• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sprain

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Ankle Sprain Affects Lower Leg Muscle Activation on Vertical Landing, Half Point, and Gait in Female Ballet Students

  • Kim, Heejaeng
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.129-133
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate effect of ankle instability on peripheral muscle activation among female ballet dancers to provide information on the development of prevention programs for ankle injury rehabilitation. Methods: 32 female ballet dancers were randomly divided into two groups: experience ankle sprain group (n=16, age, $20.7{\pm}0.8years$, BMI $18.6{\pm}1.2kg/m2$) and non-experience ankle sprain group (n=16, $age=21.0{\pm}0.8years$, BMI $19.6{\pm}2.0kg/m2$). Activation of the peroneus longus, tibialis anterior muscle, and gastrocnemius during vertical landing, half pointe, and gait between the two groups were measured. Body composition analyzer was used to examine skeletal muscle mass and body fat mass. Results: A total of 32 patients were included. In the experience ankle sprain group (n=16: left sprain 14, right sprain 2), average ankle sprain injury occurred 7.5 months before the study. The average age of the dancers in the experience ankle sprain group and non-experience ankle sprain group was $20.7{\pm}0.8$ and $21.0{\pm}0.8years$, major period was $64.5{\pm}23.8$ and $71.6{\pm}25.8months$, BMI was $18.6{\pm}1.2$ and $19.5{\pm}2.0kg/m2$, respectively. No significant differences were found on body composition between the two groups (p>0.05). The experience ankle sprain group showed significantly lower tibialis anterior and peroneus longus muscle activation (p<0.5), while gastrocnemius muscle activation appeared to be significantly higher (p<0.05) during landing, half pointe, and normal gait. Conclusion: Ankle sprain can cause a decline in peripheral muscle activation and coordination, which increased the risk for repetitive ankle sprain in the future. Moreover, ankle peripheral muscle selective strength training, coordination program development, and application need to be considered to prevent ankle sprain.

The Effect of Taping Therapy on the Expression of cFos Protein and Pain Suppression in Acute Ankle Sprain in Rats (흰쥐의 급성 발목삠에서 테이핑요법이 cFos 단백의 발현과 통증억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Suck-Jun;Byun, Sin-Kyu;Lee, Gyoung-Wan;Kim, Jae-Hyo;Yang, Seung-Bum
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of taping therapy on recovery of behavioral symptoms and neural excitability of the lumbar spinal cord in rat model for ankle sprain. Methods : Adult Sprague-Dawley rats was used and divided into 3 experimental groups: normal group(n=6), ankle sprain(n=6), and ankle sprain with taping treatment(n=6). In order to induce ankle sprain the right ankle joint was injured with 4~5 repetitive over-flexions and over-extensions manually. The severity of joint pain was evaluated by measuring foot weight bearing force ratio(FWBRF) of the hind limb and the injury-induced edema formation by diameter of the joint following ankle sprain. The changes of neural excitability in the lumbar spinal cord was tested by observation of cFos protein expression, a metabolic marker for neural excitation. Results : Severity of ankle injury induced in this experiment coincided with Grade 1 ankle sprain. Compared with ankle sprain group, ankle sprain+taping showed a significant reductions of joint pain as well as of edema formation at the ankle joint following ankle sprain. There was significant upregulation of cFos-immunoreactive neurons in the lumbar spinal cord 24 hours after ankle sprain. In contrast, taping therapy resulted in significant inhibition of cFos-immunoreactive neurons in the lumbar spinal cord. Conclusions : Collectively, these results suggest that taping therapy may be an alternative therapeutic intervention for symptom recovery of the mild ankle sprain.

Clinical observations on treatment of ankle-sprain (족관절 염좌의 치료에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • You, Tae-seop;Park, Dong-suk;Kang, Sung-keel
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.168-175
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    • 2004
  • Objective: This report was designed to investigate characteristic of ankle sprain due to cause, degree of injury, treatment process, sex, age etc Methods: We selected 36 patients who visited our clinic at last over two times complaining of ankle-sprain since 8th, March, 2002. Results: The results were summarized as follows. 1. The major cause of ankle-sprain was injury of lateral collateral ligament. 2. Ankle-sprain was distinguished three degree, and generally presented pain, regional tenderness, swelling, limited movement, muscle spasm, redness, deformity. 3. In early stage of ankle-sprain, ice massage, compression, elevation, rest were very important. 4. In oriental medicine, the principle of treatment were promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, relaxing muscles and tendons and activating the flow of Gi and blood in the channels and collaterals, reducing edema or swelling, and alleviating pain. 5. There were more effective result to using three-edged needle with acupuncture. Conclusions: Ankle-sprain were treated successfully using acupuncture and three-edged needle.

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The Comparative Study on the Bee-Venom Therapy and Common Acupuncture Therapy for the Acute Ankle Sprain (급성 족관절 염좌에 대한 봉독약침치료와 일반 침치료의 비교연구)

  • Lee, Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.133-143
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    • 2004
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of Bee-Venom Therapy and common acupuncture therapy for the acute ankle sprain Methods : This study has been carried out for 32 cases of ankle sprain patients who have visited Cheon-an Oriental Medical Hospital from may 1, 2004 to June 30, 2004. We have treated 16 cases of them by Bee-Venom therapy(group I) and the other 16 cases by common acupuncture therapy(group II). And we have compared those two group. Results and Conclusions : 1. There were good effect on the ankle sprain in both two groups. 2. There were no significant difference at the ROM of ankle joint in both two groups. 3. Common acupuncture therapy had more quick effect on the joint of swelling. 4. In the VAS score, Bee-Venom therapy had more quick effect on total improvement of ankle sprain.

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Severe Open Ankle Sprain (SOAS): A Case Report (중증 개방성 발목 염좌: 증례보고)

  • Yoon, Sung-Hyun;Hwang, Chang-Hwan
    • Journal of Trauma and Injury
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.25-28
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    • 2014
  • Ankle injury is a very common injury. Especially it is the most commonly injured site in cases sports injuries. However, severe open ankle sprain (SOAS), defined as the tearing of the skin over the torn ligament in the ankle, is extremely rare, and no cases have been reported in Korea. In our center, we encountered a patient with a severe ankle open sprain, so we report and discuss that case.

Dose Effects of Bee Venom Pharmacopuncture for the Acute Ankle Sprain in Rats (발목염좌 급성기에 봉독 약침의 용량에 따른 진통 및 회복에 미치는 효과)

  • Yang, Seung-Bum;Kim, Jae-Hyo
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.194-203
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to observe the dose-dependent effects of bee venom (BV) pharmacopuncture on the serious ankle sprain in rats. Methods : The grade III ankle sprain was produced by surgically damaging the lateral ligaments complex of Sprague-Dawley rats. BV pharmacopuncture with the different doses($5{\mu}g/kg$, $10{\mu}g/kg$, $50{\mu}g/kg$) were treated on the different acupoints(GB34, GB39 and GB42) of the affected hind limb, respectively. By measuring foot weight bearing force ratio(FWBFR), the pain levels by ankle sprain and the pain recovery for 7 days were observed under BV pharmacopuncture on each acupoint. Results : In the normal and ankle sprained rat, the BV single administration decreased FWBFR in a dose - dependent pattern. The higher the BV dose, the higher the pain resulted in the normal and the sprained ankles. Especially, the dose - dependent effects of BV resulted in the most pronounced decrease in FWBFR in GB34. The recovery of FWBFR was shown at the low dose($5{\mu}g/kg$) BV and the effect was most remarkable in the BV of GB34, but the others showed no recovery effect compared with the control group. Conclusions : BV pharmacopuncture does not exhibit analgesic effects in acute phase of ankle sprain. However, the recovery of ankle sprain was more effective than the natural recovery in the case of low dose of BV repeated over time. Considering this, it is presumed that it would be important to select appropriate clinic guidelines for acute phase of ankle sprain.

Evidence-based Treatment of Acute Lateral Ankle Sprain (근거에 기반한 급성 발목관절 외측 염좌의 치료)

  • Cho, Byung-Ki
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2018
  • Acute lateral ankle sprain, which is the most common musculoskeletal injury, can be treated effectively with appropriate evidence-based initial care using PRICE (protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation) and functional rehabilitation. Many systemic reviews reporting a high-level of evidence supporting the clinical usefulness and necessity of primary surgical repair for acute lateral ankle sprain have been insufficient. Regardless of the severity of ligament complex injuries, the surgical treatment for acute lateral ankle sprain without concomitant pathologies is not recommended and should be considered only in young professional athletes with complete ligament rupture (grade III) and severe instability.

Effect of Bee venom-Acupuncture Therapy on Patients with Sprain of the Wrist Joint (수근관절(手根關節) 염좌(捻挫)의 봉약침(峰藥鍼) 치료(治療) 효과(效果))

  • An, Byeong-Jun;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.167-171
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    • 2006
  • Objective : This study was to evaluate the effect of Bee venom-Acupuncture therapy on patients with sprain of the wrist. Methods : We investigated 31 cases of patients with sprain of the wrist. We flip a coin and divide patients into two groups. Bee venom-Acupuncture was performed at on group, and the other group we didn't do it. We evaluated the treatment effect of each group by using the visual analog scale(VAS). Results : 1. As a result of evaluation by using the VAS, the score after treatment was marked lower than that before treatment within each group. 2. After treatment, Bee venom-Acupuncture therapy group showed significant difference on visual analog scale(VAS) compared with acupuncture therapy group. Conclusion : These results suggested that Bee venom-Acupuncture treatment should be more effective in the patient with sprain of the Wrist joint.

Effect of Manipulation Complex Therapy on Ankle Sprain with Ankle Pain (족관절 염좌에 대한 수기요법(手技療法) 복합치료가 미치는 영향)

  • Shim, Youn Seop;Song, Ho Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of manipulation complex therapy on ankle sprain with ankle pain. Methods : We divided ankle sprain with ankle pain patient into 2 groups; one group combined manipulation therapy and acupuncture therapy, another group was only acupuncture therapy. To estimate the efficacy of treatment that applied for two groups, we used visual analog scale(VAS) and ankle-hindfoot scale(AHS). We compared the VAS score and AHS score of two groups statistically. Results : 1. As a result of evaluation by using visual analog scale(VAS) and ankle-hindfoot scale(AHS), treatment score at final was marked more higher than score before treatment on each groups. 2. treatment at final, acupuncture and manipulation therapy group had significant result on visual analog scale(VAS) and ankle-hindfoot scale(AHS) compared with acupuncture therapy group. Conclusions : Manipulation therapy can be used with acupuncture therapy for highly effective treatment for ankle sprain with ankle pain.

A Study of Acupuncture at the Sea Point in an Ankle Sprain (족관절 염좌에서 합혈(合穴) 자침에 관한 고찰)

  • Kang, Mi Suk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2015
  • Objectives : This study was performed to understand the meaning of acupuncture at sea point in an sprain in orther to Yin Gi. Methods : We have researched some oriental books and articles about ankle sprains, Kyung Keun, acupuncture and five su point. And we investigated the meaning between the sea point and Yin Gi in acupuncture of an ankle sprain. Results & Conclusions : In other to Yin Gi, using the sea point in an ankle sprain, there are two meanings. One is decreasing pain through regulating UmYang, and the other is regulating the mobility of the ankle joint using Kyung Keun.