• Title, Summary, Keyword: Surface roughness

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Analysis of Surface Roughness by FFT Analyzer in Turning Operation (선반작업(旋盤作業)에서의 FFT Analyzer에 의한 표면(表面)거칠기 해석(解析))

  • Kim, Gyung-Nyun;Choi, Eun-Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.12-19
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    • 1992
  • This paper shows that the identified and unidentified components of surface roughness in NC turning lathe which can not be analyzed in time domain such as $R_{max},\;R_a$ can be isolated in frequency domain by FFT analyzer. By interfacing FFT analyzer with stylus surface roughness instrument, surface roughness on change of working condition, especially tool feed, such as 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.25, 0.3(mm/rev) can be analyzed in frequency domain as follows. 1. By frequency analysis of surface roughness profile, the basic wave length of surface roughness can be obtained to isolate the identified and unidentified components of surface roughness. 2. With increase of tool feed, the unidentified components of surface roughness increase. 3. Since $R_{max}$, which can be obtained by stylus surface roughness is proportion to the output voltage of FFT analyzer, FFT analyzer also can be used to measure surface roughness in time domain such $R_a,\;R_{max}$.

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Effect of surface roughness on laminar flow in a micro-channel by using lattice Boltzmann method (격자 볼츠만 방법을 이용한 미소채널 내에서의 층류 유동에 대한 표면 거칠기의 영향)

  • Shin, Myung-Seob;Yoon, Joon-Yong;Byun, Sung-Joon;Kim, Kak-Joong
    • 유체기계공업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.179-183
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    • 2006
  • Surface roughness is present in most of the microfluidic devices due to the microfabrication techniques. This paper presents lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) results for laminar flow in a microchannel with surface roughness. The surface roughness is modeled by an array of rectangular modules placed on top and bottom side of a parallel-plate channel. In this study, LBGK D2Q9 code in lattice Boltzmann Method is used to simulate flow field for low Reynolds number in a micro-channel. The effects of relative surface roughness, roughness distribution, roughness size and the results are presented in the form of the product of friction factor and Reynolds number. Finally, a significant increase in Poiseuille number is detected as the surface roughness is considered, while the effect of roughness on the microflow field depends on the surface roughness.

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An Effect of Load on Surface Roughness on Surface Rolling of Ground Mild Steel (연삭가공된 강재의 표면 Rolling시 가압력이 표면 조도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hee-Nam
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 1987
  • The surface rolling method which is one of the plastic deformation processes increases the surface roughness with reduction of diameter and hardness. In this study, three NACHI 6000 ZZ bearing were used for surface rolling tool on a mild steel. The following results have been obtained with the mild steel. 1) The load is major factor in getting fine surface roughness of roller fininshing after grinding. The optimal surface roughness of SS40 steel can be obtained at the contact pressure of $210kgf/cm^2$. But, Better surface roughness can not be expected, Due to flaking phenomena at more than 300 kgf/cm of contact pressure. 2) At the contact pressure range of $200kgf/cm^2{\sim}210kgf/cm^2$ for optimal surface roughness, The surface hardness increased to Hv 200~Hv 240 from Hv 125 before surface rolling. 3) Within the diameter variation of $13{\mu}m$ the surface roughness and the surface hardness were increased, but out of variation of $14{\mu}m$. The surface roughness become worse and the surface hardness was increased.

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Experimental Surface Roughness Estimation in Multi-Pass Horizontal Grinding Operations (다회가공 평면연삭작업에서 표면조도의 실험적 예측)

  • 최후곤;김재윤;여명구
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.64-72
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    • 2000
  • Surface roughness is one of the most important characteristics in machining processes. This study presents probabilistic models to estimate surface roughness experimentally in multi-pass horizontal surface grinding operations from three independent distributions such as the initial surface roughness distributions of workpiece, the distributions of the wheel radius, and the distributions of distances between major active grains. To specify the model characteristics from surface roughness measurements, either the probability satisfying a given surface roughness or the range of surface roughness satisfying a given probability have been estimated while grinding conditions are fixed. Finally, the relationship between grinding conditions satisfying surface roughness range under a given probability can be established.

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Measuring System of Surface Roughness for On-The-Machine using Diffraction Light (회절광을 이용한 기상계측용 표면거칠기의 측정시스템)

  • 김성훈;이기용;강명창;김정석;김남경
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.803-807
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    • 2000
  • This paper deals wi th the establishment of the method of non-contact surface roughness measurement by developed system. One of the most Important factor of determinating quality of a produced manufacture is surface roughness The tendency of manufacturing method is changing from small amount manufactures / high-volume production to large amount manufactures / low volume production, and the study of reducing time for surface roughness measurement has been actively investigated The non-contact surface roughness method by using laser which is different from contact method has been only used to the polished surface, so new surface roughness measurement method was adopted by virtue of Fraunhofer diffraction in the periodic surface for on-the-machine. in this paper, we establish the method of non-contact surface roughness measurement which can reduce measuring time in the periodic surface

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An effect of load on surface roughness in surface rolling (표면 Rolling시 가압력이 표면 조도에 미치는 영향)

  • 강명순
    • Journal of the korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 1987
  • The surface rolling method which is one of the plastic deformation processes increases the surface roughness with reduction of diameter and hardness. In this study, three NACHI 6000 ZZ bearing were used for surface rolling tool on a mild steel The following results have been obtained with the mild steel. 1) The load is major factor in getting fine surface roughness of roller finishing after grinding The optimal surface roughness of SS41 steel can be obtained at the contact pressure of 210 kgf/cm$^{2}$. 2) At the contact pressure range of 200kgf/cm$^{2}$-210kgf/cm$^{2}$ for optimal surface roughness, The surface hardness increased to Hv200-Hv240 from Hv 125 before surface rolling. 3) Within the diameter variation of 13 .mu.m the surface roughness and the surface hardness were increased, but out of variation of 14.mu.m. The surface roughness become worse and the surface hardness was increased.

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EHL Analysis for Rough Surface with Directional Roughness (거친 표면의 돌기 방향성에 따른 EHL 해석)

  • Kim, Tae-Wan;Cho, Yong-Joo
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.342-347
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    • 2009
  • This paper presents EHL analysis for rough surfaces with directional roughness. Three different types of surfaces with pure longitudinal roughness, pure transversal roughness and isotropic roughness are generated. For the surfaces with longitudinal and transversal roughness, two cases are analyzed; one is a case of asperity peak on a spherical contact center, the other one is of valley on a spherical contact center. As a results, the surface with pure transversal roughness gives higher pressure and smaller minimum film thickness than the surface with pure longitudinal roughness, and the surface with isotropic roughness has similar EHL behavior with the surface with pure transversal roughness.

Digital Signal Processing for the Optical Surfaece Roughness System (광학식 표면 거칠기 계의 디지탈 신호처리)

  • Kim, Hee-Nam;Heo, Woong;Gu, Man-Seo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 1991
  • In this paper, we study effect of waveness at the optical surface roughness measurement. In generally, waveness components cause errors in calculation of the roughness value of metal surface. We study about surface roughness signals In the frequency domain for separate two signal component of real roughness and waveness by digital signal processing methods. Thereafter, determine low and high Component of frequency spectrum. By this separating frequency value we design liner low and high pass filter which cutoff frequency is 1 Hz. After this process, converted each filtered spectrum by inverse discrete fourier transformation to time domain waveness and real roughness signals We calculate surface roughness value from filtered roughness signals. For evaluate this method, we use five specimens roughness signal which obtained from optical surface roughness measuring system in 3mm/s moving speed with 0.1 mm laser beam spot size As a result, we obtain more linerized roughness value than that of unfiltered roughness signals.

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The Effect of Surface Roughness on Measuring Thermal Emissivity (열 방사율 측정시 표면거칠기의 영향)

  • 오기수;배신철
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2003
  • Thermal emissivity is generally affected by surface situation of material such as roughness. In this study, the effect of surface roughness on measuring thermal emissivity is experimented. And emissivity measurement method and equipment using hemisperical mirror is also reviewed. As the result of this research, thermal emissivity increased as long as increasing surface roughness. So, surface roughness is a essential check point when we measure the emissivity.

Study on the effect of the surface rolling condition to the surface roughness (표면 Rolling시 작업조건이 표면조도에 미치는 영향)

  • 강명순;김희남
    • Journal of the korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.68-76
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    • 1986
  • The surface rolling method which is one of the plastic deformation processes increases the surface roughness and hardness of materials. In this study, three NACHI6000 ZZ bearing were used for surface rolling tool on the mild steel and high carbon steel. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of rolling speed, feed rate and contact pressure on the surface roughness. The following results have been obtained with the mild steel and high carbon steel. 1. The roller finishing method has increased surface roughness from 2.4 .mu.m Ra at initial ground surface to 0.17 .mu.m Ra-0.4 .mu.m Ra. 2. The contact pressure has influenced greatly on the surface roughness. There is an optimal contact pressure. 3. As the rolling speed and the feed rate decrease, the surface roughness improves. 4. The optimal contact pressure for the good surface roughness of SS40 and STC 3 has been at 213 Kgf/Cm$^{2}$ and 220 Kgf/Cm$^{2}$ respectively.

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