• Title/Summary/Keyword: Streamflow Estimation

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Unit-graph Model for Daily Streamflow Estimation (일 유출량 추정을 위한 단위도 모형)

  • 김태철
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 1986
  • Unit-graph model to estimate the daily streamfiow was developed on the basis of distribution graph method. The results of evaluating the application of the model to Nakdong watersheds were generally satisfactory and this model would be the groundwork of the "Unit-graph model for daily streamflow in Korean watersheds".eds".uot;.

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Streamflow Estimation Using Conservative Chemical Species Dissolved in the Effluents of Wastewater Treatment Plant (하수종말처리장 방류수내의 보존성 화학종들을 이용한 하천유량측정)

  • 김강주;이지선;오창환;황갑수;유재연;김진삼;여성구
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers Conference
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    • 2000.09a
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    • pp.91-94
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    • 2000
  • 유량측정용 수공구조물이 설치되지 않은 일반 하천에서는 하천의 유속과 유수단면적을 측정하는 방법이 유량산정에 흔하게 이용된다. 그러나, 이러한 방법은 비교적 많은 노력이 소요될 뿐 아니라, 유량이 아주 많거나 작은 하천, 그리고, 극심한 난류하천 둥에서는 상당히 많은 오차를 포함한다는 단점이 있다. 반면, 추적자시험법은 매우 정확한 측정법으로, 나류하천에도 적용될 수 있다는 장점이 있다. (중략)

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Streamflow Estimation for Subbasins of Gap Stream Watershed by Using SWAT2000 Model (SWAT2000 모형을 이용한 갑천수계의 소유역별 유출량 추정)

  • Moon, Jong-Pil;Kim, Tai-Cheol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2006
  • Geographic Information System has extended to higher assessment of water resources. GIS linking with hydrological model becomes a trend in water resource assessment modeling. One of the most popular models is SWAT2000 which have effectiveness in multi-purpose processes for predicting the impact of land management practices on water, sediments and chemicals yields in large complex watershed with varying soils, land uses, and management conditions over long period of time. In this study, SWAT2000 model was applied to Gap stream watershed in Daejeon city where TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) Regulation would be implanted. The Gap Stream watershed was partitioned into 8 subbasins, however, only 3 out of 8 subbaisns were observed for having practical gauged data on the basis of streamflow from the year of 2002 to 2005. Gauged streamflow data of Indong, Boksu and Hoeduck stations were used for calibration and validation of the SWAT Streamflow simulation. Estimation Efficiency Analysis (COE), Regression Analysis ($R^{2}$), Relative Error (R.E.) were used for comparing observed streamflow data of the 3 subbasins on the daily and monthly basis with estimated streamflow data in order to fix optimized parameters for the best fitted results. COE value for the daily and monthly streamflow was ranged from 0.45 to 0.96. $R^{2}$ values for daily and monthly streamflow ranged from 0.51 to 0.97. R.E. values for total streamflow volume ranged from 3 % to 22.5 %. The accuracy of the model results shows that the SWAT2000 model can be applicable to Korean watersheds like the Gap Stream watershed that needs to be partitioned into a number of subbasins for TMDL regulation.

Rainfall-Runoff Analysis using SURR Model in Imjin River Basin

  • Linh, Trinh Ha;Bae, Deg-Hyo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2015.05a
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    • pp.439-439
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    • 2015
  • The temporal and spatial relationship of the weather elements such as rainfall and temperature is closely linked to the streamflow simulation, especially, to the flood forecasting problems. For the study area, Imjin river basin, which has the specific characteristics in geography with river cross operation between North and South Korea, the meteorological information in the northern area is totally deficiency, lead to the inaccuracy of streamflow estimation. In the paper, this problem is solved by using the combination of global (such as soil moisture content, land use) and local hydrologic components data such as weather data (precipitation, evapotranspiration, humidity, etc.) for the model-driven runoff (surface flow, lateral flow and groundwater flow) data in each subbasin. To compute the streamflow in Imjin river basin, this study is applied the hydrologic model SURR (Sejong Univ. Rainfall-Runoff) which is the continuous rainfall-runoff model used physical foundations, originally based on Storage Function Model (SFM) to simulate the intercourse of the soil properties, weather factors and flow value. The result indicates the spatial variation in the runoff response of the different subbasins influenced by the input data. The dependancy of runoff simulation accuracy depending on the qualities of input data and model parameters is suggested in this study. The southern region with the dense of gauges and the adequate data shows the good results of the simulated discharge. Eventually, the application of SURR model in Imjin riverbasin gives the accurate consequence in simulation, and become the subsequent runoff for prediction in the future process.

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Effect of the Spatial Resolution of Climate Simulations on Streamflow Estimation (기후모의자료의 공간해상도가 하천유출량 산정에 미치는 영향평가)

  • Lee, Moon-Hwan;Im, Eun-Soon;Bae, Deg-Hyo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2019.05a
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    • pp.18-18
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    • 2019
  • 역학적 상세화기법은 물리적 기반의 지역기후모형(RCM)을 이용하여 고해상도 기후자료를 생산하는 유용한 기법이며, 전세계적으로 지역 기후시나리오를 생산하고, 적용 및 평가하는 연구가 널리 진행되고 있다. 역학적 상세화기법 적용 시 지역기후모형의 공간해상도를 향상시키면 지형효과를 더욱 상세하게 반영할 수 있어 고해상도의 기후모의자료를 생산할 수 있지만, 이를 위해 더 많은 시간과 비용이 요구된다. 또한, 공간해상도 향상이 기후모의 결과의 정확도 향상을 보장하지 않기 때문에 역학적 상세화를 위한 지역기후모형의 적정 공간해상도 선정이 필요하다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 기후모의 자료의 공간해상도가 하천유출량 모의시미치는 영향을 평가하고, 최종적으로는 고해상도 기후시나리오가 하천유출량 모의에 필요한지 여부를 규명하고자 한다. 이를 위해 관측 기후자료와 Weather and Research Forecasting (WRF)모형으로 상세화된 5km (WRF05)와 20km (WRF20) 공간해상도의 기후모의자료를 활용하였으며, 하천유출량 산정을 위해 준분포형 수문모형인 Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT)을 이용하였다. 본 연구의 대상유역은 한강유역 내 충주댐, 소양강댐, 팔당댐 유역들에 대해 평가를 수행하였다. 유역평균강수량을 평가한 결과, 3개 댐 유역의 연평균 강수량 및 여름철 강수량은 WRF20이 관측자료와 WRF05에 비해 높게 산정되었다. 하지만, WRF20은 일강수량이 1~40mm인 발생횟수가 상대적으로 많이 산정되었으며, 극치강수량의 강도와 빈도는 WRF20이 관측자료와 WRF05에 비해 과소 산정되는 것으로 나타났다. 관측자료, WRF05와 WRF20을 입력자료로 활용하여 SWAT모형으로 생산된 일 하천유출량 자료를 토대로 유황곡선을 도시하였다. 유황곡선의 5~90% 구간에서는 WRF05와 WRF20의 결과는 큰 차이가 나진 않았으나, 고유량과 저유량 구간에서는 WRF05가 WRF20에 비해 관측자료에 근접하게 모의하는 것을 확인하였다. 이는 20km에서 5km로 공간해상도가 높아짐에 따라 극치 홍수량 및 갈수량을 더욱 현실적으로 모사할 수 있는 것을 의미한다.

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Application of SWAT-CUP for Streamflow Auto-calibration at Soyang-gang Dam Watershed (소양강댐 유역의 유출 자동보정을 위한 SWAT-CUP의 적용 및 평가)

  • Ryu, Jichul;Kang, Hyunwoo;Choi, Jae Wan;Kong, Dong Soo;Gum, Donghyuk;Jang, Chun Hwa;Lim, Kyoung Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.347-358
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    • 2012
  • The SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) should be calibrated and validated with observed data to secure accuracy of model prediction. Recently, the SWAT-CUP (Calibration and Uncertainty Program for SWAT) software, which can calibrate SWAT using various algorithms, were developed to help SWAT users calibrate model efficiently. In this study, three algorithms (GLUE: Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation, PARASOL: Parameter solution, SUFI-2: Sequential Uncertainty Fitting ver. 2) in the SWAT-CUP were applied for the Soyang-gang dam watershed to evaluate these algorithms. Simulated total streamflow and 0~75% percentile streamflow were compared with observed data, respectively. The NSE (Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency) and $R^2$ (Coefficient of Determination) values were the same from three algorithms but the P-factor for confidence of calibration ranged from 0.27 to 0.81 . the PARASOL shows the lowest p-factor (0.27), SUFI-2 gives the greatest P-factor (0.81) among these three algorithms. Based on calibration results, the SUFI-2 was found to be suitable for calibration in Soyang-gang dam watershed. Although the NSE and $R^2$ values were satisfactory for total streamflow estimation, the SWAT simulated values for low flow regime were not satisfactory (negative NSE values) in this study. This is because of limitations in semi-distributed SWAT modeling structure, which cannot simulated effects of spatial locations of HRUs (Hydrologic Response Unit) within subwatersheds in SWAT. To solve this problem, a module capable of simulating groundwater/baseflow should be developed and added to the SWAT system. With this enhancement in SWAT/SWAT-CUP, the SWAT estimated streamflow values could be used in determining standard flow rate in TMDLs (Total Maximum Daily Load) application at a watershed.

Streamflow Estimation using Coupled Stochastic and Neural Networks Model in the Parallel Reservoir Groups (추계학적모형과 신경망모형을 연계한 병렬저수지군의 유입량산정)

  • Kim, Sung-Won
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.195-209
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    • 2003
  • Spatial-Stochastic Neural Networks Model(SSNNM) is used to estimate long-term streamflow in the parallel reservoir groups. SSNNM employs two kinds of backpropagation algorithms, based on LMBP and BFGS-QNBP separately. SSNNM has three layers, input, hidden, and output layer, in the structure and network configuration consists of 8-8-2 nodes one by one. Nodes in input layer are composed of streamflow, precipitation, pan evaporation, and temperature with the monthly average values collected from Andong and Imha reservoir. But some temporal differences apparently exist in their time series. For the SSNNM training procedure, the training sets in input layer are generated by the PARMA(1,1) stochastic model and they covers insufficient time series. Generated data series are used to train SSNNM and the model parameters, optimal connection weights and biases, are estimated during training procedure. They are applied to evaluate model validation using observed data sets. In this study, the new approaches give outstanding results by the comparison of statistical analysis and hydrographs in the model validation. SSNNM will help to manage and control water distribution and give basic data to develop long-term coupled operation system in parallel reservoir groups of the Upper Nakdong River.