• Title, Summary, Keyword: Social welfare

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A Study of Social Welfare Expenditures$(1982{\sim}1992)$ of Welfare States : An Analysis Using Fuller-Battese Model (복지국가의 사회복지비 지출 변화$(1982{\sim}1992)$에 관한 실증적 연구 : Fuller-Battese Model을 이용한 분석)

  • Kang, Chul-Hee;Kim, Kyo-Seong;Kim, Young-Bum
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.42
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    • pp.7-40
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    • 2000
  • This paper examines the changes $(1982{\sim}1992)$ of social welfare expenditures of 12 welfare states. This paper focuses on two questions. First, to what extent have there been changes in social welfare expenditure (total social welfare expenditures, income support expenditures, social service expenditures) of 12 welfare states? Second, what are the causes of the changes in social welfare expenditures? Using Comparative Welfare States Data Set by Stephens(1997) and Social Expenditure Database by OECD (1999), this paper attempts to answer two questions. Fuller-Battese model, a data analysis method in pooled cross-sectional time-series analysis, is adopted to identify variables predicting social welfare expenditure changes. This paper analyzes the predictors separately according to the types of welfare states by Esping-Andersen (1990). Predictors are different by the types of welfare states; thus, economic variables such as GDP and financial deficiency have effects on social welfare expenditures of Liberal and Corporatist welfare states. while they have no effects in Social Democratic welfare states. Political variables has effects on social welfare expenditures of Corporatist welfare states, not of Liberal and Social Democratic welfare states. Demographic variables has effects on social welfare expenditures of Social Democratic welfare states rather than Liberal and Corporatist welfare states. This paper provides an additional knowledge about social welfare expenditure changes of 12 welfare states and discusses implications for the development of welfare state in Korea.

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A study on Developing Competency-based Curriculum of International Social Welfare (국제사회복지 역량중심 교육과정개발에 관한 연구)

  • Un, Sun Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.508-518
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a curriculum for international social workers. Due to the changed circumstances of social welfare agencies, the demand for international social welfare and the need for suitable training for social welfare education agencies has increased. This study explored the job competency of international social welfare and suggested a competency-based curriculum for international social welfare. Researchers analyzed the social welfare NCS, social welfare curriculum and job of international development cooperation agencies and presented a combined curriculum for international development cooperation and social welfare. The findings are as follows: the core subjects of international social welfare are "Human Rights and Social Welfare", "International Social Welfare", NGOs and International Development Cooperation", "the North Korea Development Project", "International Development Cooperation and ODA", "PCM (Project Cycle Management)", "Evaluation and Monitoring", "Seminars in International Social Welfare", "International Social Welfare Practicum", "International Social Welfare Internship", "Community Welfare and Practice", "Program Planning and Evaluation for Social Welfare", "Social Welfare Ethics and Philosophy", "Skills and Techniques for Social Work Practice", "Multicultural Social Welfare", "Poverty and Social Welfare", "Social Enterprise and the Third Sector", "Social Problems", etc.

The Impact of Globalization on Social Welfare in Korea (세계화와 한국의 사회복지 : 영향과 함의)

  • Ryu, Jin-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.44
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    • pp.117-145
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    • 2001
  • This paper attempts to assess the impact and implication of globalization on social welfare in Korea. It is no easy task to give an exact definition of globalization and the concept has been used in many different senses, that is, economic, social, cultural, political globalization. In particular, the meaning of globalization is connected to the rise and expansion of neo-liberalism. Globalization tends to undermine national welfare systems by the social dumping, race to the bottom, privatization of social services, labor market flexibility. On the other hand, in many studies the negative impact of globalization on social welfare has been questioned. Instead of end or erosion of the welfare systems, it is emphasized that competitiveness and welfare may go hand in hand. We investigate the question what and how the social welfare system in Korea has been changed in globalization process. In order to answer, this paper examines the changes in welfare ideology, welfare programs, social stratification level after economic crisis. The result of analysis is that in contrast to globalist expectations which is to retrench social welfare, paradoxically, the welfare system in Korea has been reinforced in globalization process. Therefore, the alleged impact of globalization on social welfare will be independent on the structure of domestic institution, political legacies, and on the socialization of global politics such as IMF, World Bank, ILO, UNDP, etc., on the welfare politics of stakeholders in national state.

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A Study on the Formation of Japanese Social Welfare Studies - focused on writings of Social Welfare Studies and Genealogical Perspective - (일본 사회복지학의 형성에 관한 이해 - 사회복지학 저술과 계보학적 관점 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Ok-Chai;Kuroki, Yasuhiro
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.3
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    • pp.129-153
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    • 2009
  • This study aims to examine the formation of Japanese Social Welfare Studies based on Michel Foucault's Genealogical perspective related with power-knowledge relationships. Namely, this study reveals that Japanese Social Welfare Studies has been built through interactions of power-knowledge relationships in the context of scholars' individual experience and social circumstances. For the study, 40 literary works of Japanese Social Welfare Studies written by 26 authors have been selected to construct the resourceful main data. From the main data, 671 concepts have been abstracted and shortly introduced in 3 parts: authors' individual experiences, social circumstances related with Social Welfare Studies, and composed contents of Social Welfare Studies. The resulted Genealogy of Japanese Social Welfare Studies from the categorization is emerged and analyzed as follows: 1) scholars' individual experience and dichotomous formation of Social Welfare Studies, 2) missionary's activities and development of social welfare, 3) searching essence of social welfare and formation of scholars' genealogy, 4) prosecution of wars including ups and downs of economy and social welfare, and 5) expansion of social welfare and enlarging of Social Welfare studies.

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Perception on Housing Welfare of Social Welfare Practitioners (주거복지에 대한 사회복지업무 종사자의 의식조사 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Joo;Kim, Mi-Hee;Park, Nam-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.119-129
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to identify perception on housing welfare of social welfare practitioners. Specific research interest was focused on the area of housing welfare services and necessity, problems when execute housing welfare services, and activating strategy of housing welfare. For the research purpose, questionnaires were distributed to 537 people who work in the field of social welfare including social welfare officials in local government authorities and social workers at community welfare centers nationwide by mail and e-mail and 405 questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS 15.0 program. Respondents thought that the supply of public rental housing was the most important service to promote housing welfare. They also indicated the most serious problem was the lack of budget and housing welfare services and programs. As main reasons of local government's passive attitude toward housing welfare services and programs, respondents mentioned low interest level of housing welfare and lack of housing welfare education. Most of the respondents agreed the necessity of introducing the curricula related to housing welfare and expected to spread interest toward housing welfare in the field of social welfare.

The Welfare Mix Structure in Korea: an Expenditure Study of 2000 (한국 복지혼합의 구조: 2000년도 지출추계를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jin-Wook
    • 한국사회복지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.387-411
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this article is to analyse the expenditure structure of the welfare mix; in order to grasp the holistic feature of the Korean social welfare. Most of all, the article attempts to elaborate the estimation methods of social welfare expenditure by including the components from which has been excluded so far - indirect tax expenditure of the government, nursery payments of households, life insurance pay-outs for survivors, inter-household private income transfers and the value of caring work of the family. In so doing, the article estimates that the total social welfare expenditure including state, enterprise, market, NPOs and family reached at 24.7% of GDP in 2000, which is approximately 2.5 times more than public social welfare expenditure. It implies that non-state, private sectors dominates the structure of social welfare provisions in Korea. In addition, based on the analyses of the expenditure structure, the article defines the main feature of Korea's welfare mix as the 'mixed structure of the welfare mix dominated by the protective family', or 'expanded public sector, relatively limited market, and protective family'. Such a family-dominated welfare mix structure in Korea indicates that the fundamental source of solidarity of the Korean social welfare system is family and, therefore, the welfare regime of Korea can be classified as 'Conservative'.

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Examining Present Korean Social Welfare Education through the Perspective of Social Welfare Ideology & Social Welfare Education Practice Theory of Deok Joon Kim (김덕준(金德俊)의 사회복지 사상과 사회복지 교육 실천원리를 통해 본 현재의 한국 사회복지 교육)

  • Lee, Jun-Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.496-512
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the social welfare ideology and social welfare education practice theory of Deok Joon Kim(1919-1992) who was a pioneer in Korean social welfare education and a founder of Korea's very first independent department of social welfare. Through examining his life, and social welfare related works, ideology and education practice theory following conclusions were derived. Relationship involving first, spirit of shalom, second, human dignity, third, love of the cross, fourth, social justice, fifth, worshiping God and loving human being, and sixth, love of neighbors were found. These social welfare ideology and social welfare education practice theory of Deok Joon Kim are values that can resolve today's Korean social welfare education problems and insights which would reestablish essential goals and objectives in cultivating social workers with principles. These could be applied to Korean social welfare education in forms involving social worker's justice, stance, role, and function.

A Study of Welfare Program for the Social Welfare Agencies (수용보호시설(收容保護施設) 운영개선(運營改善) 방향(方向))

  • Kim, Jin-Bok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.3
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    • pp.47-62
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    • 1982
  • This paper is intended to study actual condition and problems of Social Welfare, and to institute the plan of social welfare administ ration. Recently, Social welfare agendas, public and private, in our country adhere to traditionary and temporary relief of the clients. The improvement of social work is neglected among some pravile social welfare organization in this society are as follows : Firstly, Big enterprises should undertaken the non-earnest social welfare foundation, this plan, however, can be eastablished by policy making of the proper authorities. Secondly, improvement of public institution and personnel administration should be stressed and innovated. Thirdly, We should not rely on the other social welfare organization and perform our own way of duty. Lastly, The government, community and private social work organization should accomplish cooper ation system among them.

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A Study on Link of Health and Welfare Service and Barrier′s Factors of Visiting Nurses and Social Welfare workers (방문간호사와 사회복지사의 보건복지서비스 연계 및 장애요인에 관한 연구)

  • 유인영
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the link between health and welfare service and barrier's factors by reviewing the connection between the public health center's visiting nurse and social welfare center's social workers Method: A survey by mail or a face-to-face interview of 151 visiting nurses in 25 public health centers and 48 social welfare workers in general social welfare centers in Seoul, was preformed from Feb. 12, 2001 to Mar. 15, 2001. The data were analyzed with frequency, percentage, mean value, paired t-test and independent t-test using SPSS/WIN 7.5 program. Result: 1. ‘The necessity and degree of cooperation with social welfare workers of visiting nurse’ scored average 4.49 and 3.19, and ‘The necessity and degree of cooperation with visiting nurse and social welfare workers’ scored average 4.81 and 3.15 on the five-point scale ; there was a significant difference between the two variable in visiting nurse and social welfare workers. 2. In barrier's factors which health and welfare service offer to, visiting nurses showed statistically significant higher score than social welfare staff; ‘job factor’, ‘resource factor’, ‘clients factor’, ‘individual ability factor’ Conclusion: In order to provide link system that hold clients in common in public health center and social welfare center, it is recommended a case management team should be constructed and educate visiting nurses for case manager.

A Study on the Socialization Theory of Social Welfare Institutions -From the Point of View of the Community Welfare in Japan- (사회복지시설의 사회화론에 관한 일고찰 -일본 지역복지의 관점에서-)

  • Lee, Byoung-Rock
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.1
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    • pp.181-201
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    • 2004
  • It has been said that there were many problems in a social welfare institution. Community welfare in Japan is being presented as an alternative solving these problems and underlying theories are deinstitutionalization, normalization, and community care. Recently, in Korea, these alternatives are connected with the logic that social welfare institutions are useless. But if we think the inborn duty of the social welfare institution, we can know the logic problem of these theories. Also, 'the socialization theory of social welfare institutions' has been presented as a solving method. But studies in Korea are having a partiality only to opening to community and are researched separately from community welfare. Under these problem perceptions, this study examined the construction contents of the community welfare in Japan, the relation of community welfare and social welfare institutions, the relation of the community welfare and the socialization theory of social welfare institutions, and the concept and content of the socialization theory of social welfare institutions. This study investigated the discussions in Japan, for studies in Korea are generally based on those of Japan and the domestic community welfare policy has been influenced immensely by Japan. The result of this study is as follows. Firstly, not the social welfare institution in a category of community welfare is excluded, but is prescribed as an essential post, a premise condition, and a composition post of the community welfare. Secondly, the socialization theory of social welfare institutions is also discussed in a category of the community welfare and in the side of community welfare development. Thirdly, the socialization theory of social welfare institutions is presented in the side of not only opening to community, but also a basic practice theory of the social welfare institution reformation including that.

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