• Title, Summary, Keyword: Social Activity Participants

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Neighborhood Environment Associated with Physical Activity among Rural Adults: Applying Zero-Inflated Negative Binominal Regression Modeling (영과잉 음이항 회귀모형을 적용한 농촌지역 성인 신체활동의 지역사회환경 요인 분석)

  • Kim, Bongjeong
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.488-502
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the neighborhood environmental factors associated with physical activity among adults living in rural communities. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 201 adults living in three Ri in Y-city, Gyeonggi-do. Data were collected from face-to-face interview by trained interviewers and were analyzed using a zero-inflated negative binominal regression model. Results: Participants reported engaged in moderate or vigorous physical activity was 76.1%; 10.5% of participants reported that they met moderate physical activity recommendations and 14.5% of participants reported that they met vigorous physical activity recommendations. Zero-inflated negative binominal regression analysis showed association of increasing days of physical activity with social cohesion (${\beta}=.130$, p=.005), social network (${\beta}=-.096$, p=.003), and safety for crime (${\beta}=-.151$, p=.036), and no days of physical activity was associated with no attainment of education and marginally associated with increasing BMI. Conclusion: Neighborhood environmental factors including social cohesion, social network, and crime for safety were significantly associated with physical activity of rural adults. Community health nurses should expand an approach for individual behavior change to incorporate rural adults' specific neighborhood environmental factors into physical activity interventions.

Influencing of Quality of Life for Elderly Employment Program Participants - Social Support(Social Activities, Family/Social Relationship), Emotional Problems (노인일자리사업 참여자의 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인: 사회적 지지(사회활동, 가족/사회관계), 정서문제)

  • Chang, Cin-Jae;Cho, Ja-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.225-235
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    • 2014
  • The Purpose of the study was to examine the structural relationship among social support(social activity, family/social relationship), emotional problem and quality of life of Elderly Employment Program participants. An analysis was conducted on 2,005 participants from the data of the '2012 Elderly Employment Program Participants Survey'. The major findings were as follows: First, family/social relationship had positive effects and emotional problem had negative effects to quality of life. Second, social activity had negative effects to emotional problem. Finally, social activity had mediator effects to quality of life through emotional problem. Based on the results, the implications for social work practice and policy were suggested.

Social Support and Health Status based on Characteristics of Leisure Activity of Middle-Aged Women (중년 여성의 여가활동특성에 따른 사회적 지지와 건강상태)

  • Chung, Myung-Sill;Song, Ji-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify social support and health status based on characteristics of leisure activity in middle-aged women. Methods: Participants were 148 middle-aged women living in the capital area. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires which were constructed to include leisure activity characteristics, social support and Brodman's CMI. Data were analyzed using t-test, and ANOVA, with SPSS/WIN 14.0. Results: Social support was different depending on leisure type, leisure partner, length of participation in present activity, regularity, and motivation to start activity. Health status was different depending on the length of participation in present activity, and regularity. Conclusion: Because social support and health status depend on characteristics of leisure activity, further study in nursing one how to resolve the physical, psychological, social and health problems that middle-aged women might experience through various leisure activities.

A Qualitative Study on Successful Aging and Optimization by Selection and Compensation Strategy: Focusing on the Social Activity Elderly Participants (성공적 노화와 선택과 보상 책략에 의한 최적화의 질적 연구: 사회 활동 참여 노인을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.133-147
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    • 2010
  • This study aimed to identify the dimensions of successful aging, as perceived by elderly Koreans, and to test qualitatively the elders' optimization of selection and compensation strategies in a social activity context. The results were as follows: First, the most important part of life fulfillment and regret was family and work. Second, social activity played a role in self-actualization and physiological needs. Moreover, it contributed to the elders' physical and mental health maintenance. Third, the elderly effectively participated in social activities by optimizing their selection and compensation strategies. Fourth, the elderly realized they are growing old, but considered it as a natural process. In addition, some participants suggested retirement age should be raised, but others were against this idea. Finally, elders thought successful aging means having a sufficient and independent life in old age. Thus, the elderly required good health, economic security, and a positive attitude for aging successfully.

The Influence of Elderly Social Activity and Depression on Elderly Well Being (노인들의 사회활동 참여와 우울이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 -광주시와 전남지역 노인들을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Nam-hyeon;Jung, Min-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.496-506
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the elderly well being, which is the most important issue, or life satisfaction. When the elderly's life satisfaction get better, Our society can be integrated as we pursuit. The research aimed to find out whether elderly social activity affect on their well being including meditating effect of elderly depression. The result will guide the practical implication in the field. For the analysis, the participants consisted of elders from Gwangju City. The results are following. First, social activity showed negative effect on depression, but positive effect on the elderly well being. When the higher elderly social activity level, lower depression as well as higher well being level. Thus, this study strongly proposes for construction of elderly social activity programs in a social welfare field to achieve their successful elderly life well being.

Effects of Control Attribution, Demand-Control-Support Model, and Control Strategy on Elderly Workers' Subjective Well-Being (노인 일자리 사업 참여자의 통제 귀인과 활동의 요구-조절-지지 정도 및 통제 전략이 자신의 주관적 안녕감에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.8
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 2010
  • This study tested the path model with regard to how certain variables (control attribution, demand-control-support of activity, and control strategy) affected the elderly workers' subjective well-being(swb). In the path model, the exogenous variables were internal and external control attribution. We used demand-control-support of activity, and primary and secondary control strategies as mediating variables. The endogenous variable was each elderly worker's swb. Study participants were 205 elders participating in an "education activity". We used descriptive statistical analysis, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple regression to examine data collected from structured interviews with the participants. Path analysis revealed the followings: First, secondary control strategy was the strongest predictor of participants' swb but internal control attribution, demand of activity, and support of activity also positively affected participants' swb. Second, internal control attribution indirectly affected the participants' swb. Finally primary control strategy negatively affected on the participants' swb.

Content Modeling Based on Social Network Community Activity

  • Kim, Kyung-Rog;Moon, Nammee
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.271-282
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    • 2014
  • The advancement of knowledge society has enabled the social network community (SNC) to be perceived as another space for learning where individuals produce, share, and apply content in self-directed ways. The content generated within social networks provides information of value for the participants in real time. Thus, this study proposes the social network community activity-based content model (SoACo Model), which takes SNC-based activities and embodies them within learning objects. The SoACo Model consists of content objects, aggregation levels, and information models. Content objects are composed of relationship-building elements, including real-time, changeable activities such as making friends, and participation-activity elements such as "Liking" specific content. Aggregation levels apply one of three granularity levels considering the reusability of elements: activity assets, real-time, changeable learning objects, and content. The SoACo Model is meaningful because it transforms SNC-based activities into learning objects for learning and teaching activities and applies to learning management systems since they organize activities -- such as tweets from Twitter -- depending on the teacher's intention.

The Relationships Among Child Temperament, Mothering Daily Hassles and Social Adjustment in Kindergartens and Childcare Centers (유아의 기질, 어머니의 양육스트레스 및 유아교육.보육기관에서의 사회적 적응간의 관계)

  • Kim, Min-Hee;Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.9
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2007
  • This study explored the relationships among child temperament, mothering daily hassles, and children's social adjustment in 254 kindergartens and childcare centers. The mothers of the participants completed the measures of child temperament and mothering daily hassles. The social adjustment in daycare was assessed through the rating provided by the children's teachers. Correlations and regressions were used for the analyses. The results showed that sociability, activity and soothability were related to social adjustment that attention-span, soothability, emotionality and activity were related to the mothering daily hassles that mothering daily hassles by children's challenging behavior were negatively related to the social competence and positively internalizing problems and that sociability and activity were useful to predict children's social adjustment in kindergartens and childcare centers.

Effects of Walking Program based on Social Cognitive Theory for Office Workers (사무직 근로자를 위한 사회인지이론 기반 걷기 프로그램의 효과)

  • Choi, Hye-Young;Yang, Sook-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.712-724
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a walking program for office workers in terms of social cognitive theory, walking activities and physiological indexes. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The sample consisted of 50 office workers who were identified as having low levels of physical activity according to the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ Research Committee, 2005). The participants were recruited from two companies in Seoul. Of the 50 participants, 26 were assigned to the non-equivalent experimental group and 24 to the control group. The walking program consisted of six didactic sessions via e-mail, two individual telecoaching sessions and three support group meetings over ten weeks. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17.0 program. Results: The non-equivalent experimental group reported significantly higher posttest scores in walking activities and adhering to the walking protocol than the control group. There were no differences in reported self-efficacy, outcome expectations, body mass index and blood pressure between the two groups. Conclusion: These findings indicate that a walking program based on social cognitive theory is effective in increasing physical activities for office workers.

An investigation of factors influencing the participation of stroke survivors in social and leisure activities

  • Ahn, Si-Nae;Hwang, Sujin
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Participation restrictions are serious problems that stroke survivors experience while reintegrating into family, work, community, and social situations after participating in rehabilitation programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors affecting participation in activities of daily living (ADL), as well as social and leisure activities of individuals with hemiparetic stroke. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: The study involved 96 participants who were diagnosed with a first stroke 6 months before the study (58 men, 38 women; $60.3{\pm}14.3years$). The Berg Balance Scale, Modified Barthel Index, Manual Function test, and Activity Card Sort were used to assess static and dynamic balance function, upper limb function, level of independence, and their level of participation within the community. A regression analysis was used to identify the influence of factors affecting participation in ADL, social and recreational activities. Results: The Activity Card Sort scores were significantly affected by the Manual Function test and Modified Barthel Index scores (p<0.05). Participation in leisure activities was affected by the level of independence. Participation in social activities was affected by the balance function and level of independence of the participants. Conclusions: The results of this study have shown that participation restrictions are affected by upper limb function, balance function, and the level of independence in individuals with hemiparetic stroke.