• Title, Summary, Keyword: Spraque-Dawley rat

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Single Oral Toxicity of Jeju Citrus Rind Pectin in Spraque-Dawley Rats

  • Shim, Kyoo-Jung;Choung, Se-Young
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.109-111
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    • 2003
  • The single oral toxicity of Jeju citrus rind pectin (Jeju pectin) was studied in Spraque-Dawley rats of both sexes. In this study, rats were administrated orally with dosages of 100, 250 and 500 mg/kg of Jeju pectin. We daily examined number of deaths, clinical signs, body weights and gross findings for 14 days after Jeju pectin administration. When we administered different doses of 100, 250 and 500 mg/kg. We found no rats died in both sex after administration. Some clinical signs (decrease locomotor activity, salivation, soft stool, prone position, lacrimation, crouching position, convulsion, ataxic gait, incontinence of mine) were also observed during the experimental period.

Single-dose Intramuscular Toxicity Studies of Shinbaro3 Pharmacopunture in Sprague-Dawley Rats and Beagle Dogs (SD (Sprague-Dawley) 랫드와 비글견을 이용한 신바로3 약침의 단회 근육투여 독성실험)

  • Lee, Jin-Ho;Lee, In-Hee;Lee, Jae-Woong;Kim, Eun-Jee;Kim, Min-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2015
  • Objectives To assess the safety of Shinbaro3 Pharmacopuncture by analyzing the potential single-dose intramuscular toxicity of Shinbaro3 Pharmacopuncture at various dose levels in SD (Spraque-Dawley) rats and Beagle dogs. Methods For evaluation of single-dose intramuscular toxicity of Shinbaro3 Pharmacopuncture, 40 SD rats (20 male and 20 famale) and 4 Beagle dogs (2 male and 2 female) were used. The rats were divided in four groups of 10 each, and treated intramuscularly with Shinbaro3 Pharmacopuncture at doses of 0.3, 0.6 and 1.2 mg/kg in distilled water, and distilled water as a vehicle control group, respectively. The Beagle dogs were divided into two groups of 2 each, and treated intramuscularly with Shinbaro3 Pharmacopuncture at doses of 0.15, and 0.3 mg/kg in distilled water, respectively, and signs of toxicity were observed. After a wash-out period of 3 days, the procedure was repeated with Shinbaro3 Pharmacopuncture at doses of 0.6, and 1.2 mg/kg in distilled water, respectively. Mortality, body weight changes, and necropsy findings were examined during the study period. Results There were no mortalities in either the SD rats or Beagle dogs. There were also no significant differences in adverse effects, body weight, or necropsy findings between the Shinbaro3 Pharmacopuncture and control groups. Conclusions There results suggest that the lethal dose 50 ($LD_{50}$) and approximate lethal dose (ALD) value of the test substance Shinbaro3 Pharmacopuncture are higher than 1.2 mg/kg in SD rats and Beagle dogs.

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE EFFECTS ON THE GROWTH OF MANDIBULAR CONDYLE FOLLOWING CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE ADMINISTRATION IN RAT (Cyclophosphamide가 백서하악과두의 성장에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Rhee, Byung Tae
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 1982
  • In this study, effects of cyclophosphamide on the growth of the mandibular condyle head were investigated with Spraque-Dawley rats of the 28 days of age. Rats were devided into four groups. Three were used as experimental groups, and one as control. Each rat in experimental group was injected intraperitoneally with cyclophosphamide repeatedly three times, 20mg/kg for the first group, 40mg/kg for the second, and 60mg/kg for the third each time. Rats in control group were injected with physiological saline in the same method. Rats in each group were sacrificed at 5, 10, and 15 days following the last injection. The specimens were stained with H-E, toluidine blue, PAS, and alcian blue. The results were as follows; 1. In experimental group, with increasing the injection doses, the thickness of the condylar cartilage from the transitional zone to the hypertrophic zone became thinner than in control group. 2. Weaker metachromasia to toluidine blue and less positive reaction to PAS were seen. 3. In primary marrow cavity the fewer trabecular was formed, The direction of trabecular formation became obscuerer, and the lower density of bone was resulted in.

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A Comparative Study on Effects of Kyungohkgo and Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong on Growth in Growth Deficiency Rat with Insufficient Nutrition Diet (성장장애 흰쥐에서 경옥고(瓊玉膏)와 경옥고가록용(瓊玉膏加鹿茸)의 성장효과 비교 연구)

  • Cha, Yun-Yeop
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2009
  • Objectives This study was designed to evaluate the difference of between Kyungohkgo and Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong effects of growth Methods We divided male Spraque-Dawley rats into 6 groups. They were Normal group, Growth deficiency rat with insufficient nutrition diet group, Growth deficiency rat with 0.1% Kyungohkgo group, Growth deficiency rat with 0.2% Kyungohkgo group, Growth deficiency rat with 0.1% Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong group and Growth deficiency rat with 0.2% Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong group. They were administered for 5 weeks. We measured body weight, serum growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor and thyroid stimulating hormone, RBC, concentration of Hb and PCV ratio, total WBC and its composition, the values of plasma glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase(GPT) activities. Results 1. In body weight, Kyungohkgo 0.1%, Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong 0.1%, 0.2% groups were showed sighnificantly different than control group. But That groups were not showed significantly different than each others. 2. In serum growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor and thyroid stimulating hormone, we obtained the results of tendency to increase in Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong group, however these values showed no significantly different. 3. In the counts of RBC, Kyungohkgo group and Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong group were showed significantly different than control group. But these values showed no significantly different. In the concentration of Hb, Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong 0.2%group was showed significantly different than control group. Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong 0.2% group and Kyungohkgo 0.2% group were showed significantly different than control group. 4. The counts of total WBC and its composition showed no significantly different in all treatment groups. 5. The values of plasma glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase(GPT) activities showed no significantly different in all treatment groups. Conclusions So Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong and Kyungohkgo have an effect of promoting growth of rats. And We know that the effect of Kyungohkgo Ga Nokyong is better than Kyungohkgo.

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The Effect of Isoflavone and/or Grape Seed Oil Supplementation on Blood Lipid Profiles and Bone Strength in Ovariectomized Female Rats (이소플라본과 포도종실유의 보충이 난소절제 흰쥐의 혈중지질 패턴 및 골격강도에 미치는 영향)

  • 정혜경;최창숙;이지현;박원종;강명화
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.7
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    • pp.667-674
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    • 2003
  • The study was performed to investigate the effects of isoflavone and/or grape seed oil supplementation on serum and liver lipid profiles and bone strength in ovariectomized female rats. Female Spraque-Dawley rats were assigned into 4 groups of ovariectomized (O), isoflavone (0.085 mg/100 g b.w/day) in ovariectomized rats, grape seed oil in ovariectomized rats and isoflavone and/or grape seed oil in ovariectomized rats. After 8 weeks, biochemical profiles of serum, liver and bone were analyzed. Total food intakes, body weight gains and FER (food efficiency ratio) were not statistically significantly different among groups. Total cholesterol, triglyceride and LDL-cholesterol levels in serum were decreased by fed of isoflavone and/or grape seed oils. However, crude lipid and total cholesterol contents in liver were not affect of isoflavone and/or grape seed oil. The hepatic glutathione contents were increased by isoflavone and/or grape seed oil fed. The hepatic glutathione-S-transferase activity in isoflavone and/or grape seed oil supplemented groups were higher than that O group. Bone (scapular and femur bone) dry weight, femur of max weight and bending strength were no significant difference among groups. Our finding suggest that isoflavone/grape seed oils might have potential role for serum lipid profiles improvement and bone strength in vivo.

A Morphological Study on the Changes in Rat's Gastrocnemius (쥐의 비복근 섬유의 변화에 대한 형태학적 연구)

  • Huh Yang-Hoon;Choi Jae-Cheong
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 1998
  • Twelve Spraque-Dawley healthy male rats(average weight ; 250g)were used to study the morphological changes of mitochondria, myofibril, muscle cell nucleus, triad. They were devided into 3 groups : normal daily activity (Group 1), 2weeks immobilization (Group 2), 4 weeks immobilization(Group 3). Left ankle of Group 2 and 3 were immobilized with plaster cast in $65^{\circ}$ plantarflexed position. The gastrocnemius were removed from 12 rats. Muscle fibers were observed electronmicroscopically by double staining with uranyl acetate and lead citrate, All the variables of Group 2 and 3 that selected in this study were significantly decreased when decreased with control value (p<.05) but also muscle fibers showed extensive damage, characterized by irregularity of mitochondrias and wide separation of myofibrils. irregularity and thinness of myofilaments and abnormal shape of muscle cell nucleus and unclear triad. Especially, sarcomere length of Group 3 were singnificantly decreased when compared with Group 2(p<.01).

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Physiological Changes with Age by the Chronic Administration of Korean Red Ginseng in Spraque-Dawley Rats

  • Lim, Heung-Bin;Sohn, Hyung-Ok;Lee, Dong-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.242-248
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    • 2005
  • The present study was designed to elucidate the physiological changes with age by chronic administration of red ginseng. All rats were reared in the conventional system. Ginseng treated rats were continously supplied with ginseng water extracts together water from 6 weeks of age to the age 24 months. Rats did not show any discernible signs or the rejection symptoms by red ginseng water extracts. A long-term administration of red ginseng extracts did not cause any physiological changes in the gain of body and organs weight, food intake and general properties of urine. However, red ginseng caused to decrease the level of serum cholesterol, glucose and TBARS, and it attenuated effectively the age-dependent decline of LDH activity. Other biochemical parameters measured from blood and general properties of urine were not significantly changed. These results suggest that long-term administration of red ginseng to rat does not cause any clear physiological changes in appearance and urine, and it retards age-related deteriorations in some biochemical parameters such as LDL-cholesterol, glucose and LDH in serum.

Effects of Oral Rutaecarpine on the Pharmacokinetics of Intravenous Chlorzoxazone in Rats

  • Bista, Sudeep R.;Lee, Sang-Kyu;Thapa, Dinesh;Kang, Mi-Jeong;Seo, Young-Min;Kim, Ju-Hyun;Kim, Dong-Hyeon;Jahng, Yurng-Dong;Kim, Jung-Ae;Jeong, Tae-Cheon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 2008
  • It has been reported that hepatic microsomal cytochrome P450(CYP) 2E1 is responsible for the metabolism of chlorzoxazone(CZX) to 6-hydroxychlorzoxazone. The present study was undertaken to assess the possible interaction of rutaecarpine, an alkaloid originally isolated from the unripe fruit of Evodia rutaecarpa, with CZX. Male Spraque-Dawley rats were administered with 80 mg/kg/day of oral rutaecarpine for three consecutive days. Twenty four hr after the pre-treatment with rutaecarpine, the rats were treated with 20 mg/kg of intravenous CZX. Rat hepatic microsomes isolated from rutaecarpine-treated rats showed greater(50% increase) activity of p-nitrophenol hydroxylase(a marker of CYP2E1) when compared with the control rats. Compared with control rats, the AUC of CZX was significantly smaller(84% decrease) possibly due to significantly faster CL(646% increase) in rats pretreated with rutaecarpine. This could be, at least partially, due to induction of CYP2E1 by rutaecarpine.

Single and Four-Week Subcutaneous Toxicity Studies of a Bee Venom Extracts (F1, F3) In Rats (봉독 추출물(Fl, F3)의 랫드에 대한 단회 및 4주 반복 피하 투여 독성시험)

  • 박기수;조성대;안남식;정지원;양세란;박준석;홍인선;서민수;조은혜
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.51-66
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to evaluate single and repeated-dose toxicities of Bee Venom Extracts (F1, F3) in Spraque-Dawley. F1 was injected subcutaneously to rat at dose levels of 0, 0.0002, 0.002, 0.02 mg/kg/day for single-dose toxicity study and repeated-dose toxicity study. F3 was injected subcutaneously to rat at dose level of 0, 0.003, 0.03, 0.3 mg/kg/day for single-dose toxicity study and repeated-dose toxicity study. In both studies, there were no dose related changes in mortality, clinical sign, body weight change, food and water consumption, opthalmoscopy, organ weights, urine analysis, biochemical examination, and hematological findings of all animals treated with Bee Venom (F1, F3). Gross and histopathological findings revealed no evidence of specific toxicity related to Bee Venom (F1, F3). These results suggest that the subcutaneous NOEL (No Observed Effect Level) of Bee Venom (F1, F3) may be over F1 -0.02 mg/kg, F3-0.3 mg/kg.

Oxyradical Formation during the Hepatocarcinogenesis in Rat (흰쥐 간발암화 과정에서의 산소유리기의 동태)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Chun;Chun, Wan-Jhoo;Lee, Hyun-Woo;Kwon, Myung-Sang;Song, Kye-Yong;Jhoo, Wang-Kee
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.180-187
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    • 1992
  • This study investigated the hypothesis that carcinogen-induced elevation of oxyradical during the hepatocarcinogenesis in rat. The hepatic preneoplastic lesions in the Spraque-Dawley rats were induced by the carcinogen treatment such as diethylnitrosamine(DEN) and acetylaminofluorene(AAF) in combination with partial hepatectomy(PH). The liver sample was taken at 2, 6, 10 and 16 months after carcinogen treatments followed by PH. Carcinogen treatments initially increased the indices of oxidative damage(activities of xanthine oxidase and production rates of superoxide anion, microsomal hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical) in the liver compared to PH groups. However, cytosolic hydrogen peroxide did not change significantly throughout the full time period. Of hydrogen peroxide scavenger, the catalase was remained lower than PH groups, whereas the peroxidase was increased after carcinogen treatments. Morphologically, the immunohistochemical analysis with glutathione-S-transferase of a placenta form(GSTP) antibody was used to detect the induction of preneoplastic nodules. During the hepatocarcinogenesis, both production rate of hydroxyl radical and activity of glutathione-S-transferase(GST) markedly increased with the appearance of the preneoplastic nodule. These results indicated that the hydroxyl radical of reactive oxygen species seemed to have a major influence on the hepatocarcinogenesis and the effect of time after removal of the carcinogen also appeared to be highly critical in the hepatocarcinogenesis.

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