• Title, Summary, Keyword: Subjective Health State

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Gender Differences in Factors Affecting Subjective Health State among Korean Elderly: Analysis of 2012 and 2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (한국 노인의 성별에 따른 주관적 건강상태에 영향을 미치는 요인: 2012년~2013년 국민건강영양조사 자료 분석)

  • Bae, Yeonhee;Kim, Hanna
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.79-90
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    • 2015
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate related factors contributing to subjective health state in elderly people with focus on comparison of gender differences. Method : From the database of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHNES) the year 2012 and 2013, the researchers selected 2,924 old adults aged over 65. Data were analyzed with SPSS 18.0 program. Result : Results indicated that education, occupation, restriction of activity, stress, drinking status were significant variables of subjective health state both men and women. But, age, DM, MI, arthritis, smoking status were significant variables of subjective health state of men. And insurance, suicide, HTN, walking exercise were significant variables of subjective health state of women. Conclusion : The development of health and quality of life for elderly people considers different approaches to the genders.

Complete denture satisfaction by the subjective oral health state among the elderly (노인의 주관적인 구강건강상태에 따른 총의치 만족도)

  • Shin, Min-Woo;Min, Se-Hong;Park, Young-Nam;Min, Hee-Hong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.789-796
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study aims to identify factors affecting satisfaction among the elderly with complete denture to help the elderly with complete denture perform oral hygienic care and to contribute to improvement in oral health. Methods : Interviews were performed with 247 people having complete denture, who were over 65 years and resided in Daejeon and South Chungcheong Province, from March 5 to 31, 2009. Results : 1. As for satisfaction in areas of complete denture by the number of brushing, chewing, pronunciation, and aesthetic functions were all high in over three times of brushing, showing statistically significant differences in satisfaction with chewing (p=0.1825) and aesthetic (p=0.005) functions. 2. As for satisfaction in areas of complete denture by the period of using denture, chewing, pronunciation, and aesthetic functions were all high in less than 7 years, showing statistically significant differences in satisfaction with chewing (p=0.030) and aesthetic (p=0.000) functions. 3. As for satisfaction in areas of complete denture by the subjective oral health state, the better subjective oral health state, the higher satisfaction with chewing, pronunciation, and aesthetic functions, showing statistically significant differences (p=0.000). 4. As for relevance between the subjective oral health state and satisfaction with complete denture, there was 30.1% explanation power in satisfaction with complete denture by the subjective health state. Conclusions : As for satisfaction with complete denture among the elderly, more than three times of brushing and less than 7 years of using denture were related to higher satisfaction; the better subjective oral health state, the higher satisfaction with chewing, pronunciation, and aesthetic functions. Therefore, it is necessary to have the elderly with complete denture receive education about oral hygienic care and perform the care at the same time.

A study on Self-esteem and Subjective Evaluations to Work among Elderly Persons (노인의 일에 대한 주관적인 평가와 자아존중감 간의 관계)

  • 이신숙
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to look into correlations between subjective evaluation on the work and self-esteem of the elderly so as to provide information for finding out ways of developing their self-esteem. The subjects of this study were 318 elderly persons in Chonnam and Kwangju city. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency percentage mean standard deviation reliability stepwise and multiple regression analysis through the SAS package program. the major findings of this study can be summarized as follows; 1) The self-esteem of elderly persons was 25,9 which was above the median 24. 2) According to the results related to subjective evaluations on the work among the elderly the positive correlation was by education level family situation economic state social activity level and health state while the negative correlation was by sex, age, and spouse. 3) According to the results related to subjective evaluations on the work among the elderly the positive correl tion was by worker identity job satisfaction quality of work time. 4) In model 1. variable affecting their self-esteem were health sate education level economic state health state age social activity level and sex. In Model 2, variables affecting their self-esteem were worker identity education level economic state age health state social activity level job satisfaction and sex. Especially self-estee of elderly was highly correlated with subjective evaluations on the work among the elderly persons.

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Relationship of oral health behavior to subjective oral health status and the DMFT index in Korean adults (한국 성인의 구강보건행태와 주관적인 구강건강인지 및 우식경험영구치지수와의 관련성)

  • Jang, Yun-Jung;Kim, Nam-Song
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.499-509
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to provide some information on down-to-earth oral health policy to improve the systemic health involving oral health and the quality of life in Korean adults. Methods : The third-year data of the 4th National Health and Nutrition Survey in 2009 were analyzed, and $x^2$(Chi-square) test was carried out to see whether there would be any gaps in subjective oral health status according to demographic characteristics, systemic health state, frequency of eating between meals and oral health behavior. In terms of the DMFT index, one-way ANOVA was utilized, and then Scheffe post-hoc analysis was conducted. Besides, multiple regression analysis was made to grasp the relationship of oral health behavior to subjective oral health state and the DMFT index. Results : The demographic characteristics, systemic health status and oral health behavior had a significant relationship to both of subjective oral health status and the DMFT index. As a result of analyzing the relationship of oral health behavior to subjective oral health state and the DMFT index, the subfactors of oral health behavior exerted a significant independent influence on subjective oral health status and the DMFT index. Conclusions : The findings of the study suggest that in order to promote the oral health of adults, preventive measures should be taken, and systematic oral health education should be provided. As there is an increase in the elderly population in Korea, the successful implementation of senior oral health plans and the development of oral health programs geared toward adults are both required.

Effects of the Working Environment on Subjective Health Status (근로환경이 주관적 건강상태에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Yong won
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.210-220
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to prepare fundamental data and prevention measures on health promotion and occupational disease, and to assess the effects of the working environment on subjective health status and absenteeism among workers using data from the third working environment survey in Korea. Methods: This study's subjects were composed of 29,711 wage workers from the 3rd working environment survey data. The dependent variables were several diseases, subjective health status and absences, and the independent variable was the working environment. The collected data were analyzed by One-Way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple analysis using the IBM SPSS(ver. 20.0) statistical package program. Results: The effecting factors for cardiovascular disease were age, working shift and emotional state. The effecting factors for anxiety and depression were years of education, working condition, duties, and emotional state. The effecting factors of insomnia were duty and emotional state. The positive effecting factors for absent days were work standing, working shift, number of night shifts, autonomy, and duties. The positive effecting factors of subjective health status were age, work standing, working years, working shift, appropriateness of working hours, leadership of superiors, duties and emotional state. Conclusions: Based on the above results, the author considers that it is necessary to improve the working environment to reduce absent days, such as by reducing of number of night shifts and giving autonomy regarding duties, and to improve the working environment for subjective health status such as by controlling the appropriateness of working hours and stability of the emotional state. In addition, this study provides fundamental data on health promotion and occupational disease among workers.

A study of subjective periodontal disease of elderly people (노인의 주관적 치주질환에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Yun-Jung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.836-848
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to evaluated the subjective oral health state related periodontal disease of elderly people. Methods : Data were collected through the National Health and Nutrition Survey in 2005. Participants consisted of 1,091 elderly people above 65 years old. Independent variables in the survey were social characteristic, health behavior, oral health condition, oral health management. The data were analyzed by using the SPSS 12.0. Results : The more elderly people of 69.0% recognized own oral health as is not healthy, elderly people of 74.0% recognized own oral health as is not healthy about subjective oral health and a lot of stressed(82.8%) has felt highly about periodontal disease(p<0.001). Respondents of have a sound teeth(58.9%), have a lower denture(75.0%) and have a no problem in mastication(74.5%) has felt highly about periodontal disease(p<0.001). Elderly people recognized own oral health as is not healthy about subjective oral health were 0.316 times(p<0.01), elderly people recognized own oral health as is common healthy about subjective oral health were 0.241 times(p<0.001), a lot of stressed were 1.410 times has felt highly about periodontal disease. Elderly people of have a lower denture were 1.159 times, have a upper denture were 1.159 times, have a lower and upper denture were 0.464 times has felt highly about periodontal disease(p<0.05). Also respondents of have a no problem in mastication were 7.464 times compared with problem in mastication(p<0.001). Conclusions : Quality of life from disease of Korean elderly people can be fallen, and improve quality of life that medical treatment is healthy numerical value state numerical value state. Study's findings of above may be used to inform the importance of health numerical value state while establish dental health policy that is string.

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The relationship of oral state and health condition among elderly people (노인의 구강건강상태와 전신건강의 상태)

  • Won, Young-Soon;Jin, Ki-Nam
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.157-168
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of oral state and health condition among elderly people. The subjects in this study were 220 senior citizens who were randomly selected from among dwellers in Eunpyeong-gu and Jongno-gu, Seoul. A survey was conducted by one-on-one interview to find out their oral state and health condition. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS 10.0 program, and variance analysis, correlation analysis and regression procedure were employed. The findings of this study were as follows: First, Regarding subjective oral health state, 52.3 percent of the elderly people, more than the half, considered their mouth to be in good health. The number of their mean remaining permanent teeth was 14.85, which was one of the indexes to indicate their objective oral state. Second, Concerning their abnormal oral health experience, 75 percent didn't feel that their masticatory force was good enough, and 55.9 percent felt pain in their teeth, 70.0 percent suffered from mouth dryness. Those fact showed that a lot of the elderly people felt there was something wrong with their oral cavity, and the unhealthy oral state made it difficult for them to eat food, as their masticatory force weakened and they couldn't get a good taste for food. Third, Those who viewed their oral cavity as healthy thought that they were in good shape, and there was a significant correlational relationship between their subjective oral and overall physical health states. Their own perception of oral state made a difference to their subjective health status, and the subjective oral health was significantly related to ADL as well, which implied that their ADL was different according to the way they looked at their own oral health status.

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Study on Moderating Effect of Subjective Health State of Elder Who Lives Alone on the Influence of Those People's Stratum Consciousness on Their Depression (독거노인의 사회계층인식이 우울에 미치는 영향에서 주관적 건강상태의 조절효과 검증)

  • Jeong, Weon-Cheol;Tae, Myeong-Ok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.426-436
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the moderating effect of subjective health state of elder who lives alone on the influence of those people's stratum consciousness on their depression. For this purpose, the study utilized the 5th version of Korea Longitudinal Study on Aging 2014 and analyzed data concerning 774 elder who lives alone. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the higher elder who lives alone were in subjective stratum consciousness, the lower they were in depression. Second, elder who lives alone were lower in depression when perceiving they were higher in health state. Third, the elder who lives alone were lower in depression when their perceived subjective health state was higher even if they were lower in stratum consciousness. All these findings clearly indicate that the stratum consciousness and depression of elder who lives alone are moderated by their perceived health state of their own. Lastly, the implications, limitations, and suggestion for further research were discussed.

The influence of subjective awareness of dental health status on the use of dental hygienic devices (주관적인 구강건강상태 인식이 구강관리용품의 인지 및 사용에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kyeong-Hee;Jung, Eun-Seo
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.477-486
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the influencing factors of subjective awareness of dental health status on the use of dental hygienic devices. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 320 patients who visited dental clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do from May to June 2014. Except incomplete answers, 284 copies were analyzed by SPSS WIN 18.0 program. The questionnaire was adapted from Park & Youn, and Chae. The questionnaire consisted of five questions of the general characteristics of the subjects, one question of subjective dental health status, eight questions of awareness of dental hygienic devices, and eight questions of use of dental hygienic devices. Results: Although the awareness of self dental health state was shown to statistically significantly affect the awareness of dental hygiene devices(p<0.001) which is the dependent variable, it was shown to not affect the use. Conclusions: Based on such results, to improve and maintain the dental health, an individual's subjective dental health state should be identified and provide accurate and objective information on the dental hygiene devices that are suitable to individual dental state, as well as make the patient's use of dental hygiene devices increase through continuous boosting of motivation.

Factors Influencing Subjective Happiness among Adolescents in Busan : Analysis of Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Survey (부산지역 청소년 주관적 행복감에 미치는 영향요인에 관한 연구 : 2016년 제12차 청소년 건강행태온라인조사 자료 분석)

  • Park, Jung-Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.133-144
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting the subjective happiness of adolescents in Busan using data from the "12th Online Survey on Youth Health Behaviors, 2016." It intended to provide basic information for the development of intervention programs that can improve the subjective happiness of the youth. Methods : Data on 3,979 adolescents residing in Busan were drawn and statistically examined using frequency analysis, a t-test, an ANOVA, and a multiple regression analysis. SPSS 24.0 was used for all analyses. Results : Subjective happiness showed statistically significant differences depending on the factors of health equity like emotional support, gender, school level, financial state, academic performance, type of residence, and parents' educational level, and on the factors of health status, like subjective health state, depression, sleep and stress. Conclusions : The results of this study suggest that a variety of intervention programs on health status factors need to be developed, and implemented to improve the subjective happiness of adolescents in Busan.