• Title, Summary, Keyword: Spinal curvature

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Factors Related to Bone-density among Post-menopause Women (폐경여성의 골밀도 예측요인)

  • Lee, Myung-Ok
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.214-223
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study is to find the significant symptoms related to bone density, from which a cost-effective nursing diagnosis and intervention can be derived. Method: The research sample was 102 women, the sampling was designed by the researcher's convenience, and the subjects of the sample voluntarily participated in a questionnaire survey and measurements. The questionnaire asked socio-demographics, women' reproductive health symptoms, and the life style of the subject. Osteometer DTX-200 for bone density measure and a ruler for measuring spinal curvature were used. All the data were collected at the two public health clinics in a city in Korea. Result: The subjects' current and completed menopause ages, duration of menopause, degree of spinal curvature, BMI, frequency of parity and etc. showed significant correlations with bone density. However, only the degree of spinal curvature(p<.001, r=-.22) was found to be meaningful as a predicted factor for self diagnosis of bone density level. Conclusions: Since most of the subjects have not recognized the relationships between changes in spinal curvature and lowered bone densities, nurse needs to educate clients to get medical assistance to prevent from further bone density reduction by earlier finding of spinal curvature.

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The Effect of Sitting Postures on Spinal Pelvic Curvature and Trunk Muscle Activation in Low Back Pain (요통 환자에서 앉은 자세가 척추 만곡과 체간 근 활성화에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Moon-Seok;Chung, Yi-Jung;Jeon, Hye-Won
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2009
  • This study is performed to investigate the difference of the spinal stability system with and without low back pain. There were 9 participants with low back pain and 9 asymptomatic subjects to be recruited, they were measured thoracic and lumbar curvature, trunk muscle activation in upright sitting postures and slump sitting, back muscle endurance, and lumbar proprioception. Spinal curvature and surface electromyography of 4 trunk muscles were measured in an upright sitting postures and slump sitting in 18 subjects. The result of the study was that there were significant differences between the groups in spinal curvature (p<.05), significantly higher external oblique activity and less internal oblique in the low back pain group than the healthy subjects (p<.05), and significantly less proprioception in the low back pain group (p<.05). But there was not a significant difference between the trunk muscle endurance groups. According to the result, the low back pain group had greater thoracic extension and higher global muscle activity in the upright sitting posture and less proprioception. This study was useful to suggest postural training for normal muscle activation, selective muscle strengthening to prevent chronic deterioration, and helpful in making a treatment plan to indicate a synthetic care method that includes increasing proprioception.

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Effect of asymmetric exercise to soccer player's spinal deformity and weight bearing (편측성 운동이 축구선수의 척추 변형과 체중 지지에 미치는 영향)

  • Uhm, Yo-Han;Park, Seung-Kyu;Yang, Dae-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2012
  • Purpose : This study is carried out to investigate the effect of asymmetric exercises on soccer players' vertebral abnormality and weight bearing. Methods : A total of 40 soccer players were divided into either a group of 20 players who use a unilateral foot or a group of 20 players who use both feet. 3-dimensional spine structure analyzer was used to analyze body inclination, pelvic inclination, pelvic torsion, turning of spinal segment, spinal curvature, thoracic kyphosis curvature, lumbar lordosis curvature, left/right weight distribution, and front/back weight distribution. Results : The result of the two groups showed that there were significant differences (p<0.05) for every item except turning of spinal segment and lumbar lordosis curvature. Conclusion : From this result, we can find that spinal and pelvic deformity and body weight are unilaterally supported for soccer players with asymmetric exercises.

Effects of Three Week 3D Pilates Breathing Exercise on Spinal Curvature, Trunk Imbalance and Alignment of Healthy Adults

  • Kim, Seongyeol
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1797-1802
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    • 2019
  • Background: Breathing is the essential step of Pilates exercise and can be used to activate core muscles. Although the effects of breathing exercise on pain, breathing muscles, and cervical posture have been extensively studied, little is known about the impact of Pilates breathing on spinal posture and alignment. Purpose: To determine the effect of 3D-Pilates breathing exercise on spinal curvature and alignment of healthy adults during corrected to normal alignment. Design: One group pre-post test design Methods: Eighteen participants were given a 3D-pilates breathing exercise twice a week (20 minutes per session) for three weeks and warmed up for 10 minutes before each exercise session. To examine spinal curvature and alignment of each subject, this study used radiation free rasterstereography (Formetric III, Germany). Paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test were performed to determine the difference between pre and post exercise. Results: There were statistically significant differences in height (p<.001), kyphosis angle (p<.05), trunk imbalance (p<.05), kyphotic apex (p<.01), cervical fleche (p<.05), pelvic tilt (p<.01), and lateral deviation (p<.05) between before and after 3D Pilates breathing exercise. However, there was no significant difference in lordosis angle. Conclusions: The study results indicated that three week 3D-pilates breathing exercise program could be presented as an effective rehabilitation method for improving spinal curvature and alignment.

A Study of Spinal Curvature in Female and Male University Students (남녀 대학생의 척추만곡에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byung-Kyu;Nam, Ki-Seok;Yi, Chung-Hwi
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.72-87
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    • 1998
  • This study examined the rates of spinal abnormal curvature and the correlation of the Body Mass Index (BMI), Low Back Pain (LBP) and spinal curvature by measuring scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis in university students. The study population included 67 male, 92 female university students, making a total of 159, in Wonju City. Spinal curvature was measured by an electrogoniometer in a computerized skeletal analysis system. Lateral curvature of spine of more than 10 degrees was considered as nonspostural scoliosis. The correlation of BMI, LBP and the spinal curvature was analysed by Pearson's correlation coefficient and t-test. The following results were obtained: 1. The overall incidence and rate of scoliosis in cases with a greater than 10 degree curve in males was an incidence of 8 and a rate of 11%. In females the incidence was 36 and the rate 39.2%. 2. The overall incidence and rate of kyphosis of less than 20 degrees in males was a rate of 9 and an incidence of 11.9%. In females, the rate was 5 and the incidence 5.4%. In kyphosis cases of more than 40 degrees, the male rate was 5 and the incidence 7.7%. For female the rate was 13 and the incidence 14.2%. 3. The overall incidence and rate of lordosis with curves of less than 20 degrees was a rate of 6 for males and an incidence of 9.0%. For females, the rate was 5 and the incidence 5.4%. In cases of more than 50 degrees lordosis, the female rate was 2 and the incidence 2.2%. There were no males in this category. 4. There was a negative correlation between kyphosis and BMI. The greater the kyphotic curve, the less the BMI in males (p<0.05). There was no significant BMI difference by gender in either scoliosis or lordosis. There was, however, a significantly decreased sacral angle in the female group with LBP. The results of this study cannot be generalized to the general population because the subjects were all from one university. The measurements were quite reliable because the angles determined by the Metrocom System were highly correlated with radiologic findings. This study shows the need for a regular screening system for spinal curvatures in university health examination procedures.

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A Diagnostic Imaging Case of Cervical Spinal Subluxation for Chuna Mannual Therapy: Cervical Malposition with OPLL

  • Na, Hyun-Jong;Chang, Seok-Gon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.45-48
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: A diagnostic imaging in a fifty five year-old woman diagnosed orthopedically as ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) at C5 and C6 levels was reinterpreted for Chuna mannual therapy. The cervical spinal lesion in simple X-ray and CT scan images was discussed by spinal listing systems and disc block subluxation theory. The primary adjustive target was C4 disc block subluxation, which had been affected by kyphosis. Chuna manual therapy based on diagnostic images could be helpful for adjusting spinal subluxation, correcting its adaptation curvature, and preventing its latent pathology efficiently.

The Study on Static Alignment Classification based on the Full Spine AP X-ray of Adults aged 30-39 (30대 성인의 골반, 척추 및 견갑대 정렬의 패턴 분석 - Full Spine AP X-ray 분석에 따른 -)

  • Park, Ji-Hyun;Hong, Seo-Young
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was designed to analyze the pattern of asymmetrical alignment. Methods : This study was carried out with the data from comprehensive medical testing. 91 subjects aged 30-39 were evaluated by full spine AP X-ray. For pelvis, innominate measurement(IM), off centering measurement(OCM), ilium shadow measurement(ISM), major axis of obturator foramen(MaF), minor axis of obturator foramen(MiF) were analyzed. Spinal curvature and height of shoulder girdle were analyzed. Results : 1. In pelvis, It. posterior-inferior and it. inflare combination pattern was 38 cases(42.8%). 2. In spinal curvature, "reverse S" curve was 45 cases(49.4%) and "reverse C" curve was 30 cases(33%). 3. In shoulder girdle, It. superior pattern was 42 cases(46.1 %) and It. superior pattern was 39 cases(42.9%). 4. In whole body analysis, It. posterior-inferior and It. inflare pelvis, "reverse S" spinal curvature and It. superior shoulder girdle combination patten was 11 cases(12.1 %). This pattern is similar to Kendall's right handedness pattern and Zink's common compensatory pattern. Conclusions : Results from this investigation showed asymmetrical alignment in 30-39 years-old adults. This results are expected to contribute to classifying the alignment pattern in clinic and systemic treatment.

Vertebral Anomalies of Five Different Juvenile of Cyprinid Fishes from Kumho River (금호강(낙동강)산 잉어과 어류 5종에서 치어의 척추골 변형)

  • Yang, Hong-Jun;Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.114-120
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    • 1997
  • Frequencies and the types of abnormal vertebrae in the juvenile of five cyprinid fishes collected from the Kumho River during 1995 and 1996 were examined. Types of vertebral anomalies in investigated species were spinal curvature, fused vertebrae, helical sutures of cetera and abnormal vertebrae with one or two additional spines. The frequencies and the types of vertebral anomalies were different among the species. Of all the examined species, the type with one or two additional spines showed the highest frequencies, 11.72~12.11%. The frequencies of fused vertebrae was 4.45~7.68%. Thes two types of vertebral anomalies were observed in all species. Among the several types of fused vertebrae, the frequencies of double fused vertebrae were higher than those of other types. Also, the incidence of fused vertebrae located in the caudal region of vertebral column was much higher than that in other regions. The percentages of spinal curvature and helical sutures of vertebrae in the investigated species were 0.02~0.15% and 0.02%, respectively. Among the examined specimens, vertebral anomalies include fused vertebrae and one or two additional spines were shown in the three species, Korean slender gudgeon (Squalidus gracilis majimae), False dace (Pseudorasbora parva) and Crucian carp (Carassius auratus). In addition to the two vertebral anomalies, spinal curvature was shown in the Korean gudgeon (Squalidus chankaensis tsuchigae). Dark chub (Zacco temmincki) had fused vertebrae, one or two additional spines, spinal curvature, and helical sutures of vertebrae. This species has the most variable vertebral anomalies. Frequencies of fused vertebrae and one or two additional spines in the all tested fishes were not related with their standard lengths measured. However, spinal curvature and helical sutures of vertebrae were shown only in the specimens smaller than 20mm in standard length.

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Clinical Study on Cervical Pain with Focus on Sagittal Spinal Balance and Spinal Curvature (경항통과 척추 시상균형 및 만곡의 상관관계에 대한 임상적 연구)

  • Yi, Won-Il;Koh, Pil-Seong;Joh, Byung-Jin;Kwon, Sin-Ae;Lee, Jung-Woo;Song, Ji-Yeon;Seo, Byung-Kwan;Woo, Hyun-Su;Baek, Yong-Hyeon;Park, Dong-Suk;Nam, Sang-Soo
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.97-104
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The authors aimed to determine the presence of relationships between cervical pain and cervical curvature, lumbar curvature, sacral slope and sagittal spinal balance. Methods : Medical records of outpatients who made their first visits to the Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion in the Spine center at Kyung Hee East-West Neo Medical Center between September 1, 2008 and October 31, 2009 were evaluated. A total of 50 patients visiting within the time period had visited with a chief complaint of cervical pain, and had lateral entire spine X-rays taken. After excluding patients with previous spine operations, 46 patients were selected for the final analysis. The cervical lordotic angle(CLA), lumbar lordotic angle(LLA), Ferguson's angle(FA), and sagittal vertical axis(SVA) were measured on the lateral entire spine X-ray cuts, and the relationships between these values and patient gender, age, chief complaint, and duration of symptoms were assessed. Results : No significant difference was found in relationships between gender and measured values. SVA showed statistically significant correlation between age, but CLA, LLA, and FA was not. There was a significant difference in SVA between patients with only cervical pain and those with both cervical pain and low back pain. Patients with a duration of symptoms longer than 6 months showed a statistically significant difference in SVA with those who had shorter symptoms. Correlation analysis between measured values was statistically significant only between LLA and FA. Conclusions : Evaluation and treatment of sagittal imbalance should be considered in patients presenting with cervical pain if symptoms have persisted for over 6 months or have accompanying low back pain.

A Survey on the Current State and the Characteristics of Scoliosis in College Students

  • Jung, Hwa Shik
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 1999
  • 126 male and 95 female Korean college students were examined for Scoliosis by using Moire type body observation apparatus. Scoliotic hump measuring instrument, and spinal cord side curvature condition measuring instrument. The prevalence rate of Scoliosis along with identifying its possible causal factors and characteristics were investigated. The results revealed that 5.56% of male and 8.42% of female students(male to female ratio 1:1.47) were suspected as having Scoliosis. There was a significant correlation between the students who have symptoms of Scoliosis and their physiological measurements(e.g., lower breathing capacity of the lungs). There were also close relationships between the suspected cases and their habits(e.g., poor sitting and sleeping posture). It is concluded that the Scoliosis in Korean college students should not be ignored.

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