• Title, Summary, Keyword: Synthetic food colors

Search Result 10, Processing Time 0.086 seconds

Studies on the Determination of Synthetic Food Colors (합성식용색소의 정량분석법에 관한 검토)

  • Om Ae-Son;Lee Heon-Ok;Shim Jae-Young;Shin Dong-Hwa;Kim Yong-Suk;Lee Young-Hwan;Bang Jeong-Ho;Shin Jae-Wook;Lee Tal-Soo;Hong Ki-Hyoung;Park Sung-Kwan;Choi Duck-Jang;Kim Hee-Yun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.73-76
    • /
    • 2005
  • Center for Food Standard Evaluation, Korea Food and Drug AdministrationThis study was performed to compare analytical methods of nine synthetic food colors and six food color lakes in Korea, Japan, Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee of Food Additives (JECFA), and USA. The experimental protocol of this study consists of three parts: titration method with titanium chloride, gravimetric and spectrophotometric method. To measure the total contents of food colors, Korea and Japan used titration method with titanium chloride, USA used the average value of titration method with titanium chloride equipped with Kipp generator and spectrophotometric method. Also, JECFA used titration method with titanium chloride equipped with KiPP generator. However, All the low organizations used gravimetric method to measure the total content of coloring matter on Food Red No.3. Although all organizations use various methods for analysis of coloring matters, total contents of coloring matter on food colors tested fell into the standard showing $85.08-96.40\%$ in synthetic food colors and $10.00-36.86\%$ in food color lakes.

Simultaneous Analytical Techniques for Determination of 8 Synthetic Food Colors in Foods by HPLC (HPLC를 이용한 식품중 식용타르색소 8종의 동시분석)

  • Park, Sung-Kwan;Lee, Chang-Hee;Park, Jae-Seok;Yoon, Hae-Jung;Kim, So-Hee;Hong, Yeun;Lee, Jong-Ok;Lee, Chul-Won
    • Analytical Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.378-384
    • /
    • 2000
  • This Study has been carried out to develop a method of analysis of 8 permitted synthetic food colors [including Brilliant Blue FCF(B1), Indigocarmine (B2), Fast green FCF(G3), Amaranth (R2), Erythrosine (R3), Allura red (R40), Tartrazine (Y4), Sunset Yellow FCF (Y5)] in Korean foods by HPLC. After adjusting to 0.5% HCl, each of the food colors extracted was eluted by Sep-pak $C_{18}$ cartridge. Eluates were then determined by high performance liquid chromatograph with a UV-VIS detector. Recoveries of the 8 synthetic food colors were found to be 81.2-98.0% for soft drinks, 80.6-96.1% for candy, 79.8-96.3% for chewing gum, 76.5-91.7% for cereals, 79.9-93.8% for ice cream and 78.6-94.7% for jelly, respectively. The detection limits were $0.05-0.1{\mu}g/g$.

  • PDF

Comparison of General Test Methods of Various Organs on Synthetic Food Colors (여러 기관의 일반시험법에 의한 식용 타르색소의 규격 비교 시험)

  • Shin Dong-Hwa;Kim Yong-Suk;Lee Young-Hwan;Bang Jeong-Ho;Om Ae-Son;Shin Jae-Wook;Lee Tal-Soo;Hong Ki-Hyoung;Park Sung-Kwan;Choi Jang-Duck;Kim Hee-Yun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.171-175
    • /
    • 2004
  • An analytical method of nine synthetic food colors in Korea, Japan, Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee of Food Additives (JECFA), and USA were compared. Contents of water insoluble matter in synthetic food colors tested were not different by general test methods of various organs. Contents of chloride and sulfate salts in Food Green No.3, Food Red No.3, Food Blue No.2, and Food Yellow No.4 slightly differed in various methods, and but up to the standard, and general test methods of JECFA and USA needed far more time. For the measurement of arsenic contents in food colors, colorimetric method in Korea and Japan, and silver diethyldithiocarbamate colorimetric method in USA and JECFA were used, but the standards of them were different. Content of heavy metals was up to the standard, but the methods were used colorimetric method in Korea, atomic absorption method in Japan, and both methods in JECFA and USA.

Comparison of General Test Methods of Various Organs on Synthetic Food Colors (여러 기관의 일반시험법에 의한 식용 타르색소의 규격 비교 시험)

  • Shin Dong-Hwa;Kim Yong-Suk;Lee Young-Hwan;Bang Jeong-Ho;Om Ae-Son;Shin Jae-Wook;Lee Tal-Soo;Hong Ki-Hyoung;Park Sung-Kwan;Choi Duck-Jang;Kim Hee-Yun
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.64-68
    • /
    • 2005
  • An analytical method of nine synthetic foods colors in Korea, Japan, Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee of Food Additives (JECFA), and USA were compared. Contents of water insoluble matter in synthetic food colors tested were not different by general test methods of various organs. Contents of chloride and sulfate salts in Food Green No.3, Food Red No.3, Food Blue No.2, and Food Yellow No.4 slightly differed in various methods, and but up to the standard, and general test methods of JECFA and USA needed far more time. For the measurement of arsenic contents in food colors, colorimetric method in Korea and Japan, and silver diethyldithiocarbamate colorimetric method in USA and JECFA were used, but the standards of them were different. Content of heavy metals was up to the standard, but the methods were used colorimetric method in Korea, atomic absorption method in Japan, and both methods in JECFA and USA.

Estimation of Daily Dietary Intake of Food Red Colors - Food Red No.2, No.3 and No. 40 - (식이를 통한 식품첨가물의 섭취량에 관한 연구 - 식용색소적색제2호, 적색제3호 및 적색제40호를 대상으로 -)

  • Park, Sung-Kwan;Lee, Tal-Soo;Park, Seung-Kook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.34 no.1
    • /
    • pp.75-80
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to measure the amount of daily intake on three synthetic food red colors (Amaranth: R2, Erythrosine: R3, Allura Red: R40) in foods by Korean. Analysis of three synthetic food red colors was conducted by HPLC with the foods including bread, confection, candy, alcoholic beverage, soft drink, ice cream, chocolate, and chewing gum. Recovery rates from the known concentrations of three standard food red colors which were spiked into foods were ranged from 85.1 to 100.4 (%) for each foods. Total Estimated Daily Intake (∑EDI) was from 0 to 1.632 mg/kg bw/day for each food item and from 0.512 to 7.281 mg/person/day for ages (1∼over 65 years old). The data of average food intake for each food item per person per day were obtained from the report of Korean National Nutrition Survey conducted by the Korea Ministry of Health and Welfare in 2001. Total EDI of each red colors per person per day were showed as follows; 0.742 mg/kg bw/day for R2, 0.391 mg/kg bw/day for R3 and 2.018 mg/kg bw/day for R40 as total amount respectively, and the ranges of these values were 0.5∼7.1% of FAO/WHO's Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) values. Therefore, the amount of daily intake of three synthetic food red colors in Korea was regarded as safe.

Optimization of HPLC Method and Clean-up Process for Simultaneous and Systematic Analysis of Synthetic Color Additives in Foods (식품 중 타르색소의 동시분석 및 계통분석을 위한 HPLC 분석조건 및 정제과정 확립)

  • Park, Sung-Kwan;Hong, Yeun;Jung, Yong-Hyun;Lee, Chang-Hee;Yoon, Hae-Jung;Kim, So-Hee;Lee, Jong-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.33 no.1
    • /
    • pp.33-39
    • /
    • 2001
  • To develop a method for separation process using Sep-pak $C_18$, simultaneous and systematic analysis of 8 permitted and 11 non-permitted synthetic food colors in Korea, optimization of analysis conditions for reverse phase ion-pair high performance liquid chromatography was carried out. For the best result of Sep-pak $C_18$ separation the pH of color standard mixture solution was $5{\sim}6$ and 0.1% HCl-methanol solution were set as eluent. The colors eluated from Sep-pak $C_18$ cartridge were determined and confirmed by high performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector at 420 nm for yellow colors type, at 520 nm for red colors type, at 600 nm for blue and green colors type and at 254 nm for mixed colors. Conditions for HPLC analysis were as follows: column, Symmetry $C_18$ (5 m, 3.9 mm $i.d.{\times}150\;mm$); mobile phase, 0.025 M ammonium acetate (containing 0.01 M tetrabutylammonium bromide) : acetonitrile : methanol (65 : 25 : 10) and 0.025 M ammonium acetate(containing 0.01 M tetrabutylammonium bromide) : acetonitrile : methanol (40 : 50 : 10); flow rate, 1 mL/min. It takes 35 minutes for simultaneaus analysis and 18 minutes for systematic analysis. The detection limits range of each colors were $0.01{\sim}0.05\;{\mu}g/g$.

  • PDF

Method Development for the Sample Preparation and Quantitative Analysis of Synthetic Colors in Foods (식품 중 식용타르색소의 시료별 전처리방법 확립 및 함량 분석)

  • Park, Sung-Kwan;Lee, Tal-Su;Park, Seung-Kook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.36 no.6
    • /
    • pp.893-899
    • /
    • 2004
  • Method for sample preparation and quantitative analysis of 19 permitted and non-permitted synthetic colors in foods was developed based on reversed-phase ion-pairing high performance liquid chromatography. For color extraction of samples, deionized water was added, and pH was appropriately adjusted with 1% ammonia water. Any undissolved matters were extracted with 50% ethanol or 70% methanol. Lipid in snacks was first removed using n-hexane with centrifugation, water was added to extract colors, followed by clean-up and concentration using Sep-Pak $C_{18}$ cartridge. Recovery efficiencies at known concentrations of 19 standard food colors spiked into foods were in 90.3-97.9% range far soft drink, 79.2-101.9% for candy, 84.1-103.4% for jelly, 86.4-100.8% for chewing gum, 83.5-103.4% for ice cream, and 78.5-95.6% for snack.

Study on the Bio-chemical Safety of Ganjang Gejang Distributed in Korea (국내 유통 간장게장 제품 안전성 조사 연구)

  • Seo, Jung-Eun;Lee, Eun-Jung;Lee, Jong-Kyung;Oh, Se-Wook;Jung, Jung-Hyun;Oh, Myung-Joo;Kim, Yun-Ji
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.233-238
    • /
    • 2008
  • To evaluate biochemical safety of gejang distributed in Korea, 33 samples were collected and analyzed for indicator microorganisms, pathogen, parasite, pH, volatile basic nitrogen(VBN), salinity, 3-MCPD, histamine, and synthetic food colors. Total plate counts of gejang were the range of 3 to 7 log cfu/g and coliform were the range of ND to 4 log cfu/g. Vibrio parahaemolyticus was detected from 4 samples, and Escherichia coli(1 log cfu/g) and copepoda were detected from 1 sample among those. pH and VBN value of samples were the range of 6.69 to 8.10 and 21.99 to 94.55 mg%, respectively. The ranges of salinity concentration for ganjang chamgejang, ganjang ggokgejang, and ganjang dolgejang were $11.6{\sim}32.6%,\;2.8{\sim}20.5%$, and $11.6{\sim}13.3%$, respectively. But, the range of salinity concentration of yangnum gejang was $2.6{\sim}9.4%$, which was lower than ganjang gejang. Besides, 3-MCPD, histamine and synthetic food colors were not detected. From the results, most of gejang was appropriate for Korea national standard for food regulation, but still biological hygiene control for raw materials, processing, and distribution should be improved.

Evaluation of Coloring Potential of Dietzia natronolimnaea Biomass as Source of Canthaxanthin for Egg Yolk Pigmentation

  • Esfahani-Mashhour, M.;Moravej, H.;Mehrabani-Yeganeh, H.;Razavi, S.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.254-259
    • /
    • 2009
  • An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different levels of extracted pigment from Dietzia natronolimnaea biomass as a source of canthaxanthin in comparison with synthetic canthaxanthin on egg yolk pigmentation. The experiment used a completely randomized design (CRD). A total of 63 laying hens, 68 weeks old, were used and the birds were allotted to 7 dietary treatments with each treatment replicated three times with three hens per replicate. Treatments consisted of 3 levels of synthetic canthaxanthin (4, 8 and 16 ppm), 3 levels of extracted pigment from D. natronolimnaea biomass (4, 8 and 16 ppm) and control. Changes in yolk color were determined in 2 eggs taken at random, during the four week experimental period from each replicate. Supplementation of extracted pigment from D. natronolimnaea biomass had a significant effect on the color of egg yolks (p<0.05). Yolk color score of the control group was 6.83 in BASF color fan and the yolk color score of different extracted pigment levels was 11.00, 12.50 and 14.50, respectively. The yolk colors of different levels of synthetic canthaxanthin were 12.00, 14.00 and 15.00, respectively. The effect of pigment supplementation on egg yolk color was better explained by polynomial response curves. The $R_{2}$ indicated that for 3 supplementation levels of each pigment studied, over 90% of the color variation could be explained by the pigment concentration. The egg yolk color after 15 and 30 days of storage was not significantly different, but boiling reduced egg yolk color significantly (p<0.05).