• Title, Summary, Keyword: Stevia rebaudiana

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Quality Characteristics of Rice Cookies Prepared with Stevia rebaudiana Leaf (스테비아(Stevia rebaudiana)잎 첨가 쌀쿠키의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Dah-Sol;Shin, Jihun;Joo, Nami
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.14-26
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal recipe of rice cookies with two different amounts of Stevia rebaudiana leaf and grape seed oil, using a central composite design (CCD). In addition, mixing conditions of rice cookies were optimized by sensory evaluation and mechanical and physicochemical analysis using response surface methodology (RSM). RSM was used to obtain 10 experimental points (including two replicates of Stevia rebaudiana leaf and Grape seed oil), and the formulation of Stevia rebaudiana leaf added rice cookies was optimized using rheology. The results of mechanical and physicochemical analysis showed significant values for lightness, redness, yellowness, hardness, spread factor, loss rate, leavening rate, sweetness, moisture, pH, and density (P<0.001), results of the sensory evaluation showed significant values for color, flavor, taste, texture, appearance, and overall quality (P<0.05). As a results, optimal sensory ratio was found to be 1.98 g of Stevia rebaudiana leaf and 37.94 g of Grape seed oil.

Antioxidant and Antimelanogenic Effects of Stevia rebaudiana Flower Extract

  • So, Gyeongseop;Lee, Sung Ryul;Kim, Sung Hyeok;Ha, Chang Woo;Park, Yuna;Jang, Sohee;Bak, Jong Phil;Koo, Hyun Jung;Sohn, Eun-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.220-227
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    • 2019
  • Stevia rebaudiana (Asteraceae), a perennial plant, has been used as a low-calorie sweetener and is being developed as a therapeutic agent for diabetes, hypertension, myocardial diseases, and microbial infections. Despite the common use of its leaves and stem, the bioavailability of the components present in S. rebaudiana flowers, when used as ingredients of cosmetics, has not been well investigated. Herein, we investigated the antioxidative and antimelanogenic effects of an aqueous extract of S. rebaudiana flowers (Stevia-F). Total flavonoid and phenolic content in Stevia-F were determined to be $8.64{\pm}0.23mg$ of quercetin equivalents/100 g and $631.5{\pm}2.01mg$ of gallic acid equivalents/100 g, respectively. The $IC_{50}$ values of Stevia-F for reducing power, and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate radical, hydrogen peroxide, and nitric oxide scavenging activities were 5541.96, 131.39, 466.34, and $10.44{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Stevia-F showed inhibitory effects on the tyrosinase ($IC_{50}=134.74{\mu}g/mL$) and ${\alpha}$-glucosidase ($IC_{50}=114.81{\mu}g/mL$) activities. No significant cytotoxicity of Stevia-F was observed in B16F10 cells, treated with up to $100{\mu}g/mL$ of the extract for 24 and 48 h (p > 0.05). Stevia-F ($1-100{\mu}g/mL$) suppressed ${\alpha}$-melanocyte stimulating hormone-induced melanin production in B16F10 cells (p < 0.05) and also inhibited the cellular tyrosinase activity (p < 0.05). Overall, our results show that Stevia-F possesses potential for inhibiting tyrosinase and ${\alpha}$-glucosidase activities and has significant antioxidant capacity. The antimelanogenic potential of Stevia-F should extend the usage of S. rebaudiana flowers in the development of skin-whitening products.

Characterization of ent-Kaurenoic Acid 13-Hydroxylase in Steviol Biosynthesis of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni의 Steviol 생합성 효소 ent-Kaurenoic Acid 13-Hydroxylase의 특성)

  • Shibata, Hitoshi;Kim, Keun-Ki
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.501-507
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    • 1997
  • Chloroplasts isolated from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves contained an enzyme activity which catalyzed hydroxylation of ent-kaurenoic acid (ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid; ent-KA) to steviol (ent-13-hydroxy kaur-16-en-19-oic acid), the diterpenoid carboxylic alcohol which is the aglycone of sweet stevioside-related glycosides. $[^(14)C]-methylated$ ent-KA was used to localize ent-KA hydroxylase. $[^(14)C]-methyl-KA$ was most actively was transformed into methyl-steviol in chloroplast. The enzymatic activity was found in stroma fraction but not in thylakoid membrane in Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. However, ent-KA 13-hydroxylase activity was not detected in stroma fraction of either Spinacia oleracea and Solidago altissima. The reaction products using $[^(14)C]-methyl-KA$ were purified and identified on TLC autoradiogram. The hydroxylation of ent-KA from stromal protein to form steviol required NADPH and oxygen. FAD and riboflavin stimulated the enzyme activity 1.5-and 1.7-fold, respectively. It also turned out that the activity of this enzyme using methyl-KA as a substrate was 16.7% that of ent-KA. The purified ent-KA 13-hydroxylase did not act on t-cinnamic acid, 4-hydroxyphenyl acetic acid, choline and resorcinol, known as monooxygenase and hydroxylase substrates.

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Anti-oxidant Effect on Stevia rebaudiana (Stevia rebaudiana의 항산화 효과)

  • Jung, Eun Hye;Seo, Hye Lim;Kim, Min Gyu;Kim, Young Woo;Cho, Il Je
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.764-770
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    • 2013
  • Stevia rebaudiana is a traditional herb used as a sweetener in Brazil and Paraguay as well as Korea and China. This study investigated the efficacy of Stevia rebaudiana methanol extract (SRE) to protect cells against the mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in hepatocyte. To determine the effects of SRE on oxidative stress, we used the human derived hepatocyte cell line, HepG2 cell. Treatment of arachidonic acid (AA)+iron in HepG2 cells synergistically amplified cytotoxicity, as indicated by the excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial permeability transition by fluorescence activated cell sorter (FACS) and immunoblot analysis. Treatment with SRE protected hepatocytes from AA+iron-induced cellular toxicity, as shown by alterations in the protein levels related with cell viability such as procaspase-3. SRE also prevented the mitochondrial dysfunction induced by AA+iron, and showed anti-oxidant effects as inhibition of $H_2O_2$ production and GSH depletion. Moreover, we measured the effects of SRE on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a key regulator in determining cell survival or death. Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase (ACC), a direct downstream target of AMPK. SRE increased phosphorylation of ACC, and prevented the inhibition of ACC phosphorylation by AA+iron. These results indicated that SRE has the ability to protect cells against AA+iron-induced $H_2O_2$ production and mitochondrial impairment, which may be mediated with AMPK-ACC pathway.

Factors Affecting Plant Regeneration in the Culture of Different Explants of Stevia(Stebia rebaudiana Bertoni) (Stevia 절편체 종류의 배양에 따른 식물체 재분화)

  • Park, Gyu-Hwan;Kim, Kyung-Min
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.151-154
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to determine the optimal concentrations of plant hormones (2,4-D, picloram, dicamba, NAA, kinetin) and the suitable explants among seeds, hypocotyl, and cotyledons on calls formation and plant regeneration of stevia(Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni). The frequency of cellus formation was higher in the young leaf-explants then the older ones, and in the seeds then the hypocotyls and cotyledons on MS medium with 1mg/L 2,4-D. After transfer of seed-derived stevia callus producing embryogenic callus on plant-regeneration medium, the frequency of plant regeneration from callus was 23.8% in MS medium with 1mg/L NAA and 3mg/L kinetin.

A Study on Cultivation of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni M. as an Introduced Sweetness Resource Plant in Jeju-do (새로운 감미자원식물 Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni M.)의 재배에 관한 연구)

  • 오현도
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.112-120
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    • 1977
  • In Korea. the cultivating standard of stevia is not established yet. Because stevia is across-fertilizing plant. planting a cutting is its available propagation method. This study was made to know the effective propagation growth and adaptability of stevia in Jeju-do, according to the wintering effect and the planting density.

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Radiosensitivity of the in vitro Cultured Young Plants for Sport Mutation Induction of Stevia rebaudiana Bert (스테비아(Stevia rebaudiana Bert)의 아조돌연변이유기를 위한 기내유식물체의 방사선감수성)

  • Yoon, Tai-Young;Kim, Ee-Youb;Hyun, Kyung-Sup;Jo, Han-Jig;Lee, Young-Il;Ju, Sun-Ah;Oh, Seung-Cheol;Kim, Dong Sub;Kang, Si-Yong;Ko, Jeong-Ae
    • Journal of Radiation Industry
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.297-306
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    • 2010
  • Due to the increasing incidence of diabetes, obesity and hypertensive, stevia has been placed great attentions as the sweetener to substitute sucrose in the world. Stevia was introduced to Korea in 1970's, but it has not been an attractive crop in that time. However, recently it has more attention for the natural food sweet additives. Because stevia have many problems for cultivation especially cultivar, seed germination, fertility, uniformity and glycoside quality, the sport mutation was attempted to in vitro plants for the improvement of some characteristics. The young in vitro plants was nursed on MS medium supplemented with $1mg\;l^{-1}\;GA_3$. Shoots of 10 cm height were irradiated with 0~200 Gy of gamma ray and the every node was separated and inoculated on MS basic medium. The lethality, number and length of shoot, numbers of node and branch were investigated for the evaluation of radiosensitivity. The optimum dose of gamma ray seemed to be around 80 Gy for the sport mutation induction in stevia. The lower node was more sensitive than higher node to radiation.

Quality Characteristics of Soybean Milk Added with Stevia Leaf Powder (스테비아잎 분말을 첨가한 두유의 품질 특성)

  • Choi, Soon-Nam;Joo, MiK-Kyoung;Chung, Nam-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni) leaf powder on soybean milk quality. Soybean milk was prepared with the addition of 0.1 g (SP1), 0.2 g (SP2), 0.3 g (SP3), 0.4 g (SP4) of stevia leaf powder. The pH of soybean milk added with stevia leaf powders ranged from 7.90 to 7.98, whereas that of control was 7.88. The viscosity of soybean milk added with stevia leaf powder was 11.13~12.71 cp while that of control was 11.09 cp. Soymilk added with stevia leaf powder yielded values of Hunter L (59.40~64.94), a (-7.63~-6.45), and b (18.71~19.63), whereas that of control were 67.45, -4.74 and 20.13, respectively. There was decrease upon addition of stevia leaf powder. During storage, the pH, viscosity, L, and b values were decreased continuously. According to sensory evaluation, taste, and flavor of SP3 were better than the other groups. Quality characteristics between control and SP3 showed no significant differences. Therefore, this study showed the possibility of substituting 0.3 g of stevia leaf powder instead of sugar for creating a standard quality soybean milk with low calories. Upon the results of this study, it may be assumed that there are consequences positive responses to health-oriented consumers when using stevia leaf powder.

Studies on the Development of Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni M.) as a New Sweetness (신감미(新甘味) 자원식물(資源植物) Stevia의 개발(開發)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Jong-Phill;Lee, Sung-Woo;Cho, Soo-Yeul;Kim, Kwang-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.55-59
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    • 1977
  • The consumption of sugar in our diet increased so great that much U. S. dollars are spended to import sugar source from foreign contries. To replace a part of it we adopted mother plant and seeds of the well-known Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni M.) originated from south America, from the Agricultural Experimental Station of Hokkaido, Japan, in 1974. In order to determine the growth condition of Stevia in our climate and soil condition, the results of survey and determination were as follows: 1. Germination rate of Stevia was averaged 33.6% at 35 th day after seedling and the maximum germination period was between 5 and 20 days after seedling. 2. The seedling rate of Stevia was about 8%. 3. Establishment of roots of Stevia propagated by cutting method was above 90% but only S-1 strain showed lower rate., 75%. 4. S-2 strain showed the best growth rate that was about 160cm by plant height and it was decreased by the following order : S-4, S-3, S-1, S-6 and S-5 strains. 5. S-4 strain resulted in 45 branches that was the highest number among strains tested and S-2 strain was the next. 6. The content of sweetening compound of Stevia, stevioside, was 5.3% in S-1, S-2, S-5 and S-4 strains but S-3 and $S^*$-6 strains were relatively low content, 4.9%. From the above results we obtained Stevia could be propagated by cutting method and the growth conditions including plant height, number of branches and content of stevioside were relatively better in S-2 and S-4 strains that were differentiated by the shape of leaf.

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