• Title, Summary, Keyword: Subjective Stratum Consciousness

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Study on Moderating Effect of Subjective Health State of Elder Who Lives Alone on the Influence of Those People's Stratum Consciousness on Their Depression (독거노인의 사회계층인식이 우울에 미치는 영향에서 주관적 건강상태의 조절효과 검증)

  • Jeong, Weon-Cheol;Tae, Myeong-Ok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.426-436
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the moderating effect of subjective health state of elder who lives alone on the influence of those people's stratum consciousness on their depression. For this purpose, the study utilized the 5th version of Korea Longitudinal Study on Aging 2014 and analyzed data concerning 774 elder who lives alone. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the higher elder who lives alone were in subjective stratum consciousness, the lower they were in depression. Second, elder who lives alone were lower in depression when perceiving they were higher in health state. Third, the elder who lives alone were lower in depression when their perceived subjective health state was higher even if they were lower in stratum consciousness. All these findings clearly indicate that the stratum consciousness and depression of elder who lives alone are moderated by their perceived health state of their own. Lastly, the implications, limitations, and suggestion for further research were discussed.

Conspicuous Consumption of Leisure Apparel according to Social Stratum Variables and Leisure Activities (사회계층 변인과 여가활동에 따른 과시적 여가의복소비)

  • Park, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.101-115
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    • 2017
  • This study classified social stratum variables of adults in their 20s to 50s by subjective and objective measurements and classified leisure activities into groups to examine the conspicuous consumption of leisure apparel. A total of 365 adults in their 20s to 50s living in Daegu and the Kyungbuk area were selected considering their jobs and residences. SPSS PC+ 20.0 was used to analyze the data with frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability examination, cluster analysis, ANOVA, Duncan-test, Scheffe-test, and ${\chi}^2-test$. The results of this study are shown as follows. First, 'Jogging/Walking' was found to be the most favorable activity in the examination of leisure sports activities among the participants and showed a difference in gender. Second, leisure activities were pastime-culture activity, sports activities, static activity, volunteering, and relaxing, and these activities were grouped into non-participant, active and passive leisure activities. Conspicuous consumption of leisure apparel was classified into personality oriented, luxury goods-oriented, and other people-oriented. Third, there was a significant difference in the sub-factors of the conspicuous consumption of leisure apparel (personality oriented, luxury goods-oriented, other people-oriented) according to the sub-factors of subjective stratum(economic power, social position, level of consumption, cultural level and overall stratum consciousness). Fourth, there was significance in the objective social stratum variable by the types of leisure activities. Significant differences were found in personality orientation, luxury goods-oriented, and other people-oriented in conspicuous consumption of leisure apparel by the types of leisure activities. Finally, there were significant differences in economic power, level of consumption, cultural level of subjective social stratum by gender, sports activities and volunteering in leisure activities, as well as other people-oriented conspicuous consumption of leisure apparel. This study also found significant differences in economic power, level of consumption and cultural level of social stratum by age, as well as other people-oriented conspicuous consumption of leisure apparel.

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Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Subjective Class Identification of 'Joongsancheung' (중산층의 사회인구학적 특성과 주관적 계층의식)

  • Jo, Dong-Gi
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.89-109
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    • 2006
  • The 'Joongsancheung(JSC)', a unique term for the middle class in Korea, is defined as a stratum sharing common lifestyles and a certain level of life chances. It involves non-economic factors such as life chance, educational attainment, occupational groups as well as economic factor. Such objective measures as the occupational status of the main breadwinner, family income, and the educational level of respondent, and subjective measures of class identification are used for the operational definition of the JSC. Data from a national survey of 1,515 respondents is analyzed to investigate the change of the JSC in size and the major determinants of class identification. The results show that while there is no strong evidence of any significant change of the JSC by the objective measures during the recent decade, there seems to be a slight decrease in the subjective class identification. In addition, binary logistical regression analysis reveals that self-identification of JSC is heavily influenced by house ownership, along with subjective evaluation of one's own income and property ownership. This study demonstrates that the apparent class polarization in Korean society reflects not so much objective conditions but subjective perception of respondent of his or her circumstance. It is suggested that problems of housing and relative derivation people have as regards income and property should be resolved to alleviate such class polarization in Korean society.

A Study on the Factors Affecting the use of Optical Aids by the aged with Low Vision (저시력 노인의 시력보조기구 사용에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Yeum, D.M.;Sim, M.Y.;Jung, S.S.
    • Journal of rehabilitation welfare engineering & assistive technology
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2014
  • This study applied the data of 384 senior citizens over 65 years old having difficulties in everyday life, among the ageing research panel of Korea Labor Institute in 2000, due to their visual impairment in the final analysis to investigate factors affecting the use of vision aids by the aged with visual impairment. The analysis was based on the service usage Andersen-Newman model and the factors were classified into preceding factors, potential factors and desire factors. To examine the effects of each factors on the use of vision aids by the aged with visual impairment, logistic regression analysis was carried out. In the analysis results, the level of vision aids usage was shown to increase significantly with unemployed status and higher education level in the preceding factors, lower subjective stratum consciousness in the potential factors, and higher cognitive function in the desire factors. The limitation and implication of this study were suggested on the basis of the results.

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