This paper presents irradiance distribution model of light radiated from a step-index multimode optical fiber. The model is important in analysis of displacement response characteristics for intensity modulation type optical fiber sensors. The induced model was verified by experimental results. And the displacement response analysis result induced by using the irradiance distribution model was verified by experimental results and compared with using existing irradiance distribution models such as the constant model or the gaussian model. The experiment has better agreement with the analysis result using the induced model in this study than with the others models.
An optical fiber displacement sensor has the advantages of relatively simplicity, cheap, small probe size and immunity against environmental perturbation. The working principle of the sensor is based on the intensity modulation that is detection light intensity reflecting from the surface being measured. This paper presents the mathematical model of displacement measurement mechanism of this sensor type. The theoretical and experimental data are compared to verify the model in describing the realistic approach to sensor design. Finally, the analysis results show that displacement response characteristics such as sensitivity, measuring range are easily modified by principal design parameters such as magnitude of optical Power, diameter of optical fiber core and distance between transmitting fiber and receiving fiber.
Calculation of the launch-condition dependent near field pattern, modal power distribution and far field pattern of the SGS mode scrambler by ray optical approch fits well with the experiment. These results were applied to explain how to establish the stable mode launching into the grated index multimode fiber under test by the SGS mode scrambler. The effective use of the 5G5 mode scrambler is found to restrict the launching NA as well as possible. This was also confirmed by experiment.
The wall shear stress in the vicinity of end-to end anastomoses under steady flow conditions was measured using a flush-mounted hot-film anemometer(FMHFA) probe. The experimental measurements were in good agreement with numerical results except in flow with low Reynolds numbers. The wall shear stress increased proximal to the anastomosis in flow from the Penrose tubing (simulating an artery) to the PTFE: graft. In flow from the PTFE graft to the Penrose tubing, low wall shear stress was observed distal to the anastomosis. Abnormal distributions of wall shear stress in the vicinity of the anastomosis, resulting from the compliance mismatch between the graft and the host artery, might be an important factor of ANFH formation and the graft failure. The present study suggests a correlation between regions of the low wall shear stress and the development of anastomotic neointimal fibrous hyperplasia(ANPH) in end-to-end anastomoses. 30523 T00401030523 ^x Air pressure decay(APD) rate and ultrafiltration rate(UFR) tests were performed on new and saline rinsed dialyzers as well as those roused in patients several times. C-DAK 4000 (Cordis Dow) and CF IS-11 (Baxter Travenol) reused dialyzers obtained from the dialysis clinic were used in the present study. The new dialyzers exhibited a relatively flat APD, whereas saline rinsed and reused dialyzers showed considerable amount of decay. C-DAH dialyzers had a larger APD(11.70