• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sports Brand

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Consumers' Cognition and Buying Behavior of Sports Brand Character (스포츠 브랜드의 캐릭터에 대한 소비자 인식과 구매행동)

  • 이지연;안민영;박재옥
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.103-115
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the consumers′ cognition and buying behavior on sports brand character. Since the character industries are booming, this study focused on the source and the expression method of sports brand characters that are already known to consumers. Subjects of this study were university students who were interested in sports brand characters, living in Seoul and Kyenggi-do. The questionnaire were developed based on the previous studies. Data were analysed by Frequency analysis, ANOVA, Duncan Test, and Spearman′s Rho. The results were as follows: 1. The most preferred source of sports brands character was "illustrated human figure"(i.e. a famous athlete like Michael Jordan). And the most favorite expression method of character was the combination of letter and symbol as the character of ASICS and NIKE. 2. The important design factors of sports brand character were the symbolism and aesthetics. The consumer recognized NIKE as the most well-designed character design. 3. Consumers′ preference of sports brand was found to be NIKE, REEBOK, ADIDAS, and FILA, in order. The reasons for preference were the design, the brand image, and the quality. On the other hand, the most frequently purchased brand was NIKE, FILA, and ADIDAS in order. Most of the purchase took place in the brand outlet store, and the consumers usually came with their friends for purchase of sports brand. The display of store was the consumers′ major source of information. 4. The preference group of sports brand character recognized more importantly color, design, brand, and especially fashionability than the non-preference group. And the most important criteria for brand selection were design, price, and comfort orderly. 5. Female consumers recognized more importantly color, design, brand, and others′ recommendations than male consumers. The aged consumers recognized importantly durability, comfort, and quality.

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The Relation of Brand Equity and Consumer Behavior. (브랜드자산과 소비자행동의 관계)

  • Kim, Se-Hwan
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the impacts of sports marketing mix factors on brand equities and consumer behaviors. The findings of this study are as follows: first, there are differences in sports marketing mix factors, depending on individual characteristics. Differences are found in gender and living standard with regard to individual characteristics and prices. second, there are differences in brand equities, according to individual characters. third, sports marketing mix factors impact brand equities. fourth, the sports marketing mix factors impact perceive quality, brand recognition, location related to brand image and products. fifth, sports marketing mix factors impact brand equities and consumer behaviors. In regards with brand equities and repeat purchases, sports marketing mix factors impact promotion, products, perceived quality and image. In satisfaction, the sports marketing mix factors impact location, price promotion and product recognition. In the intention of transmission by word of mouth, the factors impact price, products, perceive quality and image.

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The influence of consumers' sports involvement on their attitudes to sports sponsorship of sportswear, brand equity, and purchase intention (소비자의 스포츠 관여도가 스포츠 스폰서십에 대한 태도와 스포츠웨어 브랜드 자산 및 구매의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, Choon Sup;Choi, Mi Hyoun
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.921-937
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    • 2013
  • Sportswear brands in particular have been intensely competing to get an opportunity to prove the value of their new technology and products through sports sponsorship. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among sports involvement, the attitude toward sports sponsorship carried by sportswear brands, brand equity, and purchase intention of the products of the sponsor's brand. The study was implemented though a descriptive survey method using a questionnaire. The sample consisted of 455 men (n=289) and women (n=166) in their twenties, residing in Seoul and Gyeonggi area. Data were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and path analysis of structural equation modeling. The results revealed that sports involvement has an influence on the consumers' attitudes toward sports sponsorship performed by sportswear brands. Also, the sports sponsorship attitude of consumers had an influence on the brand equity and purchase intention toward the sponsor's brand products. It was notable that the attitude toward the manner of sponsoring of the sponsor than the contents itself of the sports event sponsored had an influence more on brand loyalty. Among the component factors of brand equity, brand loyalty showed the biggest impact on purchase intention. Considering the results, in order for sports sponsorship to be more effective, sports involvement of the target market should be considered more carefully.

The Effects of Sports Sponsorship Recognition on Corporate Image, Purchasing Intention and Brand Identification

  • KANG, Seung-Hoon;KIM, Jae-Gyun;YANG, Myung-Hwan
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.49-59
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - This study aims to verify the effect of sports sponsorship recognition on corporate image and the relationship between image and identification, corporate image and purchasing intention, brand identification and purchasing intention Research design, data, and methodology - To carry out the purpose of this study, a set of data was collected from 320 surveys and 305 of them were used. Statistic programs, SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 20.0, were used to analyze the data. Results - It was found that emotional sports sponsorship recognition and social sponsorship sports sponsorship recognition had positive effects on corporate image and brand identification. Corporate image also had a positive effect on brand identification. Besides, it was analyzed that corporate image and brand identification had positive effects on purchasing intention. Conclusions - The results show that sports sponsorship recognition can influence brand identification and purchasing intention, and contribute to the enhancement of corporate image. Since brand personality that matches the self-image of the targeted customer will have a more positive effect on the relationship with the consumer, marketing activities should be carried out so that the brand image can be identified with the company image of sports sponsorship activities.

Structural Relationship among Presence, Enjoyment, Brand Attitude and Purchase Intention of Augmented Reality-Based Sports Brand Advertising (증강현실 스포츠브랜드 광고의 프레즌스, 즐거움, 브랜드태도와 구매의도의 구조적 관계)

  • Heo, Chul-Moo
    • Journal of Digital Contents Society
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.461-470
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among presence, enjoyment, brand attitude, and purchase intention of sports brand advertising based on augmented reality. The results are as follow. First, presence influenced positively on enjoyment perceived by sports brand advertising based on augmented reality. Second, presence influenced positively on brand attitude of sports brand advertising based on augmented reality. Third, enjoyment perceived by sports band advertising based on augmented reality influenced positively on brand attitude. Fourth, enjoyment perceived by sports brand advertising based on augmented reality influenced positively on purchase intention. Fifth, brand attitude influenced positively on purchase intention.

A study on sports commitment, brand satisfaction, and brand loyalty of female university students in their 20's (20대 여대생의 스포츠 운동몰입, 브랜드 만족도, 브랜드 충성도에 관한 연구)

  • Rhee, YoungJu
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.673-685
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between sports commitment, sportswear brand satisfaction, and brand loyalty of female university students in their 20s. Two hundred surveys were distributed to female university students, and 185 responses were used for the final analysis. The SPSS program was used with a reliability test and factor, frequency, path analysis. Based on the literature review, the following five hypotheses were suggested. H1: Cognitive commitment will have a positive effect on the behavioral commitment of sports commitment factors. H2: The behavioral commitment of female university students will have a positive effect on brand satisfaction. H3: Sportswear brand satisfaction will have a positive effect on continuous brand loyalty. H4: Cognitive commitment will have a positive effect on habitual brand loyalty. H5: Continuous brand loyalty will have a positive effect on habitual brand loyalty. The results of this study showed that first, after the factor analysis, there were two factors of sports commitment (behavioral commitment and cognitive commitment). Second, the path analysis results revealed that there were significant relationships between sports commitment factors (cognitive commitment and behavioral commitment), sportswear brand satisfaction, and brand loyalty factors (continuous brand loyalty and habitual brand loyalty). The results revealed that cognitive commitment had a positive relationship with behavioral commitment, which had a positive relationship with sportswear brand satisfaction. Sportswear brand satisfaction had a positive relationship with continuous brand loyalty, which had a positive relationship with habitual brand loyalty. Cognitive commitment also had a positive relationship with habitual brand loyalty.

A Study on the Semiotic Approach of Logo in Sportswear Brand (스포츠웨어 브랜드 로고의 기호학적 분석)

  • Lee, Min-Gyung
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.177-191
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the signification system between logo and brand concept systematically in sportswear brands. For this purpose, 37 apparel brands focused on sportswear brand were selected and the results of the study were following : First, the sportswear brands that symbolize a specific sports used a related supplies such as a golf ball or tennis ball, etc to express sports or concept that pursuit each brand. Second, the sportswear brands used the brand logo that represent or symbolize a specific animal, plant and natural world to express a strong spirit of sports and active energy. Third, the sportswear brands used the word mark or symbol that design a brand name in dynamic or speedy typeface to represent a speed and progressive spirit of sports. Fourth, the sportswear brands used the symbols that represent a concrete object, person such as a mast, shield, etc to emphasize the brand concept. Fifth, the sportswear brands used the symbols of a graphic or geometric style to represent the special quality of brand in type.

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The Effect of Brand Personality and Sports Star Personality on Brand Attachment and Brand Loyalty (스포츠브랜드 기업의 브랜드 개성과 스포츠 스타 개성이 브랜드 애착 및 브랜드 충성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jae-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.92-103
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    • 2017
  • This study compared and analyzed the effects and differences of sports brand and sport star's personality on brand attachment and brand loyalty. For this purpose, we conducted a questionnaire survey of university students in Busan and Gyeongsang provinces. A total of 316 copies were selected as valid samples for this study. For the data analysis method, using SPSS 18.0 version, frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, corresponding sample t-test and multiple regression analysis were carried out. The results of this study are as follows: First, sports brand personality had a significant effect on brand attachment in order of interest, sophistication, and robustness. Second, the sport brand personality had a significant effect on behavioral loyalty in order of interest, sophistication, and robustness, and effect on attitudinal loyalty in order of robustness, interest, ability. Third, sports star personality had a significant effect on brand attachment in order of interest, trust, and sophistication. Fourth, sports star personality had a significant effect on behavioral and attitudinal loyalty in order of interest, trust and ability. Fifth, the analysis of the difference between sports brand personality and sports star personality showed that the difference between the mean values of all factors was statistically significant.

The Relationship among Country of Origin, Brand Equity and Brand Loyalty: Comparison among USA, China and Korea (원산지효과, 상표자산 및 상표충성 간의 관계에 관한 연구: 미국, 중국, 한국의 비교분석)

  • Ko, Eun-Ju;Kim, Kyung-Hoon;Kim, Sook-Hyun;Li, Guo-Feng;Zou, Peng;Zhang, Hao
    • Journal of Global Academy of Marketing Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 2009
  • The marketing environment has become competitive to an extent that requires firms to target their products at markets that span national boundaries. However, competitive clout cannot be achieved in global consumer markets unless firms thoroughly understand and adequately respond to the core values and needs of those consumers. Brand equity is one of the most important assets to a company. Especially in sportswear markets, brand equity is the crucial value added to a product by its brand name. Factors such as country of origin also influence customer's attitude towards brand equity. Therefore, this paper discusses the relationship between country of origin effect and brand equity, and how they influence consumers' loyalty for respective brands. This paper focused on the sports shoes market, because it is an increasing area of opportunity for world manufacturers. The objectives of this study were the following. (1) Test the effect of country of origin on brand equity. (2) Test how brand equity influences consumers' brand loyalty. (3) Find whether there are differences in the effects of country of origin and brand equity among the three countries. (4) Find whether there are differences in the effects of country of origin and brand equity among the different lifestyles. Based on the review of literature results, the hypotheses are concluded as the following: H1-a: Country image has positive influence on country of origin. H1-b: Product perception has positive influence on country of origin. H2-a: Perceived quality has positive effect on brand equity. H2-b: Perceived price has positive effect on brand equity. H3: Country of origin has positive effect on brand equity. H4: Brand equity has a positive impact on brand loyalty. Research model was constructed (see Fig. 1). After data analysis, the following results were concluded: sports shoes purchase behavior showed significant differences among Korean, Chinese, and American consumers for favorite brand, purchased brand, purchased place, information usage, and favorite sports games. The results of this study also extend the research of the relationship among country of origin, brand equity and brand loyalty to the sports shoes market. Brand equity was proven to have a significant relationship with brand loyalty for all countries. The factors which can influence brand equity are different for different countries. The third finding of this paper is that we identified different three lifestyles, adventurer, follower, and laggard, for Korean, Chinese and American consumers. Without the nationality boundary, seeing the emergence of a new group of consumers who have similar preferences and buy similar brands is more important. All of the consumers consider brand equity to keep their brand loyalty. Perceived price is the only factor which can influence brand equity for adventurers; brand is more important for them. The laggards were not influenced by any factor. All of the factors expect perceived price are important for the followers. Marketing managers should consider brand equity when introducing their brand into a new market. Also localization is the basic strategy that all the sports shoes companies should understand. But as a global brand, understanding the same characteristics for each country is more important to build global strategy.

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A Study on Relationship between Customer Equity and Customer Satisfaction of Sports Fashion Brands (스포츠 의류브랜드의 고객자산과 고객만족과의 관계연구)

  • Ko, Eun-Ju;Lee, Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.782-792
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research were 1) to identify the distribution of customer equity about sports fashion brands, 2) to identify the dimensions of fashion brand attributes influencing customer satisfaction and customer equity, and 3) to investigate relationships among sports fashion attributes, customer satisfaction and customer equity. Survey questionnaire was used to collect data and 900 responses were used for the data analysis. Descriptive statistics(i.e., frequency, percentage), factor analysis and multiple regression analysis were used for the data analysis. The results of this study were as following. First, 67.4%(i.e., outdoor sports brands) of customer equity distributes under 1 million won while 61.3%(i.e., general sports brand) and 54.3%(i.e., golf brands) distributes. Second, the sportswear brand dimensions consist of 6 factors, product quality value, convenience value, perceived value, unique brand image, trust relationship, and personalized relationship. Third, the higher the product quality value, perceived value, unique brand image, and trust relationship were, the higher customer satisfaction was. Fourth, the higher customer satisfaction was, the higher customer equity was.