• Title/Summary/Keyword: Social cooperatives

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Suggestions for the Sustainability of Social Cooperatives (사회적 협동조합의 지속가능성을 위한 제언)

  • Lee, DeokSoo
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2018
  • Recently, discussions about social economy have been actively promoted, and the establishment of social cooperatives, which is an axis of social economy, is being activated. However, because of the economic slowdown, social cooperative activities are often shrinking, and a case study is conducted on how to make social cooperatives sustainable. The results are as follows. In order for social cooperatives to cope with social change adaptation and market diversity, it is necessary to organize networks or participate in existing networks. It is also necessary that social cooperatives form different types of social cooperatives into separate organizational forms as needed. In addition, social cooperatives should make efforts to improve the quality of services and goods provided by each organization, and focus on attracting local people's empathy and participation to change the culture and atmosphere of the region. If such efforts are made, it will be possible for social cooperatives to become a sustainable economic organization.

Feasibility Exploration of Social Cooperatives as a Community Social Work Practice Model (지역사회복지실천모델로서 사회적협동조합의 가능성 탐색)

  • Cho, Mihyoung
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.91-119
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    • 2014
  • This study explored feasibility of social cooperatives as a strategy of struggle to social exclusion in the social services area based on the relationships between people. Is social cooperatives on the Fundamental Act on Cooperatives a new type of social welfare service providers comparing the social welfare foundations and social enterprises? Would be expected as social inclusion processes effects arising from the properties of cooperative in social welfare sector? If social welfare institutions function as an intermediate medium between government and users, social cooperatives can be performed function in the community in a variety of cooperative relationships with Multiple stakeholders, e.g. various service providers, care-givers, social workers, and users, etc., conflicting the interests. In this perspective, looked the possibility of social cooperatives as community welfare practice model.

A Study on the Characteristics and Sustainability of Social Cooperatives (사회적 협동조합의 특성과 지속가능성에 관한 연구)

  • Du, Cheng-Lin;Chang, Sug-In;Bae, Sung-Pil;Choi, Ho-Gyu
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.35-45
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    • 2020
  • Korea's social cooperatives were enacted by law in December 2012. However, it is in the process of being settled and has not been established institutionally. So social cooperatives are failing. The purpose of this study is to reduce these failures. To this end, this study distinguished between co-operatives and social co-operatives. Also, the characteristics and concepts were identified. That is why we want to help our social cooperatives in Korea. The results based on the literature research are as follows. First, in order for domestic social co-operatives to be sustainable, the seven principles of co-operatives must be observed. In particular, the sixth principle is important. It is important to form a social cooperative association and to communicate with local cooperatives. Their communication is less likely to fail because they can share management support information, education, promotion, and strategies. Second, there is a need for a plan that can be applied not only to the government but also to general enterprises in order to support social co-operatives. Third, related policies of the government and the private sector should be designed and managed in an integrated manner to promote social cooperatives. Fourth, public relations should be promoted through campaigns to inform the public that the meaning of social cooperatives is for the public good. In addition, the government needs to build a program that fosters professionals who can foster social co-operatives. In conclusion, it is meaningful that this study suggests possible ways to develop social co-operatives in Korea, and provides support to the Korean government.

Conceptual Design on the Marketing Platform for E-Books - The Business Model on the Notion of Social Cooperative - (디지털 출판물 유통 플랫폼 개념설계에 관한 연구 - 사회적 협동조합형 비즈니스 모델 -)

  • Chung, Jun Min
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.33-55
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    • 2019
  • A marketing platform based on the legal deposit system was designed. It is an e-book distribution platform that systematically binds library networks nationwide by linking with the National Library's deposit system to complete the existing paper that the library should become a publishing platform. The purpose is to bundle e-books into a distribution space and naturally assemble readers to serve as virtual platforms for domestic publishers, authors, bookstores, and platforms running various publishing / subscribing services. The premise is not a sale of e-books, but a rental concept, but the platform is valid regardless. In addition, the platform takes the form of social cooperatives to represent the interests of all members involved in publishing services. The lead-based distribution platform is the most ideal business model to compromise with reality. Conceptually, the service of the publishing content-related industry is a model in which all content is supplied from the lead-bone system, which is a collaborative space, and technically, the central e-book database controls the flow of all content, but the publishing content-related industry takes the form of controlling its flow through virtual.

A Study on the Establishment of Social Cooperative for the Job Creation of discharged solider (제대군인 일자리 창출을 위한 사회적 협동조합 설립 방안 연구)

  • Koo, Young Hui;Kim, Ji Deok
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.149-158
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    • 2018
  • Military officials in Korea are forced to change jobs early due to the retirement age after active service. Measures are needed in view of the 55% average employment rate of middle and long term soldiers during the last five years. The last government of Park Geun-hye push ahead creating of 50,000 jobs in discharged soldier with policy, but the results were not great. Therefore, it is time to drastically change the government's efforts to create large-scale jobs for discharged soldiers. It is necessary to break away from the traditional ways of expanding opportunities for employment at the academic level. So it became necessary for discharged soldiers to actively review ways to build their own organizations. For such reasons, this study presents a measure to create job through food service, Security personnel training and Manpower provision business, Special Soldier Control and Training Center Operation business, Han River Water Cleaning Project, Caring business, and delivery business by establishing their own social cooperation to create jobs for discharged soldiers.

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Status and Characteristics of the Newly Established Cooperatives in Agricultural Sector (농업분야 신생 협동조합의 현황과 유형별 특징)

  • Choi, Kyung Sik;Nam, Gi Pou;Hwang, Dae Yong
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.967-1006
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    • 2014
  • This study attempted to provide policy recommendations in promoting new cooperatives established in agriculture based on the 2012 Cooperative Act. A questionnaire survey was conducted with 195 newly established cooperatives as the policy target of this study. The new cooperatives were classified as three kinds namely as 'Business' Cooperatives', 'Consumers' Cooperatives', 'Social Cooperatives' based on their member attributes and objectives. Interesting to note that, all of these new cooperatives born by the new Act has taken the marketing business as their main stream business. Among the three types, 'Business Cooperatives' are ranked the highest amount of capital shares per person in average, having about 30 members in size. In categorization, 'Business Cooperatives' include farmer cooperatives as majority and employee cooperatives. They are usually involved in both production and marketing and even in processing activities, and have tried to secure their business performance by e-commerce and stable business contracts. Their diverse activities are highly associated with their local community. Consumers' Cooperatives include consumer cooperatives and stakeholder cooperatives in achieving welfare of members. This type has lower share in capital but has over 30 members in a cooperative, taking marketing (distribution) business as main and often take advantage of their social network and physical store. Regional relationships are less than producer cooperatives. 'Social Cooperatives' are established by public interest and have around 10 members and lowest per capital. their business and community activity is similar to the consumer cooperatives. This study recommends the needs of designing suitable business models by these three types of cooperatives in the future, while appropriating their membership size for their tangible business operations. The government policy direction should aim to develop their new business opportunities and its management stabilization, especially in conjunction with the existing agricultural cooperatives (Nonghyup). It must be rather than to provide simply policy supports for establishment. An in-depth study is recommended in this regard.

The Effect of NCS-based Accounting, Audit and Tax Job Competency on the Sustainability of Social Innovative Enterprises (NCS기반 회계·감사 및 세무 직무역량이 사회혁신기업의 지속가능성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Ju-Hyoung;Lim, Won-Ho;Kim, Un-Sung
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.39-53
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    • 2020
  • With the recent increase in the demand for corporate trust based on transparency in accounting, such as management disclosures and autonomous management disclosures for Social Innovative Enterprises, the duties of Social Innovative Enterprises on accounting and tax affairs have become important. This study looked at the effects of NCS accounting, audit and tax functions on the sustainability of Social Innovative Enterprises, which have not been studied. In particular, issues such as management disclosures and adequacy of financial statements depend on how ethically the accounting officer performs the work. Accordingly, we looked at the intermediation of accounting ethics held by the person in charge of accounting in relation to the sustainability of the NCS accounting, audit and taxation functions. The research subjects surveyed 500 people in charge of accounting at 50 social innovation companies, including social enterprises established in special cities and metropolitan cities such as Seoul and Busan, as well as social cooperatives. A path analysis was conducted with 372 valid questionnaires. As a result of the analysis, NCS accounting, audit and tax functions have a significant impact on both economic value and social value and environmental value, which are the sustainability elements of Social Innovative Enterprises. It was also found that NCS accounting, audit and tax affairs had a significant impact on accounting ethics, and accounting ethics had a significant impact on social and environmental values, excluding economic values. In addition, accounting ethics were found to have a mediated effect between NCS accounting, audit and taxation functions and the sustainability elements of Social Innovative Enterprises. In particular, the relationship between NCS accounting, audit and tax affairs and social value was found to be completely mediated.

International Social Cooperative Case Study -Italy, Canada, and France- (해외 사회적 협동조합 사례연구 -이탈리아, 캐나다 및 프랑스-)

  • Du, Cheng-Lin;Chang, Sug-In;Jin, Jae-Keun;Lee, Nam-Gyum
    • Industry Promotion Research
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.137-147
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    • 2020
  • Social co-operatives, which are working positively to realize the economic and social purpose of being carried out directly through products and services producing the public interest, are steadily expanding under the public interest mission of social co-operatives. It has important theoretical and practical significance to study the model of social co-operatives tailored to the local situation in Korea based on international experience. This study looks at the international status of social co-operatives, international cases, and puts forward problems and suggestions centering on cases of advanced countries. It sought to find a solution to what society required only by solving the problems necessary for sustainable economic growth. In order to achieve the objectives of this study, the social cooperatives of advanced countries, such as Italy, Canada, and France, were organized, compared and analyzed. The study found that the implications of co-operatives in Italy, France and Canada are as follows. First, it is needed to adhere to the principles of co-operatives in pending issues such as social problems and employment and jobs in the community. Second, it is necessary to establish a supportive financial system for the cooperative's initial stability and sustainability. Third, the ecosystem of co-operatives should be formed to support and foster legal systems and network organizations.

Therapeutic Rationale for Music Therapy Interventions With Older Adults: An Analysis of the Literature (국내 노인 대상 음악중재연구 내 치료 논거 세부 분석)

  • Kim, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.53-77
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to review the literature on music interventions with older adults and to analyze the rationale for the type of intervention and type of music selected. A search of KCI journals for research including older adults and music-based interventions identified 33 published articles, and 23 of these studies met the criteria for inclusion in this analysis. Included studies were analyzed in terms of the contents of the interventions and the appropriateness of the rationale reported for selecting the intervention and music. Each study was analyzed in terms of the relevance of the reported rationale to target goals and the characteristics of the study participants. The results showed that many of the included studies incorporated a variety of activities but failed to include a valid rationale for using those activities to achieve the target goals. Also, many of the studies tended to select music based on participants' preferences or perceived familiarity without thorough consideration of the therapeutic function of music in the given intervention. This study presents how music therapy interventions with older adults have been conducted without sufficient attention to the selection of the intervention and presented music. There remains a need to delineate which intervention and music characteristics should be utilized to obtain particular outcomes with specific populations.