• Title, Summary, Keyword: Smoking cessation program

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Effects of '5&6 Smoking Cessation Program' and 5-day Smoking Cessation Program' on adolescents' smoking behavior (5&6 금연프로그램과 5일 교실 금연프로그램의 청소년 금연효과)

  • Lim, Eun-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.95-108
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The Purpose was to investigate the effects of the '5&6 smoking cessation program' and '5 days smoking cessation program' on the high school student's perception, urine cotinine, and smoking behaviors. Methods: This study was designed using nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest. The '5&6 smoking cessation program' was applied to the experimental group 1(28 students). The '5 days smoking cessation program' was applied to the experimental group 2(19 students). Control group was 53 students. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, $X^2$-test, Fisher's exact test, Independent-sample t-test, Paired t-test, ANOVA, Wilcoxon signed ranks test, Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Results: The '5&6 program' was significantly increased on smoking self-efficacy, stage of smoking cessation behavior change, Cons. for smoking and significantly decreased on daily smoking amount, urine cotinine level than control group. The '5 days program' was significantly decreased on urine cotinine level and Pros. for smoking than control group. The '5&6 program' was significantly increased on stage of smoking cessation behavior change than '5 days program'. Conclusion: This study showed that the '5&6 program and the '5 days program' are effective in adolescent's smoking cessation behaviors.

Evaluation of an Internet and a Mobile-Based Smoking Cessation Program (인터넷과 모바일 금연교육프로그램의 효과 비교분석)

  • 송태민;최지혜;김혜경
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.179-193
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    • 2004
  • The potential contribution of the internet and mobile phone to smoking cessation seems huge, given that a majority of Koreans now use internet and have mobile phones. The Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare developed and has been offering an internet-based smoking cessation program from the January, 2002 and a mobile-based program from the April, 2004. Despite the anticipated effectiveness of internet and mobile-based smoking cessation programs, there is little empirical evidence regarding the efficacy of both types of programs. Therefore, this study intended to evaluate the effectiveness of an internet and a mobile-based smoking cessation program and to provide the basic database for the development of effective smoking cessation strategies for the health promotion for the whole nation. Cessation and satisfaction data were obtained from the 434 participants in both programs. The data were analysed for the comparison of quit-smoking rate and the degree of satisfaction between an internet smoking cessation program and a mobile smoking cessation program. The main results of this study were as follows: 1. For the internet program participants, there were statistically significant differences in cessation rate by gender(P<0.05) and age(P<0.01). In contrast, none of general characteristics provided statistically significant differences in cessation rate for the mobile program participants. 2. For the internet program participants, smoking related characteristics(average smoking amount and the reasons for smoking) didn't have an effect on smoking cessation. But, for mobile program participants, there was a statistically significant difference in cessation rate by the reasons for smoking(P<0.05). 3. The cessation rate was 31.9%(abstinence for the previous 30 days) for internet program participants and 17.8% for mobile program participants.

Development of Smoking Cessation Education Program for Nursing Students (간호대학생을 위한 금연교육 프로그램 개발)

  • Song, Mi-Sook;Boo, Sunjoo
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.107-121
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Given that the expansion of smoking cessation regulations in Korea generates great demand for smoking cessation services, healthcare professionals should be up skilled to make an important contribution to tobacco control. This study was aimed to develop a smoking cessation education program for nursing students and to try to find possible ways to incorporate the smoking cessation education in their regular course program. Methods: One group pre- & post-test design was used. The subjects were 70 nursing students from two universities in S and D city. Subjects were participated in a four-hour smoking cessation education program developed for increasing knowledge, competency, and self-efficacy for smoking cessation counselling. Data were analysed with descriptives and paired t-tests. Results: The developed education program for smoking cessation counselling produced a substantial effects in terms of knowledge, competency, and especially for self-efficacy for smoking cessation counselling. Conclusions: Smoking cessation advices and support from health professionals are key aspects of a comprehensive approach to smoking cessation. Incorporating the smoking cessation education program developed in this study in the regular baccalaureate program for nursing students may help increase the involvement of nurses in cessation counseling upon graduation.

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The Effects of Smoking Cessation through a Smoking Cessation Counselling Program on Expiratory CO Concentration, BMI, Blood Pressure, Liver Function, and Lipid Metabolism in Smoking Cessation Successes (금연 상담프로그램을 통한 금연이 금연 성공자의 호기 CO농도, BMI, 혈압, 간기능 및 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kun-Ja;Lee, Myung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.234-246
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was performed in order to examine the effects of an smoking cessation counselling program for smoking cessation success. Method: Among a total of 468 persons who had ceased from smoking for 6-months and had visited the smoking cessation clinic of a public health center from January 2nd to December 31th in 2006, 61 in all who had a negative reaction in the urine nicotine check were selected for this study. Collected data were expiratory CO concentration, BMI, blood pressure, liver function, and lipid metabolism. These data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, repeated measured ANOVA and paired t-test with the SPSS/PC(Version 12.0) program. Result: There were significant changes in expiratory CO concentration, SBP, DBP, AST, ALT, and TG, but not in BMI, $\gamma$-GTP, TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C. Conclusion: This study showed that smoking cessation through a smoking cessation counselling program has partially positive effects for smoking cessation success. The results of this study show that the smoking cessation counselling program at the smoking cessation clinic of a public health center should be continued for smoking cessation success.

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Experience of Smoking Cessation Treatment Program in Korea: Results from a Qualitative Study (병의원 금연치료프로그램 참여자의 금연 경험: 질적 연구)

  • Pyo, Jeehee;Ock, Minsu;Lee, Jae Wook;Han, Young-Joo;Jo, Min-Woo;Lee, Jung Ah
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.284-295
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    • 2017
  • Background: The objectives of this study were to identify the reasons of quitting smoking, to determine the factors that make it difficult or helpful to maintain smoking cessation and to confirm the changes after the smoking cessation. Methods: This study was conducted an in-depth interview with people who participated in the smoking cessation treatment program. There were 10 participants and they were interviewed thoroughly for 14 times. Using the directed content analysis, we analyzed the transcript which was written by recording the interview and the researchers' note. Results: The results of this study are summarized as 'the experience while at the verge of smoking cessation and stepping over the verge of smoking cessation,' 'the changing experience due to smoking cessation,' and 'maintaining the changes through overcoming re-smoking.' The smoking cessation treatment program induced the smokers to quit smoking. Participants mentioned drinking alcohol was the major obstacle to maintain smoking cessation. Also, they noted that the money and the time that were already spent to quit smoking helped their smoking cessation as well as the social relations which helped to prevent re-smoking. Participants felt well-cared through the smoking cessation treatment program and that it helped them to maintain smoking cessation. Conclusion: Smoking cessation treatment program has a positive effect on the smoking cessation trial and maintenance. In order for smokers to overcome re-smoking, educations regarding drinking problem, formation of supportive social relationship, and the applications for smoking cessation will be beneficial.

Testing of the Theory of Planned Behavior in the Prediction of Smoking Cessation Intention and Smoking Cessation Behavior among Adolescent Smokers (청소년 흡연자의 금연의도 및 금연행위 예측을 위한 계획적 행위이론(Theory of Planned Behavior)의 검증)

  • Song, Mi-Ra;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.456-470
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    • 2002
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to test the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in the prediction of smoking cessation intention and smoking cessation behavior among adolescent smokers, in order to provide basic data to develop a future smoking cessation program as a nursing intervention. Method: The study subjects were 80 adolescent smokers who had smoked one cigarette and attended a five-day school smoking cessation program. The data were collected from October 24 to December 21, 1999. The instruments used in this study were the tools developed by Jee (1994) to measure TPB variables such as attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, smoking cessation intention, and smoking cessation behavior. The data were analyzed with the SAS/PC program using descriptive statistics, hierarchical multiple regression, and logistic multiple regression. Results: 1. Attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control were partially significant in predicting smoking cessation intention. 2. Smoking cessation intention and perceived behavioral control toward smoking cessation behavior did not significantly predict smoking cessation behavior. 3. There were partial interaction effects among the attitude toward smoking cessation behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control in the prediction of smoking cessation intention. 4. There were partial interaction effects between smoking cessation intention and perceiver behavioral control toward smoking cessation behavior in the prediction of smoking cessation behavior. Conclusion: This study partially demonstrated support for the TPB model that was partially useful in predicting smoking cessation intention and smoking cessation behavior among adolescent smokers. Therefore, it is recommended that attitude toward smoking cessation behavior and perceived behavioral control should be considered in developing smoking cessation programs and implementing nursing interventions to change the smoking behavior of adolescent smokers.

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Effect of Smoking Cessation Program for Workers in Large Size Company -Using Motivational Enhancement Counseling- (대규모 사업장 근로자를 위한 금연 프로그램의 효과 - 동기강화 상담(Motivational Enhancement Counseling)의 적용 -)

  • Kim, Soon-Lae;Lee, Jong-Eun;Cho, Dong-Ran;Kim, Jung-Im;Kim, Young-Long
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.113-118
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine effects of smoking cessation program in large size company using motivational enhancement counseling. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was conducted. 72 workers in intervention group and 65 workers in control group participated in 7 large size companies. Smoking cessation program consisted of a campaign, smoking cessation education, and 6 weeks motivational enhancement counseling. The motivational enhancement counseling was tailored to the individual's stage of change. Stages of smoking behavior, smoking cessation rate, nicotine dependence, and confidence of smoking cessation were assessed after intervention. Results: The results showed that intervention had a significant impact on improving stages of smoking behavior and smoking cessation rate, and impact on decreasing nicotine dependence, compared to those of a control group. Conclusion: The effects and feasibility of smoking cessation program including motivational enhancement counseling were revealed in the large size company. These results might provide information that can be used in improving cultures of smoking cessation for workers.

Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Amount of Smoking and Nicotine Dependence and Self-efficacy of Smoking Cessation for Smoking Workers (금연프로그램이 흡연근로자의 흡연량과 니코틴의존도 및 자기효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Mi-Kyung;Kang, Kyung-Sook;Kim, Nam-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.1073-1079
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a smoking cessation program on the amount of smoking and nicotine dependence and the self-efficacy of smoking cessation for smoking workers. Methods: The total number of subjects was 38 smokers and was divided into two: 16 smokers were placed in the experimental group and 22 in the control group. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The smoking cessation program consisted of two sessions and was implemented for two hours daily for five days. Data was analyzed by using the SPSS/WIN 11.0 program with $X^2-test$, t-test or Mann-Whitney U and ANCOVA. Results: After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed a significantly decreased amount of smoking, a decreased nicotine dependency and increased self-efficacy compared to the control group. Conclusion: The smoking cessation program was effective for diminishing the amount of smoking, decreasing nicotine dependence and improving self-efficacy. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for adult smokers.

The Effects of Smoking Cessation School Program on Smoking Behavior in Adolescent Smokers (금연학교 교육프로그램이 청소년 흡연자의 흡연행위에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Mi-Ra;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.115-124
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    • 2001
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of a smoking cessation school program on attitudes towards smoking cessation, the subjective norm, perceived behavioral controls, the intent to cease smoking and smoking behavior. Also included was the goals of the program itself. Study subjects were 80 adolescent smokers who at least attended the smoking cessation school program without absence. had smoked one cigarette at the time of the first study before the program and attended the first. second. and third studies (The study was conducted from September 26. to December 21. 1999. a period of 59 days). Data collection was performed using the TPB questionnaire which was developed by Jee Yon-Ock(1994). The survey included questions covering the intended areas of study mentioned above. The first data was collected during the first day of the five day program. The second survey was conducted immediately after the last day of the program and the last survey was four weeks later. Data was analyzed with a SAS/PC program including N. %. a paired t-test. The results were as follows; 1. After the program. the scores representing attitude towards smoking cessation (before program: 14.5. after program: 16.8) and perceived behavioral control (before program: 1.2. after program: 2.1) rose significantly, but the scores for attitudes towards the subjective norm and the intent to cease smoking were not notably different. 2. After the program. the frequency of daily smoking fell significantly (before program: 5.7 cigarettes. after program: 3.2 cigarettes). In conclusion, the five day smoking cessation school program increased attitude. perceived behavioral control and decreased smoking behavior but did not influence subjective norm, smoking cessation intention. Thus, further study is required to better evaluate the effects of the program and to improve any shortcomings.

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The Effects of a Self-esteem and Smoking Cessation Self-efficiency Improvement Program on Smoking High School Students (자아존중감 및 금연 자기효능감 증진 프로그램이 흡연 고등학생에게 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the effects of a program to improve self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficiency on smoking high school students' self-esteem, smoking cessation self-efficiency, amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Methods: This research was conducted as a quasi-experimental pretest and posttest control and experimental group methodological comparison study. The subjects were 45 smoking high school students (Exp.=22, Cont.=23) in U City. Data were collected from October 19 to December 7, 2010, and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program by frequency, Mann-Whitney test, means, standard deviations, and Willcoxon signed rank test. Results: After the treatment, those belonging to the experimental group showed significantly increased self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and also showed decreased amount of smoking, cotinine in urine, and carbon monoxide while exhalation compared to the control group. Conclusion: The self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy improvement program was effective in improving self-esteem and smoking cessation self-efficacy and in diminishing the amount of smoking, cotinine in urine and carbon monoxide while exhalation. Therefore, this program is recommended as a smoking cessation strategy for smoking adolescents.