• Title, Summary, Keyword: Stress Intensity Factor

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A study on the fatigue crack growth behavior of aluminum alloy weldments in welding residual stress fields (용접잔류응력장 중에서의 Aluminum-Alloy용접재료의 피로균열성장거동 연구)

  • 최용식;정영석
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.28-35
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    • 1989
  • The fatigue crack growth behavior in GTA butt welded joints of Al-Alloy 5052-H38 was examined using Single Edge Notched(SEN) specimens. It is well known that welding residual stress has marked influence on fatigue crack growth rate in welded structure. In the general area of fatigue crack growth in the presence of residual stress, it is noted that the correction of stress intensity factor (K) to account for residual stress is important for the determination of both stress intensity factor range(.DELTA.K) and stress ratio(R) during a loading cycle. The crack growth rate(da/dN) in welded joints were correlated with the effective stress intensity factor range(.DELTA.Keff) which was estimated by superposition of the respective stress intensity factors for the residual stress field and for the applied stress. However, redistribution of residual stress occurs during crack growth and its effect is not negligible. In this study, fatigue crack growth characteristics of the welded joints were examined by using superposition of redistributed residual stress and discussed in comparison with the results of the initial welding residual stress superposition.

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Experimental and numerical analysis of fatigue behaviour for tubular K-joints

  • Shao, Yong-Bo;Cao, Zhen-Bin
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.639-652
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, a full-scale K-joint specimen was tested to failure under cyclic combined axial and in-plane bending loads. In the fatigue test, the crack developments were monitored step by step using the alternating current potential drop (ACPD) technique. Using Paris' law, stress intensity factor, which is a fracture parameter to be frequently used by many designers to predict the integrity and residual life of tubular joints, can be obtained from experimental test results of the crack growth rate. Furthermore, a scheme of automatic mesh generation for a cracked K-joint is introduced, and numerical analysis of stress intensity factor for the K-joint specimen has then been carried out. In the finite element analysis, J-integral method is used to estimate the stress intensity factors along the crack front. The numerical stress intensity factor results have been validated through comparing them with the experimental results. The comparison shows that the proposed numerical model can produce reasonably accurate stress intensity factor values. The effects of different crack shapes on the stress intensity factors have also been investigated, and it has been found that semi-ellipse is suitable and accurate to be adopted in numerical analysis for the stress intensity factor. Therefore, the proposed model in this paper is reliable to be used for estimating the stress intensity factor values of cracked tubular K-joints for design purposes.

Stress Intensity Factor Analysis for Surface Crack in Inhomogeneous Materials (비균질재료의 표면균열에 대한 응력확대계수 해석)

  • 김준수;이준성
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.816-819
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    • 2002
  • Accurate stress intensity factor analyses and crack growth rate of surface-cracked components in inhomogeneous materials are needed for reliable prediction of their fatigue lift and fracture strengths. This paper describes an automated system for analyzing the stress intensity factors of three-dimensional (3D) cracks in inhomogeneous materials. 3D finite element method (FEM) was used to obtain the stress intensity factor for subsurface cracks and surface cracks existing in inhomogeneous materials. To examine accuracy and efficiency of the present system, the stress intensity factor for a semi-elliptical surface crack in a plate subjected to uniform tension is calculated, and compared with Raju-Newman's solutions. Then the system is applied to analyze cladding effect of subsurface cracks in inhomogeneous materials. The results were compared with those surface cracks in homogeneous materials. It is clearly demonstrated from these analyses that the stress intensity factors for subsurface cracks are less than those of surface cracks.

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Analysis of Propagating Crack In Isotropic Material under Dynamic Mode I Constant Displacement (동적모드 I 등변위상태하에서 전파하는 등방성체의 균열해석)

  • Lee, Gwang-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.2007-2014
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    • 2000
  • It has been reported that the dynamic stress intensity factor for a propagating crack is increasing or decreasing according to the increasement of the crack propagating velocity. It is confirmed in this study that the increasement or decreasement of stress intensity factor with crack growing velocity is accused by loading condition. When the crack propagates under a constant displacement along upper and lower boundary in finite plate, the dynamic stress intensity factor decreases according to the increasement of the propagating crack velocity. When the crack propagates under a constant stress along upper and lower boundary in finite plate, the dynamic stress intensity factor increases according to the increasement of the propagating crack velocity. The increasement or decreasement of stress intensity factor with crack growing velocity is greater in a fast crack propagation velocity than in a slow one.

Stress intensity factors for periodic edge cracks in a semi-infinite medium with distributed eigenstrain

  • Afsar, A.M.;Ahmed, S.R.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.67-82
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    • 2005
  • This study analyzes stress intensity factors for a number of periodic edge cracks in a semiinfinite medium subjected to a far field uniform applied load along with a distribution of eigenstrain. The eigenstrain is considered to be distributed arbitrarily over a region of finite depth extending from the free surface. The cracks are represented by a continuous distribution of edge dislocations. Using the complex potential functions of the edge dislocations, a simple as well as effective method is developed to calculate the stress intensity factor for the edge cracks. The method is employed to obtain the numerical results of the stress intensity factor for different distributions of eigenstrain. Moreover, the effect of crack spacing and the intensity of the normalized eigenstress on the stress intensity factor are investigated in details. The results of the present study reveal that the stress intensity factor of the periodic edge cracks is significantly influenced by the magnitude as well as distribution of the eigenstrain within the finite depth. The eigenstrains that induce compressive stresses at and near the free surface of the semi-infinite medium reduce the stress intensity factor that, in turn, contributes to the toughening of the material.

Thermal Stress Intensity Factors for Partially Insulated Interface Crack under Uniform Heat Flow (부분 열유동이 있는 접합 경계면균열의 열응력세기계수 결정)

  • 이강용;박상준
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.1705-1712
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    • 1994
  • Hilbert problems are derived to evaluate thermal stress intensity factors for a partially insulated crack subjected to vertically uniform heat flow in infinite bonded dissimilar materials. In case of fully insulated crack surface, the present solutions of thermal stress intensity factors are reduced into the same as the previous results. For the homogeneous material, mode II thermal stress intensity factor only exists. However, in the bonded dissimilar materials, both mode I and II thermal stress intensity factors are obtained. Specially, in this case, mode II thermal stress intensity factor is dominent. Also, thermal stress intensity factors are strongly influenced by the material properties. Thermal stress intensity factors decrease when the degree of insulation decreases.

A FINITE ELEMENT METHOD USING SIF FOR CORNER SINGULARITIES WITH AN NEUMANN BOUNDARY CONDITION

  • Kim, Seokchan;Woo, Gyungsoo
    • East Asian mathematical journal
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2017
  • In [8] they introduced a new finite element method for accurate numerical solutions of Poisson equations with corner singularities, which is useful for the problem with known stress intensity factor. They consider the Poisson equations with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition, compute the finite element solution using standard FEM and use the extraction formula to compute the stress intensity factor, then they pose a PDE with a regular solution by imposing the nonhomogeneous boundary condition using the computed stress intensity factor, which converges with optimal speed. From the solution they could get accurate solution just by adding the singular part. This approach works for the case when we have the reasonably accurate stress intensity factor. In this paper we consider Poisson equations defined on a domain with a concave corner with Neumann boundary conditions. First we compute the stress intensity factor using the extraction formular, then find the regular part of the solution and the solution.

REMARKS ON FINITE ELEMENT METHODS FOR CORNER SINGULARITIES USING SIF

  • Kim, Seokchan;Kong, Soo Ryun
    • Honam Mathematical Journal
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.661-674
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    • 2016
  • In [15] they introduced a new finite element method for accurate numerical solutions of Poisson equations with corner singularities, which is useful for the problem with known stress intensity factor. They consider the Poisson equations with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition, compute the finite element solution using standard FEM and use the extraction formula to compute the stress intensity factor, then they pose a PDE with a regular solution by imposing the nonhomogeneous boundary condition using the computed stress intensity factor, which converges with optimal speed. From the solution we could get accurate solution just by adding the singular part. This approach works for the case when we have the accurate stress intensity factor. In this paper we consider Poisson equations with mixed boundary conditions and show the method depends the accrucy of the stress intensity factor by considering two algorithms.

Stress intensity factor and stress distribution near crack tip for infinite body containing regid inclusion with crack shape (균열형상의 강체함유물을 포함하는 무한체에 대한 균열선단 부근의 응력분포와 응력세기계수)

  • Lee, Kang-Young;Kim, Jong-Sung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.680-683
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    • 1998
  • In case of the infinite body containing a rigid inclusion with line crack shape, stress intensity factor is determined and the relation between stress intensity factor and stress distribution near a crack tip is developed. Also, the relation between stress intensity factor and Kolosoff stress function is developed. Finally, these results are compared with those that the crack surface is under no traction.

A Study on the fracture Mechanical Behavior of Cruciform Welded Joint With Fracture Cracks (십자형 필렛 용접 이음의 피로균열 에 대한 파괴 역학적 고찰)

  • 엄동석;강성원;유덕상
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 1983
  • This paper describes a study of fillet welded joint stressed perpendicular to the weld line. The finite element method was used to determine the stress intensity factor for cruciform joint at weld toe and root cracks according to variation of H/Tp, weld angle and main plate thickness. But, in this study, weld angle was fixed at 45.deg., since the variation of weld angle affect the stress intensity factor little, also main plate thickness was fixed. Pulsating tension fatigue test was done at the second phase of experiment. The work using the concepts of the fracture mechanics on the stable crack growth, was in the correlation of the experimental fatigue stress-life behavior because the fatigue behaviors of various joint geometries are related to the stress intensity factors calculated by F.E.M. analysis. Main results obtained are summarized as follows. 1) According to the propagation of toe crack, the variation of the stress intensity factor at root crack is obvious as H/Tp is smaller. 2) According to the propagation of root cracks, the change of the stress intensity factor of the toe is very large with propagation of root crack. 3) The calculation formula of the stress intensity factor of crack propagation at the root crack was obtained. 4) The calculation formula of the stress intensity factor at the toe cracks was obtained in similar manner. 5) From the results of experiment, the velocity of fatigue crack propagation at the weld toe and root was estimated.

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