• Title, Summary, Keyword: Strain Rate

Search Result 2,863, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

The Influence of Temperature and Strain Rate on the Mechanical Behavior in Uranium

  • Lee, Key-Soon;Park, Won-Koo
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.73-78
    • /
    • 1978
  • The effect of temperature and strain rate on the deformation behavior of $\alpha$-uranium was investigated in the temperature ranged 300$^{\circ}$ to 55$0^{\circ}C$ by strain, rate change test. Strain rate sensitivity, activation volume, strain rate sensitivity exponent and dislocation velocity exponent were determined. The strain rate sensitivity exponent and dislocation velocity exponent were determined. The strain rate sensitivity exponent increases with strain below 40$0^{\circ}C$, while the exponent decreases with strain above 50$0^{\circ}C$. It is believed that the increase of strain rate sensitivity exponent with strain below 40$0^{\circ}C$ can be attributed to an increase in internal stress as a result of work hardening while decrease of the exponent with strain above 50$0^{\circ}C$ is due to predominance of thermal softening over work hardening because more slip, system are active in deformation above about 50$0^{\circ}C$.

  • PDF

Influence of Strain Rate on Tensile Properties and Dynamic Strain Aging of an Fe-24.5Mn-4Cr-0.45C Alloy (변형률 속도에 따른 Fe-24.5Mn-4Cr-0.45C 합금의 인장 특성과 동적 변형시효)

  • Lee, Seung-Yong;Hwang, Byoungchul
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.281-286
    • /
    • 2016
  • In the present study, the tensile properties and dynamic strain aging of an Fe-24.5Mn-4Cr-0.45C alloy were investigated in terms of strain rate. During tensile testing at room temperature, all the stress-strain curves exhibited serrated plastic flows related to dynamic strain aging, regardless of the strain rate. Serration appeared right after yield stress at lower strain rates, while it was hardly observed at high strain rates. On the other hand, strain-rate sensitivity, indicating a general relationship between flow stress and strain rate at constant strain and temperature, changed from positive to negative as the strain increased. The negative strain-rate sensitivity can be explained by the Portevin Le Chatelier effect, which is associated with dynamic strain aging and is dependent on the strain rate because it is very likely that the dynamic strain aging phenomenon in high-manganese steels is involved in the interaction between moving dislocations and point-defect complexes.

Consolidation Characteristics at the Constant Rate of Strain(CRS) Test (일정변형률(CRS) 시험에서의 압밀특성)

  • Lee, Dal-Won;Kim, Si-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.491-499
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the consolidation characteristics of the remolded clay by the oedometer and the constant rate of strain(CRS) consolidation tests. As the rate of strain increases, the settlement rapidly decreased. As the ratio of the sand in the specimen increases, its effect on the rate of strain to the settlement was reduced. As the effective stress increased, the void ratio decreased, while the rate of strain increased, it did not show a clear variation. The reduction of the void ratio was shown to be less than the oedometer test. The coefficient of vertical consolidation with effective stress showed very large variation around preconsolidation stress, but the rate of strain did not provide significant effects. The rate of strain with effective stress gradually decreased at all tests and mixed ratio of sand. The rate of strain at the constant rate of strain tests showed smaller than in the oedometer test. The coefficient of consolidation at the constant rate of strain tests showed much more increase than in the oedometer test. The ratio of the vertical coefficient of consolidation by the odometer and the constant rate of strain tests showed a large difference according to various tests method and mixing ratio. Therefore, it is recommended that careful attention should be paid to designing the soft ground improvement.

Compressive Behavior of Carbon/Epoxy Composites under High Pressure Environment-Strain Rate Effect (고압환경에서 탄소섬유/에폭시 복합재의 압축거동에 대한 연구-변형률 속도 영향)

  • 이지훈;이경엽
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.148-153
    • /
    • 2004
  • It is well-known that the mechanical behavior of fiber-reinforced composites under hydrostatic pressure environment is different from that of atmospheric pressure environment. It is also known that the mechanical behavior of fiber-reinforced composites is affected by a strain rate. In this work, we investigated the effect of strain rate on the compressive elastic modulus, fracture stress, and fracture strain of carbon/epoxy composites under hydrostatic pressure environment. The material used in the compressive test was unidirectional carbon/epoxy composites and the hydrostatic pressures applied was 270㎫. Compressive tests were performed applying three strain rates of 0.05%/sec, 0.25%/sec, and 0.55%/sec. The results showed that the elastic modulus increased with increasing strain rate while the fracture stress was little affected by the strain rate. The results also showed that the fracture strain decreased with increasing strain rate.

Structural response analysis in time and frequency domain considering both ductility and strain rate effects under uniform and multiple-support earthquake excitations

  • Liu, Guohuan;Lian, Jijian;Liang, Chao;Zhao, Mi
    • Earthquakes and Structures
    • /
    • v.10 no.5
    • /
    • pp.989-1012
    • /
    • 2016
  • The structural dynamic behavior and yield strength considering both ductility and strain rate effects are analyzed in this article. For the single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) system, the relationship between the relative velocity and the strain rate response is deduced and the strain rate spectrum is presented. The ductility factor can be incorporated into the strain rate spectrum conveniently based on the constant-ductility velocity response spectrum. With the application of strain rate spectrum, it is convenient to consider the ductility and strain rate effects in engineering practice. The modal combination method, i.e., square root of the sum of the squares (SRSS) method, is employed to calculate the maximum strain rate of the elastoplastic multiple-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) system under uniform excitation. Considering the spatially varying ground motions, a new response spectrum method is developed by incorporating the ductility factor and strain rate into the conventional response spectrum method. In order to further analyze the effects of strain rate and ductility on structural dynamic behavior and yield strength, the cantilever beam (one-dimensional) and the triangular element (two-dimensional) are taken as numerical examples to calculate their seismic responses in time domain. Numerical results show that the permanent displacements with and without considering the strain rate effect are significantly different from each other. It is not only necessary in theory but also significant in engineering practice to take the ductility and strain rate effects into consideration.

The Study of the Variation of Strain Rate Sensitivity Index depending on the Strain and Microstructural Observations of AZ31 Mg Alloy Sheet (변형율에 따른 AZ31 합금의 변형율 속도 민감도 지수 변화와 미세조직 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, D.O.;Kang, C.W.;Lee, S.Y.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
    • /
    • v.20 no.7
    • /
    • pp.498-503
    • /
    • 2011
  • The strain rate sensitivity index, m, plays an important role in plastic deformation at elevated temperatures. It is affected by strain rate, temperature, and the microstructure of the material. The strain rate sensitivity index has been used as a constant in numerical analysis of plastic forming at a specified strain rate and temperature. However, the value of m varies as deformation proceeds at an elevated temperature and a certain strain rate. Thus, in this present study, the value of m has been characterized as a function of strain by multiple tensile jump tests for AZ31 magnesium alloy sheet, and the variation of m has been discussed in conjunction with the microstructural observations before and after deformation. The experimental results show that the variation of m is dependent on the temperature and strain rate. Grain growth with dynamic recrystallization also affects the variation of m.

Stress-Strain-Strain Rate of Overconsolidated Clay Dependent on Stress and Time History (응력이력과 시간이력에 따른 과압밀점토의 응력-변형-변형률 속도)

  • 한상재;김수삼;김병일
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.143-150
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study deals with the stress-strain-strain rate behaviour of overconsolidated clay. Consolidated-drained stress path tests were performed on the stress-time dependent condition. Stress history consists of rotation angle of stress path, overconsolidation ratio, and magnitude of length of recent stress path. Time history includes loading rate of recent and current stress path. Test results show that all influence factors have an increasing strain rate with time, and the strain rate varies with the change of the rotation angle of stress path. With the increase of overconsolidation ratio and loading rate of current stress path, the strain rate also increases. For the stress history, correlation between stress-strain and strain rate is indicated but the time history is not.

A Study on the Strain-Rate Sensitivity According to the Temperature for Steel Sheets of an Auto-Body (차체용 강판의 온도에 따른 변형률속도 민감도 연구)

  • Lee, H.J.;Song, J.H.;Cho, S.S.;Park, S.H.;Huh, H.
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.132-137
    • /
    • 2006
  • This paper is concerned with the thermo-mechanical behavior including temperature dependent strain-rate sensitivity of steel sheet for an auto-body. In order to identify the temperature dependent strain-rate sensitivity of SPRC35R and SPRC45E, uniaxial tension tests are performed with the variation of the strain-rates from 0.001 /sec to 200 /sec at environmental temperatures varied from $-40^{\circ}C\;to\;200^{\circ}C$. The thermo-mechanical response at the quasi-static state is obtained with the static tensile test and at the intermediate strain-rate is from the high speed tensile test. Experimental results show that the strain-rate sensitivity increases at low temperature. It represents that as the strain-rate increases, the variation of flow stress becomes sensitive on the temperature. The results indicate that the flow stress of SPRC35R is more dependent on the changes of strain-rate and temperature than those of SPRC45E.

The Effect of Dynamic Strain Aging on the High Temperature Plastic Deformation Behaviour of Al-Mg Alloy (Al-Mg 합금의 고온 소성 변형 특성에 미치는 동적 변형 시효의 영향)

  • 이상용;이정환
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
    • /
    • v.5 no.4
    • /
    • pp.327-336
    • /
    • 1996
  • The effect of dynamic strain aging on high temperature deformation behaviour of the A-Mg alloy was investigated by strain rate change tests and stress relaxation tests between 20$0^{\circ}C$and 50$0^{\circ}C$. Yield point, short stress transient and periodic discontinuities on the stress-strain curve were considered as an evidence of the effect of dynamic strain aging. With this criterion two distinct strain rate-temperature regimes could be manifested. Dynamic strain aging was considered to be effective in the high temperature-low strain rate regime, whereas dynamic recovery was a dominant deformation mechanism in the low temperature-high strain rate regime. It was found that dynamic strain aging in the high temperature deformation was governed by the mechcanism of diffusion-controlled, viscous dislocation movement.

  • PDF

A study on the strain rate sensitivity according to the temperature for steel sheets of an auto-body (차체용 강판의 온도에 따른 변형률 속도 민감도 연구)

  • Lee H. J.;Song J. H.;Cho S. S.;Kim S. B.;Huh H.;Park S. H.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.148-151
    • /
    • 2005
  • This paper is concerned with the thermo-mechanical behavior and temperature dependent strain rate sensitivity of steel sheet for an auto-body. In order to Identify the temperature dependent strain rate sensitivity of SPRC35R and SPRC45E, uniaxial tension tests are performed with the variation of the strain rates from 0.001/sec to 200/sec, and the variation of environmental temperatures from $-40^{\circ}C\;to\;200^{\circ}C$. The thermo-mechanical response at the quasi-static state is obtained with the static tensile test and at the intermediate strain rate is from the high speed tensile test. The experimental results show that the strain rate sensitivity increases at low temperature and it decreases at high temperature. It means that as the strain rate getting increasing, the variation of flow stress is more sensitive on the temperature. The results also indicates that the material properties of SPRC35R is more depend on the changes of strain rates and temperature than those of SPRC45E.

  • PDF