• Title, Summary, Keyword: Space vector pulse width modulation

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Optimized Space Vector Pulse-width Modulation Technique for a Five-level Cascaded H-Bridge Inverter

  • Matsa, Amarendra;Ahmed, Irfan;Chaudhari, Madhuri A.
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.937-945
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents an optimized space vector pulse-width modulation (OSVPWM) technique for a five-level cascaded H-bridge (CHB) inverter. The space vector diagram of the five-level CHB inverter is optimized by resolving it into inner and outer two-level space vector hexagons. Unlike conventional space vector topology, the proposed technique significantly reduces the involved computational time and efforts without compromising the performance of the five-level CHB inverter. A further optimized (FOSVPWM) technique is also presented in this paper, which significantly reduces the complexity and computational efforts. The developed techniques are verified through MATLAB/SIMULINK. Results are compared with sinusoidal pulse-width modulation (SPWM) to prove the validity of the proposed technique. The proposed simulation system is realized by using an XC3S400 field-programmable gate array from Xilinx, Inc. The experiment results are then presented for verification.

Implementation of Space Vector Two-Arm Modulation for Independent Motor Control Drive Fed by a Five-Leg Inverter

  • Talib, Md Hairul Nizam;Ibrahim, Zulkifilie;Rahim, Nasrudin Abd.;Abu Hasim, Ahmad Shukri
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.115-124
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents the implementation of two-arm modulation (TAM) technique for the independent control of a two-induction motor drive fed by a five-leg inverter (FLI). A carrier-based space vector pulse width modulation technique for TAM is proposed to generate switching signals for FLI. Two independent three-phase space vector modulators are utilized to control two motors. The motor drive system applies two separate indirect field-oriented control methods. The stationary voltage outputs from the vector control are synthesized in the three-phase space vector modulator to generate switching signals for FLI. The performance of the independent control of the motors and the voltage utilization factor are likewise analyzed. Simulation and experimental results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method for the independent control of the two-motor drive system. The proposed technique is successfully validated by dSPACE DS1103 experimental work.

Performance Evaluation of Various Bus Clamped Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation Techniques

  • Nair, Meenu D.;Biswas, Jayanta;Vivek, G.;Barai, Mukti
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.1244-1255
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    • 2017
  • The space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) technique is a popular PWM method for medium voltage drive applications. Conventional SVPWM (CSVPWM) and bus clamped SVPWM (BCSVPWM) are the most common SVPWM techniques. This paper evaluates the performance of various advanced BCSVPWM strategies in terms of their harmonic distortion and switching loss based on a uniform frame work. A uniform frame work, pulse number captures the performance parameter variations of different SVPWM strategies for various number of samples with heterogeneous pulse numbers. This work compares different advanced BCSVPWM techniques based on the modulation index and location of the clamping position (zero vector changing angle ) of a phase in a line cycle. The frame work provides a fixed fundamental frequency of 50Hz. The different BCSVPWM switching strategies are implemented and compared experimentally on a 415V, 2.2kW, 50Hz, 3-phase induction motor drive which is fed from an IGBT based 2 KVA voltage source inverter (VSI) with a DC bus voltage of 400 V. A low cost PIC microcontroller (PIC18F452) is used as the controller platform.

Maximum Boost Space Vector Pulse-Width Modulation Strategy of Z-Source Inverters

  • Kim, Seong Hwan;Park, Jang Hyun
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, maximum boost space vector pulse-width modulation(MBSVPWM) strategy of Z-Source Inverters(ZSIs) is proposed. Conventional space vector pulse-width modulation(SVPWM) method of Voltage Source Inverters(VSIs) is modified to produce unique PWM patterns that realize the maximum boost control of ZSIs. This proposed method minimizes the switching power losses of ZSIs by reducing the numbers of the shoot-through states. Moreover, some switches keep ON state and the switching transitions do not occur during the specific sectors. An experimental system has been built and tested to verify the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.

Feed-Forward Approach in Stator-Flux-Oriented Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor with Space Vector Pulse-Width Modulation

  • Kizilkaya, Muhterem Ozgur;Gulez, Kayhan
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.994-1003
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    • 2016
  • Two major obstacles in the utilization of electrical vehicles are their price and range. The collaboration of direct torque control (DTC) with induction motor (IM) is preferred for its low cost, easy implementation, and parameter independency. However, in terms of edges, the method has drawbacks, such as variable switching frequency and undesired current harmonic distortion. These drawbacks result in acoustic noise, reduced efficiency, and electromagnetic interference. A feed-forward approach for stator-flux-oriented DTC with space vector pulse-width modulation is presented in in this paper. The outcome of the proposed method is low current harmonic distortion with fixed switching frequency while preserving the torque performance and simple application feature of basic DTC. The method is applicable to existing and forthcoming IM drive systems via software adaptation. The validity of the proposed method is confirmed by simulation and experimental results.

Current Control for an AFE Rectifier Using Space Vector PWM (공간벡터변조방식에 의한 AFE정류기의 전류제어)

  • Jeon, Cheol-Hwan;Hur, Jae-Jung;Yoon, Kyoung-Kuk;Yoo, Heui-Han;Kim, Sung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.498-503
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    • 2019
  • Electric propulsion ships are gaining widespread interest in the marine industry owing to extreme air pollution concerns. Consequently, several studies are actively being conducted for improving the power quality. Various methods have been developed that incorporate passive filters, notch filters, and active filters for reducing the harmonic content in the input current of a conventional diode front end rectifier. Among such filters, the active front end (AFE) rectifier is considered as an excellent technology. In this paper, current control for an AFE rectifier employing space vector PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) is proposed. Conventional current control methods for the AFE rectifier, hysteresis, SPWM (Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation), and SVPWM (Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation) were simulated by employing the PSIM software tool for analysis and comparisons. The results corroborate that SVPWM has the simplest structure and provides the best performance.

Voltage Source Inverter Drive Using Error-compensated Pulse Width Modulation

  • Chen, Keng-Yuan;Hu, Jwu-Sheng;Lin, Jau-Nan
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.388-397
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    • 2016
  • An error-compensated pulse width modulator (ECPWM) is proposed to improve the baseband harmonic performance and the switching loss of voltage source inverters (VSIs). Selecting between harmonic distortion and switching loss is a design tradeoff in the conventional space vector pulse width modulation. In this work, an accumulated difference in produced and desired phase voltages is considered to adjust the reference signal. This mechanism can compensate for the voltage error in the previous carrier period. With error compensation every half-carrier period, the proposed ECPWM allows one-half reduction in carrier frequency without scarifying baseband harmonic distortion. The proposed modulator is applied to a three-phase VSI with R-L load and a motor-speed-control system for experiments. The measured efficiency and operating temperature of switches confirm the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Hybrid Pulse Width Modulation Strategy for Wide Speed Range in IPMSM with Low Cost Drives

  • Ahn, Han-woong;Go, Sung-chul;Lee, Ju
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.670-674
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    • 2016
  • The control performance of hybrid PWM inverter using a phase current measurement is presented in this paper. The hybrid PWM technique consists of space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) and six-step voltage control operation. The SVPWM is performed to reduce the harmonic components in the low speed region, and the six-step modulation is applied to increase the maximum speed of the IPMSM in the high speed region. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a great performance in both the low speed range and high speed range. However, the six-step modulation cannot be completely implemented, since the inverter that includes the lag-shunt sensing method has an immeasurable current region. In this paper, a quasi-six-step modulation using a modified voltage vector is proposed. The validity and usefulness of the proposed PWM technique is verified by MATLAB/Simulink and experimental results.

Comparative Study on SVPWM Switching Sequences for VSIs

  • Vivek, G.;Biswas, Jayanta;Nair, Meenu D.;Barai, Mukti
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 2018
  • Paper presents a comparative study of space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) switching sequences for Voltage Source Inverters (VSIs). Various SVPWM switching sequences are studied for two and three level VSIs in linear modulation index region. The computations of dwell times are presented for two and three level VSIs based on space vector geometry in a synchronized and optimized manner. The existing SVPWM switching sequences are implemented using Matlab / Simulink and in an experimental setup for three phase two and three level VSIs. The simulation and experimental waveforms of conventional SVPWM (CSVPWM) and bus clamped SVPWM (BCSVPWM) are demonstrated for two and three level inverter respectively. The performance of different SVPWM switching sequences are evaluated and presented based on weighted voltage total harmonic distortion (THD).

An Equivalent Carrier-based Implementation of a Modified 24-Sector SVPWM Strategy for Asymmetrical Dual Stator Induction Machines

  • Wang, Kun;You, Xiaojie;Wang, Chenchen
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.1336-1345
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    • 2016
  • A modified space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) strategy based on vector space decomposition and its equivalent carrier-based PWM realization are proposed in this paper, which is suitable for six-phase asymmetrical dual stator induction machines (DSIMs). A DSIM is composed of two sets of symmetrical three-phase stator windings spatially shifted by 30 electrical degrees and a squirrel-cage type rotor. The proposed SVPWM technique can reduce torque ripples and suppress the harmonic currents flowing in the stator windings. Above all, the equivalent relationship between the proposed SVPWM technique and the carrier-based PWM technique has been demonstrated, which allows for easy implementation by a digital signal processor (DSP). Simulation and experimental results, carried out separately on a simulation system and a 3.0 kW DSIM prototype test bench, are presented and discussed.