• Title, Summary, Keyword: System efficiency

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Exergy analysis of R717 high-efficiency OTEC power cycle for the efficiency and pressure drop in main components

  • Yoon, Jung-In;Son, Chang-Hyo;Yang, Dong-Il;Kim, Hyeon-Uk;Kim, Hyeon-Ju;Lee, Ho-Saeng
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, an analysis on exergy efficiency of high-efficiency R717 OTEC power system for the efficiency and pressure drop in main components were investigated theoretically in order to optimize the design for the operating parameters of this system. The operating parameters considered in this study include turbine and pump efficiency, and pressure drop in a condenser and evaporator, respectively. As the turbine efficiency of R717 OTEC power system increases, the exergy efficiency of this system increases. But pressure drop in the evaporator of R717 OTEC power system increases, the exergy efficiency of this system decreases, respectively. And, in case of exergy efficiency of this OTEC system, the turbine efficiency and pressure drop in a condenser on R717 OTEC power system is the largest and the lowest among operation parameters, respectively.

A Study on Thermodynamic Efficiency for HTSE Hydrogen and Synthesis Gas Production System using Nuclear Plant (원자력 이용 고체산화물 고온전기분해 수소 및 합성가스 생산시스템의 열역학적 효율 분석 연구)

  • Yoon, Duk-Joo;Koh, Jae-Hwa
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.416-423
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    • 2009
  • High-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE) using solid oxide cell is a challenging method for highly efficient large-scale hydrogen production as a reversible process of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The overall efficiency of the HTSE hydrogen and synthesis gas production system was analyzed thermo-electrochemically. A thermo-electrochemical model for the hydrogen and synthesis gas production system with solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) and very high temperature gas-cooled reactor (VHTR) was established. Sensitivity analyses with regard to the system were performed to investigate the quantitative effects of key parameters on the overall efficiency of the production system. The overall efficiency with SOEC and VHTR was expected to reach a maximum of 58% for the hydrogen production system and to 62% for synthesis gas production system by improving electrical efficiency, steam utilization rate, waste heat recovery rate, electrolysis efficiency, and thermal efficiency. Therefore, overall efficiency of the synthesis production system has higher efficiency than that of the hydrogen production system.

Research Through Empirical Analysis on SCM Efficiency Aspects of Retail Ready Packaging System

  • Jung, Sung-Tae;Kim, Ji-Hyun
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the relationship between packaging design and logistics efficiency raised in prior research was to be conducted through empirical analysis in terms of SCM efficiency. The main research contents were carried out in the pursuit of efficiency of the relevant store operation, relationship with SCM efficiency aspects, resolution of differences in recognition between manufacturers and distributors, establishment of automated systems for RRP production facilities and processes in the manufacturer's facilities, logistics costs, environment and quality safety, and promotion of RRP through the manufacturer's packaging system. As a result of the verification of SCM efficiency aspects through this study, logistics efficiency will be reduced in the case of the packaging system or delivery system, where only the operational efficiency of the store is the top priority(χ2 = 178.500, p < 0.001). This is because of the strong interaction between packaging and supply chain activities, many packaging systems affect the performance criteria of the supply chain, and the content that packaging personnel should ensure that the packaging system meets other essential requirements while meeting the primary goal of protecting the product is also a result consistent with the preceding study. An analysis of whether the RRP promotion through the manufacturer's packaging system would result in improved loading efficiency showed that there was a statistically meaningful difference at a significant level of 0.000, as χ2 = 140.133.

Study on the Characteristics of Low-pressure Automotive Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell System Efficiency with Blower Configuration (블로워 구성 변경에 따른 상압형 자동차용 고분자전해질형 연료전지 시스템의 효율 특성 연구)

  • KIM, IL-JOONG;LEE, JUNG-JAE;KIM, HAN-SANG
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.181-189
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    • 2018
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) system receives great attention as a promising power device for automotive applications. For the wide commercialization, the efficiency and performance of automotive PEMFC system should be further improved in terms of total system (stack and balance of plant [BOP]). Air supply module, which is a major part of the BOP, greatly affects the efficiency of automotive PEMFC system. In this paper, a systematic study on the low-pressure automotive PEMFC system was made in an attempt to enhance the net system efficiency. This study mainly presents an investigation of the effect of blower configuration (1-blower and 2-blower) on the net system efficiency of automotive PEMFC system. For this purpose, the effect of operating pressure and cathode stoichiometry on the system efficiency was investigated with stack temperature under the fixed net system power condition. Results indicate that 1-blower system is better in system efficiency over 2-blower system under an air stoichiometry of 2. However, 2-blower system is better in system efficiency under an air stoichiometry of 3. The simulation results show that the optimum operating strategy needs to be established for various blower system configurations considering blower performance maps.

A Study on the Amelioration of Volumetric Efficiency by Variable Induction System in a Diesel Engine (가변 흡기시스템에 의한 디젤기관의 체적효율 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, H.Y.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.12-18
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    • 2006
  • A three-degree of freedom model of intake system was contrived and investigated in various ways for the purpose of the amelioration of the volumetric efficiency in a low and transient engine speed for a multi cylinder diesel engine. The basic concept beyond this model started from the theory that each degree of freedom model has volumetric efficiency peak as many as its number of the degree of freedom. The volumetric efficiency affects significantly to the engine performance; torque characteristics, fuel economy and emission level. For commercial vehicles and stationary engines, the engine is designed so as to produce their best performance near the normal engine speeds, thus the low engine speed area has a tendency of poor volumetric efficiency. The aim of this study was highlighted on the amelioration of volumetric efficiency of low engine speed area in a multi cylinder diesel engine matched with an additional Helmholtz resonator. By the use of VIS(variable induction system) volumetric efficiency at low engine speed range was significantly improved. The availability of control by combination of VIS and CIS(conventional induction system) will be proposed as a variable induction system that would be an appropriate model for amelioration of the volumetric efficiency at low engine speed.

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Analysis of transmission efficiency of the superconducting resonance coil according the materials of cooling system

  • Lee, Yu-Kyeong;Hwang, Jun-Won;Choi, Hyo-Sang
    • Progress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.46-49
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    • 2016
  • The wireless power transfer (WPT) system using a magnetic resonance was based on magnetic resonance coupling of the transmission and the receiver coils. In these system, it is important to maintain a high quality-factor (Q-factor) to increase the transmission efficiency of WPT system. Our research team used a superconducting coil to increase the Q-factor of the magnetic resonance coil in WPT system. When the superconductor is applied in these system, we confirmed that transmission efficiency of WPT system was higher than normal conductor coil through a preceding study. The efficiency of the transmission and the receiver coil is affected by the magnetic shielding effect of materials around the coils. The magnetic shielding effect is dependent on the type, thickness, frequency, distance, shape of materials. Therefore, it is necessary to study the WPT system on the basis of these conditions. In this paper, the magnetic shield properties of the cooling system were analyzed using the High-Frequency Structure Simulation (HFSS, Ansys) program. We have used the shielding materials such as plastic, aluminum and iron, etc. As a result, when we applied the fiber reinforced polymer (FRP), the transmission efficiency of WPT was not affected because electromagnetic waves went through the FRP. On the other hand, in case of a iron and aluminum, transmission efficiency was decreased because of their electromagnetic shielding effect. Based on these results, the research to improve the transmission efficiency and reliability of WPT system is continuously necessary.

Biological Treatment of Textile Wastewater by Anaerobic-Aerobic Reactor System (Pilot 혐기-호기 공정을 이용한 염색폐수의 생물학적 처리)

  • 박영식;안갑환
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2001
  • An anaerobic sludge-aerobic fixed-bed biofilm(packed with ceramic support carrier of 1 inch size) reactor system was built up to treat textile wastewater. The efficiency of reactor system was examined by determining the effects of textile wastewater ratio(from 25% to 100% at HRT 24 h). The influent range of SCOD concentration and color were 1,036~1,357 mg/L, and 1,487~1,853 degree, respectively. When textile wastewater ratio was 100% and hydraulic retention time was 24 hours, SCOD removal efficiency by the anaerobic stage were 39.2% 100% and hydraulic retention time was 24 hours, SCOD removal efficiency by the anaerobic stage were 39.2% and the removal efficiency of the whole system were 75.8%. Color removal efficiency by the anaerobic stage were 45.4%(soluble color), and the removal efficiency of the whole system were 70.2%. In the A/A reactor system, the aerobic stage played an important role in removing both color and COD as well as anaerobic stage.

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A Novel Grid-Connected PV PCS with New High Efficiency Converter

  • Min, Byung-Duk;Lee, Jong-Pil;Kim, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Tae-Jin;Yoo, Dong-Wook;Ryu, Kang-Ryoul;Kim, Jeong-Joong;Song, Eui-Ho
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.309-316
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, new topology is proposed that can dramatically reduce the converter power rating and increase the efficiency of total PV system. Since the output voltage of PV module has very wide voltage range, in general, the DC/DC converter is used to get constant high DC voltage. According to analysis of PV characteristics, in proposed topology, only 20% power of total PV system power is needed for DC/DC converter. DC/DC converter used in proposed topology has flat efficiency curve at all load range and very high efficiency characteristics. The total system efficiency is the product of that of converter and that of inverter. In proposed topology, because the converter efficiency curve is flat all load range, the total system efficiency at the low power range is dramatically improved. The proposed topology is implemented for 200kW PCS system. This system has only three DC/DC converters with 20kW power rating each other. It is only one-third of total system power. The experiment results show that the proposed topology has good performance.

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFICIENCY OF A LOCAL VENTILATION SYSTEM AND THE PROTECTING FACE MASKS IN DENTAL LABORATORIES

  • Kim, Uoong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 1989
  • This study was performed to study the efficiency of a local ventilation system, installed in dental laboratories, and of two types of protecting face masks. The dust originating from the workpiece as well as from the wheels and stones was collected on air filters in the cutting cycle during coarse and fine grinding, and in the subsequent polishing procedures of each specific dental material. The efficiency of the ventilation system was measured on the basis of weight reduction of dust in the breathing air at a distance about 20-40 cm from workpiece. The results were as follows: 1. Use of the local ventilation system reduced the amounts of respirable dust to an average level of 21.4%, although the efficiency of the local ventilation system varied depending upon materials used. 2. Mounting a nozzle on the tube improved the efficiency of the ventilation system considerably. The efficiency of the local ventilation system also increased as the workpiece was closing to the tube inlet. 3. With or without the local ventilation system, the distance between the position of the workpiece and sampler greatly affected the dust level. 4. The face masks covering the sampler improved the efficiency of the ventilation system considerably.

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Cooling Efficiency of Low Pressure Compressed Air Fogging System in Naturally Ventilated Greenhouses (저압 에어포그 시스템을 설치한 온실의 냉방효율)

  • Nam, Sang-Woon;Kim, Young-Shik;Sung, In-Mo;Ko, Gi-Hyuk
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 2012
  • In order to derive the efficient utilization of low pressure compressed air fogging system, cooling efficiencies with control types were analyzed through cooling experiments in tomato greenhouses. The control types were set up with temperature control, humidity control, temperature and humidity control, and time control. It showed that the cooling effects were 0.7 to $3.3^{\circ}C$ on average and maximum of 4.3 to $7.0^{\circ}C$, the humidification effects were 3.5 to 13.5 % on average and maximum of 14.3 to 24.4 %. Both the cooling and humidification effect were the highest in the time control method. The cooling efficiency of the air fogging system was not high with 8.3 to 27.3 % on average. However, the cooling efficiency of 24.6 to 27.3 % which appears from the time control is similar to the cooling efficiency of high pressure fogging system experimented in Japan. The air fogging system is operated by low pressure, but its efficiency is similar to high pressure. We think because it uses compressed air. From this point of view, we suggest that the air fogging system can get the cooling efficiency of similar levels to that of high pressure fogging system and it will have an advantage from clogging problem of nozzle etc.