• Title/Summary/Keyword: Streamflow

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A Study on Relationship between Streamflow Variability and Baseflow Contribution in Nakdong River Basin (낙동강 수계에서의 하천유량 변동성과 기저유출 기여도의 관계 분석)

  • Han, Jeong Ho;Lim, Kyoung Jae;Jung, Younghun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.58 no.1
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2016
  • More severe and frequent flood and drought have increased the attentions on the river management. In particular, baseflow is an important element among many streamflow characteristics because streamflow is mainly consisted of direct runoff and baseflow. In this regard, this study attempted to analyze the relationship between streamflow variability and baseflow contributions on Nakdong river basin. For this, two Streamflow Variability Indices (SVI) were used: Coefficient of Variation (CV) and Coefficient of Flow Regime (CFR). Furthermore, baselow separation was individually conducted by three methods (PART, WHAT and BFLOW), and based on this, Baseflow Index (BFI) was calculated. Also, we used the daily streamflow data retrieved from 27 gauge stations in Nakdong river basin for baseflow separation. The results showed that BFI calculated by three models ranges from 0.14 to 0.90 for 27 gauge stations. For SVI, BFI has much higher correlation with CV than with CFR. Also, the inversely proportional relationship between BFI and CV showed that higher baseflow contribution, less streamflow variability.

Regionalized Daily Streamflow Model using a Modified Retention Parameter in SCS Method

  • 김대철;박성기;노재경
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.32 no.E
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    • pp.47-58
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    • 1990
  • Abstract A regionalized daily streamflow model using a modified retention parameter in the SCS method was developed to predict the daily streamflow of a natural series for Korean watersheds. Model verification showed that it is possible to use the model for extending short period records in a gaged watershed or for predicting daily streamflow in any ungaged watershed, with reasonable accuracy by simply inputing the name of the watershed boundary, the watershed size, the latitude and longitude of the watershed, and the daily areal rainfall.

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Baseflow and Streamflow Simulation Applying Baseflow Recession Constants in Individual Sub-watersheds (소유역 별 기저유출 감수상수를 적용한 유량 및 기저유출 모의)

  • Han, Jeong Ho;Lim, Kyoung Jae;Jung, Younghun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.59 no.6
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 2017
  • This study attempted to improve the accuracy of streamflow and baseflow prediction of Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) by applying baselfow recession constants for each sub-watershed. This study set two different scenarios (S1 and S2) to evaluate the impact of application of baseflow recession constants for each sub-watershed on streamflow prediction. In S1, Only the baseflow recession constant obtained from the streamflow station located in the final outlet of study area was applied for whole sub-watersheds. In S2, baseflow recession constants obtained from six different streamflow stations were applied for each sub-watershed. Then, baseflow was separated form the measured streamflow data and the predicted streamflow of S1 and S2 using Web-based Hydrograph Analysis Tool (WHAT). The results showed Nash-Sutcliff efficiency (NSE) and $R^2$ of S2 were a little higher than these of S1 in both streamflow and baseflow prediction results. However, it is important that S2 reflected physical meaning of baseflow recess. Also, recession part of hydrograph in S2 was calibrated better than that of S1 compared to the measured hydrograph.

Use of Groundwater recharge as a Variable for Monthly Streamflow Prediction (월 유출량 예측 변수로서 지하수 함양량의 이용)

  • Lee, Dong-Ryul;Yun, Yong-Nam;An, Jae-Hyeon
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.275-285
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    • 2001
  • Since the majority of streamflow during dry periods is provided by groundwater storage, the streamflow depends on a basin moisture state recharged from rainfall during wet periods. This hydrologic characteristics dives good condition to predict long-term streamflow if the basin state like groundwater recharge is known in advance. The objective of this study is to examine groundwater recharge effect to monthly streamflow, and to attempt monthly streamflow prediction using estimated groundwater recharge. The ground water recharge is used as an independent variable with streamflow and precipitation to construct multiple regression models for the prediction. Correlation analysis was performed to assess the effect of groundwater carry-over to streamflow and to establish the associations among independent variables. The predicted streamflow shows that the multiple regression model involved groundwater recharge gives improved results comparing to the model only using streamflow and precipitation as independent variables. In addition, this paper shows that the prediction model with the effect of groundwater carry-over taken into account can be developed using only precipitation.

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Streamflow Estimation for Subbasins of Gap Stream Watershed by Using SWAT2000 Model (SWAT2000 모형을 이용한 갑천수계의 소유역별 유출량 추정)

  • Moon, Jong-Pil;Kim, Tai-Cheol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2006
  • Geographic Information System has extended to higher assessment of water resources. GIS linking with hydrological model becomes a trend in water resource assessment modeling. One of the most popular models is SWAT2000 which have effectiveness in multi-purpose processes for predicting the impact of land management practices on water, sediments and chemicals yields in large complex watershed with varying soils, land uses, and management conditions over long period of time. In this study, SWAT2000 model was applied to Gap stream watershed in Daejeon city where TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) Regulation would be implanted. The Gap Stream watershed was partitioned into 8 subbasins, however, only 3 out of 8 subbaisns were observed for having practical gauged data on the basis of streamflow from the year of 2002 to 2005. Gauged streamflow data of Indong, Boksu and Hoeduck stations were used for calibration and validation of the SWAT Streamflow simulation. Estimation Efficiency Analysis (COE), Regression Analysis ($R^{2}$), Relative Error (R.E.) were used for comparing observed streamflow data of the 3 subbasins on the daily and monthly basis with estimated streamflow data in order to fix optimized parameters for the best fitted results. COE value for the daily and monthly streamflow was ranged from 0.45 to 0.96. $R^{2}$ values for daily and monthly streamflow ranged from 0.51 to 0.97. R.E. values for total streamflow volume ranged from 3 % to 22.5 %. The accuracy of the model results shows that the SWAT2000 model can be applicable to Korean watersheds like the Gap Stream watershed that needs to be partitioned into a number of subbasins for TMDL regulation.

Stochastic simulation based on copula model for intermittent monthly streamflows in arid regions

  • Lee, Taesam;Jeong, Changsam;Park, Taewoong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.488-488
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    • 2015
  • Intermittent streamflow is common phenomenon in arid and semi-arid regions. To manage water resources of intermittent streamflows, stochactic simulation data is essential; however the seasonally stochastic modeling for intermittent streamflow is a difficult task. In this study, using the periodic Markov chain model, we simulate intermittent monthly streamflow for occurrence and the periodic gamma autoregressive and copula models for amount. The copula models were tested in a previous study for the simulation of yearly streamflow, resulting in successful replication of the key and operational statistics of historical data; however, the copula models have never been tested on a monthly time scale. The intermittent models were applied to the Colorado River system in the present study. A few drawbacks of the PGAR model were identified, such as significant underestimation of minimum values on an aggregated yearly time scale and restrictions of the parameter boundaries. Conversely, the copula models do not present such drawbacks but show feasible reproduction of key and operational statistics. We concluded that the periodic Markov chain based the copula models is a practicable method to simulate intermittent monthly streamflow time series.

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A STUDY ON A REGULAR EVALUATION METHODOLOGY OF STREAMFLOW DATA

  • Noh, Jae-Kyoung
    • Water Engineering Research
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.233-242
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    • 2000
  • A system for regularly appraising the reliability of streamflow data, KORSAS (KOwaco's Regular Streamflow Appraising System) was developed on PC based Windows for hydrological specialists and engineers working in the Korea Water Resources Corporation (KOWACO). The reliability of streamflow rates can be evaluated with KORSAS in various as pects according to the evaluation duration and method. The former being selected as short term (event based) or long term(continus based), and the latter being classified into comparison methods of flow measurement, other stations results, and simulation. Rainfall-runoff models can be used together with KORSAS in order to evaluate the reliability of observed flow data by comparing with simulated flow data. The objective of this study is to develop a systematic methodology in various aspects to evaluate the reliability of streamflow data regularly.

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Development of a System of r Regular Evaluation of Streamflow Data (KOwaco's Regular Streamflow Appraising System)

  • Noh, jae-Kyoung
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.42
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    • pp.24-30
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    • 2000
  • A system for evaluating streamflow data (KORSAS) was developed, and is operated using PC based Windows to help the hydrological observation practitioner's working in Korea Water Resources Corporation (KOWACO). This system has modules including; DB access and data management, flow measurement arranging, H-Q relation deriving, area rainfall calculating, flow calculating, and flow evaluating modules. Evaluation of observed streamflow is accomplished through the following processes. First, hourly streamflow data is calculated from water level data stored in a DB server by applying the rating relationship between water level and flow rates derived from the past flow measurements. Second, hourly areal rainfal data is calculated from point data stored in the DB server by applying Thiessen networks. Third, hydrographs are displayed on a daily, weekly, monthly, or seasonal duration basis, and are compared to hydrographs of reservoir inflow, hydrographs at water level observation stations and hydrographs derived from simulated results using models.

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Accounting for Uncertainty Propagation: Streamflow Forecasting using Multiple Climate and Hydrological Models

  • Kwon, Hyun-Han;Moon, Young-Il;Park, Se-Hoon;Oh, Tae-Suck
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1388-1392
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    • 2008
  • Water resources management depends on dealing inherent uncertainties stemming from climatic and hydrological inputs and models. Dealing with these uncertainties remains a challenge. Streamflow forecasts basically contain uncertainties arising from model structure and initial conditions. Recent enhancements in climate forecasting skill and hydrological modeling provide an breakthrough for delivering improved streamflow forecasts. However, little consideration has been given to methodologies that include coupling both multiple climate and multiple hydrological models, increasing the pool of streamflow forecast ensemble members and accounting for cumulative sources of uncertainty. The approach here proposes integration and coupling of global climate models (GCM), multiple regional climate models, and numerous hydrological models to improve streamflow forecasting and characterize system uncertainty through generation of ensemble forecasts.

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창원시 대산면 강변여과수의 수질과 낙동강 수질의 관련성 연구

  • 장성;함세영;김형수;차용훈;정재열
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.451-454
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    • 2004
  • The study aims to assess the quality of bank filtrate in relation to streamflow and physico-chemical properties of the stream. Turbidity, pH, temperature and dissolved oxygen (DO) of Nakdong River and riverbank filtrate were statistically analyzed. The physico-chemical properties of riverbank filtrate were measured from irregularly different seven pumping wells every day. Autocorrelation analyses were conducted to the qualities of stream water and bank filtrated water. Temperature, pH and DO of streamflow shows strong linearity and long memory effect, indicating the effect of seasonal air temperature and rainy season. Temperature of riverbank filtrate shows weak linearity and weak memory, indicating differently from the trend of stream temperature. Turbidity of steramflow shows strong linearity and long memory effect, while turbidity of riverbank filtrate indicates weak linearity and weak memory. Cross-correlation analysis shows low relation between turbidity, pH, temperature and DO of riverbank filtrate and those of streamflow. Turbidity of streamflow was largely affected by the streamflow rate, showing a similar trend with autocorrelation function of streamflow rate. The turbidity of riverbank filtrate has a lag time of 25 hours. This indicates that turbidity of streamflow in a dry season has very low effect on the turbidity of riverbank filtrate, and a high turbidity of the stream in a rainy season has a fairly low effect on the turbidity of riverbank filtrate.

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