• Title, Summary, Keyword: Streptococcus mutans

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RELATIONSHIP OF THE BACTERIA INHIBITING PLAQUE FORMATION AND THE NUMBER OF ORAL BACTERIA (치태형성 억제세균과 구강내 세균수와의 관계)

  • Yang, Kyu-Ho;Chung, Hyun-Ju;Oh, Jong-Suk
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.459-465
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    • 1999
  • The inhibition degree of the isolated bacteria on plaque formation of Streptococcus mutans, and the effect of these bacterial genus on the concentration of total bacteria in saliva were assessed with the following. The effectiveness of the isolated bacteria on the inhibition of plaque formation was assessed culturing Streptococcus mutans in the beaker with orthodontic wires. The mean weight of plaque produced on a wire was 152mg in the culture of Streptococcus mutans only, whereas being reduced to 4mg, 78mg, or 72mg in the combined culture of Streptococcus mutans and Enterococcus durans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, or Streptococcus oralis. The colony forming units (CFU) of Streptococcus mutans were $3.6{\times}10^8$ per ml in the culture of Streptococcus mutans, only, wheras being $1.4{\times}10^6,\;5.6{\times}10^6,\;or\;3.8{\times}10^6$ per ml in the combined culture of Streptococcus mutans and Enterococcus durans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, or Streptococcus oralis. When saliva from children was inoculated on brain heart infusion agar, the colony forming units of bacteria were $4.8{\times}10^6\;to\;1.3{\times}10^9$ per ml of saliva. The concentration of Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, or Streptococcus inhibiting Streptococcus mutans in saliva was not proportioned to that of total bacteria replicated on brain heart infusion agar. These results indicate that the isolated bacteria inhibited the replication of Streptococcus mutans, resulting into inhibiting the formation of plaque, but the concentration of Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, or Streptococcus inhibiting Streptococcus mutans, in saliva might not affect the total bacterial concentration of saliva.

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Detection of Streptococcus mutans in Saliva using Monoclonal Antibodies (단일클론항체를 사용한 타액 내 Streptococcus mutans 검출)

  • Lee, Minjeong;Lee, Daewoo;Kim, Miah;Lee, Kyungyeol;Baik, Byeongju;Yang, Yeonmi;Kim, Jaegon
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.10-21
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the usefulness of a detection method for Streptococcus mutans in saliva with monoclonal antibodies developed targeting Ag I/II and glucosyltransferases (gtf B, gtf C and gtf D) in Streptococcus mutans. In the three groups tested (adults, minors, and minors under orthodontic treatment), the results of the DMFT scores, the colony density (CFU/mL) in their saliva was measured using $Dentocult^{(R)}$-SM strip mutans, polymerase chain reaction was performed to test whether Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus were present, and Streptococcus mutans detecting tests performed in their saliva using four types of monoclonal antibody were collected. In conclusion, it was demonstrated that the Streptococcus mutants plays more important role in forming dental caries compared to Streptococcus sobrinus, and that the monoclonal antibodies against glucosyltransferases (gtf B, gtf C, gtf D) and Ag I/II of Streptococcus mutans are superior in detecting Streptococcus mutans to $Dentocult^{(R)}$-SM strip mutans or polymerase chain reaction.

THE EFFECT OF XYLITOL AND CARBOHYDRATES ON STREPTOCOCCUS (자일리톨과 탄수화물의 Streptococcus mutans에 대한 효과)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Hee;Jeong, Byung-Cho;Oh, Chong-Suk;Yang, Kyu-Ho
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.561-567
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    • 2002
  • Xylitol is a 5-carbons carbohydrate, which can be replaced with sucrose for preventing caries. The replication of Streptococcus mutans and its formation of artificial plaque were studied in the media containing xylitol. The combined effect of xylitol and other carbohydrates on Streptococcus mutans was also studied. The replication of Streptococcus mutans was inhibited according to the increased concentration of xylitol. Streptococcus mutans replicated at the initial stage of incubation in the media containing glucose, fructose or lactose, while replicating from the beginning of incubation in the media containing fructose as combining with xylitol. The formation of artificial plaque by Streptococcus mutans was significantly reduced in the media containing with xylitol and fructose. These results indicated that the replication of Streptococcus mutans was inhibited according to the increased concentration of xylitol, and the formation of artificial plaque by Streptococcus mutans was significantly inhibited in the media containing xylitol and fructose.

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Effect of Lactococcus lactis 1370 on the Formation of Artificial Plaque (Lactococcus lactis 1370가 인공치태 형성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Jin;Yim, Sung-Yee;Oh, Jong-Suk
    • The Journal of the Korean Society for Microbiology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2000
  • Streptococcus mutans is the most important causative bacteria of dental caries among the oral bacteria. Lactococcus lactis 1370 was isolated from the oral cavity of child. The effect of Lactococcus lactis 1370 on the formation of artificial plaque by Streptococcus mutans was studied. 1. The insoluble substances and bacteria were much more attached on the wall of disposable cuvette in the culture of Streptococcus mutans than in the combined culture of Streptococcus mutans and Lactococcus lactis 1370. 2. The mean weight of produced artificial plaque on the wires in the beaker was 131.7 mg in the culture of Streptococcus mutans only, whereas being reduced to 6.4 mg in the combined culture of Streptococcus mutans and Lactococcus lactis 1370 (p<0.05). The viable cell didn't show the significant difference between them after culturing. 3. When Streptococcus mutans was cultured in the media containing culture supernatant of Lactococcus lactis 1370 cultured in M17 broth containing 0.5% yeast extract and 5% sucrose, the mean weight of produced artificial plaque was 8.0 mg on the wires, whereas being 125.4 mg in the media without culture supernatant of Lactococcus lactis 1370 (p<0.05). The viable cell didn't show the significant difference between them after culturing. 4. When Streptococcus mutans was cultured in the media containing soluble polymer produced by Lactococcus lactis 1370, the mean weight of produced artificial plaque was significantly reduced compared with being cultured in the media without soluble polymer (p<0.05). The viable cell didn't show the significant difference between them after culturing. 5. The soluble polymer produced by Lactococcus lactis 1370 was glucan. 6. The glucan produced by Lactococcus lactis 1370 was water-soluble glucan containing ${\alpha}$-1,6-glucose linkage as the main linkage. These results suggest that the artificial plaque formed by Streptococcus mutans is inhibited by water-soluble glucan produced by Lactococcus lactis 1370.

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A Study on the Antibacterial Effects of Pulsed Nd: YAG Laser Irradiation to Streptococcus Mutans (Pulsed Nd : YAG Laser 조사의 Streptococcus mutans에 대한 효과)

  • Woo-Cheon Kee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 1997
  • In order to investigate the antibacterial effects of pulsed Nd:YAG Laser concerning to Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus mutans was cultured and standardized and plated in 96 well plates. After that, black dye and chlorhexidine were applied and pulsed Nd:YAG Laser was irradiated to plates. Experimental groups which was applied with black dye and chlorhexidine were divided into 5 groups by concentration. And experimental groups and control group were subdivided as unlased and lased of 20, 40, and 60J. After laser irradiation, All groups were plated in agar plates and incubated for 18 hours. Bacterial colonies were counted and analysed comparitively, and the temperature of culture medium was measured on every laser irradiation. The results were obtained as follows; 1. In case of laser irradiation only, there is no significant reduction in number of Streptococcus mutans by irradiated energy of laser. 2. In case of black dye application, there is no difference by concentration of black dye but there is decrease when applied Laser and black dye simultaneously. 3. When applied chlorhexidine, the number of Streptococcus mutans was decreased according to increase of concentration, but there is no difference by irradiated energy of laser. 4. The temperature of culture medium was increased according to increase of irradiated energy of Laser, and the number of Streptococcus mutans was reduced remarkably just above 50 centigrade and killed above 70 centigrade. As above results, pulsed Nd:YAG Laser has well-absorbing affinity to black dye. And antibacterial effect of pulsed Nd:YAG Laser against Streptococcus mutans is seemed to be due to increase of temperature.

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Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts from Aloe vera peel against Streptococcus mutans JC-2(I) (Aloe vera peel 추출물의 Streptococcus mutans JC-2에 대한 항균활성 (I))

  • 박정순;신용서;류일환;이갑상
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 2000
  • To separate anticaries and antiinflammation from Aloe vera peel, we investigated a inhibited effect of Streptococcus mutans JC-2 that was antibiosis, glucosyltransferase activity about aloe-emodin and barbaloin. Aloe-emodin and barbaloin had strong antibiosis activity against Streptococcus mutans JC-2, they were especially antibiosis effect to low growth and prolong lag phase at attachment concentration 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/mL. The reduction rate of a culture fluid became to lessen than the comparison group for aloe-emodin and barbaloin. The intracellular materials of Streptococcus mutans JC-2 were to leakage as much as attachment concentration addition of aloe-emodin and barbaloin but there was no significant difference membrane demage between two active substances. The activity of GTase was inhibited by aloe-emodin and barbaloin and their inhibition rate was respectively 99.8%, 98.4% at the attachment concentration 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/mL.

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INHIBITORY EFFECT OF ARECA CATECHU L. ON THE GROWTH OF STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS JC-2 (Streptococcus mutans JC--2의 생육에 미치는 빈랑의 억제효과)

  • Lee, Kwang-Hee;Nam, Yong-Ok
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.839-842
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    • 1995
  • In its study, We investigated the effects of Areca catechu L on the growth and acid production of Streptococcus mutans JC-2 in broth system and the activity of glucosyltransferase. The results were summarized as follow; 1. The growth of Streptococcus mutans JC-2 was suppressed by adding Areca catechu L in broth system. Especially, its inhibitory effect was significant at 2,000ppm of concentration. 2. Areca catechu L decreased the acid production of Streptococcus mutans JC-2. Decrease of pH according to acid production was less in presence of Areca catechu L than in absence. 3. Areca catechu L exerted the inhibitory effect against glucosyltransferase activity form Streptococcus mutans JC-2.

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ORIGINAL ARTICLE - Adhesion of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus to different types of self-ligating brackets

  • Yang, Pil-Seung;Yu, Yoon-Jeong;Cha, Jung-Yul;Hwang, Chung-Ju
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.50 no.7
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    • pp.394-406
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The adhesion capabilities of different types of self-ligating brackets were measured with respect to Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus. Methods: Five types of self-ligating brackets (Clippy-C; Mini Clippy; Clarity-SL; Speed; Damon 3) were used for the experiment group and composite resin brackets (Spirit-MB), metal brackets (Victory) and polycrystalline alumina brackets (Clarity) were used for the control group. In order to assess adhesion of bacteria to the brackets, the brackets were cultured for 3, 6 and 24 hours in media containing bacteria and 20% sucrose. Results: There was no statistic difference in adhesion amount of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus according to the types of brackets. A total adhesion amount according to bracket type was different. An extended incubation time increased adhesion amount. Observation under scanning electron microscope showed that Streptococcus sobrinus adhered more to Clippy-C and Victory rather than to Clarity-SL. Conclusions: Clarity-SL, a self-ligating esthetic bracket was confirmed to show lower bacterial adhesion to cariogenic bacteria, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus group than other self-ligating brackets or conventional brackets, which suggests that proper use of self-ligating esthetic brackets might even be better in preventing tooth surface decalcification.

Antimicrobial Activity of Coptis chinensis and Sophora flavescens against Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175 (Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175에 대한 황련과 고삼의 항균활성)

  • Eum, Jin-Seong
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.384-389
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    • 2012
  • As part of our screening of anticariogenic agents from medicinal plants, the ethanol extracts of 25 herbs widely used in the fork medicine were tested for the antimicrobial activity against a cariogenic bacterium Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175. The ethanol extracts of Coptis chinensis, Sophora flavescens, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Mentha arvensis, and Saururus chinensis showed antimicrobial activities against S. mutans. The extracts of Coptis chinensis and Sophora flavescens among these medicinal plants showed significant antomicrobial activity against S. mutans. These results suggested that the extracts of Coptis chinensis and Sophora flavescens could be the potential source of antimicrobial agent against S. mutans ATCC 25175.

THE EFFECT OF FRUCTOSE ON THE METABOLISM OF SUCROSE BY STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS (Streptococcus mutans의 자당 대사에 미치는 과당의 영향)

  • Shim Jig-Hyeon;Vang Mong-Sook;Yang Hong-So;Park Sang-Won;Park Ha-Ok;Oh Jong-Suk;Lee Jai-Bong
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.124-134
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    • 2006
  • Statement of problem: Streptococcus produces energy and forms extracellular polysaccharides by metabolizing sucrose. Insoluble glucan, a kind of extracellular polysaccharide, is the important material of dental plaque. Fructose affects the metabolism of sucrose. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of fructose on the metabolism of sucrose in Streptococcus mutans. Materials and methods: To determine the effect of fructose on the formation of artificial plaque by Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt, S. mutans and fructose were placed in beakers containing M17 broth and sucrose. The wires were hung on frameworks inserted into cork stoppers, and then immersed in each of the beakers. After the incubation with gentle shaking, each wire was weighed. To analyze the effect of fructose on the sucrose metabolism by S. mutans or glucosyltransferase, S. mutans and fructose were placed in M17 broth containing sucrose. After the incubation. the remaining sucrose and polymers were analysed by thin layer chromatography. Results: The following results were obtained; 1. When Streptococcus mutans was cultured in the media containing 3% sucrose for 8 hours, the mean weight of formed artificial plaque on the wires was $124.3{\pm}3.0mg$, whereas being reduced to $20.7{\pm}10.2mg$ in the media added with 3% sucrose and 4% fructose(p<0.05) 2. When the control containing glucose was added with sucrose, the optical density of Streptococcus mutans solution cultured for 24 hours was not increased compared with the control, while being increased by adding with fructose. 3. When Streptococcus mutans was incubated in the media added with sucrose and fructose for 8 hours, the number of viable cells was increased compared with the media added with sucrose. 4. The amount of remained sucrose was increased in Streptococcus mutans culture supernatant of media added with sucrose and fructose than with sucrose only. but the amount of produced insoluble glucan was decreased. 5. The amounts of remained sucrose and produced soluble glucan were increased in the culture of glucosyltransferase-contained media added with sucrose and fructose than with sucrose only, but the amount of produced insoluble glucan was decreased . Conclusion: These results indicated that the sucrose metabolism and the production of insoluble glucan were inhibited in Streptococcus mutans by adding fructose in the media containing sucrose.