduce life stress, depression, and smart-phone addiction in undergraduate students. These findings contribute to the development of a program to improve quality of life among undergraduate students.