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A Study on Integrated Small Signal Stability Analysis of Power Systems (계통의 종합적 미소신호 안정도해석에 관한 연구)

  • Nam, Ha-Kon;Song, Sung-Geun;Kim, Yong-Gu;Shim, Kwan-Shik
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1033-1036
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    • 1998
  • In this research project, two aspects of small signal stability are studied: improvement in Hessenberg method to compute the dominant electromechanical oscillation modes and siting FACTS devices to damp the low frequency oscillation. Fourier transform of transient stability simulation results identifies the frequencies of the dominant oscillation modes accurately. Inverse transformation of the state matrix with complex shift equal to the angular speed determined by Fourier transform enhances the ability of Hessenberg method to compute the dominant modes with good selectivity and small size of Hessenberg matrix. Any specified convergence tolerance is achieved using the iterative scheme of Hessenberg method. Siting FACTS devices such as SVC, STACOM, TCSC, TCPR and UPFC has been studied using the eigen-sensitivity theory of augmented matrix. Application results of the improved Hessenberg method and eigen-sensitivity to New England 10-machine 39-bus and KEPCO systems are presented.

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A Study on Integrated Small Signal Stability Analysis of Power Systems (계통의 종합적 미소신호 안정도해석에 관한 연구)

  • Nam, Ha-Kon;Song, Sung-Geun;Kim, Yong-Gu;Shim, Kwan-Shik
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.685-688
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    • 1998
  • In this research project, two aspects of small signal stability are studied: improvement in Hessenberg method to compute the dominant electromechanical oscillation modes and siting FACTS devices to damp the low frequency oscillation. Fourier transform of transient stability simulation results identifies the frequencies of the dominant oscillation modes accurately. Inverse transformation of the state matrix with complex shift equal to the angular speed determined by Fourier transform enhances the ability of Hessenberg method to compute the dominant modes with good selectivity and small size of Hessenberg matrix. Any specified convergence tolerance is achieved using the iterative scheme of Hessenberg method. Siting FACTS devices such as SVC, STACOM, TCSC, TCPR and UPFC has been studied using the eigen-sensitivity theory of augmented matrix. Application results of the improved Hessenberg method and eigen-sensitivity to New England 10-machine 39-bus and KEPCO systems are presented.

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A Study on Integrated Small Signal Stability Analysis of Power Systems (계통의 종합적 미소신호 안정도해석에 관한 연구)

  • Nam, Ha-Kon;Song, Sung-Geun;Kim, Yong-Gu;Kim, Kwan-Shik
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.365-368
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    • 1998
  • In this research project two aspects of small signal stability are studied: improvement in Hessenberg method to compute the dominant electromechanical oscillation modes and siting FACTS devices to damp the low frequency oscillation. Fourier transform of transient stability simulation results identifies the frequencies of the dominant oscillation modes accurately. Inverse transformation of the state matrix with complex shift equal to the angular speed determined by Fourier transform enhances the ability of Hessenberg method to compute the dominant modes with good selectivity and small size of Hessenberg matrix. Any specified convergence tolerance is achieved using the iterative scheme of Hessenberg method. Siting FACTS devices such as SVC, STACOM, TCSC, TCPR and UPFC has been studied using the eigen-sensitivity theory of augmented matrix. Application results of the improved Hessenberg method and eigen-sensitivity to New England 10-machine 39-bus and KEPCO systems are presented.

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Installation of 80MVA UPFC(Unified Power Flow Controller) for improving voltage stability and reducing heavy load in KEPCO power systems (한전계통의 전압안정도 향상 및 과부하 해소를 위한 80MVA UPFC(Unified Power Flow Controller) 설치)

  • Oh, Kwan-Il;Chang, Byung-Hoon;Jeon, Young-Soo;Park, Sang-Tae;Choo, Jin-Boo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.262-265
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    • 2001
  • 최근 전력계통의 과부하, 전압안정도 등의 문제에 대한 해결책으로 FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission Systems)가 대두되고 있다. FACTS 설비에는 TCSC (Thyristor-Controlled Series Capacitor), SSSC (Static Synchronous Series Capacitor)와 같은 직렬 기기와 SVC(Static Var Compensator), STATCOM(STATic COMpensator) 와 같은 병렬기기 그리고, 본 논문에서 다루는 UPFC와 같은 직 병렬기기로 나누어진다. UPFC는 SSSC와 STATCOM을 결합한 형태로 유 무효전력을 동시에 보상할 수 있는 FACTS 기기이다. 본 논문에서는 한전 계통의 전압안정도 향상과 과부하 해소를 위해 강진S/S에 설치예정인 80MVA UPFC의 하드웨어 특성과 주변계통의 특성을 소개하고, UPFC와 한전 계통의 연계방안과 시험방안을 설명한다.

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Dynamic Characteristic Analysis of SSSC Based on Multi-bridge PAM Inverter

  • Han Byung-Moon;Kim Hee-Joong;Baek Seung-Taek
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.539-545
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    • 2001
  • This paper proposes a static synchronous series compensator based on multi-bridge inverter. The proposed system consists of 6 H-bridge modules per phase, which generate 13 pulses for each half period of power frequency. The dynamic characteristic was analyzed by simulations with EMTP code, assuming that it is inserted in the 154-kV transmission line of one-machine-infinite-bus power system. The feasibility of hardware implementation was verified through experimental works using a scaled model. The proposed system does not require a coupling transformer for voltage injection, and has flexibility in expanding the operation voltage by increasing the number of H-bridge modules.

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Fitness Sharing Particle Swarm Optimization Approach to FACTS Installation for Transmission System Loadability Enhancement

  • Chang, Ya-Chin
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2013
  • Proper installation of Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices in existing transmission networks can enable power systems to accommodate more power transfer with less network expansion cost. The problem to maximize transmission system loadability by determining optimal locations and settings for installations of two types of FACTS devices, namely static var compensator (SVC) and thyristor controlled series compensator (TCSC), is formulated as a mixed discrete-continuous nonlinear optimization problem (MDCP). For solving the MDCP, in the paper, the proposed method with fitness sharing technique involved in the updating process of the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm, can diversify the particles over the search regions as much as possible, making it possible to achieve the optimal solution with a big probability. The modified IEEE-14 bus network and a practical power system are used to validate the proposed method.

Design and Evaluation of Cache Structure for Semi-packed Instruction (부분 압축 명령어를 위한 캐쉬 구조의 설계 및 평가)

  • Hong, Won-Gi;Lee, Seung-Yeop;Kim, Sin-Deok
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.245-258
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    • 2001
  • VLIW에서는 프로그램 코드를 병렬화 하는 작업이 모두 컴파일러에 의해서만 이루어진다. 따라서 병렬로 수행될 연산어들을 명시적으로 나타내 주어야 하며, 이를 위한 명령어 인코딩 방식으로 전개 인코딩 방식과 압축 인코딩 방식이 사용되어 왔다. 각 인코딩 방식들은 명령어의 적재 및 검색을 위해 서로 다른 캐쉬 구조를 필요로 하는데, 전개 인코딩 방식으로 비압축 캐쉬를 압축 인코딩 방식으로 압축 캐쉬를 사용하고 있다. 그러나 이들은 각각 무효 연산어로 인한 메모리 활용 효율 저하와 복원 과정으로 인한 명령어 인출 오버헤드의 증가라는 문제점을 안고 있다. 본 논문에서는 부분적으로 명령어 길이를 일정하게 유지하는 부분 압축 인코딩을 사용해 메모리 활용 효율을 높이는 동시에 명령어 인출 오버헤드를 줄일 수 있는 분할 캐쉬 구조를 제안한다. 각 캐쉬 구조를 구현하는데 필요한 칩 영역을 계산하여, 분할 캐쉬가 비교적 비용 효율적인 캐쉬 구조임을 확인하였다. 모의 실험을 통한 메모리 활용 효율 측정 결과 하드웨어 비용의 증가를 고려하더라도 분할 캐쉬는 비압축 캐쉬에 비해 최고 약 3배의 메모리 활용 효율을 얻을 수 있었다. 각 캐쉬 구조를 일차 캐쉬로 하는 VLIW 시스템들의 성능 측정 결과는 TCSC(블록 집중형 분할 캐쉬)를 사용한 시스템이 비용 대비 성능 면에서 가장 우수한 것으로 나타났다.

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Available Transfer Capability Enhancement with FACTS Devices in the Deregulated Electricity Market

  • Manikandan, B.V.;Raja, S. Charles;Venkatesh, P.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.14-24
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    • 2011
  • In order to facilitate the electricity market operation and trade in the restructured environment, ample transmission capability should be provided to satisfy the demand of increasing power transactions. The conflict of this requirement and the restrictions on the transmission expansion in the restructured electricity market has motivated the development of methodologies to enhance the available transfer capability (ATC) of existing transmission grids. The insertion of flexible AC transmission System (FACTS) devices in electrical systems seems to be a promising strategy to enhance single area ATC and multi-area ATC. In this paper, the viability and technical merits of boosting single area ATC and multi-area ATC using Thyristor controlled series compensator (TCSC), static VAR compensator (SVC) and unified power flow controller (UPFC) in single device and multi-type three similar and different device combinations are analyzed. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is employed to obtain the optimal settings of FACTS devices. The installation cost is also calculated. The study has been carried out on IEEE 30 bus and IEEE 118 bus systems for the selected bilateral, multilateral and area wise transactions.