• Title, Summary, Keyword: Suspension

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Hydraulically Actuated of Half Car Active Suspension System

  • Sam, Yahaya Md.;Osman, Johari Halim Shah
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1721-1726
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    • 2004
  • The studies of the half active suspension have been performed using various suspension models. In the early days, the modeling considered the inputs to the active suspension as the linear forces. Recently, due to the development of new control theory, the forces input to the half car active suspension system has been replaced by an actual input to the hydraulic actuators. Therefore, the dynamic of the active suspension system now consists of the dynamic of half car suspension system plus the dynamic of the hydraulic actuators. This paper proposed a new modeling technique in integrating both dynamic models. The proportional integral sliding mode control technique is utilized to control the hydraulically actuated of the half car active suspension system. The performance of the half car hydraulically actuated active suspension system is simulated with a bump input. The results show that the proposed modeling technique and the proportional integral sliding mode controller are improved the ride comfort and ride handling of the half car active suspension system.

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Optimization of ride comfort for a three-axle vehicle equipped with interconnected hydro-pneumatic suspension system

  • Saglam, Ferhat;Unlusoy, Y. Samim
    • Advances in Automotive Engineering
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study is the optimization of the parameters of interconnected Hydro-Pneumatic (HP) suspension system of a three-axle vehicle for ride comfort and handling. For HP suspension systems of equivalent vertical stiffness and damping characteristics, interconnected HP suspension systems increase roll and pitch stiffness and damping characteristics of the vehicle as compared to unconnected HP suspension systems. Thus, they result in improved handling and braking/acceleration performances of the vehicle. However, increased roll and pitch stiffness and damping characteristics also increase roll and pitch accelerations, which in turn result in degraded ride comfort performance. Therefore, in order to improve both ride comfort and vehicle handling performances simultaneously, an optimum parameter set of an interconnected HP suspension system is obtained through an optimization procedure. The objective function is formed as the sum of the weighted vertical accelerations according to ISO 2631. The roll angle, one of the important measures of vehicle handling and driving safety, is imposed as a constraint in the optimization study. Upper and lower parameter bounds are used in the optimization in order to get a physically realizable parameter set. Optimization procedure is implemented for a three-axle vehicle with unconnected and interconnected suspension systems separately. Optimization results show that interconnected HP suspension system results in improvements in both ride comfort and vehicle handling performance, as compared to the unconnected suspension system. As a result, interconnected HP suspension systems present a solution to the conflict between ride comfort and vehicle handling which is present in unconnected suspension systems.

Experimental Study of Design for Semi - Active suspension system for Railway Vehicle with narrow gauge (협궤 차량용 준능동형 현가 시스템 설계의 시험적 연구)

  • Lee Nam-Jin;Kim Chul-Gun;Nam Hak-Gi
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.811-815
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    • 2005
  • Traditional passive suspension has limitations to meet the required specifications of high level trains, and so Active suspension system is proposed to meet the requirements with active components which could be controlled by external signal for optimized behavior of train. Active suspension is to be divided by Full active suspension and Semi-active suspension whether using the external power source or not, and though the performance of Semi-Active suspension is worse than Full one. Semi-active suspension is focused with its effectiveness per cost. Semi-Active suspension system consists of sensors, ECU (electrical control unit), and variable damper, which are to be designed to be fit for train system. And the software of ECU is to be developed for to be suited to its dynamic behavior through simulation result calculated by proven model. In this experimental study, the hardware and software of semi-active suspension system is to be realized and its performance for improvement of ride quality to be confirmed through roller rig test.

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Kinematic Analysis of Torsion Beam Rear Suspension (토션빔 후륜 현가장치의 기구학적 특성 해석)

  • 강주석
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.146-153
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    • 2004
  • Torsion beam rear suspension has been widely adopted to the rear suspension of vehicle by reason of simple structure and cost competitiveness. Since the kinematic characteristics of torsion beam rear suspension are determined by elastic behavior of torsion beam, quasi-static analysis based on finite element modeling of torsion beam has been conducted to obtain the kinematic parameters of torsion beam rear suspension. In this paper, simple kinematic equations with rear geometric parameters are derived to predict the kinematic behavior of torsion beam rear suspension. The suspension design parameters such as roll center height, roll stiffness, roll steer and roll camber can be easily obtained with the kinematic equations. The suggested kinematic equations are validated from comparison with the test results and solution offered by ADAMS. The suspension design parameters varied with the position of torsion beam are discussed.

Electrorheology of Hollow Polyaniline Pimelate Suspension by Conduction Model

  • Choi Ung-Su
    • KSTLE International Journal
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2006
  • The electro rheological behavior of the hollow polyaniline pimelate suspension in silicone oil was investigated. Hollow polyaniline pimelate suspension showed a typical ER response (Bingham flow behavior) upon application of an electric field. The shear stress for the suspension exhibited the dependence with a factor equals to 0.84 power on the electric field. The experimental results for the hollow polyaniline pimelate suspension correlated with the conduction models of Tang et al., and this suspension behaved as an ER fluid.

Vibration Ride Quality Optimization of a Suspension Seat System Using Genetic Algorithm (유전자 알고리즘을 이용한 SUSPENSION SEAT SYSTEM의 진동 승차감 최적화)

  • Park, S.K.;Choi, Y.H.;Choi, H.O.;Bae, B.T.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.584-589
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents the dynamic parameter design optimization of a suspension seat system using the genetic algorithm. At first, an equivalent 1-D.O.F. mass-spring-damper model of a suspension seat system was constructed for the purpose of its vibration analysis. Vertical vibration response and transmissibility of the equivalent model due to base excitations, which are defined in the ISO's seat vibration test codes, were computed. Furthermore, seat vibration test, that is ISO's damping test, was carried out in order to investigate the validity of the equivalent suspension seat model. Both analytical and experimental results showed good agreement each other. For the design optimization, the acceleration transmissibility of the suspension seat model was adopted as an object function. A simple genetic algorithm was used to search the optimum values of the design variables, suspension stiffness and damping coefficient. Finally, vibration ride performance test results showed that the optimum suspension parameters gives the lowest vibration transmissibility. Accordingly the genetic algorithm and the equivalent suspension seat modelling can be successfully adopted in the vibration ride quality optimization of a suspension seat system.

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Research on Relations Between Intermittent Suspension Treatments of irrigation at Different Growing Stages and yields of Paddy Rice (논벼의 생육시기별 간단단수처리와 수확량과의 관계에 관한 연구)

  • 이기춘
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.3795-3814
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    • 1975
  • The purpoes of this thesis is to study the effect of the variation of the beginning date of the suspension of irrigation and the length of intermittent suspension period of irrigation in the paddy field on the growth and yield of rice, so as the provide a critical limit of saving irrigation water and an irrigation method to prevent drough damage in rice cultivation. In this experiment, the rice variety adopted was NONGRIM No.29. There were seven main test plot, each test plot having a different beginning date of the suspension of irrigation. A main test plot was susdivided into five small test plots, each having a different length of the suspension period of irrigation. The results obtained in this experiment are summarized as follows: 1. The number of tillers is controlled by the treatment of the suspension of irrigation, its beginning date being early of late. The reductive effects of beginning dates of suspension upon the number of tillers. investigated on July 30, are about 84% for the treatment suspended on July 8, 87% on July 12, and 92% on July 19, respectively, in comparison with the standard plot. However. the suspenion treatments after the foregoing dates does not affect the control of their numbers. On the other hand, the lengths of intermittent suspension periods influence highly on the number of tillers to be restrained considerably, the decrease ratio ranging from 91% to 80% Both treatments on dates and periods are so intermingled that the restraining effects of suspension periods become greater as the dates of its beginning are earlier. 2. The elongation of plant hieghts also restrained considerably by the longer periods and earlier dates of suspension treatments of irrigation. Especially, the effects of the lengths of suspension periods become more serious. 3. Heading dates are delayed by two to five days through the suspension treatments of irrigation. However, the heading stage ends almost on the same day without relation to the differences between the irrigation suspension treatments. In the test plot where the suspension date of irrigation comes after the young panicle forming stage, the heading stage ends one or two days later than in the standard test plot. 4. Both culm lengths and panicle lengths show significant differences in their values, i.e., their lengths are shorter, as the begining dates of irrigation suspension are earlier and the suspension periods are longer. 5. The earlier the beginning date and the longer the period of irrigation suspension, the less is the number of panicles per hill in comparison with the standard plot. 6. The earlier the beginning date and the longer the period of irrigation suspension, the higher is the significant difference in the number of kernels per panicle in comparison with that in the standard test plot, i.e., the less is the number of kernels per panicle. 7. The earlier the beginning date and the longer the period of irrigation suspension, the lighter are the weights of rough rice and straws per hill in comparison with those in the standard plot.

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A Study on Shape Design of NFR Suspension for Optimal Dynamic Characteristics (NFR 서스펜션의 동특성을 고려한 형상설계에 관한 연구)

  • Eun, Gil-Soo;Kim, Noh-Yu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.771-776
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    • 2002
  • Optimal shape of the NFR suspension is studied and developed to improve the dynamic performance and reduce the vibration of the suspension system including a optical head slider. Since accurate position control and stability of the slider motion are highly required in NFR due to the narrower track width and the heavier slider than HDD slider with the low flying height, the dynamic characteristics of the suspension are very important to the mechanical performance of the system. The first natural frequencies in flexural and lateral motion of the suspension are critical factors affecting the dynamics and stability of the flying head, so that the dynamic parameters should be designed properly to avoid an excessive vibration or a crash of the slider on the disk. This paper optimizes the shape of the suspension based on homogenization method in NASTRAN and develops a new suspension shape for NFR system. The suspension is tested on experiment to verify the improvement of the dynamic characteristics.

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Optimizing the suspension system of the tilting train (틸팅 열차의 현가장치 최적화)

  • Kim, Jeong-Beom;Park, Tae-Won;Yoon, Ji-Won;Jung, Sung-Pil;Goo, Dong-Hoe
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1703-1709
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    • 2008
  • The TTX(Tilting Train eXpress) has tilting mechanism that is not existed in the previous train. So, the characteristics of suspension will be different from others. For this reason, TTX needs to be investigated about the suspension in contrast with the previous suspension system. The 2nd damping ratio is very important for a tilting mechanism. Proper value of suspension characteristics should be suggested for the tilting train. In this paper, the optimization of suspension systems for TTX model is introduced by using Design of Experiments (DOE) which is the design of all information-gathering exercises where variation is present. At first, the dynamics model is made for evaluating characteristics of suspension system. Second, using evaluated value, suspension characteristics are analyzed for sensitivity analysis. Finally, using the result of a sensitivity analysis, the suspension systems are optimized.

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Solid Core Suspension Disc Insulators Preventing Puncture Caused by Steep Front Surge Voltage

  • Sangkasaad, Samruay
    • KIEE International Transactions on Electrophysics and Applications
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    • v.3C no.5
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    • pp.165-170
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents development of solid core suspension disc insulators (cap and cap suspension disc insulator) for replacing cap and pin suspension disc insulators in overhead transmission and distribution lines which expose to lightning discharges. By this means the punctured problem caused by steep front surge voltage created by lightning discharge on the lines can be solved. The solid core suspension insulator was designed and constructed based on the dimensions of conventional suspension disc insulators (cap and pin insulators). The insulators are made of alumina porcelain. The electrical and mechanical characteristics of the solid core suspension insulators were carried out. The puncture test was performed in the air by applying steep front impulse voltage with amplitude about 2.5 per unit of 50% flashover (CFO) of the insulator unit at negative standard lightning impulse $1.2/50\;\mu\textrm{s}$ with steepness up to $9200\;kV/\mu\textrm{s}$. The testing results show that solid core suspension disc insulators are not punctured eventhough the steepness of the steep front impulse voltage was increased up to $9200\;kV/\mu\textrm{s}$.