• Title/Summary/Keyword: Start-up intention

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A Study on Influential Factors of Self-leadership on Start-up Intention (셀프리더십이 창업의지에 미치는 영향 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo, Bong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1382-1389
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    • 2014
  • As an origin and a starting point of business start-up, this start-up intention is believed to be the driving force of economic growth. Being aware of the importance of the start-up intention, the study looked into cause-and-effect relationships of variables focusing on intermediate roles of start-up self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation in self-leadership and start-up intention of business founders. In order to achieve the research goal, the study conducted both a survey targeting a total of 195 business founders registered at a business incubation center and an empirical analysis on the results of the survey. According to the findings from the analysis, the study first learned that the self-leadership would have a positive effect on the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation which eventually proved that the self-leadership is a leading variable of the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation. Second, both the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation were observed to be positively related to the start-up intention. That finding signified that roles of the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation are important to increase the start-up intention. Third, intermediate effects of the start-up self-efficacy and the start-up intention were discovered from the self-leadership and the start-up intention, the main topics of the research. Hence, in order to improve the start-up intention, the importance of the start-up self-efficacy and the intrinsic motivation should be recognized and promoted as well and for this goal to be achieved, the business founders should understand the idea that the self-leadership has to come first than anything else in this case. Based on the results of the research, the study offers theoretical and practical implications.

The Effect of Achievement Needs and Entrepreneurship on the Start-up Intention: Focus on Mediation Role of Start-up Motivation (성취욕구와 창업가정신이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 창업동기의 매개역할을 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Bong Ho
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2015
  • This study looked into entrepreneur-like psychological characteristics such as achievement needs and entrepreneurship including start-up motivation in order to discover factors that would affect start-up intention which can be referred to as an origin of start-up vitalization and to discuss causal relations among the factors. In other words, the study took a look into how both achievement needs and entrepreneurship would influence start-up intention as focusing on mediating roles of start-up motivation. To achieve the research goal, the study conducted an empirical analysis on a total of 181 samples of survey gathered from founders of these companies that had moved into a start-up support center. Findings of the analysis reported that first of all, achievement needs and entrepreneurship have positive effects on start-up motivation, and the study confirmed that the two variables work as antecedent variables of start-up motivation. Second of all, start-up motivation is significantly connected to start-up intention, and that definitely proved precedence relation following relation between the two variables. Third of all, mediating effects of start-up motivation on relations among start-up needs, entrepreneurship and start-up intention which are said to be cores of this study were observed. To sum up, the study learned that start-up motivation as a mediator contributes to how achievement needs and entrepreneurship would strengthen start-up intention. In conclusion, the study suggests that these entrepreneur-like psychological characteristics such as achievement needs, entrepreneurship and especially start-up motivation should be improved if anyone would like to increase start-up intention. Based on results presented above, the study offers theoretical and practical implications in relation to start-up intention.

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The Effect of Pre-entrepreneur's Individual Norm and Start-up Preparation Level on a Start-up Intention: Focusing on a Moderation Effect in Start-up Education (예비창업자의 개인적 규범과 창업준비 수준이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 창업교육의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Seo Ho;Byun, Sang hea
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2018
  • This study examined which influence the pre-entrepreneurs' individual norm and start-up preparation level have upon a start-up intention, and analyzed a moderating effect in start-up education as for a relationship of individual norm and start-up preparation level with a start-up intention. For the purpose of offering useful data so that the pre-entrepreneurs of planning start-up can do more successful start-up through this, it carried out questionnaire from September 13, 2017 to November 14, 2017 targeting pre-entrepreneurs who received start-up education at an educational institution and a university that are located in K region. As a result, excluding 11 copies with a difficulty in the application to statistics among totally 211 copies, 200 copies were chosen as the final samples. Data were conducted reliability analysis, factor analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis by using SPSS 20.0. The results are as follows. First, the individual norm had a significant impact on a start-up intention. Second, the start-up preparation level had a significant effect on a start-up intention. Third, the start-up education had a moderating impact in the relationship between the individual norm and the start-up intention. Fourth, the start-up education had a moderating influence in the relationship between the start-up preparation level and the start-up intention. However, this study limited the sampling region to K area, thereby having a limitation in generalizing the findings all over the country. Moreover, there is a suggestion that a continuous research will need to be performed in terms of an influential factor in pre-entrepreneurs' start-up intention as well as in individual norm and start-up preparation level.

The Effects of Subjective Norms on the Start-Up Intention: The Mediation Effect of Self-Efficacy and the Moderate Effect of Security Competence (대학생들의 주관적 규범이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 자기효능감의 매개효과와 안정지향성의 조절효과)

  • Kwon, In Su;Kim, Ki Heung;Seo, Moon Kyo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.91-100
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    • 2019
  • Many university students try to start up a lot because of career uncertainty, and this study reflected this environmental situation. The subject of the study is the degree to which subjective norms of university students affect the start-up intention. In addition, we looked at the mediated effects of self-efficiency and the moderated effects of security competence. To verify the hypothesis of the study, 201 university students in Seoul were asked about the relevant variables. And based on prior theory, hypotheses and questionnaires were made. In addition, the validity, reliability and correlation analysis of each variable were conducted. Multiple regression analysis was used for hypothesis analysis. As a result, subjective norms have a positive effect on the start-up intention. Next, self-efficiency was found to be mediating the relationship between subjective norms and start-up intentions. Finally, when subjective norms affect the start-up intention, security competence showed negative moderate effect. The implications of this study are as follows: First, a positive perception of start-up by those around them is needed when it comes to raising the intention of starting a business. This positive perception also affects the confidence and sense of challenge in start-up and affects their start-up intention. However, if career anchor prefer stable employment for the organization, it can be seen that they negatively affect the start-up intention.

The Effect of Hope-entrepreneur's Entrepreneurial Environment and Characteristics of Start-up Preparation on a Start-up Intention (희망창업자의 창업환경과 창업준비 특성이 창업의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hye Wha;Byun, Sang Hae
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.17-28
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    • 2018
  • This study examined which influence the entrepreneurial environment and charateristics of start-up preparation have upon a start-up intention. For the purpose of offering useful data so that the hope-entrepreneurs of planning start-up can do more successful start-up through this, it carried out questionnaire from June 13, 2018 to July 14, 2018 targeting employee are located in K region. As a result, excluding 6 copies with a difficulty in the application to statistics among totally 205 copies, 199 copies were chosen as the final samples. Data were conducted reliability analysis, factor analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis by using SPSS 23.0. The results are as follows. First, the entrepreneurial environment had a significant impact on a start-up intention. Second, the start-up preparation level had a significant effect on a start-up intention. However, this study limited the sampling region to A area, thereby having a limitation in generalizing the findings all over the country. Moreover, there is a suggestion that a continuous research will need to be performed in terms of an influential factor in pre-entrepreneurs' start-up intention as well as in entrepreneurial environment and start-up preparation level.

The Effect of the Perception of ICT Technical Characteristics in Agricultural Industry on the Intention to Start Smart Farm: Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Effort Expectation and Acceptance Intention of Smart Farm (농산업 ICT 기술적특성에 대한 인식이 스마트팜 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 스마트팜의 노력기대와 수용의도의 매개효과 중심으로)

  • Park, Sung Geun;Heo, Chul-Moo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 2020
  • This study analyzed the effects of ICT technical characteristics of agricultural industry on smart farm entrepreneurial intention by using smart farm effort expectation and smart farm acceptance intention as mediators for smart farm pre-founders. Sub-variables of the technical characteristics of agricultural industry ICT were classified into availability, economics, data convergence and scalability. 349 questionnaires collected from pre-founders living in the country were used for empirical analysis. SPSS v22.0 and Process macro v3.4 were used to analyze the data based on serial multiple mediation model. First, economics and scalability had a positive (+) effect on start-up intention. Second, availability, economics and scalability had a significant effect on effort expectation. Third, effort expectation had a significant positive effect on acceptance intention. Fourth, acceptance intention had a significant positive effect on start-up intention. Fifth, the indirect effects of economics on start-up intention were all significant through effort expectation, through acceptance intention and through both effort expectation and acceptance intention. Sixth, the indirect effect of data convergence on start-up intention was significant through acceptance intention. Seventh, the indirect effect of scalability on start-up intention was significant through effort expectation and through both effort expectation and acceptance intention. As a follow-up study, it is necessary to study for the mediating variables other than mediators introduced in the study or the moderated mediation analysis through the conditional process model in which the moderating variable is introduced.

Effect on startup mentoring, education satisfaction, and startup intention according to the individual characteristic of university student (대학생의 개인적 특성이 창업멘토링과 교육만족, 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, In-Cheal
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.265-273
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    • 2017
  • This research is conducted a study on the effect of startup mentoring and education satisfaction as well as startup intention on the individual characteristics of university students, therefore, to draw way to increase start up ability of university student as well as their outcome is a primary purpose. Statistics process of sample data for 237 students at the local university in Gwangju is performed an analysis of frequency, reliability, factor, and multiple regression utilized SPSS 2.0 For windows. Individual characteristics except for innovativeness have effected on startup mentoring as well as startup education satisfaction while start up mentoring has effected on start up intention. Only role model function among start up mentoring factors has effected on start up intention while startup education satisfaction has effected on start up intention. As a result, start up intention and its outcome in university will be increased through not only selection of start up mentors with a competence and a passion but also start up mentoring and systematic start up education program fit for individual personality of university student.

Effects of Foreign Students' Entrepreneurship on Start-up Recognition and Intention

  • Hong, Seongsil;Yang, Young Seok
    • East Asian Journal of Business Economics (EAJBE)
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.12-27
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to investigate the effects of foreign students' entrepreneurship on start-up recognition and intention. Due to the expanded policy of attracting foreign students with current Korean wave, it has rapidly increased the number of foreign students in Korea. The number of foreign students in Korea has increased from 50,000 up to 100,000 in 2012. Approximately half of number was resided in Seoul capital, surrounding satellite cities and followed by Kyeongsang, Chungcheong and Jeolla province regions. In this study, we examined the correlation of entrepreneurship with start-up recognition and intention of foreign students living in Daejeon city. The research model was constructed with entrepreneurship and start-up intention as independent and dependent variable, respectively, and start-up recognition as a moderating variable. Furthermore, the entrepreneurship of foreign students as independent variable contains innovativeness, pro-activeness, risk-taking and social responsibility. In the survey, we collected 119 responding foreign students belonging to KAIST, Chungnam National University and Hanbat National University and analyzed the correlations of these variables with 116 significant answers. To validate the hypotheses, linear regression analysis tool in SPSS program was used. As a result of the survey, entrepreneurship components such as innovativeness, pro-activeness, risk-taking and social responsibility affected start-up intention positively. In addition, start-up recognition as a moderating variable affected positively between entrepreneurship and start-up intention. However, it has the limitation to generalize the overall correlation of entrepreneurship with start-up recognition and intention for foreign students living in Korea because the survey was only performed in restricted Daejeon city area. Nonetheless, this study can be useful for understanding the foreign students's trait for entrepreneurship and planning the adequate entrepreneurship education.

Effects of Start-up Mentoring Educational Factors on Satisfaction with Start-up Education and Start-up Intention (창업 멘토링 교육 요인이 창업교육 만족도와 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Hong;Kim, Young-Tae
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed to verify those start-up mentoring educational factors in this society where any systematic and practical start-up educational contents as well as experts in the start-up education are being asked for in order to meet the demand for the start-up. Not only to build up a theoretical foundation for how to make the best use of the start-up mentoring education as in the start-up educational programs but also to understand any possibilities of that education, the study divided the start-up mentoring educational factors into features of the start-up mentoring educational contents, a start-up mentoring educational system and an ability of a mentor in charge of start-up mentoring education as independent variables, and regarding the satisfaction with the start-up education and the start-up intention, the study determined them as dependent variables. The study, then, designed a research model and formulated hypotheses. In order to verify those hypotheses, the study conducted an empirical analysis on those who have finished the start-up educational course in JST, Incheon, which has been actively engaging in the start-up mentoring education. According to the results from the empirical analysis, first, of all the start-up mentoring educational factors, the features of the contents and the mentor's ability were observed to improve the satisfaction with the education as the features of the start-up mentoring educational contents and the system appeared to have a positive influence on the start-up intention.

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A Study on the Effects of Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation and Pre-knowledge of Office Workers on the Hybrid Start-up Intention (직장인의 내재적 동기, 외재적 동기와 사전지식이 Hybrid 창업의도에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Yun, Kyung-Ho;You, Yen-Yoo;Park, In-Chae;Park, Hyun-Sung
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.83-98
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    • 2021
  • This study identified the influence of employees' hybrid start-up intention (intention to start a business while maintaining a job) on the employees' self-determination motivation (intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation) and prior knowledge through the Model of Goal-directed Behavior (MGB). We used a PLS-SEM called SmartPLS 3.0 for 126 valid samples collected by judgement extraction for office workers throughout June 13, 2020 to July 3, 2020, and empirically evaluated the measurement model (internal consistency reliability, convergent and discriminant validity) and the structural model (multicollinearity, determination coefficient, effect size, predictive relevance, etc.). Only the intrinsic motivation for realizing the hybrid start-up goal of office workers had a significant impact on the hybrid start-up attitude and subjective norms, and the prior knowledge of hybrid start-up had a significant impact on the hybrid start-up desire and the hybrid start-up intention. In order to induce hybrid start-ups for workers with unstable employment, we need systems and programs that can inspire employees with intrinsic motivation and knowledge about hybrid start-up, so follow-up researches are necessary to analyze about government systems and consulting support that can promote hybrid start-up.