• Title, Summary, Keyword: TGA

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Operation using valved conduit in TGA: report of 3 cases (대혈관전위증 수술 3례 보)

  • 유회성
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.452-457
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    • 1983
  • Transposition of great arteries is relatively common cyanotic heart disease excluding TOF and is divided to two groups: complete TGA and congenitally corrected TGA. We experienced operations in 3 cases of TGA, the 1st case was 12 year-old male: TGA[SDD] + VSD+PS and treated with Rastelli`s operation, but expired due to low cardiac output syndrome postoperatively. The 2nd case,13 year-old male was also TGA[SDD]+VSD+PS and treated with Rastelli`s operation with good operative result. The 3rd case was 18-year old male: congenitally corrected TGA[SLL]+VSD+ PA+ASD and operation was done according to the met. hod reported by Danielson et al in 1980. Post-operative AV block led to implantation of permanent epicardial pacemaker with good result.

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Clinical Report of two TGA cases (일과성 전기억상실증으로 진단된 환자 치험 2례)

  • Oh, Kyong-Min;Yang, Dong-Ho;Cho, Youn-Song;Kim, Bo-Kyong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.265-276
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    • 2008
  • Transient global amnesia(TGA) is a clinical syndrome characterized by sudden, temporary dysfunction of anterograde and recent retrograde memory without other neurologic deficits. Different hypotheses have been considered for its etiology, but it still remains obscure. Recently the diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging(DWI), has been considered as the sensitive tool to detect small punctate hyperintense lesions in the hippocampus in transient global amnesia(TGA). We report two TGA cases, all of them answers to TGA clinical criteria, and one of them showed two dot like high signal intense foci in Rt. hippocampus on DWI.

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Evaluation of SPECT Analysis in Patients with Transient Global Amnesia

  • Choe, Bo-Young;Kim, Euy-Neyng;Chung, Yong-An;Sohn, Hyung-Sun;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Chung, Soo-Kyo;Lee, Hyoung-Koo;Suh, Tae-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2002
  • Objectives: This study investigated alterations in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) using statistical parametric mapping 99 (SPM99). Methods: Noninvasive rCBF measurements using 99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) SPECT were performed on 8 patients with TGA who have ongoing symptoms and 17 age matched controls. The relative rCBF maps in patients with TGA and controls were compared. Results: In patients with TGA, significant decreased rCBF was found along the L superior temporal extending to L parietal region of the brain and L thalamus. There were areas of increased rCBF in the R temporal, R frontal region and R thalamus. Conclusion: We could demonstrate decreased perfusion in left cerebral hemisphere and increased perfusion in right cerebral hemisphere in patients with TGA using SPM99. The imbalanced change of rCBF between bilateral cerebral hemisphere in patients with TGA might suggest that imbalanced neuronal activity between the bilateral hemispheres may have strong relationship to the pathogenesis of the TGA. For quantitative SPECT analysis in TGA patients, we recommend SPM99 rather than the ROI method because of its definitive advantages.

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A Study on the Thermal Life-Time Expectation of a NR Rubber Material using Isothermal TGA and TMA (등온 TGA 및 TMA를 이용한 NR고무소재의 내열수명 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Won-Sool;Park, Ki-Ho
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.269-273
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    • 2009
  • A study on the life-time expectation of a CR-modified NR rubber composite through the change of thermal degradation characteristics was performed using both isothermal thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and thermomechanical analysis (TMA). Master curves at reference temperature of $90^{\circ}C$ could be obtained with shift factor $a_T$, which was determined empirically using Time-Temperature Superposition Principle (TTSP). Activation energies could be calculated from the slope of Arrhenius plot of shift factor and showed similar values of $E_{a,TGA}$= 41.2 and $E_{a,TMA}$= 54.5 kJ/mol, respectively. It was considered from the results that chemical degradation resulting weight loss of the sample might be closely related to a physical degradation such as the dimensional change of the sample.

A Study on Thermal Degradation of Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) using TGA (TGA를 이용한 Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)의 열분해 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Guk;Choi, Hyun-Gyu;Eom, Yu-Jin;Kim, Joo-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling Conference
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    • pp.360-367
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    • 2005
  • PMMA has been used extensively worldwide as industrial and construction materials due to its excellent material properties. When PMMA is subject to thermal degradation, unit of monomers are detached from polymer chain and this phenomena is called unzip reaction. Therefore, PMMA thermally degrades into its monomer. Characteristics of thermal degradation of PMMA has been investigated using TGA in this research as a basic study for recovery of MMA.

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Comparison of Vinyl Acetate Contents of Poly(Ethylene-co-Vinyl Acetate) Analyzed by IR, NMR, and TGA

  • Kim, Eunha;Choi, Sung-Seen
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.18-23
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    • 2015
  • Vinyl acetate (VA) contents of poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) analyzed by infrared spectroscopy (IR), nuclear magnetic spectroscopy (NMR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were compared. Four grade EVAs supplied by Aldrich Co. and four grade EVAs manufactured by DuPont Co. were used. For IR analysis, VA contents were determined using calibration curve (absorbance ratio of $1739cm^{-1}/2922cm^{-1}$ or $609cm^{-1}/1464cm^{-1}$) of reference EVAs. Correlation coefficients of the calibration curves were not sufficiently high ($r^2{\leq}0.96$). For NMR analysis, VA contents were determined using peaks of $CH_3$, $CH_2$, and CH. VA contents determined by NMR analysis were less than those marked by suppliers more than 10%. For TGA, VA contents were determined using weight loss through deacetylation. VA contents determined by TGA were slightly different with those marked by suppliers. Difference in the VA contents determined by different analytical methods was discussed, and difference in the analytical results according to the EVA suppliers was also examined.

Evaluation of Radiation Degradation or Crosslinked Polyethylene using TGA (TGA를 이용한 가교폴리에틸렌의 방사선 열화 평가)

  • Lee, Chung;Kim, Ki-Yup;Ryu, Boo-Hyung;Lim, Kee-Joe
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2003
  • Radiation degradation of crosslinked polyethylene(XLPE) was investigated using thermogravimetric analysis(TGA), The results of TGA were compared with FT-IR, melting temperature, oxidation induction time, and elongation at break on the XLPE exposed by $\gamma$-ray. 5% decomposition temperature of $\gamma$-ray irradiated XLPE showed similar tendencies with the case of elongation at break. Both properties agreed below 1000 KGy, however, did not show any remarkable characteristics above 1000 kGy, these properties can be useful to evaluate the radiation degradation of XLPE for only low irradiated region. Above 1000 kGy, the thermal decomposition activation energy showed decreased, on the contrary, increasing below 1000 kGy. Compared with FT-IR spectrum of irradiated XLPE, it was confirmed that the oxidation reaction was still occurring below 1000 kGy. Radiation degradation of XLPE was dependent upon the irradiation doses, TGA can be a useful tool to evaluate the degradation.

Characteristics study on fire-resistant paint used by TGA-IR (TGA-IR을 사용한 내화 도료의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Nam-Wook;Shin, Hyun-Jun;Cho, Won-Bo;Lee, Seong-Hun;Rie, Dong-Ho;Kim, Hyo-Jin
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.168-172
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    • 2011
  • The iron frame of building could be collapsed or bent at $500^{\circ}C$. Therefore the fire-resistant paint should be applied for safety. This study performed the comparative analysis to show the characteristics of fireresistant paint. And then 12 products of fire resistant paint and 6 products of paints were used as samples. And the samples were analyzed by TGA (Thermogravimetric Analyzer) as analyzer for measuring the variation of weight on temper of weight by heating. When TGA analyzer could measure the variatiature, and FT-IR was measured for analyze gas components on variation on of weight by heating on 12 products of fire resistance, the samples showed to decrease 40% of weight to $800^{\circ}C$, and because paints had 50% to 40% of loss weight, it showed to be equal with loss weight of fire resistance paint on high temperature or was lower loss weight than it of fire resistance paints. However number 6 sample of fire resistance paints could show to decrease 20% of total weight on $800^{\circ}C$. And then in the case of FT-IR, fire resistance paints could show to have the high intensity of $CO_2$ spectrum as complete combustion. However paints could show to have the lower intensity of $CO_2$ spectrum, have the higher intensity of water spectrum. Therefore the TGA graph of result could be much different until $250^{\circ}C$. When it was burned, FT-IR spectrum could show to confirm the characteristics of fire resistance paints, and the characteristic could be confirmed on inorganic paint of fire resistance by weight loss of TGA.

Influence of Raito of TGA(thioglycolic acid) on CdTe QDs Solution Stability for a Period of Time (CdTe QDs 용액 안정성의 장시간 유지지속을 위한 TGA(thioglycolic acid)의 첨가효과)

  • Kim, Jong-Hwan;Kim, Tae-Hee;Gwoo, Dong-Gun;Kee, Kyung-Bum;Choi, Won-Gyu;Han, Kung-Seok;Ryu, Bong-Ki
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.22 no.9
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    • pp.465-469
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    • 2012
  • This paper focuses on the after synthesis of CdTe quantum dots(QDs) in aqueous solution. CdTe nanoparticles were prepared in aqueous solution using mercaptocarboxylic acid or thioglycolic acid(TGA) as stabilizing agents. QDs emit light smaller than the nano size. The contents of the mercaptocarboxylic acid, and a kind of raw material, were revealed for a period of time. We succeeded in synthesizing a very high quality QDs solution; we discussed how to make QDs better and to keep them stabilized. TGA is known as one of the best stabilizing agents. Many papers have mentioned that TGA is a good stabilizing agent. We dramatically confirmed the state of QDs after the experiments. The QDs solution can be influenced by several factors. Different content of TGA can influence the stability of the CdTe solution. Most papers deal with the synthesis of CdTe, so we decided to discuss the after synthesis process for the stability of the CdTe solution.

A Study on Effects of Vulcanization Systems on Cross-linking and Degradation Reactions of NR/CR Blends Using Dynamic DSC and TGA (Dynamic DSC와 TGA를 이용한 NR/CR 고무블렌드의 가황시스템이 가교 및 열화반응에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Min, Byung-kwon;Park, DongRyul;Ahn, WonSool
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 2009
  • Effects of variations sulfur/accelerator ratio on cross-linking and thermal degradation behavior of NR/CR rubber compounds were studied using both dynamic DSC and non-isothermal TGA. DSC thermograms of the given samples were obtained with several different heating rates, and after cross-liked in DSC, TGA thermograms with the same samples also obtained. Kissinger analysis was applied to assess the activation energies for the cross-linking and thermal decomposition processes. Results showed that the formation and thermal decomposition reaction of the samples occurred in the overall temperature range of $120{\sim}180^{\circ}C$ and $350{\sim}450^{\circ}C$, respectively, exhibiting that data could be well-fittable by Kissinger method. Furthermore, formation activation energy by DSC was estimated as $83.0{\pm}5.0kJ/mol$, which was much smaller than that of degradation by TGA, $147.0{\pm}2.0kJ/mol$. From these results, it was considered that, although variations of sulfur/accelerator ratio in the present experiments affected little on the formation mechanism and/or thermal degradation, they could play roles as the catalysts which lower the activation energy of formation. Because of stabilization after formation reaction, however, they have no more effects on the lowering the activation energy, showing higher values when decomposition, caused by main-chain scissions.