• Title, Summary, Keyword: Spousal Bereavement

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Concept Development of Grief-Focusing on the Process of Spousal Bereavement (애도 개념개발 - 배우자 사별과정을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.1119-1130
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop the concept of grief focusing on the process of spousal bereavement in Korea. Methods: The Hybrid model was used for analysis according to the 3 phases. An extensive literature review was done for the Theoretical phase. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 participants whose spouses died within the past 3 years in the Field phase. In the Final analytic phase, the results in the Theoretical and the Field phases were compared, analyzed, and integrated according to the process of grief. Results: The antecedent of the concept of spousal grief was spousal death. The dimensions of grief were classified to inner dimensions related to oneself, relational dimensions related to family and others, and existential dimensions related to the meaning of being. The attributes of grief were physical suffering, decline of cognitive ability, heartbreaking sorrow, expectations and conflicts of a new life, social stigma, dependence on or resentment towards God, etc. The empirical referent of grief was physical, psychological, social, and spiritual health status. The grieving progressed through 3 phases-shock-emancipation, suffering, and integration. Conclusion: Nurses should recognize the importance of their unique position as supporters for grievers, and try to assess individual characteristics and to provide tailored nursing interventions.

Phenomenological Study on the Spousal Bereavement Experience of Married Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성의 배우자 사별 경험에 관한 현상학적 연구)

  • Song, Jae-Hyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.379-391
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding of the experience of married immigrant women who lost their spouse, and it is meaningful in that it examined the empirical perception on the recently newly-focused issue, bereavement of marriage immigrant women, from their perspective for the first time. For this, in-depth interviews were conducted on seven immigrant women who have experienced the death of their spouse and analyzed in Colaizzi's phenomenological method. The results showed that the experience can be classified into 20 topics and 5 categories: 'happy marriage life', 'marriage life they had put up with', 'death of spouse', 'life to be lived alone', and 'bearable life with hope'. The experience of bereavement was found to be a transition from the life in which they depended on their spouse in every aspect to the one where they make efforts to live an independent life adjusting to changes in their life after the loss. Based on this, the study will be a fundamental source of practical measures and social welfare support for them to live a better life in Korean society after their bereavement.

Experiences of Spousal Bereavement in Middle Aged Men (중년남성의 배우자 사별경험)

  • Park, Kyung-Bok;Kim, Boon-Han
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.143-153
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    • 2004
  • Death of spouse is the most heartbreaking stressful and inevitable tragic life event. In middle aged men who belong to the social middle class and accomplished their occupational success, experiences of spousal bereavement are great shock. The aim of this study was to find out how they overcome their mental and physical pain and to obtain the basic materials to develop suitable nursing care programs for them. The methodological approach of this study is Giorgi's phenomenological analysis meaning unit. This method also makes theme focal meaning, situated structural description and create general structural description grasped by participator's experience through situated structure description. This study performed from November 2002 to May 2004, and participators were four men. Data collected through in-depth personal interviews. which had been tapped and analysed the Giorgi's method. Finally, the five focal meaning below have been abstracted. Theme 1. Physical symptom loss of appetite, fatigue, insomnia. outbreak of illness, weight loss. Theme 2. life of spiritless lack of desire, sense of emptiness, unstableness, prosaic life. wandering. indifference of appearances, avoidance of meeting people. Theme 3. life of retrospction reflection for his wife, yearning, grief, muttering to himself, never-to-be forgotten wife, leading a lonely life. Theme 4. negative emotion reproaching, feeling hurt, marriage of daughter, feeling heavy, getting angry, sexual desire, awareness of his sinfulness. loneliness Theme 5. social support and adjustment getting his wife off his mind, curring favor with children, support and consolation by his daughter-in-law, appreciation for hospice nurse, considering remarriage, taking care of himself, good relation with his children. The result of this study showed that middle aged men bereaved of their wife by cancer need other's concern. And we have to study further to understand their experience. Until now hospice nursing is concentrated on cancer patients But from now we have to provide their families suitable nursing care programs to adjust themselves to social life before and after death of patients.

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Personal Growth through Spousal Bereavement in Later Life (노년기 배우자 사별 후 적응과정에서의 개인적 성장)

  • Chang, Sujie
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.65 no.4
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    • pp.165-193
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    • 2013
  • This study purposes to explore the growing process through spousal bereavement in later life, and to develop the theory. A qualitative research was conducted, and the participants were 17 seniors. The analysis according to Strauss and Corbin's grounded theory(1998), resulted in 143 concepts, 43 subcategories, and 19 categories. Range analysis according to paradigm showed that the causal conditions were 'marital relationships', 'independent/dependent tendencies', and 'emotional readiness for the death of a spouse', and the phenomena were 'depression', 'hopelessness', 'daily stress', 'psychological intimidation', 'regret', and 'sense of being freed'. The contextual conditions that affect these phenomena were 'desire for intimate personal relationships' and 'desire to maintain independence'; the action/interaction strategies to manage the phenomena were 'facing reality' and 'efforts for construction of the new life'; and the mediating conditions that promote or suppress these action/interaction strategies were 'social support' and 'spirituality'. The results were 'reconstruction of the meaning in life', 'increase in self-esteem', 'reinforcement of social network' and 'embrace and acceptance'. Furthermore, when personal growth after bereavement of a spouse was analyzed focusing on changes over time, the growth process consisted of three steps: 'sadness and despair', 'embracing and moving forward', and 'personal growth'. The pattern analyses were performed to typify recurring relations by category, and 5 types were derived. The results of our study show that personal growth after spousal loss is an integrative process in life after crisis, and can be conceptualized as the process of overcoming the despair that immediately follows the death of a spouse, seeking a new life by actively taking control, and discovering a strengthened self.

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A Narrative Inquiry on the Experience of Bereavement to an Elderly Male (남성 노인의 사별 경험에 관한 내러티브 탐구)

  • Kim, Seo Hyun
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.103-123
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this research is to study how an elderly male lives after the experience of bereavement, and to understand the experience's essence. The researcher picked 3 elderly men living alone after separation by death as test subjects and gathered information through in-depth interviews. The analysis of the information was done based on the three-dimensional space of narrative presented by Clandinin and Connely(2000), and it restructures the common experience under five meanings. The mutual themes of 'It's the life of a sinner, but not wanting to be seen as a widower to others', 'The fear for death, and the preparation for after death', 'Trying to stay alive for the children', 'Entering the world to find meaning in a gloomy life', and 'A lone goose lost in search of social warmth' came from the research results. The essence of the experience studied with the mutual themes as basis came out to be 'A struggle to take flight again after one broken wing'. This research has a major significance in that elderly males' experience of bereavement was studied in the dimension of time continuity, and that individual social interactions that are made by elderly males to continue their lives after the experience of bereavement were studied.

A Study on Self-Efficacy, Perceived Social Support and the Psychological Adjustment in the Bereaved Old People (배우자 사별노인의 자기효능감, 사회적 지지 및 심리적 적음에 관한 연구)

  • 전길양;김정옥
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.155-170
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to examine to the effect of self-efficacy and perceived social support on adjustment in terms of depression. The subject was composed of 174 bereaved older adults in the first 10 years of their spousal bereavement. The major results of findings were as fellowing: 1. Bereaved old persons experienced emotional loneliness(35.8%) as the most stressful life event. 2. Bereaved old persons perceived higher self-efficacy and social support showed lower level of depression than those who perceived lower self-efficacy and social support. 3. The factor to have influence on the depression of bereaved old persons most relatively was appeared as self-efficacy.

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