• Title, Summary, Keyword: Super stability

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Improved DC Model and Transfer Functions for the Negative Output Elementary Super Lift Luo Converter

  • Wang, Faqiang
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.1082-1089
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    • 2017
  • Negative output elementary super lift Luo converter (NOESLLC), which has the significant advantages including high-voltage transfer gain, high efficiency, high power density, and reduced output voltage/inductor current ripples when compared to the traditional DC-DC converters, is an attractive DC-DC converter for the field of negative DC voltage applications. In this study, in consideration of the voltage across the energy transferring capacitor changing abruptly at the beginning of each switching cycle, the improved averaged model of the NOESLLC operating in continuous conduction mode (CCM) is established. The improved DC model and transfer functions of the system are derived and analyzed. The current mode control is applied for this NOESLLC. The results from the theoretical calculations, the PSIM simulations and the circuit experiments show that the improved DC model and transfer functions here are more effective than the existed ones of the NOESLLC to describe its real dynamical behaviors.

Cooperative Guidance Law for Multiple Near Space Interceptors with Impact Time Control

  • Guo, Chao;Liang, Xiao-Geng
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.281-292
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    • 2014
  • We propose a novel cooperative guidance law design method based on the finite time disturbance observer (FTDO) for multiple near space interceptors (NSIs) with impact time control. Initially, we construct a cooperative guidance model with head pursuit, and employ the FTDO to estimate the system disturbance caused by target maneuvering. We subsequently separate the cooperative guidance process into two stages, and develop the normal acceleration command based on the super-twisting algorithm (STA) and disturbance estimated value, to ensure the convergence of the relative distance. Then, we also design the acceleration command along the line-of-sight (LOS), based on the nonsingular fast terminal sliding mode (NFTSM) control, to ensure that all the NSIs simultaneously hit the target. Furthermore, we prove the stability of the closed-loop guidance system, based on the Lyapunov theory. Finally, our simulation results of a three-to-one interception scenario show that the proposed cooperative guidance scheme makes all the NSIs hit the target at the same time.

Effect of taper on fundamental aeroelastic behaviors of super-tall buildings

  • Kim, Yong Chul;Tamura, Yukio;Yoon, Sung-Won
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.527-548
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    • 2015
  • Aeroelastic wind tunnel experiments were conducted for conventional and tapered super-tall building models to investigate the effect of taper on fundamental aeroelastic behaviors in various incident flows. Three incident flows were simulated: a turbulent boundary-layer flow representing urban area; a low-turbulent flow; and a grid-generated flow. Results were summarized focusing on the effect of taper and the effect of incident flows. The suppression of responses by introducing taper was profound in the low-turbulence flow and boundary-layer flow, but in the grid-generated flow, the response becomes larger than that of the square model when the wind is applied normal to the surface. The effects of taper and incident flows were clearly shown on the normalized responses, power spectra, stability diagrams and probability functions.

Stability of the Divergent Barotropic Rossby-Haurwitz Wave (발산 순압 로스비-하우어비츠 파동의 안정성)

  • Jeong, Han-Byeol;Cheong, Hyeong-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2016
  • Stability of the barotropic Rossby-Haurwitz wave is investigated using the numerical models on the global domain. The Rossby-Haurwitz wave under investigation is composed of the basic zonal flow of super-rotation and a finite amplitude spherical harmonic wave. The Rossby-Haurwitz wave is given as either steady or unsteady wave by adjusting the strength of the super-rotating zonal flow. Stability as well as the growth rate of the wave in the numerical simulation is determined by comparing the perturbation amplitude at two different time stages. Unstable modes of the Rossby-Haurwitz wave exhibited a horizontal structure composing of various zonal-wavenumber components. The vorticity perturbation for some modes showed a discontinuity around the area of weak flow, which was found robust regardless of the horizontal resolution of the model. Fourier finite element model was shown to generate the unstable mode in earlier stage of the time integration due to less accuracy compared to the spherical harmonic spectral model. Taking the overall accuracy of the models into consideration, the time by which the unstable mode begin to dominate over the spherical harmonic wave was estimated.

Research on aerodynamic force and structural response of SLCT under wind-rain two-way coupling environment

  • Ke, Shitang;Yu, Wenlin;Ge, Yaojun
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.247-270
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    • 2019
  • Wind-resistant design of existing cooling tower structures overlooks the impacts of rainfall. However, rainstorm will influence aerodynamic force on the tower surface directly. Under this circumstance, the structural response of the super-large cooling tower (SLCT) will become more complicated, and then the stability and safety of SLCT will receive significant impact. In this paper, surrounding wind fields of the world highest (210 m) cooling tower in Northwest China underthree typical wind velocities were simulated based on the wind-rain two-way coupling algorithm. Next, wind-rain coupling synchronous iteration calculations were conducted under 9 different wind speed-rainfall intensity combinations by adding the discrete phase model (DPM). On this basis, the influencing laws of different wind speed-rainfall intensity combinations on wind-driving rain, adhesive force of rain drops and rain pressure coefficients were discussed. The acting mechanisms of speed line, turbulence energy strength as well as running speed and trajectory of rain drops on structural surface in the wind-rain coupling field were disclosed. Moreover, the fitting formula of wind-rain coupling equivalent pressure coefficient of the cooling tower was proposed. A systematic contrast analysis on its 3D distribution pattern was carried out. Finally, coupling model of SLCT under different working conditions was constructed by combining the finite element method. Structural response, buckling stability and local stability of SLCT under different wind velocities and wind speed-rainfall intensity combinations were compared and analyzed. Major research conclusions can provide references to determine loads of similar SLCT accurately under extremely complicated working conditions.

Stability Analysis ofn HTS Current Lead with Constant Safety Factor (안전율이 일정한 초전도 전류도입선의 안정성해석)

  • Seol, Seoung-Yun
    • Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.15-19
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    • 2000
  • The stability of variable cross-sectional area HTS current lead is considered. The cross-sectional area is varied to have a constant safety factor which is defined as the ratio of operating current and critical current of superconductor. As the constant area HTS lead, the variable cross-sectional area HTS lead also has three steady states above the bifurcation point and only one steady state below the bifurcation point. The temperature profiles and current sharing ratios for each steady state are calculated. The heat dissipation into cryogenic system for super-conducting, intermediate, and upper states are compared. For Bi-2333 sheathed with silver-gold alloy 2m length of current lead, and the maximum temperature of upper state seems to be burn-out free below 5m length.

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Study on the Effects of Houttuynia Cordata Extracts on Emulsions (어성초 추출물이 에멀젼에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chan-Ik
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.145-149
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : Since cosmetics have been one of the help of life, unlike medicine, natural products have been used for cosmetics, generally giving the image of safety and relief compared to synthetic products. Among them, Houttuynia cordata has been known as a useful herbal medicine with antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative activities. In this study, we were to use Houttuynia cordata extract on formulation of cosmetic emulsions. Methods : The effects of Houttuynia cordata extract on emulsion stability and viscoelastic properties of emulsion were measured using turbiscan and rheometer. And we assessed the anti-oxidative and antibiotic activities of Houttuynia cordata extract. Results : 1. The results of this investigation for emulsion stability showed that the stability emulsion containing Houttuynia cordata extract was decreased depending on concentration of Houttuynia cordata extract. 2. Super oxide dismutase activity was strongly dependents on concentration of Houttuynia cordata extract. 3. Houttuynia cordata extract showed good anti-microbial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Conclusions : Houttuynia cordata extract can be effectively used in cosmetic emulsions when the relation between natural product extracts and formulation of cosmetics is elucidated.

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-Ni-Mm-(Cu, Fe) Alloys Hot-Extruded from Gas-Atomized Powders (가스분사 분말로부터 고온 압출된 Al-Ni-Mm-(Cu, Fe)합금들의 미세구조 및 기계적 성질)

  • Kim, Hye-Sung
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 2006
  • The effects of Cu and Fe additions on the thermal stability, microstructure and mechanical properties of $Al_{85}-Ni_{8.5}-Mm_{6.5},\;Al_{84}-Ni_{8.5}-Mm_{6.5}Cu_1,\;Al_{84}-Ni_{8.5}-M_{m6.5}Fe_1$ alloys, manufactured by gas atomization, degassing and hot-extrusion were investigated. Gas atomization, with a wide super-cooled liquid region, allowed the alloy powders to exhibit varying microstructure depending primarily on the powder size and composition. Al hotextruded alloys consisted of homogeneously-distributed fine-grained fcc-Al matrix and intermetallic compounds. A substitution of 1 at.% Al by Cu increased the thermal stability of the amorphous phase and produced alloy microstructure with smaller fcc-Al grains. On the other hand, the same substitution of 1 at.% Al by Fe decreased the stability of the amorphous phase and produced larger fcc-Al grains. The formation of intermetallic compounds such as $Al_3Ni,\;Al_{11}Ce_3\;and\;Al_{11}La_3$ was suppressed by the addition of Cu or Fe. Among the three alloys examined, the highest Vickers hardness and compressive strength were obtained for $Al_{84}-Ni_{8.5}-M_{m6.5}Cu_1$ alloy, and related to the finest fcc-Al grain size attained from increased thermal stability with Cu addition.

Single Image Super-resolution using Recursive Residual Architecture Via Dense Skip Connections (고밀도 스킵 연결을 통한 재귀 잔차 구조를 이용한 단일 이미지 초해상도 기법)

  • Chen, Jian;Jeong, Jechang
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.633-642
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    • 2019
  • Recently, the convolution neural network (CNN) model at a single image super-resolution (SISR) have been very successful. The residual learning method can improve training stability and network performance in CNN. In this paper, we propose a SISR using recursive residual network architecture by introducing dense skip connections for learning nonlinear mapping from low-resolution input image to high-resolution target image. The proposed SISR method adopts a method of the recursive residual learning to mitigate the difficulty of the deep network training and remove unnecessary modules for easier to optimize in CNN layers because of the concise and compact recursive network via dense skip connection method. The proposed method not only alleviates the vanishing-gradient problem of a very deep network, but also get the outstanding performance with low complexity of neural network, which allows the neural network to perform training, thereby exhibiting improved performance of SISR method.

Trend on Development of Low Molecular Weight Organosilicone Surfactants (Part 1) (저분자 유기실리콘 계면활성제의 개발 동향 (제1보))

  • Rang, Moon Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.66-82
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    • 2017
  • Organosilicone-based surfactants consist of hydrophobic organosilicone groups coupled to hydrophilic polar groups. Organosilicone surfactants have been widely used in many industrial fields starting from polyurethane foam to construction materials, cosmetics, paints & inks, agrochemicals, etc., because of their low surface tension, lubricity, spreading, water repellency and thermal and chemical stability, resulted from the unique properties of organosilicone. Especially, trisiloxane surfactants, having low molecular weight organosilicone as hydrophobe, exhibit low surface tension and excellent wettability and spreadability, leading to their applications as super wetter/super spreader, but have the disadvantage of vulnerability to hydrolysis. A variety of trisiloxane surfactant structures are required to provide the functional improvement and the defect resolution for reflecting the necessities in the various applications. This review covers the synthetic schemes of reactive trisiloxanes as hydrophobic siloxane backbones, the main reaction schemes, such as hydrosilylation reaction, for coupling reactive trisiloxanes to hydrophilic groups, and the synthetic schemes of the main trisiloxane surfactants including polyether-, carbohydrate-, gemini-, bolaform-, double trisiloxane-type surfactants.