• Title, Summary, Keyword: Smoking

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A study of College Students smoking behavior and smoking related characteristics in one region (일지역 대학생들의 흡연행태와 흡연관련 특성)

  • Kim, Sung-Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.59-76
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: This study Development of a healthy college life, and effective for smoking cessation programs for education is to utilize as a basis for. Methods: The study employs frequency analysis, cross-analysis and correlation analysis through SPSS Win 17.0 on 296 (84.6% of total participants) from the entire participants of 350. The significance test is delivered with ${\chi}^2$-test. Results: 1) The participants consist of 47.7% (147) males and 52.3% (161) females. 78.2% (241) has experience of smoking cessation program at high school. 61.7% (190) has parents who are smoking. 40.9% (126) answers that they are currently smoking while 59.1% (182) answers that they are not. 2) When asked about their perception on quitting smoking, 81.2% (250) says that non-smokers are distressed by others' smoking. 74.0% (228) has unpleasant experience with cigarette smoke. 3) The analysis of the relation between smoking cessation program at high school and smoking shows that 63.8% of the ones who have experience of the program are non-smokers while 68.7% of those with no experience of the program are smokers. 4) Among those who have tried to quit smoking, 73.9% have experience of smoking cessation program at high school. 31.8% of these participants also reveal their interest in the cessation program. 5) In the analysis of the correlation between smoking habits, the experience of smoking cessation program at high school is closely related to non-smoking while current smoking habit is highly related to the strong interest in participation of cessation program. Also, the more interest they have in participating, the stronger needs they feel for smoking prevention program at college. Conclusion: Therefore, the last phase of education-related courses at the University of educated and credits granted through open non-smoking pledge, non-smoking club, non-smoking camps, training programs, such as smoking in non-smoking education and programs for students interested in openness and participation must be done will.

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Experience of Adolescents Smoking Cessation : Use of Focus Group interview (청소년의 금연경험 탐색)

  • Han Young-Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the experience of smoking cessation in middle and high school students who smoked or were ex-smokers. Method: Data were collected through focus group interviews with 3 groups (15 students), and were analyzed according to the analytic method of Morgan (1998) and Krueger (1998). Results: Six categories were identified. They included reasons to quit smoking, efforts to maintain smoking cessation, lures to start smoking again, improved self-esteem after overcome temptations, frustration following repeated failures in attempts to quit smoking and suggestions to help maintain smoking cessation. Through these results, it was found that reasons for quitting smoking were different from those of adults, strategies to maintain smoking cessation were limited and repeated failure in attempts to quit smoking led students to give up attempting to quit smoking. Conclusion: A high percentage of adolescent smokers want to quit but are unsuccessful in doing so. Considering the results of our analysis, smoking cessation programs and strategies should be carefully developed to be more effective in help adolescents quit smoking and maintain smoking cessation.

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Influence of State of Smoking, Smoking Beliefs and Smoking Cessation Self-efficacy in the Nursing College Students (간호대학생의 흡연실태와 흡연신념이 금연자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Youn-Suk
    • Health Communication
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This descriptive research study was influence of state of smoking, smoking beliefs and smoking cessation self-efficacy(SCSE) in a nursing college students. Survey design was adopted for 137 nursing college students in Gyeongbuk. Methods: Data were gathered from April 30 to May 14, 2018. Analyzed for descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. Results: There was a significant negative correlation between smoking belief and SCSE. The significant factors influencing SCSE were daily average amount of smoking, smoking motivation, and smoking beliefs. This model explained 58.2% of variance in SCSE. Conclusion: The results suggest that an intervention program is needed to reduce negative decreasing smoking beliefs and improving smoking attitudes in the nursing college students.

The Experiences of Smoking and Non-smoking in Male Adolescents (고등학교 남학생의 흡연 및 금연 경험)

  • Kim, Hye Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.489-500
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of the study was to explore the smoking and non-smoking experiences of male adolescents in high school. Data were collected through focus group interviews with 16 participants. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Six themes emerged as a result of the analysis. "Imitating adults with curiosity" delineates first smoking experiences of participants. "Repulsion of cigarettes after first smoking" describes changes in participants' attitude toward smoking after first experience and "Resumed smoking" illustrates re-smoking process to be a peer group and test the taste of cigarettes. "Environmental risks of adolescents smoking" depicts adolescents easily exposed to cigarettes. "Conflicts between smoking and quitting smoking" describes repeated tries to quit smoking and re-smoking processes. Lastly "Reasons of non-smoking for non-smoking adolescents" illustrates the reasons for their non-smoking. Smoking and non-smoking experiences of male high school students' are different from those of female students and adults. Based on the results of the study, programs for preventing smoking and non-smoking education should be designed and executed for male adolescents to improve their health.

Knowledge and Attitude about Smoking in Middle School Students (중학생의 흡연에 대한 지식 및 태도)

  • Kim Shin-Jeong;Yang Soon-Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.152-163
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    • 2002
  • This study was done to provide basic data to develop smoking prevention and non-smoking education program. Questionnaire were collected from 438 male, 474 female middle school students at Chunchon, Kwangwon-do from Sep 2, 2000 to Feb 28, 2001. The Questionnaire used to measure subjects' knowledge and attitude about smoking was Guideline for the content of tobacco smoking surveys of the general population by WHO. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS-Win program. The results were as follows. 1.The average score of knowledge about smoking of subjects was 57.01 on the basis of 100. 2. The average score of attitude about smoking of subjects was 63.54 on the basis of 100. 3. In knowledge about smoking, there were statistically significant difference according to subjects' grade(F=3.218, p=.041), thinking about smoking behavior(F=3.424, p=.017), harmfulness of smoking(F=17.202, p=.000), present drinking(F=3.555, p=.029) and in attitude about smoking, there were statisti cally significant difference according to subjects' grade(F=20.520, p=.000), sex(t= -5.073, p=.000), mother's smoking(t= -2.405, p=.035), brother's smoking(t= -5.022, p=.000), mother's schooling(F= 3.730, p=.024), having smoking friend or not (t=-9.357, p=.000), subjects' smoking experience (t=-12.363, p=.000), present smoking(F= 76.643, p=.000), quantity of smoking(F= 6.808, p=.001), period of stop smoking(F= 4.685, p=.004), beginning time of smoking (F=2.286, p=.049), thinking about smoking behavior(F=17.933, p=.000), harmfulness of smoking(F=58.360, p=.000), present drinking (F=58.071, p=.000). 4. There were significant relationship between subjects' knowledge and attitude about smoking(r=.469, p=.000).

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The Study on the Knowledge and Attitude of Smoking, and Smoking Cessation Recommendation Among Nursing Students (간호학생의 흡연지식 및 태도, 금연권고에 대한 연구)

  • Oh, Hyo-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.365-374
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to find out the knowledge and attitude of smoking, and smoking cessation recommendation among nursing students. The data were collected from 529 nursing students being at three colleges in Gwangju city through structured questionnaire from 1 to 30 October 2012. In results, the smoking cessation recommendation showed statistically significant differences in grading, residence, subjective health perception, recognition about smoking, present smoking, assessment experience of smoking history, experience of smoking cessation recommendations, and participation intention of smoking cessation intervention education. The smoking cessation recommendation had correlated with smoking knowledge and smoking attitude. In multiple regression analysis, the participation intention of smoking cessation intervention education, the attitude and knowledge of smoking, and experience of smoking cessation recommendation were significant factors of the smoking cessation recommendation explaining 15.5% of the variables. To enhance recommendations of smoking cessation for patients, there are necessary to enforce smoking cessation intervention program for nursing students and increase the experience of smoking cessation intervention recommendation of nursing students in clinical practice.

The Analysis on the Relation between Smoking Behavior and Delinquent of Boys' High School Students (청소년의 흡연행동과 비행과의 관계분석)

  • 고정자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.311-324
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study is to take precautions against smoking behavior and delinquent by investigating the relation between smoking behavior and delinquent, analysing variables influence smoking behavior and delinquent. For the data set 1522 boys' high school students living in Pusan were chosen. The data were analyzed with the SPSS PC+ statistical package using Pearson's correlation and multiple regression. The main results are as follows: First, the rate of smoking is 39.4% among 1522 boys' high school students. First grade is 22.0%. Second grade is 44.5%. Third grade is 53.4%. Second, Delinquent experiences are in the order of going to game room(92.7%), drinking(89.4%), going to the prohibited movies(74.2%), thief(39.8%), going to discotheque(32.8%), kiss(29.8%). Third, smoking behavior and delinquent have positive correlationship. Forth, among the independent variables, grade, scholastic attainments, pocket-money, relegion, intimate friend's smoking, number of smoking friend, number of smoking family, family's thought on smoking have influence on smoking behavior. Fifth, among the sociopopulational variables, pocket money, scholastic attainments, club have influence on delinquent experience. Among enviornmental variables, intimate friend's smoking, number of smoking friend, girl friend, girl friend's smoking have influence on delinquent experience. Number of smoking family, parents' smoking, sibling's smoking, family's thought on smoking have partially influence on delinquent experience.

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Effects of '5&6 Smoking Cessation Program' and 5-day Smoking Cessation Program' on adolescents' smoking behavior (5&6 금연프로그램과 5일 교실 금연프로그램의 청소년 금연효과)

  • Lim, Eun-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.95-108
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The Purpose was to investigate the effects of the '5&6 smoking cessation program' and '5 days smoking cessation program' on the high school student's perception, urine cotinine, and smoking behaviors. Methods: This study was designed using nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest. The '5&6 smoking cessation program' was applied to the experimental group 1(28 students). The '5 days smoking cessation program' was applied to the experimental group 2(19 students). Control group was 53 students. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, $X^2$-test, Fisher's exact test, Independent-sample t-test, Paired t-test, ANOVA, Wilcoxon signed ranks test, Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Results: The '5&6 program' was significantly increased on smoking self-efficacy, stage of smoking cessation behavior change, Cons. for smoking and significantly decreased on daily smoking amount, urine cotinine level than control group. The '5 days program' was significantly decreased on urine cotinine level and Pros. for smoking than control group. The '5&6 program' was significantly increased on stage of smoking cessation behavior change than '5 days program'. Conclusion: This study showed that the '5&6 program and the '5 days program' are effective in adolescent's smoking cessation behaviors.

A Study on Health-related Quality of Life, Smoking Knowledge, Smoking Attitude, and Smoking Cessation Intention in Male Smokers (직장 흡연남성의 건강관련 삶의 질, 흡연지식, 흡연태도 및 금연의도간의 관계연구)

  • Kim Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.344-352
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the relationship among health-related quality of life, smoking knowledge, smoking attitude, and smoking cessation intention in male smokers. Method: The subjects were 259 male smokers in J city. The data was collected using structured questionnaires from Nov. to Dec. of 2003. The data was analyzed by the SPSS (ver. 10.0)computer program, and it included descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, the Pearson correlation coefficient, and Stepwise Multiple Regression. Result: The smoking cessation intention had a significant positive correlation among health-related quality of life (r=.159), smoking knowledge (r=.161), and smoking attitude (r=.127). These variables account for $26.8\%$ of smoking cessation intention. Conclusion: These results suggested that the smoking cessation program to enhance the health-related quality of life, smoking knowledge, and smoking cessation intention and to increase a negative influence on smoking attitude need to be developed. Therefore, these findings give useful information for constructing a smoking cessation program in male smokers.

Types of Smoking Statuses and Associated Factors among Korean Wageworkers (국내 임금근로자의 흡연 유형과 관련요인 연구)

  • Moon, Seongmi
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.495-511
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The present study was performed to describe the prevalence of various types of smoking statuses and to identify factors associated with different types among Korean wageworkers. Methods: The prevalence of hardcore smoking, daily smoking, and intermittent smoking was assessed in 2,126 wage workers from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The associations of these three types of smoking statuses with sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, and occupation-related characteristics were also examined in a multinomial logistic regression. Results: In men, the prevalence of hardcore smoking and daily smoking were 11.4% and 30.2%, respectively; and in women, the daily smoking prevalence was 5.6%. The education level was strongly associated with men's hardcore smoking and women's daily smoking. The household income and marital status were associated with women's daily smoking. Among occupation-related characteristics, the regularity of work and night work were associated with men's intermittent smoking. Night work was also associated with women's daily smoking. Employment condition was associated with women's intermittent smoking. Conclusion: The socioeconomic status and health conditions, compared with occupation-related factors, were found to have more influence on smoking. Therefore, antismoking programs that focus on individual characteristics should be developed for Korean wageworkers.