• Title, Summary, Keyword: Superparamagnetism

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Magnetic Property of α-Fe2O3 Nanoparticles Prepared by Sonochemistry and Take-off Technique

  • Koo, Y.S.;Yun, B.K.;Jung, J.H.
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.21-24
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    • 2010
  • A new synthetic method for the formation of uniform $\alpha-Fe_2O_3$ nanoparticles was reported and their magnetic properties were investigated. The sonochemical synthesis and the subsequent take-off technique resulted in spherical shaped $\alpha-Fe_2O_3$ nanoparticles with an average diameter of 60 nm. The temperature- and applied magnetic field-dependent magnetization of the $\alpha-Fe_2O_3$ nanoparticles was explained by the sum of two contributions, i.e., the Morin transition and superparamagnetism, because the critical size for superparamagnetism was within the size variation of the nanoparticles.

Magnetic Properties of Nano-Sized CuNi Clusters

  • Jo, Y.;Jung, M.H.;Kyum, M.C.;Park, K.H.;Kim, Y.N.
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.156-159
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    • 2006
  • We have studied the magnetic properties of the CuNi nanoparticles for three different sizes prepared by plasma and chemical techniques. The magnetization is enormously enhanced with decreasing the nanoparticle size. This enhanced magnetic moment shows almost inversely linear temperature dependence, which could be interpreted by the Langevin-type superparamagnetism. The field dependence exhibits ferromagnetic-like behavior with weak hysteresis, which could described in terms of uncompensated spin and/or surface anisotropy. In addition, the magnetic data suggest that the CuNi nanoparticles produced by the plasma method result in significantly less oxidized metallic nanoparticles than those prepared by other techniques.

Preparation of superparamagnetic ZnFe2O4 submicrospheres via a solvothermal method

  • Ma, Jie;Chen, Bingjie;Chen, Bingkun;Zhang, Shuping
    • Advances in nano research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.171-178
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    • 2017
  • Superparamagnetic Zinc ferrite submicropheres are firstly synthesized via a one-pot solvothermal approach at $200-215^{\circ}C$ for 4-8 hours. $ZnCl_2$, $FeCl_3$ and NaAc are used as precursors with ethylene glycol solvent. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) data indicate that $ZnFe_2O_4$ nanoparticles with the grain size around $15{\pm}3nm$ can be successfully synthesized via the one-pot method. The scanning/transmission electronic microscope (SEM/TEM) images further show the samples are submicrospheres self-assembled by nanoparticles with size about 375-500 nm changed with reaction conditions. Room-temperature vibration magnetic strength measurements (VMS) demonstrates the as-obtained $ZnFe_2O_4$ submicrospheres show prefect superparamagnetism, whose coercivity force and remanence are practically nil. The reaction temperature and time influence on the crystallinity, diameter, saturated magnetic intensity and morphology of the particles.

Synthesis of Monodispersed Magnetic Polymer Particle (균일한 자성 고분자 입자의 합성)

  • Ahn, Byung Hyun
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.316-321
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    • 2008
  • Monodispersed particles of poly(styrene-co-4-vinylpyridine), poly(st-co-4vp) were prepared by soapless emulsion polymerization. Iron oxide was formed on the surface and inside of the poly(st-co-4vp) particles by thermal decompostion of iron pentacarbonyl. The obtained magnetic poly(st-co-4vp) particles was mondispersed and the average size was 250 nm. The magnetic poly(st-co-4vp) particles had 14% of iron oxide, which was identified as $Fe_3O_4$ by XRD. The magnetic poly(st-co-4vp) particles had superparamagnetism according to superconducting susceptometer (SQUID).

Synthesis and Characterization of NixMn1-xFe2O4 Nanoparticles by a Reverse Micelle Process

  • Kim, Sun-Woog;Kim, Hyeon-Cheol;Kim, Jun-Seop;Kim, Hyun-Ju;Bae, Dong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.298-301
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    • 2008
  • A preparation of $Ni_xMn_{1-x}Fe_2O_4$ nanoparticles produced via the reduction of Nickel nitrate hexahydrate, Manganese (II) nitrate hexahydrate and Iron nitrate nonahydrate with hydrazine in Igepal CO-520/cyclohexane reverse micelle solutions was investigated. Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Vibration Sample Magnetometer (VSM) analyses showed that the resultant nanoparticles increased the molar ration of water to Igepal CO-520 as the concentrations of Nickel nitrate hexahyrate, Manganese (II) nitrate hexahydrate and Iron nitrate nonahydrate increased. The average size of the synthesized particles calcined at $600^{\circ}C$ for 2hrs was in the range of 20 nm to 30 nm, and the particle distribution was broadened. The phase of the synthesized particles was crystalline, and the magnetic behavior of the synthesized particles was superparamagnetism. The effect of the synthesis parameters of the molar ratio of water to surfactant and the calcination temperature was discussed.

Magnetic Properties of the Ultrafine Co Particle Systems

  • Perov, N.;Sudarikova, N.;Bagrets, A.
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2003
  • The method for evaluation of the particle size distribution of fine particles from hysteresis loop measurements is Presented. The method is illustrated on the SiO$_2$-based Co nanoparticle systems. The influence of technological conditions of sample preparation onto particle size distribution is investigated.

Magnetic Properties of Thin Cu/Co Multilayers Made by Electrodeposition

  • Lee, Jung-Ju;Lee, Jin-Han;Hong, Kim-In
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.118-121
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    • 2005
  • We have investigated the magnetic properties of electroplated thin Cu/Co multilayers by using electrolytes made of copper sulphate and cobalt sulphate and by applying alternating plating voltage. While the multilayers plated with pure electrolyte showed superparamagnetism, those plated with organic additives showed ferromagnetic behavior. These changes are attributed to the so-called 'self-annealing' effect and reduction of grain size caused by the organic additives.

Preparation and Physical Characterizations of Superparamagnetic Maghemite Nanoparticles

  • Yoon, Sunghyun
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.323-326
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    • 2014
  • Superparamagnetic maghemite nanoparticles were prepared by chemical co-precipitation, followed by a temperate oxidation stage, and investigated using FE-SEM, XRD, TGA, VSM, and M$\ddot{o}$ssbauer spectroscopy. Through SEM image and XRD analysis, its average particle size was found to be 13.9 nm. While VSM magnetic measurement showed typical superparamagnetic behavior at room temperature, M$\ddot{o}$ssbauer spectroscopic investigation revealed that non-vanishing magnetic hyperfine structure were retained. Cation distribution estimated from M$\ddot{o}$ssbauer spectroscopy confirmed the formation of maghemite nanophase in the sample.

Review: Magnetite Synthesis using NanoFermentation (Review: NanoFermentation을 이용한 자철석 합성연구)

  • Moon, Ji-Won;Roh, Yul;Phelps, Tommy J.
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.195-204
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    • 2012
  • Biomineralization has been explored for geochemical cycles and microbial tolerance mechanisms to metal toxicity. Here, we are introducing NanoFermentation which enables economic, environmentally friendly, requiring low input energy, and scalable manufacturing of nano-dimensioned magnetite. We are also focusing on controlling factors of crystallite size which can determine superparamagnetism and ferrimagnetism. Controlling factors are such as microbial species, temperature, incubation time, medium composition, substituted elements and their concentration, precursor type, reaction volume, precursor concentration density and their combinations. Crystallite size distribution of biomagnetite depends on the balance between nuclei generation and crystal growth. Biomineralization will elucidate elemental cycles on earth crust and microbial ecology as well as it will be applied to material sciences and devices via massive production of nanomaterials.