• Title, Summary, Keyword: Survival Space

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Driver's Cab Design of KHST for Survival Space (한국형 고속전철의 운전실 압괴방지 설계)

  • 노규석;구정서;김유일;송달호
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 1999
  • Because a driver is located in the front end of KHST, he is most likely to be insured at collision accidents. So, it is very important to design some survival space for the driver. To evaluate the driver's safety of KHST (Korean High Speed Train), the front structure of power car is analysed using PAMCRASH under the SNCF accident scenario(collision against a movable rigid mass 15 ton at 110㎞/h). Because the driver's cab of KHST is a modified version of TGV-K, which is not so strong as to protect him, it turns out to be inadequate to guarantee his survival space. Therefore it is recommended to redesign the driver's cab in a crashworthy point of view like the case of TGV-Duplex or NEC.

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Is Surgical Staging Necessary for Patients with Low-risk Endometrial Cancer? A Retrospective Clinical Analysis

  • Kokcu, Arif;Kurtoglu, Emel;Celik, Handan;Kefeli, Mehmet;Tosun, Migraci;Onal, Mesut
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.13
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    • pp.5331-5335
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the tumor-free and overall survival rates between patients with low-risk endometrial cancer who underwent surgical staging and those who did not undergo surgical staging. Materials and Methods: Data, including demographic characteristics, grade of the tumor, myometrial invasion, cervical involvement, peritoneal washing, lymph node involvement, lymphovascular space invasion, postoperative complication, adjuvant treatment, cancer recurrence, and tumor-free and overall survival rates, for patients with low-risk endometrioid endometrial cancer who were treated surgically with and without pelvic and paraaortic lymph node dissection (LND) were analyzed retrospectively. The patients diagnosed with endometrioid endometrial cancer including the following criteria were considered low-risk: 1) a grade 1 (G1) or grade 2 (G2) endometrioid histology; 2) myometrial invasion of <50% upon magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); 3) no stromal glandular or stromal invasion upon MRI; and 4) no evidence of intra-abdominal metastasis. Then the patients at low-risk were divided into two groups; group 1 (n=117): patients treated surgically with pelvic and paraaortic LND and group 2 (n=170): patients treated surgically without pelvic and paraaortic LND. Results: There was no statistical significance when the groups were compared in terms of lymphovascular space invasion, cervical involvement, positive cytology, and recurrence, whereas the administration of an adjuvant therapy was higher in group 2 (p<0.005). The number of patients with positive pelvic nodes and the number of metastatic pelvic nodes were significantly higher in the group with positive LVI than in the group without LVI (p<0.005). No statistically significant differences were detected between the groups in terms of tumor-free survival (p=0.981) and overall survival (p=0.166). Conclusions: Total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and stage-adapted postoperative adjuvant therapy without pelvic and/or paraaortic lymphadenectomy may be safe and efficient treatments for low-risk endometrial cancer.

The Study of analysis and test for crash survival about the Crash Protected Module in Black Box used at aircraft (항공기용 블랙박스의 자료보호모듈 극한환경해석 및 시험에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sock-Kyu;Lee, Byoung-Ho;Choi, Ji-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of Crash Protected Module in Black Box used at aircraft is to protect a stored information(Flight data & Cockpit Voice) safely even after extreme environment like a plane crash. This study shows the structure & thermal analyses and the comparisons of predictions and results of tests about CPM for Crash Survival through extreme environment such as Penetration Resistance, High Temperature Fire, Low Temperature Fire. Specially, the Effect of housing thickness change was studied through the Penetration Resistance analysis using LS-DYNA, and the influence of volume ratio change between phase change material and thermal insulation material was studied through the High Temperature & Low Temperature analysis using Icepak. Also, structural and thermal reliability of CPM was validated through the tests.

Generalized Maximum Likelihood Estimation in a Multistate Stochastic Model

  • Yeo, Sung-Chil
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 1989
  • Multistate survival data with censoring often arise in biomedical experiments. In particular, a four-state space is used for cancer clinical trials. In a four-state space, each patient may either respond to a given treatment and then relapse or may progress without responding. In this four-state space, a model which combines the Markov and semi-Markov models is proposed. In this combined model, the generalized maximum likelihood estimators of the Markov and semi-Markov hazard functions are derived. These estimators are illustrated for the data collected in a study of treatments for advanced breast cancer.

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Tumor Diameter for Prediction of Recurrence, Disease Free and Overall Survival in Endometrial Cancer Cases

  • Senol, Taylan;Polat, Mesut;Ozkaya, Enis;Karateke, Ates
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.7463-7466
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    • 2015
  • Aims: To analyse the predictors of recurrence, disease free survival and overall survival in cases with endometrial cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 152 women diagnosed with endometrial cancer were screened using a prospectively collected database including age, smoking history, menopausal status, body mass index, CA125, systemic disorders, tumor histology, tumor grade, lymphovascular space invasion, tumor diameter, cervical involvement, myometrial invasion, adnexal metastases, positive cytology, serosal involvement, other pelvic metastases, type of surgery, fertility sparing approach to assess their ability to predict recurrence, disease free survival and overall survival. Results: In ROC analyses tumor diameter was a significant predictor of recurrence (AUC:0.771, P<0.001). The optimal cut off value was 3.75 with 82% sensitivity and 63% specificity. In correlation analyses tumor grade (r=0.267, p=0.001), tumor diameter (r=0.297, p<0.001) and the serosal involvement (r=0.464, p<0.001) were found to significantly correlate with the recurrence. In Cox regression analyses when some different combinations of variables included in the model which are found to be significantly associated with the presence of recurrence, tumor diameter was found to be a significant confounder for disease free survival (OR=1.2(95 CI,1.016-1.394, P=0.031). On Cox regression for overall survival only serosal involvement was found to be a significant predictor (OR=20.8 (95 % CI 2.4-179.2, P=0.006). In univariate analysis of tumor diameter > 3.75 cm and the recurrence, there was 14 (21.9 %) cases with recurrence in group with high tumor diameter where as only 3 (3.4 %) cases group with smaller tumor size (Odds ratio:7.9 (95 %CI 2.2-28.9, p<0.001). Conclusions: Although most of the significantly correlated variables are part of the FIGO staging, tumor diameter was also found to be predictor for recurrence with higher values than generally accepted.

An Analysis for Rollowver Strength of a Medium Bus (중형버스의 전복 강도해석)

  • Min, Han-Ki;Kim, Taeg
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.7 no.7
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 1999
  • In Rollover crashes, the development of bus structure to ensure the maintenance of survival space for passengers is very important . So, this paper focuses on understanding the possibility of efficient structural development considering rollover strength through computer simulation using the commercial code, LS-DYNA3D at the initial stage of vehicle development structural members, and impact boundary conditions required by ADR59(Australian Design Rule 59)were applied. In order to confirm the validity of the computational results, the test results. After the usefulness of this method of analysis was confirmed , we have proposed the effective modificationfor rollover strength.

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Crashworthiness Characteristic Analysis of Composite Non-step Bus (복합제 초 저상 굴절버스의 충돌 특성 해석)

  • Kim, Yu-Seok;Choi, Jung-Hoon;Cho, Jin-Rae;Lee, Sang-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.756-761
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    • 2007
  • This papered is concerned with the crashworthiness characteristics analysis of the non-step bus when it is crashed or roll-over analysis. Computer simulations is implemented using LS-Dyna explicit code which can effectively analysis dynamic response with the lapse of time. We construct a FEM model of the non-step bus under development according to the safety rules used in Europe for composite non-step buses. The crash energy and absorption rate are evaluated to understand crashworthiness characteristic of the composite non-step bus. Body deformation is also examined whether the survival space is secured for passengers.

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Locoregional Spread and Survival of Stage IIA1 versus Stage IIA2 Cervical Cancer

  • Hongladaromp, Waroonsiri;Tantipalakorn, Charuwan;Charoenkwan, Kittipat;Srisomboon, Jatupol
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.887-890
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    • 2014
  • This study was undertaken to compare surgical outcomes and survival rates of patients with the 2009 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IIA1 versus IIA2 cervical cancer treated with radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy (RHPL). Patients with stage IIA cervical cancer undergoing primary RHPL between January 2003 and December 2012 at Chiang Mai University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The analysis included clinicopathologic variables, i.e. nodal metastasis, parametrial involvement, positive surgical margins, deep stromal invasion (DSI)), lymph-vascular space invasion (LVSI), adjuvant treatment, and 5-year survival. The chi square test, Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used for statistical analysis. During the study period, 133 women with stage IIA cervical cancer, 101 (75.9 %) stage IIA1, and 32 (24.1 %) stage IIA2 underwent RHPL. The clinicopathologic variables of stage IIA1 compared with stage IIA2 were as follows: nodal metastasis (38.6% vs 40.6%, p=0.84), parametrial involvement (10.9% vs 15.6%, p=0.47), positive surgical margins (31.7% vs 31.3%, p=1.0), DSI (39.6% vs 53.1%, p=0.18), LVSI (52.5% vs 71.9%, p=0.05) and adjuvant radiation (72.3% vs 84.4%, p=0.33). With a median follow-up of 60 months, the 5-year disease-free survival (84.6% vs 88.7%, p=0.67) and the 5-year overall survival (83.4% vs 90.0%, P=0.49) did not significantly differ between stage IIA1 and stage IIA2 cervical cancer. In conclusion, patients with stage IIA1 and stage IIA2 cervical cancer have comparable rates of locoregional spread and survival. The need for receiving adjuvant radiation was very high in both substages. The revised 2009 FIGO system did not demonstrate significant survival differences in stage IIA cervical cancer treated with radical hysterectomy. Concurrent chemoradiation should be considered a more suitable treatment for patients with stage IIA cervical cancer.

A Numerical Study on the Effects of the Smoke Exhaustion on Safe Evacuation in Emergency Situations during Fires on Ships

  • Kim, Won-Ouk
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.85-89
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    • 2013
  • Sometimes, an evacuation should be executed from a ship for many reasons. This study considers on emergency evacuation on fire in a ship, one of the many reasons for evacuation. Due to the characteristic of fire, the most loss of life is known to be caused by suffocation resulted by smoke. To reduce the suffocation by smoke, the time available for evacuation should be improved for the higher survival rate of crews. In this study, crews' survival times and Evacuation time are analyzed quantitatively in during fire in the same sealed space in two different cases of the natural ventilation and the forced ventilation.

The exhibition design cases applied with the concept of regeneration (재생개념을 적용한 전시디자인 사례)

  • Yim, Eun-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.90-92
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    • 2008
  • Environmental matters are one of key issues of today's world. At this point, advanced countries are proposing and planning various kinds of policies for sustainable communities. Space designers in those countries are more concerned with regeneration or slow development than development and innovation. As the new government of Korea was started in 2008, it announced 'design Korea project' as key agenda for national competitiveness. But it seems that they are focusing on development of new town than the concept of preservation or regeneration on which most advanced countries put their bases. In these regards, this research starts with the idea that environmental factor in space design is very important and it is directly connected with human survival. With this idea, the researching team created experimental space titled 'regeneration' as one of eco-friendly education program. The team aimed at building up or 'designing one man space-one to one ratio' in deserted place with recycled stuffs. With the idea of 'regeneration' in space, the researcher aims at awakening the sense of environment and putting it into practice in daily living.

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