• Title, Summary, Keyword: Solar Radiation

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Impact by Estimation Error of Hourly Horizontal Global Solar Radiation Models on Building Energy Performance Analysis on Building Energy Performance Analysis

  • Kim, Kee Han;Oh, John Kie-Whan
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2014
  • Impact by estimation error of hourly horizontal global solar radiation in a weather file on building energy performance was investigated in this study. There are a number of weather parameters in a given weather file, such as dry-bulb, wet-bulb, dew-point temperatures; wind speed and direction; station pressure; and solar radiation. Most of them except for solar radiation can be easily obtained from weather stations located on the sites worldwide. However, most weather stations, also including the ones in South Korea, do not measure solar radiation because the measuring equipment for solar radiation is expensive and difficult to maintain. For this reason, many researchers have studied solar radiation estimation models and suggested to apply them to predict solar radiation for different weather stations in South Korea, where the solar radiation is not measured. However, only a few studies have been conducted to identify the impact caused by estimation errors of various solar radiation models on building energy performance analysis. Therefore, four different weather files using different horizontal global solar radiation data, one using measured global solar radiation, and the other three using estimated global solar radiation models, which are Cloud-cover Radiation Model (CRM), Zhang and Huang Model (ZHM), and Meteorological Radiation Model (MRM) were packed into TRY formatted weather files in this study. These were then used for office building energy simulations to compare their energy consumptions, and the results showed that there were differences in the energy consumptions due to these four different solar radiation data. Additionally, it was found that using hourly solar radiation from the estimation models, which had a similar hourly tendency with the hourly measured solar radiation, was the most important key for precise building energy simulation analysis rather than using the solar models that had the best of the monthly or yearly statistical indices.

Analysis of Direct and Diffuse Radiation in Plastic Greenhouse (플라스틱 하우스의 직달(直達) 및 산란(散亂) 일사량(日射量) 해석(解析))

  • Koh, Hak-Kyun;Kim, Moon-Ki;Kim, Yong-Hyeon
    • Solar Energy
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 1989
  • Direct and diffuse components of solar radiation were measured inside and outside a single-span plastic greenhouse. To analyze the direct solar radiation inside the plastic greenhouse, the cross-section of the greenhouse was assumed to be circular. Then the direct solar radiation transmitted into the greenhouse was calculated theoretically, and compared with the experimental measurements. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The transmissivities of total solar radiation were about 65% on cloudy days and 50% on clear days. For cloudy days, the transmissivity of the total solar radiation was regarded as the transmissivity of sky diffuse radiation. (2) The ratio of the inside effective scattered component of direct solar radiation to the diffuse radiation was 60-65%. (3) It appeared that the seasonal variation of the transmissivity of total solar radiation was adversely affected by the transmissivity of direct solar radiation and the effective scattered coefficient. But the effect of the transmissivity of direct solar radiation was dominant factor. (4) Computer simulation showed that the inside direct solar radiation was decreased as the floor of the plastic greenhouse was higher. (5) The predicted value of the inside direct solar radiation was 3.3% to 29.0% higher than the measured value.

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An Analysis of Radiative Observation Environment for Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) Solar Radiation Stations based on 3-Dimensional Camera and Digital Elevation Model (DEM) (3차원 카메라와 수치표고모델 자료에 따른 기상청 일사관측소의 복사관측환경 분석)

  • Jee, Joon-Bum;Zo, Il-Sung;Lee, Kyu-Tae;Jo, Ji-Young
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.537-550
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    • 2019
  • To analyze the observation environment of solar radiation stations operated by the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), we analyzed the skyline, Sky View Factor (SVF), and solar radiation due to the surrounding topography and artificial structures using a Digital Elevation Model (DEM), 3D camera, and solar radiation model. Solar energy shielding of 25 km around the station was analyzed using 10 m resolution DEM data and the skyline elevation and SVF were analyzed by the surrounding environment using the image captured by the 3D camera. The solar radiation model was used to assess the contribution of the environment to solar radiation. Because the skyline elevation retrieved from the DEM is different from the actual environment, it is compared with the results obtained from the 3D camera. From the skyline and SVF calculations, it was observed that some stations were shielded by the surrounding environment at sunrise and sunset. The topographic effect of 3D camera is therefore more than 20 times higher than that of DEM throughout the year for monthly accumulated solar radiation. Due to relatively low solar radiation in winter, the solar radiation shielding is large in winter. Also, for the annual accumulated solar radiation, the difference of the global solar radiation calculated using the 3D camera was 176.70 MJ (solar radiation with 7 days; suppose daily accumulated solar radiation 26 MJ) on an average and a maximum of 439.90 MJ (solar radiation with 17.5 days).

Impact of Horizontal Global Solar Radiation Calculation Modelson Building Energy Performance Analysis Considering Solar Heat Gain Coefficient and Window-to-wall Ratio (수평면 전일사량 산출모델이 일사열취득계수 및 창면적비를 고려한 건물 에너지 성능분석에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kee Han;Oh, John Kie-Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2014
  • Solar applications analysis and building energy performance depend on the quality of the solar resource data available. Unfortunately, most of the weather stations do not measure solar radiation data in Korea, as a reason many researchers have studied different solar radiation estimation models and suggested to apply them to various locations in Korea. In addition, they also studied the impact of hourly global solar radiation on energy performance of an office building by comparing the simulated building energy consumptions using four different weather files, one using measured, and three estimated solar radiation from different models, which are Cloud-cover Radiation Model (CRM), Zhang and Huang Model (ZHM), and Meteorological Radiation Model (MRM), and concluded that there was some impact on energy performance of the building due to the using different solar radiation models. However, the result cannot be applied to all other buildings since the simulated office building for that study only used limited building characteristics such as using fixed values of solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC) and window-to-wall ratio (WWR), which are significant parameters related to solar radiation that affect to the building energy consumptions. Therefore, there is a need to identify how the building energy consumption will be changed by varying these building parameters. In this study, the impact of one measured and three estimated global solar radiation on energy performance of the office building was conducted taking account of SHGC and WWR. As a result, it was identified that the impact of four different solar radiation data on energy performance of the office building was evident regardless SHGC and WWR changes, and concluded that the most suitable solar models was changed from the CRM/ZHM to the MRM as SHGC and WWR increases.

Correction of One-layer Solar Radiation Model by Multi-layer Line-by-line Solar Radiation Model (다층 상세 태양복사 모델에 의한 단층 태양복사 모델의 보정)

  • Jee, Joon-Bum;Lee, Won-Hak;Zo, Il-Sung;Lee, Kyu-Tae
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.151-162
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    • 2011
  • One-layer solar radiation(GWNU; Gangneung-Wonju National University) model is developed in order to resolve the lack of vertical observations and fast calculation with high resolution. GWNU model is based on IQBAL(Iqbal, 1983) and NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory) methods and corrected by precise multi-layer LBL(Line-by-line) model. Input data were used 42 atmospheric profiles from Garand et al.(2001) for calculation of global radiation by the Multi-layer and one-layer solar radiation models. GWNU model has error of about -0.10% compared with LBL model while IQBAL and NREL models have errors of about -3.92 and -2.57%, respectively. Global solar radiation was calculated by corrected GWNU solar model with satellites(MODIS, OMI and MTSAT-1R), RDPS model prediction data in Korea peninsula in 2009, and the results were compared to surface solar radiation observed by 22 KMA solar sites. All models have correlation($R^2$) of 0.91 with the observed hourly solar radiation, and root mean square errors of IQBAL, NREL and GWNU models are 69.16, 69.74 and $67.53W/m^2$, respectively.

The Study on the Optimal Angle of the Solar Panel using by Solar Radiation Model (태양복사모델을 이용한 태양전지판의 최적 경사각에 대한 연구)

  • Jee, Joon-Bum;Choi, Young-Jean;Lee, Kyu-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.64-73
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    • 2012
  • The angle of solar panels is calculated using solar radiation model for the efficient solar power generation. In ideal state, the time of maximum solar radiation is represented from 12:08 to 12:40 during a year at Gangneung and it save rage time is12:23. The maximum solar radiation is 1012$W/m^2$ and 708$W/m^2$ inc lear sky and cloudy sky, respectively. Solar radiation is more sensitive to North-South (N-S) slope angle than East-West (E-W) azimuth angle. Daily solar radiation on optimum angle of solar panel is higher than that on horizontal surface except for 90 days during summer. In order to apply to the real atmosphere, the TMY (typical meteorological Year) data which obtained from the 22 solar sites operated by KMA(Korea Meteorological Administration) during 11 years(2000 to 2010) is used as the input data of solar radiation model. The distribution of calculated solar radiation is similar to the observation, except in Andong, where it is overestimated, and in Mokpo and Heuksando, where it is underestimated. Statistical analysis is performed on calculated and observed monthly solar radiation on horizontal surface, and the calculation is overestimated from the observation. Correlationis 0.95 and RMSE (Root Mean Square Error) is10.81 MJ. The result shows that optimum N-S slope angles of solar panel are about $2^{\circ}$ lower than station latitude, but E-W slope angles are lower than ${\pm}1^{\circ}$. There are three types of solar panels: horizontal, fixed with optimum slope angle, and panels with tracker system. The energy efficiencies are on average 20% higher on fixed solar panel and 60% higher on tracker solar panel than compared to the horizontal solar panel, respectively.

Analysis of the Transmissivities of Direct and Diffuse Solar Radiation in Multispan Glasshouse (연동 유리온실내의 직달일사 및 산란일사 투과율 해석)

  • 김용현;이석건
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.439-444
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    • 1998
  • Effects of the number of spans, orientation and latitude on the transmissivities of direct and diffuse solar radiation in multispan glasshouse were analyzed using a computer simulation model (Kim and Lee, 1997). The number of spans did not affect the transmissivity of diffuse solar radiation, ranging 60∼61%. The transmissivities of direct solar radiation were 55∼64% for E-W orientation and 47∼70% for N-S orientation in ten multispan glasshouse. There was no effect of the latitude on the transmissivity of direct solar radiation in domestic regions. Differences in the transmissivity of direct solar radiation between single-span and multispan glasshouse were significant for E-W orientation during winter season; however, those were relatively small for N-S orientation throughout the year. Transmissivity of direct solar radiation decreased with the increasing number of spans for E-W glasshouse, whereas those for N-S glasshouse was hardly affected by the number of spans.

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Analysis of Total Radiation Components in Korea (국내 종합일사량의 성분분석)

  • Jo, Dok-Ki;Yun, Chang-Yeol;Kim, Kwang-Deuk;Kang, Young-Heak
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.67.1-67.1
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    • 2011
  • Knowledge of the solar radiation components and classified wavelength are essential for modeling many solar energy systems. This is particularly the case for applications that concentrate the incident energy to attain high photo-dynamic efficiency achievable only at the higher intensities. In order to estimate the performance of concentrating solar systems, it is necessary to know the intensity of the beam radiation, as only this components can be concentrated, and The new solar system can generate electricity from ultraviolet and infrared light as well as visible light. The Korea Institute of Energy Research(KIER) has began collecting solar radiation components data since January, 1988, and solar radiation classified wavelength data since November, 2008. KIER's solar radiation components and classified wavelength data will be extensively used by concentrating solar system users or designers as well as by research institutes.

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A Study on the Solar Radiation Analysis for Components and Classified Wavelength in Korea (국내 태양광자원의 성분 및 파장별 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Dok-Ki;Yun, Chang-Yeol;Kim, Kwang-Deuk;Kang, Young-Heack
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2012
  • Knowledge of the solar radiation components and classified wavelength data are essential for modeling many solar photovoltaic systems. This is particularly the case for applications that concentrate the incident energy to attain high photo-dynamic efficiency achievable only at the higher intensities. In order to estimate the performance of concentrating PV systems, it is necessary to know the intensity of the beam radiation, as only this components can be concentrated, and The new PV cell can generate electricity from ultraviolet and infrared light as well as visible light. The Korea Institute of Energy Research(KIER) has began collecting solar radiation components data since January, 1988, and solar radiation classified wavelength data since November, 2008. KIER's solar radiation components and classified wavelength data will be extensively used by concentrating PV system users or designers as well as by research institutes. It is essential to utilize the solar radiation data as application and development of solar energy system increase. Consider able efforts have been made constructing a standard data base system from measure data.

The Radiation Evaluation for Development of Solar System by Using Solar on the Sea (해상용 태양열 시스템 개발을 위한 일사량 평가)

  • 강일권
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.13-18
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    • 2000
  • Recently due to the environmental pollution and the requirement for the substitute energy the interest for development of the solar energy system has been highly escalated It has been approved that the solar energy is a very useful on e because of purity and low cost. Some studies about the evaluation of solar radiation on the land has been carried out but few studies on the sea. This paper deals with a study on the evaluation of solar radiation on the sea. The experiments were carried out on the training vessel on the adjacent water of Korea Japan and China for twenty days. The distributions of solar radiation from the sea were changed into nonlinear in from according to the temperature. The solar radiation on the sea has a great influence on the velocity of wind as well as the temperature The distribuition of solar radiation has higher values on the track of the coastal sea than the open sea at same conditions.

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