• Title, Summary, Keyword: T1 Weighted Image

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Usefulness of MRCP in the Diagnosis of Common Bile Duct Dilatation caused by Non-stone or Non-tumorous Conditions (비결석, 비종양성 총담관 확장의 진단에 있어서 자기공명담췌관조영술(MRCP)의 유용성)

  • 정재준;양희철;김명진;김주희;이종태;유형식
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.129-136
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : To evaluate the usefulness of MRCP in the diagnosis of the variable causes of common bile duct(CBD) dilatation, except stone or tumor Materials and methods : Twenty-six patients(M:F=15:11, mean age; 62 years) with both MRCP and ERCP were included in this study. Dynamic MRCP(n=12) and contrast-enhanced MRI(n=10) of abdomen were also added. Dilatation of CBD, intrahepatic ducts and pancreatic duct was evaluated, including coexistence of intrahepatic ductal stone, pancreatic pseudocyst, and papillary or papillary edema. The criteria of CBD dilatation was over than 7mm(n= 21, without cholecystectomy) or 10 mm(n=5, with cholecystecto-my) in diameter on T2-weighted coronal image. Results : The mean diameter of CBD was 12.7mm without cholecystectomy(9-19 mm) and 13.0 mm with cholecystectomy(10-15mm), respectively(p 〉0.05). Cholangitis(n=11, 42.3%), chronic pancreatitis(n=8, 30.8%), stenosis of distal CBD(n= 6, 23.1%), periampullary diverticulum(n=3, 11.5%), stenosis of ampulla of Vater(n=2, 7.7%), dysfunction of sphincter of Oddi(n=2, 7.7%), acute focal pancreatitis in the pancreatic head(n=2, 7.7%), papillitis(n=1, 3.8%), pseudocyst in the pancre atic head(n = 1, 3.8%), and ascaris in CBD(n=1, 3.8%) were noted. Pancreatic duct dilatation(n=10, 38.5%) and duodenal diverticulum(n=3, 11.5%) were also seen on MRC P. On dynamic MRCP(12 patients), distal CBD was visualized in 2 patients(16.7%), which was not shown on routine MRCP. Only 1 patient(10.0%) showed papillitis with slightly enhancing papilla on contrast-enhanced MRI (10 patients). Conclusion : MRCP was thought to be helpful in the evaluation of the causes of CBD dilatation, not caused by stone or tumor, especially in the cases of stenosis of distal CBD and chronic pancreatitis, dysfunction of sphincter of Oddi on dynamic MRCP and cholangitis and pericholangitic abnormality on contrast-enhanced MRI.

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Voxel-based Morphometry (VBM) Based Assessment of Gray Matter Loss in Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Comparison with FDG PET (화소기반 형태분석 방법을 이용한 내측측두엽 간질환자의 회백질 부피/농도 감소평가; FDG PET과의 비교)

  • Kang, Hye-Jin;Lee, Ho-Young;Lee, Jae-Sung;Kang, Eun-Joo;Lee, Sang-Gun;Chang, Kee-Hyun;Lee, Dong-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.30-40
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The aims of this study were to find brain regions in which gray matter volume was reduced and to show the capability of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis for lateralizing epileptogenic zones in medial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). The findings were compared with fluorodeoxyglucose positron omission tomography (FDG PET). Materials and Methods: MR T1-weighted images of 12 left mTLE and 11 right mTLE patients were compared with those of 37 normal controls. Images were transformed to standard MNI space and averaged in order to create study-specific brain template. Each image was normalized to this local template and brain tissues were segmented. Modulation VBM analysis was performed in order to observe gray matter volume change. Gray matter was smoothed with a Gaussian kernel. After these preprocessing, statistical analysis was peformed using statistical parametric mapping software (SPM99). FDG PET images were compared with those of 22 normal controls using SPM. Results: Gray matter volume was significantly reduced in the left amygdala and hippocampus in left mTLE. In addition, volume of cerebellum, anterior cingulate, and fusiform gyrus in both sides and left insula was reduced. In right mTLE, volume was reduced significantly in right hippocampus. In contrast, FDG uptake was decreased in broad areas of left or right temporal lobes in left TLE and right TLE, respectively. Conclusions: Gray matter loss was found in the ipsilateral hippocampus by modulation VBM analysis in medial temporal lobe epilepsy. This VBM analysis might be useful in lateralizing the epileptogenic zones in medial temporal lobe epilepsy, while SPM analysis of FDG PET disclosed hypometabolic epileptogenic zones.

Functional MRI of Visual cortex in the Patients with Occipital Lobe Ischemia (후두엽의 허혈성 뇌졸중 환자에서 시각피질의 기능적 자기공명영상)

  • 이영준;정태섭;윤영수;한승한;조영재;배준호
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.173-178
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    • 1999
  • Purpose : To evaluate the usefulness of functional MRI (fMRI) of visual cortex in patients with ischemic infarction in the occipital lobe. Materials and Methods : Four patients with the symptoms and signs of visual cortical ischemia were included. Functional MRI was performed by 2D-FLASH technique with the parameter of 90/56msec TR/TE, $40^{\circ}$ flip angle, $240{\times}240{\;}FOV,{\;}64{\times}128$ matrix number, 8.32 seconds acquisition time, 8mm slice thickness. An axial slice including both visual cortices was selected and alternative activation and resting of the visual cortex was performed using red color photostimulator. all patients undertook visual field test, and vascular abnormality was examined by MRA (n=4) and DSA (n=2). fMRI results were compared with the results of a visual field test, conventional MRI and cerebral angiography. Results : On fMRI, decreased activity of the visual cortex was found in the occipital lobe corresponding to stenosis of the posterior cerebral artery or its branch noted on angiogram. However, 2 of 4 patients showed no abnormal findings on conventional MRI. Visual field defect was noted in 3 patients, one and of whom showed no abnormality on conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted image, but revealed decreased activity in the corresponding visual cortex on fMRI. Conclusion : fMRI may be a sensitive method for detection of the status of decreased blood flow or vascular reserve which other methods can not.

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