• Title, Summary, Keyword: Social Enterprises

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Management Efficiency Estimation of Social Enterprises with Data Envelopment Analysis (사회적 기업의 자료포락분석(DEA)을 통한 경영효율성 평가)

  • Lee, Sang-Yun;Lim, Sungmook;Chae, Myungsin
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2017
  • This paper was to evaluate social enterprises' management efficiency with Data Envelope Analysis (DEA). The data was based on the 168 social enterprises' of annual performance reports published in 2015. The research focused on to measure both financial efficiency and social impact of the companies simultaneously. To apply DEA, the paper classified the enterprises into seven types based on types of socal impacts which each company provides before the estimation of the efficiency. The research results showed that group D, which employes disadvantaged people, provides social services and shares resources was the most efficient group and had higest net worths in Pure Technical Efficiency. In contrast, Group B, which only employs social advantage people and provides social service, was the least efficient one. The research suggests a practical and efficient framework in measuring social enterprises' management efficiency, including both the financial performance and social impacts simultaneously with their self-publishing reports. Because the Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency does not open business reports which social enterprises submit each year, there are basic limitations on researchers attempting to analyse with data from all social enterprises in Korea. Thus, this study dealt with only 10% of the social enterprises which self-published their performance report on the Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency's web site. Regardless of these limitations, this study suggested substantial methods to estimate management efficiency with the self-published reports. Because self-publishing is increasing each year, it will be the main source of information for researchers in examining and evaluating social enterprises' financial performance or social contribution. The research suggests a practical and efficient framework in measuring social enterprises' management efficiency, including both the financial performance and social impacts simultaneously with their self-publishing reports. The research results suggest not only list of efficient enterprises but also methods of improvement for less efficient enterprises.

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) of Small Enterprises in Hospitality and Tourism Industry (환대관광산업 소규모기업 사회적 책임활동(CSR): 회사 홈페이지 커뮤니케이션 분석을 중심으로)

  • Ahn, Young-Joo
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.73-83
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    • 2017
  • Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore the CSR activities of small enterprises in hospitality and tourism industry in South Korea. Since previous research on CSR activities has considerably focused on large enterprises whereas small enterprises have relatively less attention, this study aims to explore the characteristics of small enterprises in hospitality and tourism industry and their CSR activities. Research design, data, and methodology - The population of interest for this study was social enterprises registered in Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency (2016), and it was used to verify the social enterprises which has a certification for social enterprises. From 1672 companies in total, the sampling frame was a database with 117 companies in hospitality and tourism industry. This study investigates social enterprises' CSR activities on the company's official websites (e.g., company reports, magazines, the news articles, and interviews). The websites of the selected enterprises in hospitality and tourism industry were analyzed for examining CSR activities by the quantitative content analysis. All of the CSR activities in small social enterprises were classified into six dimensions based on the stakeholder theory. Results - The findings of this study provide the characteristics of the 117 small social enterprises and their specific CSR initiatives. A total of eight main business lines were identified: 1) fair travel, 2) leisure/sports, 3) accommodation/camping, 4) medical tourism, 5) exhibitions/art events/cultural events, 6) leisure activities for vulnerable social groups, 7) Korean traditional culture, and 8) ecotourism/agricultural tourism. The CSR initiatives were classified into six dimensions: 1) environment, 2) employment, 3) multicultural families and vulnerable social groups, 4) local community, 5) economic prosperity, and 6) product. Conclusions - This study revealed the special CSR initiative examples of small enterprises in hospitality and tourism industry. Small social enterprises participate in CSR activities mainly related to their own business lines. Moreover, these enterprises are more closely embedded in their local community development, job creation and education for local residents and vulnerable social groups, and traditional heritage preservation. The findings of this study provide theoretical and practical implications and they can contribute to enrich CSR with literature for small enterprises in hospitality and tourism industry.

Innovation Performance of Social Enterprises: An Empirical Study in India

  • Tirumalsety, Revendranath;Gurtoo, Anjula
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.238-273
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    • 2019
  • Social enterprises pursue innovation to create socio-economic impact for the marginalized communities. The founders of social enterprises drive goal-oriented innovation, whereas, interactions with ecosystem is crucial to create and diffuse innovation. However, studies are scant on creation as well as diffusion of innovation emerging from social enterprises. This paper attempts to understand innovation emerging from social enterprises through an exploration of innovation focus, interactions with ecosystem, and measurement of innovation performance. A cross-sectional study is performed to understand the relationship between founders' orientation and innovation performance, and the mediating role of innovation focus and ecosystem interactions. A cluster sampling across four states in India - Karnataka, Telangana, Maharastra and Tamil Nadu - resulted in participation from 207 social enterprises. The results of partial least squared structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) demonstrate the positive complementary mediating role of innovation focus in the relationship between founders' orientation and innovation performance. Moreover, this paper illustrates that founders' persistent focus on innovation creates positive results for social enterprises as well as beneficiaries.

Problem and Policy of Social Enterprises (사회적 기업 현황과 발전 과제)

  • Park, Keun-Soo
    • The Journal of Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.65-80
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    • 2007
  • The development of social enterprise is rapidly emerging trend in Europe. Social enterprises are businesses with a social purpose working. There is no single legal model for social enterprise. There are many social enterprises operating in a wide range of industries from farmers markets and recycling companies to transport providers and childcare. Common characteristics of Social enterprise are Enterprise Orientation, Social aims, Social ownership.

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The impact of regional and industry environments in shaping the organizational identity of the social enterprises (사회적 기업의 정체성 형성과정에서 지역과 산업환경의 역할)

  • Choi, Hyundo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 2016
  • Social enterprises have been concerned with the social problems and their market survival, simultaneously. They show diverse types of organizational identities in order to pursue such hybrid goals. This study examines how the social enterprises shape their identities. In particular, it focuses on regional and industry environments that influence the types of the organizational identities of the social enterprises. This study categorizes 219 social enterprises, founded in the environmental sector, into social oriented single identity, business oriented single identity, and mixed identity enterprises using the 2014 and 2015 Social Enterprise Directory published by Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency. Findings are as follows: First, there are more social enterprises with a single identity in the metropolitan environment, compared to ones in the non-metropolitan environment, and social enterprises with a mixed identity are more likely to be established in the non-metropolitan environment than ones in the metropolitan environment. Second, there are more social enterprises with a social oriented single identity in the emerging industry environment than ones in the mature industry environment. Also, more social enterprises with a business oriented single identity are formed in the mature industry environment than ones in the emerging industry environment.

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The Effects of Social Norms and Perceived Benefits on Purchase Intention for the Fashion Products of Social Enterprises (사회적 규범과 지각된 혜택이 사회적 기업 패션제품 구매의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Min Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.699-710
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    • 2019
  • This study focuses on social norms and perceived benefits that are expected to lead to purchase fashion goods selling by social enterprises that can help guide the establishment of effective sales strategies for social enterprises. The relationships among two social norms (injunctive norms and descriptive norms), three perceived benefits (cause benefits, psychological benefits, and social image benefits), and purchase intention were investigated respectively. Data were collected via an online web survey and 11 hypotheses were statistically tested by using PLS-SEM analysis. Purchase intention toward the fashion products of social enterprises was influenced by four antecedent variables (injunctive and descriptive norms, cause and psychological benefits) excluding only social image benefits. However, descriptive norms only affected psychological benefits while injunctive norms only affected social image benefits. The findings suggest that the owners or marketers of social enterprises need to create a social atmosphere in which more consumers buy the fashion goods for social enterprises and emphasize consumers' psychological benefits that they feel mentally more comfortable by purchasing the fashion goods of social enterprises.

Analysis of Change in the Management Efficiency of Social Enterprises: Focus on Enterprises Employing Vulnerable Social Groups in Gyeonggi-do (사회적기업의 경영 효율성 변화 분석: 경기도 취약계층 고용 중심으로)

  • Hong, Sung-Bin;Lee, Sang-Yun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.51-69
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    • 2018
  • This study intends to investigate the management efficiency of social enterprises according to types based on the portion of the budget for employing disadvantaged social groups, in the region of Gyeonggi-do. Based on the performance list disclosed at Korea Social Enterprise Promotion Agency's website, 126 social enterprises certified during a period of five years from 2013 to 2017, 126 enterprises were analyzed by using data envelopment analysis (DEA) models comparing five types of the enterprises. The types was mainly identified by the job security of disadvantaged social groups. As for measurement variables, the input components included average wage, support fund, and the number of non-vulnerable employees and the number of vulnerable employees, sales, and net income were selected as output variables. In conclusion, the efficiency of Gyeonggi-do social enterprises decreased every year, and thus it is urgent to improve their efficiency, and priority should be given to the employment of vulnerable social groups, which both the job opportunity providing-type and the social service providing-type showed the highest performance.

The Study on Social Capital and Community Sense Formation for the Sustainability of Fashion Social Enterprises (패션 사회적 기업의 지속가능성을 위한 사회적 자본 및 공동체의식 형성에 대한 연구)

  • Na, Younkue
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.157-174
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    • 2015
  • This research intends to observe the effects of social capital regarding fashion social enterprises on the community sense of participating consumers, and verify the relationship of the effects that such social capital and community sense have on sustainability formation variable(shared values, suitability of values, behavioral flow, cognitive belief and long-term relationship orientation) of social enterprises. For such analysis, a sample of 400 consumers with experience of purchasing products of fashion social enterprises more than once was utilized, and path analysis was conducted utilizing AMOS 20.0. As a result of this research, first, information sharing, social participation among the characteristic factors of social enterprises' social capital had a meaningful impact on shared values, and self-pursuit and significance meaningfully affected the suitability of values. Second, mutual influence, sense of belonging, satisfaction of needs and emotional bond among the characteristic factors of community sense between social enterprises and consumers meaningfully affected shared values, whereas mutual influence, sense of belonging and emotional bond substantially influenced suitability of values. Third, shared values and suitability of values affected the relationship between behavioral flow and cognitive trust, and behavioral flow and cognitive trust both had meaningful impact on long-term relationship orientation.

A Study of the Economic and Social Performance of Social Enterprise

  • Kim, Moon Jun
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.43-50
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    • 2018
  • In this study, It is utilized 103 management panic data about social enterprises in Chungnam area (Chungnam, Daejeon, Sejong) region from 2011 to 2017. The organizational characteristics (organizational type, type of certification, company's region, external grants, paid employees) were set as independent variables with economic performance (sales) and social performance (employment of vulnerable class) as dependent variables. We analyzed the factors affecting the economic and social performance of social enterprises and confirmed the correlation between economic and social performance. The results of this study are as follows: First, the organizational characteristics of social enterprises showed a significant difference in sales as economic performance. External grants have no positive effect on the economic performance (sales) of social enterprises, while paid workers have a positive (+) influence on the economic performance. Second, the organizational characteristics of social enterprises showed significant differences in employment of the vulnerable class, which is social performance. Only the paid workers had a statistically significant relationship with the social performance of the social enterprise. Third, the correlation between economic performance (sales) and social performance (employment of the vulnerable class), which is the result of social enterprise, is shown. This can enhance a social enterprises' sustainable growth and self-sufficiency by improving the employment of vulnerable people, the economic performance of a social enterprise, which is sales and social performance, and ultimately can manifest the value and purpose of the social enterprise.

Organizational Culture Difference of Social Enterprises and Commercial Enterprises, and Impact Relations on Social and Economic Outcomes (사회적기업과 영리기업간 조직문화차이와 조직성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Mi-Hwa;Lee, Yong-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.667-676
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of study was to determine the differences in organizational culture between social enterprises and commercial enterprises and assess the impact on organizational performance in Korea. Main results are as follows. First, Social enterprises employ a lot of low-imcome women and the elderly worker. Second, rational culture is high in profit businesses, but cultural group is high in social enterprises. In commercial enterprise, productivity and efficiency, planning and goal setting, assessing goals and looking for the evaluation of the performance are important. and in social enterprise, affinity and participation, employees individual development and group morale and cohesion, emphasis on mutual cooperation and trust are important. In addition, both social performance and economic performance, social enterprises are higher than in commercial enterprises. Social enterprises are operating transparently based on workers participation and understanding is expected that economic performance is also highly recognized. Third, social performance is higher development and group culture are higher in commercial enterprises, and development, group and hierarchy culture are higher in social enterprises. Economic performance is higher reasonal culture is lower in commercial enterprises, and group culture is higher in social enterprises. Therefore, the social enterprise workers are recognizing social and economic performance are higher than commercial enterprise workers. In short, social enterprises is making discriminatory organizational culture, and this is contributing to achieving organizational performance.