• Title, Summary, Keyword: TBA-reactants

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Effects of Onion Juice on Ethanol-Induced Hepatic Lipid Persoxidation in Rats (양파즙이 에탄올에 의한 백서의 지질산화물 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 박평심;이병래;이명렬
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.750-756
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    • 1994
  • The effect of onion juice on ethanol -induced lipid peroxidation were studied were studied in rats. The contents of thiobarbituric acid (TBA) -reactants increased significantly in liver thanol(4ml/kg/day) administered -rats. The activities of serum alanine aminotransferase and alkaline phosphatase increased by ethanol administration compared with control group, but alterations of antioxidant enzymes activities in liver of ethanol administered rats were not significant vs control group. The glutathione contents in liver decreased by ethanol , whereas the glutathione level increased in ethanol and onion juice group compared with ethanol group. The contents of hepatic TBA-reactants and serum aminotrasnferase activity in ethanol group were reduced by onion juice administration. In these results, increased hepatic TBA-reactants of liver in ethanol group might be due to decreased glutathione contents in liver. Reduced glutathione (GSH) plays an important roles in the liver in several detoxification and the reduction of lipid peroxides. So the protective effects of onion juice on ethanol-induced increment of TBA-reactants may be due to the increament of lgutathions content. The glutathione depletion by ethanol was an important factor of ethanol-induced cell damage, and the prevention of onion juice to the glutathione depletion reduced by ethanol may be an important factor on the protection from ethanol-induced lipid perpxidation in rats.

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Inhibitory Effect of Leek Greek Juice on $CCl_{4}$-induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats (부추녹즙이 사염화탄소 투여에 의한 흰쥐의 간손상에 미치는 영향)

  • 이명렬
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.102-106
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    • 2001
  • To investigate the effects of leek green juice on the damaged liver of $CCl_{4}$-treated rats, Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing about 100g, were divided into 4 groups ; control group (CON), leek green juice-administered group (LGJ), $CCl_{4}$-treated group (CCL) and leek green juice and $CCl_{4}$-treated group (LCL). After 6 weeks, the activities of sGPT and sGOT, and content of hepatic TBA-reactants, elevated by $CCl_{4}$ treatment, were markedly decreased by administering leek green juice, compared to CCL. It was also observed that activities of hepatic SOD and GSH-Px were elevated by $CCl_{4}$-treatment as compared to CON, but concomitant treatment of leek green juice and $CCl_{4}$ decreased those levels adjacent to CON, whereas catalase activity did not show significant decreasing effects compared to CCL. The hepatic content of glutathione, decreased by $CCl_{4}$, was more abundantly increased by leek green juice administration than by CCL. These results suggest that leek green juice is believed to b a possible protective effect for the carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver.

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Antioxidant Activity of Methylene Chloride Extracts Obtained from Glucose-Ammonia (1M+8M) Browning Mixtures (Glucose-Ammonia (1M+8M) 갈색화(褐色化) 반응액(反應液)에서 얻어진 Methylene Chloride 추출물(抽出物)의 항산화(抗酸化) 효과(?果))

  • Paik, Hyang-Deok;Kim, Dong-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.93-98
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    • 1979
  • An attempt was made to investigate the antioxidant activity of methylene chloride extracts of a glucose-ammonia browning reaction mixture, which contain pyrazines, important intermediate prod ucts of Maillard-type browning reactions. Methylene chloride extracts were obtained from a glucose-ammonia(1M+8M) browning reaction mixture, which had been heated at $100^{\circ}C$. for 4 hours. The molar ratio of the reactants and the reaction time were reported to be the optimum ratio and time for the maximum formation of pyrazines. The methylene chloride extracts and furfural (for comparison purpose) were added to edible rapeseed oil substrates, and the resulting substrates and the control were stored at $37.0{\pm}1.0^{\circ}C$. Peroxide values (POV), thiobarbituric acid values (TBA-values) and acid values (AV) of the substrates and the control were determined regularly during a 34-day storage period. The antioxidant activity of the methylene chloride extracts and furfural was estimated on the basis of POV, TBA-value and AV-development of the substrates and the control. It was found that the methylene chloride extracts of the glucose-ammonia (1M+8M) browning mixture possessed considerable antioxidant activity. Furfural also showed some activity.

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Effect of the Ethanol Extract of Cassia tora L. on Antioxidative Compounds and Lipid metabolism in Hepatotoxicity of Rats-induced by Ethanol (결명자 에탄올추출물이 알코올 투여 흰쥐의 항산화물질 및 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 최현숙;차선숙;나명순;신길만;이명렬
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1177-1183
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    • 2001
  • This study was done to investigate the effects of ethanol extract of Cassia semen (Cassia tora L.) on the activities of hepatic oxygen free radicals metabolizing enzymes and blood lipid profile in rats of hepatotoxicity induced by ethanol. Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing 100~160 g were divides into 5 groups; control grouts (CON), Cassia semen ethanol extracts (200 mg/kg) treated group (CEL), ethanol (10 mL/kg, 35%) treated group (ETH), Cassia semen ethanol extracts (200 mg/kg) and ethanol treated group (CE1 ) and Cassia semen ethanol extracts (400 mg/kg ) and ethanol treated group (CE2), respectively. Compared with ETH, the growth rate of CE1 and CE2 were to be increased tendency, and in blood levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and the activities of alanine aminotranferase and asparate aminotranferase elevated by ethanol were significantly decreased (p<0.05). It was observed that the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, xanthine oxidase and glutathione peroxidase of rat liver increased by ethanol, were more decreased by the treatment of Cassia semen ethanol extract than the only ethanol-treated group. The content of glutathione depleted by ethanol treatment was increased in CE1 and CE2. TBA-reactants of liver increased by ethanol were decreased in CE1 and CE2, compared with ethanol-treated group. These results suggested that ethanol extract of Cassia semen may influence upon the ability of oxygen free radical detoxication and lowering of blood lipid level on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat.

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Effects of Artemisia selengensis Methanol Extract on Ethanol-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rat Liver (쑥(물쑥)추출물이 에탄올에 의한 흰쥐의 간 손상에 미치는 영향)

  • 김경수;이명렬
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.581-587
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    • 1996
  • This study was done to investigate the effects of Artemisia selengensis methanol extract on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicty in rat liver. Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats weighing about 150g were divided into the following 4 groups : control group(CON), Astemisia selengensis methanol extract administered group(ASE), ethanol adminstered group(ETH) and Artemisia selengenis methanol extract and ethanol administered group(ASA). Ethanol and Artemisia selengenis methanol extract were administered orally by 5m1/kg and 200mg/kg body weight per day for 6weeks, respectively. Body weight, daily food intake and percent liver weight per body weight were significantly changed by ethanol administration in comparison to control group. The activities of serum alanine aminotransferase(ALT), asparate aminotransferase(AST), and hepatic TBA-reactants increased by ethanol were decreased significantly by Artemisia selengensis methanol extract compared with ethanol group. It was also obseued that superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase were not changed by Artemisia selengensis methanol extract, whereas hepatic xanthine oxidase activity was inhibitied by Artemisia selengensis methanol extract as compared to ethanol group. The glutathione contents in liver decreased by ethanol adminstration, but glutathione levels increased in ASA compared with ethanol group. These results suggest that Artemisia selengenis methanol extract have a possible protective effect on the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver.

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Effect of Jujube Methanol Extract on the Hepatotoxicity in $CCl_4$-Treated Rats (대추 메탄을 추출물이 사염화탄소투여에 의한 흰쥐의 간 세포독성에 미치는 영향)

  • 나현숙;김경수;이명렬
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.839-845
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    • 1996
  • To investigate effects of Jujube methanol extract on the carbon tetrachloride-induced liver damage in rats, experimental animals were divided into 4 groups; control group(CON), Jujube methanol extracttreated group(JME), $CCl_4$- treated groups(CCl), and Jujube methanol extract and $CCl_4$-treated group (JMC). Each group was sacrificed after 2 or 4week feeding and determined the activities of serum transaminase(GOT, GPT) and hepatic xanthine oxidase, superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px), and hepatic contents of thiobarbituric acid-reactants(TBARS) and glutathione in liver. The activities of sGOT and sGPT, and the hepatic content of TBARS after $CCl_4$-treatment were markedly increased, compared to CON, but those levels were significantly decreased by the pretreatment of Jujube methanol extract, especially in sGOT after 2 and 4 week and TBARS after 4week respectively. Xanthine oxidase activity was increased by $CCl_4$- treatment as compared to CON, but it was also inhibited by the pretreatment of Jujube methanol extract for 2 and 4 week. The activities of SOD, catalase and GSH-Px were elevated by $CCl_4$-treatment, compared to CON, but those elevated activities were showed significant decreasing effect by pretreatment of Jujube methanol extract after 2 and 4week as compared to CON, however, hepatic catalase activity was not affected significantly. These results suggest that Jujube methanol extract is believed to be a possible protective effect for the carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.

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Effects of Ethanol Extract of Prunus mume on the Antioxidative System and Lipid Peroxidation on Ethanol-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rat Liver (매실 추출물이 알코올 투여 흰쥐의 항산화계 및 지질과산화에 미치는 영향)

  • 이정현;나명순;이명렬
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2004
  • To investigate the antioxidative effects of Prunus mume ethanol extract on the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver, Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 120∼160 g were divided into 5 groups; normal group(NOR), Prunus mume ethanol extract 200mg/kg treated group(PME), ethanol(10 mL/kg, 35%) treated group(ETH), Prunus mume ethanol extract 200 mg/kg and ethanol treated group (PML) and Prunus mume ethanol extract 400 mg/kg, and ethanol treated group(PMF), respectively. The antioxidative activity in vitro was reduced in order of EtOAC>n-hexane>water> chloroform fraction. The growth rate and feed efficiency ratio decreased by ethanol administration were gradually increased to the adjacent level of NOR by administering Prunus mume ethanol extract. It was observed that activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase(SOD), xanthine oxidase and glutathione peroxidase(GSH-Px) of liver and alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and asparate aminotransferase(AST) of serum were elevated by ethanol administration. Besides, Prunus mume ethanol extract markedly decreased elevated activites of catalase, GSH-Px, ALT and AST, except in activites of SOD and xanthine oxidase compared to ETH. Also, the depleted content of GSH by ethanol was increased similar to NOR level by administering Prunus mume ethanol extract. These results suggested that Prunus mume ethanol extract has a possible protective effect on the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat liver.

Effects of Phenolic Compounds of Persimmon Leaves on Antioxidative System and Miscellaneous Enzyme Activities Related to Liver Function in Ethanol-Induced Hepatotoxicity of Rats (감잎의 Phenolic Compounds가 에탄올을 투여한 흰쥐의 항산화계 및 기타 효소활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 정창주;윤준식;이명렬
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2004
  • To investigate antioxidative effects of phenolic compounds separated from persimmon leaves(PL)(Diospyros kaki Thunb.) on the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rat, Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 100-150 g were divided into 5 groups; control group(CON), PL(70 mg/kg) administered group(PEl), ethanol(5 mL/kg, 25%) administered group(ETH), PL(70 mg/kg) and ethanol administered group (PE2), and PL(140 mg/kg) and ethanol administered group(PE3), respectively. The antioxidative activity of persimmon leaves decreased in order of ethylacetate>interphase materials>n-butanol>chloroform>n-hexane>water fraction. The growth rate and feed efficiency ratio decreased by ethanol were gradually increased to the adjacent level of CON by administering PL. The serum activities of ALT, alkaline phosphatase and lactic acid dehydrogenase elevated by ethanol were decreased significantly. It was also observed that the activities of SOD, catalase, and GSH-Px of rat liver increased by ethanol were markedly decreased in PL administered group as compared to ETH. The GSH content of liver was decreased by ethanol, but that was increased in PE1 and PE2 compared with ETH as a dose-dependant manner. These results suggested that phenolic compounds separated from persimmon leaves have a possible protective and relievable effect on the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.

Effects of n-Hexane Fraction of Angelica acutiloba on Antioxidative System and Lipid peroxidation in Ethanol-Induced Hepatotoxicity of rats (일당귀 n-hexane분획이 에탄올을 투여한 흰쥐의 항산화계 및 지질과산화에 미치는 영향)

  • Choo Myung-Hi;Choi Hyun-Suk;Seo Young-Nam;Lee Myung-Yul
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.364-372
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    • 2004
  • To investigate antioxidative effects of n-hexane fraction of Angelica acutiloba on the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity of rats, Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 100 $\pm$ 20 g were divided into 5 groups; normal group(NOR), ethanol(10 mL/kg, 35$\%$) treated group(CON), n-hexane fraction of Angelica acutiloba 70 mg/kg treated group(Al), n-hexane fraction of Angelica acutiloba 70 mg/kg and ethanol treated group(A2) and n-hexane fraction of Angelica acutiloba 140 mg/kg and ethanol treated group(A3), respectively. The antioxidative activities of ethanol extract of Angelica acutiloba in vitro were decreased in order of n-hexane > ethylacetate > chlorofonn > n-butanol (>) water fraction. The growth rate and feed efficiency rate decreased by ethanol were gradually increased to the adjacent level of the normal group by administering n-hexane fraction of Angelica acutiloba. It was also observed that the activities of SOD of liver, ALT and AST of serum increased by ethanol were markedly decreased in n-hexane fraction of Angelica acutiloba administered group, and not in activites of XO, catalase, as compared with the control group. The depleted content of GSH by ethanol was increased adjacent to normal level by administering n-hexane fraction of Angelica acutiloba. as a dose-dependent manner. These results suggested that n-hexane fraction of Angelica acutiloba has a possible protective effect on the ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity of rats.