• Title, Summary, Keyword: Splice-Joint

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A Study on the Joint and Splice of wooden Structure at Geunjeongjeon Hall of Gyeongbok Palace in the late Joseon Dynasty (조선후기 경복궁 근정전 주요 구조재의 맞춤과 이음에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Yun-Sang
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.83-99
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    • 2007
  • This study examines the joint and splice of wooden structure at Geunjeongjeon Hall of Gyengbok Palace, which was constructed in the late Joseon Dynasty. The scope of the study is on the part of columns, the bracket sets, and the frame structure. This research also deals with the relationship between vortical load and horizontal load. Firstly, the examination of the joint and splice methods between the pillar and penetrating ties is on the joint and splice methods of the outer and corner. Through the investigation, it is verified that the joint methods between pillar and penetrating tie on the outer and corner pillars is the method of Sagal joints(cross joints, 사개맞춤). Joints used between pillar and penetrating tie are dovetailed tenon joints, between columns and Anchogong(안초공), between columns and Choikgong(초익공) are tenon joint(장부맞춤). Secondly, the examination of the joint and splice methods of the bracket set is on that of Salmi and Cheomcha(첨차), and Salmi and Janghyeo(장혀). Joints used between Salmi and Cheomcha, Salmi and Janghyeo are halved joint, and between each Janghyeo are stepped dovetailed splice. It is Cheomcha that is used the Jujang-Cheomcha(주장첨차) on center line. Therefore it is connected with each bracket set, which gets to is the strong system, easy and convenient on the construction of that. Thirdly, the frame structure of wooden architecture in royal palace is consist of purlins and beams, Janghyeo(장혀, timber under purlin), tall columns, king posts, etc. Through the investigation, it is verified that the joint and splice methods between purlins and beams are used with the methods of Sungeoteok joint(숭어턱맞춤). It is verified that the joint and splice methods between beams and high columns are used with methods of mortise and tenon joint(장부맞춤), is highly related with tensile force. To reduce the separation of parts, sangi(산지) and tishoi(띠쇠) are used as a counterproposal, which were generally used for architecture in royal Palaces in the late Joseon Dynasty and continued to be used until these days common wooden architecture.

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An Experimental Research on the Flexural Behavior of Concrete Beams with Lock Joint Coupler Bars (커플러 이음 철근을 사용한 철근콘크리트 보의 휨 거동에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Park, Sun-Kyu;Lee, Kwal;Ko, Won-Jun
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.197-204
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    • 2000
  • Tensile strength (stress) of bar splice is important in the research of mechanical behavior of reinforced concrete structures-beam, column etc.- with bar splice. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the flexural behavior - deflection of beam specimens, strain of main bars - of reinforced concrete beam with Lock Joint Coupler. To make a comparative research, reinforced concrete beam specimens with normal deformed bar and lap splice are tested and analyzed. Test results, Comparing a deflection of three types flexural specimens, a flexural specimen with Lock Joint Coupler is 40% greater than the other flexural specimens. At the center of flexural specimen, the strain of main bar(D29) with lock joint coupler is 50% less, and vice versa, at the point of 14cm far from the center of flexural specimen, the strain of main bar(D29) with lock joint coupler is 9% larger than the strain of main bar(D29) which calculated using the classical flexure theory. A discords, between a deflection behavior of the flexural specimens and a strain of the main bar, are caused by the difference of strain between the lock joint coupler and main bar, near the lock joint coupler. So, additional research is need to verify as stated above discords.

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An Experimental Study on Behavior of Field Splice Joints of Longitudinal Rib in Orthotropic Steel Decks (강상판 종리브 현장연결부의 실험적 거동 특성)

  • Choi, Dong Ho;Choi, Hang Yong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.621-629
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    • 2001
  • This study consists of static and fatigue tests to evaluate the behavior on the field splice joint of longitudinal rib in orthotropic steel deck specimens. Specifically, static and influence surface tests are performed for the stress distribution at the scallop area and high-strength bolt connection of longitudinal rib to examine the existence of handhole cover plate and the effect of eccentric loads. The ultimate strength of the field splice joint of longitudinal rib is obtained. In fatigue tests, cracks are observed at the scallop in the lower level test and the catastrophic failure of longitudinal rib is occurred following the failure of handhole cover plate in the higher level test. This study gives a basis for the better understanding of the field splice joint of longitudinal rib.

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A Study on a Splice Method of YBCO Coated Conductors with Curvature for HTS Magnet Application (고온초전도 마그넷 적용을 위한 YBCO Coated Conductor의 곡률 접합방법 연구)

  • Kim, Hyung-Jun;Jo, Hyun-Chul;Chang, Ki-Sung;Yang, Min-Kyu;Ahn, Min-Cheol;Ko, Tae-Kuk
    • Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.17-21
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    • 2010
  • In the case of designing superconducting power apparatuses using the second generation high temperature superconducting wire, it is necessary to have a tape-splicing technique to achieve low splice resistance between coated conductor (CC) tapes. In this paper, an experimental splice method between YBCO CC tapes is proposed for a coil application. Splices were performed with a 37Pb-63Sn solder. YBCO samples were fabricated with various pressures and cooling rates. Joint resistances of the spliced samples of jointed YBCO CC tapes were measured and evaluated from V-I curves. In addition, optical micrographs were obtained to analyze the cross sectional microstructure of jointed samples.

Short-term cyclic performance of metal-plate-connected wood truss joints

  • Gupta, Rakesh;Miller, Thomas H.;Freilinger, Shawn M. Wicks
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.627-639
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    • 2004
  • The objective of this research was to evaluate the performance of metal-plate-connected truss joints subjected to cyclic loading conditions that simulated seismic events in the lives of the joints. We also investigated the duration of load factor for these joints. We tested tension splice joints and heel joints from a standard 9.2-m Fink truss constructed from $38-{\times}89-mm$ Douglas-fir lumber: 10 tension splice joints for static condition and for each of 6 cyclic loading conditions (70 joints total) and 10 heel joints for static condition and for each of 3 cyclic loading conditions (40 joints total). We evaluated results by comparing the strengths of the control group (static) with those of the cyclic loading groups. None of the cyclic loading conditions showed any strength degradation; however, there was significant stiffness degradation for both types of joint. The results of this research show that the current duration of load factor of 1.6 for earthquake loading is adequate for these joints.

Application of PC Beam-Column Interior Joint with Splice Type Re-bar (PC 다층 연성 골조시스템의 현장적용 사례 연구)

  • Kim Joon-Ho;Jeon Byong-Kap;Park Soon-Kyu;Kim Gwang-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to introduce the applied care of PC beam-column interior joint with splice type rebar. In this case, although the erection time of the introduced case was a little bit higher than that of general precast concrete method, this method was more effective than general precast concrete method in aspect of direct cost and the number of column joint. Therefore, this method could be adopted in the construction of the commercial and residential building in the future.

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Analytical Study on Splice Performances with the Vertical Noncontact Lapped of Reinforcing Bars (수직으로 비접촉 겹침이음된 철근의 이음성능에 관한 해석적 연구)

  • Lee Ho-Jin;Kim Seung-Hun;Ha Sang-Su;Moon Jeong-Ho;Lee Li-Hyung;Lee Yong-Taeg
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.171-174
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    • 2005
  • In this study, new moment-resisting precast concrete beam-column joint is proposed for moderate seismic regions. It has the connection reinforcing bars, penetrated the joint and lap-spliced with the bottom bars of precast U-beam. To evaluate the performance for noncontact lapped splice, analytical works were conducted. Major variables for FEM analysis are the length of lap, the diameter of connection reinforcing bars, and the distance between lapped bars. The results of this study show thar the these variables has much influence on strength and deformation of lapped joint.

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Experimental Evaluation of Seismic Column Splice with Partial Joint Penetration Welds (부분용입용접 내진기둥 이음부의 강도평가)

  • Lee, Cheol Ho;Kim, Jae Hoon;Kim, Jung Jae;Oh, Sang Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.817-827
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    • 2008
  • The seismic performance of a column splice fabricated with PJP (partial joint penetration) welds for special moment frames was experimentally evaluated in this study. The steel materials that were used for the specimens included SHN490 and SN490 steel, or the newly developed structural steel for seismic application. Fabricating the column splice with PJP welds is highly attractive from the perspective of reducing the welding cost and the construction time. PJP welds in column splices are viewed apprehensively, however, because several tests have shown that PJP welds in thick members tend to become brittle under tensile loads. The column splices in this testing program were designed for the expected plastic moment of the column that current seismic codes typically require. The design strength of partial-penetration welded joints was determined according to the 2005 AISC-LRFD Specification. Three-point loading was applied monotonically, using a universal testing machine, such thatthe column splice joints were subjected to pure tension. The test results showed that the PJP welded splices, if designed properly, can develop a strength exceeding that of the actual plastic moment of the column. The specimen made of the SM490 rolled section, however, showed a brittle fracture at the splice soon after achieving the actual plastic moment of the column. The tensile coupon test results also showed that the material properties of SM490 steel are more unpredictable. Overall, although the test data are limited, the SHN490 and SN490 steel specimens showed a superior and reliable performance.

Experimental Studies on Bond and Splice Performance of Splice Sleeve for Connecting Rebar (철근연결용 스플라이스 슬리브의 이음 및 부착성능에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Kang, Duk Man;Park, Yong Gul;Lee, Hyeon Gi;Moon, Do Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.257-264
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    • 2017
  • The PC (Precast Concrete) construction method is a technique where concrete members that have been produced in a plant are constructed on site. Thus, continuity and secure integration of a structure that can be obtained by connecting rebars at splicing joint for PC members are the main areas of concern for this method. To evaluate the splicing and bonding performance according to application of a splice sleeve for connecting rebar in this research study, the diameter of rebar, development length, grouting strength etc. were set as variables. The performance and stiffness of splicing according to the development length of grout strength were measured and evaluated. In addition, by conducting comparative analysis on each of the variables, the factors that affected the splice sleeve for connecting rebar were discussed. The results confirmed that the strength and stiffness of the splice sleeve for connecting rebar were significantly affected by the development length while the increase in performance according to grout strength was not as significant.

Development of Non-Shrink Mortar Grouting Type Splice Sleeve (무수축 모르타르 충진형 슬리브 개발)

  • Lee, Young-Ho;Song, Jae-Joon;Cho, Jae-Young;Kim, Do-Hak
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2011
  • This study aims to develop an economical precast hollow concrete column with high constructability which consists of only splice sleeve and general reinforcing bar without using PC tendons in order to reduce the construction period and cost. With this purpose, this study performed the finite element analysis and tension test by using some variables such as length of sleeve, diameter of rebar and curing method for suggesting a grouting type splice sleeve which is a new type joint rebar and developing an optimized splice sleeve. As a result, the analysis on the tension performance of splice sleeve did not show any destruction caused by pull-out in reinforcing bar but it only occurred destruction of tension bar or bolt shear rupture from the mechanical defect of sleeve. Therefore, the experiment showed high performance in tension of the suggested splice sleeve and verified the application of precast hollow concrete column.