• Title/Summary/Keyword: Subbasins

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Estimation of Soil Erosion using SATEEC and USPED and Determination of Soil Erosion Hot Spot Watershed (SATEEC과 USPED를 이용한 토양 유실량 산정 및 우선관리 유역 선정 평가)

  • Seo, Il Kyu;Park, Youn Sik;Kim, Nam Won;Moon, Jong Pil;Ryu, Ji Chul;Ok, Yong Sik;Kim, Ki-Sung;Lim, Kyoung Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.497-506
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    • 2010
  • Severe muddy water problem has been the hot issue in Korea. Because of increased nonpoint source pollutions at Kangwon province, best soil erosion management system is required to reduce inflow of nonpoint source pollutions into the waterbodies. The USLE-based SATEEC system have been developed and enhanced for soil erosion and sediment yield estimation. However, the SATEEC cannot estimate soil depositions depending on topography in the watershed, while the USPED estimates soil erosion and deposition using sediment transport capacity of the surface runoff. In this study, the SATEEC and USPED were used to determine soil erosion hot spot subbasins. For this, 54 subbasins were delineated. In general, soil erosion hot spot subbasins were identified similarly with SATEEC and USPED. However, depending on erosion and deposition patterns in each subbasin. USPED estimated soil erosion hot spot subbasins didn't match those estimated with SATEEC. For some subbasins, much deposition was expected than erosion. This indicates that SATEEC estimated soil erosion values may be overestimated for these subbasins. Thus, care should be taken when understanding soil erosion status in the watershed based on USLE-based SATEEC results. In addition, the USPED results could be used to identify the site-specific soil erosion best management practices. If the USPED and USLE-based SATEEC are combined, it would help determining soil erosion hot spot subwatersheds in economic and environmental perspectives.

Study on the Application Limits and Sensitivity Analysis for the Parameters of Time of Concentration (도달시간 산정공식의 입력변수 적용범위 및 민감도 분석)

  • 김선주;강상진;이광야;박재흥
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.72-82
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    • 2000
  • Many lot of books introduce the methods to calculate the time of concentration, and these are described as various forms of formulas. There are few formulas appropriate for our basin characteristics Therefone, there are problems to make excessive or less estimation when these formulas are used. To solve these problems, comparison of formulas and sensitivity analysis for them were made with converting parameters. Finally, Time of concentration was estimated to derive Application limits for 3 watersheds by standardized formulas. In the case of input parameters analysis, SCS formula has the highest value by the length, Kerby by the height and SCS by the slope, respectively, while Kraven formula has the lowest value among them. Concerning the relative sensitivity by Taylor series, the time of concentration showed the constant effect while increasing of the length and slope, and the length was more sensitive than the slope in parameters. Finally the standardization formula developed in this study was applied to derive application limits for 3 watersheds(total 17 subbasins). In this case, Rziha(8 subbasins) and SCS(9 subbasins) formulas were the most similar to observed data of total 17 subbasins respectively. Application limits were about 300~500$\textrm{km}^2$ area, 30~60km length and under 0.01 slope for Rziha formula and about 100~200$\textrm{km}^2$ area, 10~30km length, and over 0.01 slope for SCS formula, respectively.

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Streamflow Estimation for Subbasins of Gap Stream Watershed by Using SWAT2000 Model (SWAT2000 모형을 이용한 갑천수계의 소유역별 유출량 추정)

  • Moon, Jong-Pil;Kim, Tai-Cheol
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.48 no.5
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2006
  • Geographic Information System has extended to higher assessment of water resources. GIS linking with hydrological model becomes a trend in water resource assessment modeling. One of the most popular models is SWAT2000 which have effectiveness in multi-purpose processes for predicting the impact of land management practices on water, sediments and chemicals yields in large complex watershed with varying soils, land uses, and management conditions over long period of time. In this study, SWAT2000 model was applied to Gap stream watershed in Daejeon city where TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) Regulation would be implanted. The Gap Stream watershed was partitioned into 8 subbasins, however, only 3 out of 8 subbaisns were observed for having practical gauged data on the basis of streamflow from the year of 2002 to 2005. Gauged streamflow data of Indong, Boksu and Hoeduck stations were used for calibration and validation of the SWAT Streamflow simulation. Estimation Efficiency Analysis (COE), Regression Analysis ($R^{2}$), Relative Error (R.E.) were used for comparing observed streamflow data of the 3 subbasins on the daily and monthly basis with estimated streamflow data in order to fix optimized parameters for the best fitted results. COE value for the daily and monthly streamflow was ranged from 0.45 to 0.96. $R^{2}$ values for daily and monthly streamflow ranged from 0.51 to 0.97. R.E. values for total streamflow volume ranged from 3 % to 22.5 %. The accuracy of the model results shows that the SWAT2000 model can be applicable to Korean watersheds like the Gap Stream watershed that needs to be partitioned into a number of subbasins for TMDL regulation.

Analysis of Water Cycle at Main Streams in Ulsan Using CAT Model (CAT 모형을 이용한 울산지역 주요 하천유역의 물순환 분석)

  • Lee, Sang Hyeon;Cho, Hong Je
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed to analyze water cycle at Taehwa river, Dongcheon, Hoiya river and Cheongryang cheon in Ulsan city using CAT model developed by Korea Institute of construction technology. To apply CAT model, we separated Teahwa river into 25, Dongcheon into 11, Hoiya river into 17 and Cheongryangcheon into 5 subbasins and discriminated between contribution runoff basins and source basins. The results of water cycle analysis performed using rainfall datas measured from 1975 and 2008 and hydrologic datas of change of land use etc. were that surface runoff increase and interflow decrease, caused by the increase of impervious area. The increases of surface runoff at the basin of Taehwa river and Dongcheon which is a tributary of Taehwa river were small and similar to each other respectively as 1.7% and 2.4%, and increased high rate of 3.2% and 7.7% in Hoiya river and Cheongryangcheon including subbasins which are having high rate of urbanization.

Method for Calculating the Pollution Load Amount of Agricultural Non-Point Sources Using Land Cover Map (토지피복지도를 활용한 농업비점오염원 오염부하량 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Yu, Jieun;Kim, Yoonji;Sung, Hyun-Chan;Lee, Kyung-il;Choi, Ji-yong;Jeon, Seung-woo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.29 no.12
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    • pp.1249-1260
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    • 2020
  • Non-point source pollutants have characteristics the render them difficult to manage owing to the uncertainty of flow paths. As agricultural non-point sources account for more than 57% of non-point source pollutants, the necessity for management is increasing. This study examines the possibility of utilizing land cover maps to suggest a more appropriate method of setting management priority for agricultural non-point sources in the Daecheong Lake area and draws implications by comparing the results derived using the cadastral map, as mentioned in the TMDL Basic Policy. To define the prioritized areas for management, the pollution load was calculated for each subbasin using the formula from the TMDL technical guidelines. As a result, the difference in the average pollution load between the land cover map and cadastral map ranged from 11.6% to 21% among the subbasins. In almost all subbasins, there were differences in the ranking of management priorities depending on the land information that was used. In addition, it was found that it was reasonable to use the level 3 land cover map to calculate the load generated by the land system for examining the implementation goals and methods of each data and comparing them with satellite images.

A Synthesis of Unit Hydrograph by a Correlation Analysis between the Basin Characteristics and the Runoff-Characteristics - Han and Geum River Basin - (유역특성과 유출특성간의 상관관계 해석에 의한 단위유량도의 합성 - 한강 및 금강유역 -)

  • 윤용남;선우중호
    • Water for future
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.61-79
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    • 1975
  • An attempt is made to develope a scheme for synthesizing unit hydrograph for any arbitrary small watershed in the Han or Geum River basin, which can be applied in determining various sizes of design flood for flood control prijects. Stage gauging stations, seven in the Han and five in the Geun River basin with rating curves, were selected as subbasins for the analysis. Unit hydrographs of 2-hour duration were derived for several heavy storm events using the storm and the corresponding flood runoff data for each subbasin. The Clark method programmed by the Hydrologic Engineering Center, U.S. Corps of Engineers, was utilized for derivation of instantaneous unit hydrographs which were, in turn, converted into 2-hour unit hydrograph. By averaging the 2-hour unit hydrographs from several storm events a representative 2-hour unit hydrograph was determined for each subbasin and hence a separate derivation of dimensionless unit hedrograph was also possible for the Han and Geum River basins. The physiographic characteristics such as stream length, distance to the centroid of each watershed were correlated with the characteristic parameters of the derived unit hydrograph for the subbasins within two large basins. correlation analyses between the characteristic parameters were also made. These correlation analyses resulted a series of four equations and a dimensionless unit hydrograph for the two large basins, which made it possible to draw a synthetic 2-hour unitgraph for any small watershed within the Han or Geum River basin. A detailed procedure for aplying the derived method for an arbitrary basin is summarized with one sample computation for each of the two basins. A comparison of the actually derived 2-hour unit hydrogrograph and the synthesized one showed a fair agreement. A recommendation is made for the further study.

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Pollutants Classification based on Trend Analysis and Assessment of Water Pollutants Achievement in Subbasins of Han River Basin (한강수계 중권역별 오염물질 추세분석 및 달성도 평가를 통한 우선관리물질 선정)

  • Kim, Kyeung;Song, Jung-Hun;Lee, Do Gil;Hwang, Ha-sun;Kang, Moon Seong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.61 no.3
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2019
  • The objectives of this study were to analyze trends of water pollutants and to evaluate the achievement of water quality standards by subbasins in the Han River. The trends of 40 water pollutants at 232 water quality measurement points were analyzed. Chemical oxygen demand (COD), Total organic carbon (TOC), Total coliforms (TC), et cetera were found to be worsening trend. For evaluation of achievement, we evaluated water quality arithmetic mean with river environment standards and human health standards at representative points of the subbasin. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), TOC, Total phosphorus (T-P), Fecal coliforms (FC), TC exceeded water quality standards, and water quality of human health standards was all satisfied. So, we prioritized pollutants. If pollutants exceed water quality standards or were worse, they were classified first pollutants. Although BOD and T-P are first pollutants because of water quality standards excess, they are continuously improved. Also, it is better to maintain current status because water quality management system of BOD and T-P is well prepared. Meanwhile, TOC, TC, and FC exceed water quality standards. Furthermore, they were worse gradually, but there is a lack of management systems such as water quality standards of the effluence facilities. Therefore, it is necessary to supplement the system. The results of this study can be used as primary data for the establishment of water quality standards and selection of management pollutants.

A methodology to extract landuse properties in urban areas and its application using GIS (GIS를 이용한 도시유역 토지이용특성 추출과 활용방안)

  • Shin, Min-Chul;Jun, Hwan-Don;Park, Moo-Jong
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2007.02a
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    • pp.207-210
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    • 2007
  • The accurate estimation of the area of individual landuse in each subbasin is crutial. However, because of the complication in landuse of an urban watershed, it is almost impossible to estimate the area of individual landuse in each subbasin by manual ways. For this reason, in this study, a systematic methodology is suggested to estimate individual landuse area of each subbasin using GIS. To construct data for applying GIS, CAD data including sewer layout and landuse are collected and converted into the GIS data such as shape files. An urban watershed, then, is divided into subbasins with respect to sewer layout and landuse. For each subbasin, the area of individual landuse including road areas are estimated by applying several GeoProcessing functions. The proposed methodology is applied to the Goon-Ja watershed in Seoul to demonstrate its applicability and it is concluded that the proposed methodology can estimate individual landuse properties efficiently and accurately.

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Sreamflow, Nutirnets loading estimation for KEUMGANG estrury using SWAT2000 model (SWAT2000 모형을 이용한 금강하구호의 유출량 및 영양염류 부하량 산정)

  • Moon, Jong-Pil;Kim, Tai-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • 2005.10a
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    • pp.496-501
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    • 2005
  • SWAT2000 model directly estimate the loading of water, and nutrients from land areas in a watershed. it allows to add nutrient loading from the point sourece like a sewage treatment plant and it also has a GIS interface which can easily see the spatial relationship between subbasins. For better assessment of nutrients loading to KEUMGANG estuary, SWAT2000 model applied to KEUMGANG estuary watershed. Model calibration and verification was firstly poerformed at Gongju site duing the period $1999{\sim}2003$. $R^2$ value was 0.96 for streamflow, 0.94 for T-N load and 0.52 for T-P load. The accuracy of the model at Gongju site suggest that the SWAT2000 can be available to estimate streamflow, Nutrients loading to the KEUMGANG estuary.

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Areal Distribution of Runoff Volume by Seasonal Watershed Model (계절유역 모형을 사용한 유량의 공간적분포 결정)

  • 선우중
    • Water for future
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 1984
  • watershed Model by mathematical formulation is one of the powerful tool to analyze the hydrologic process in a watershed. The seasonal watershed model is one of the mathematial model from which the monthly streamflow can be simulated and forcasted for given precipitaion data. This model also enables us to compute the monthly runoff at each subbgasin when the basin is subdivided into several small subbasins. The computation of runoff volume makes a Prediction of the areal distirbution of runoff volume for a given precipitation data. Several basins in Han River basin were chosen to simulate the monthly runoff and compute the runoff at each subbasin. A simple logarithmic regression were conducted between runoff ratio and area ratio. The correlation was very high and the equation can be used for prediciting flood volume when flood at downstream gaging station is know.

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