• Title/Summary/Keyword: TH

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A Clinical Study of Headache in 58 Cases (두통(頭痛)의 임상양상(臨床樣狀) 및 생체전기자율반응에 대(對)한 임상적(臨床的) 고찰(考察))

  • Lee Sang-Ryong;Kim Myung-Jin
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.103-122
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    • 2001
  • The clinical study was carried out the 58 patients with Headache who were treated in Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Oriental Medicine, Dae Jeon University from 14 October 1999 to 15 October 2001. The results were summarized as follows. 1. The ratio of male and female was 15:43, 40s(36.2%) was frequent, the ratio of Tension headache and Migraine was 43:12, hypernoia and overwork oneself were the most inducing factor. 2. In distribution of the period of the clinical history, Tension headache was comparatively short term within 1 month(62.8%) and Migraine was comparatively long term over 1 year(91.7%), Tension headache was frequent at whole portion(41.3%) and occipital portion(26.1%), Migraine was frequent at temporal portion(76.9%). 3. In pain type, Tension headache has many vandlike discomport type, Migraine has many pulsatile type, neck-stiffness-pain and dizziness were mainly coexited. 4. Toung aspect has many SULDAMHONGTAEBAEKHOO(舌淡紅苔白厚), GINMAEK(緊脈) and HEUNMAEK(弦脈) were frequent in Pulse type, the GAEDAMSUNKIJEETONG(祛淡順氣止痛) prescription drugs were frequent such as GEYNTONGA(肩痛A), GEYNTONGDODAMTANG(?通導淡湯), Tension headache patients were well treated(90.7%). 5. In Tension headache and Migraine, the Curve has many SL except Tension headache‘s 2th SANGHAN(상한), in Regulation RR was frequent at 1th, 2th, 3th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL was frequent at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, the result of Graph, Activity and Reactivity have many low response at the whole. 6. The Curve was within normal limit at whole portion and frequent SL at temporal portion, the whole and temporal portion s Regulation also have many RR at 1th, 2th, 3th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, Activity and Reactivity have many low response at the whole. 7. The occipital and frontal portion‘s Curve have many SL at 1th SANGHAN, the occipital portion’s Regulation has many RR at 1th, 2th, 4th, 7th SANGHAN and RL at 5th, 6th SANGHAN, Activity has many low response at the whole, Reactivity has many low response at 1th, 4th, 5th, 6th SANGHAN and high response 2th, 3th SANGHAN, the frontal portion s Regulation has many RL at 1th, 3th, 5th, 6th, 7th SANGHAN and RR at 4th SANGHAN, Activity and Reactivity also have many low response at the whole except 6th, 7th SANGHAN respectively.

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ULTRASTRUCTURAL STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF INDOMETHACIN ON 4-NITROQUINOLINE 1-OXIDE (4NQO) INDUCED PALATAL CARCINOMA OF ALBINO RAT. (Indomethacin이 백서의 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) 유도 구개암 발암과정에서 미세구조에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hai-Keun
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.171-186
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    • 1989
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of indomethacin on 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) induced palatal carcinoma of albino rats. Sixty albino rats about 100 gms of body weight, 6 weeks old-were used classifying as 1) six albino rats of normal group received no treatment, 2) six albino rats of control group treated with propane 1, 2-diol 3 times a week, 3) twenty four albino rats of experimental group I treated with 0.5% 4NQO in propane 1, 2-diol 3 times a week, 4) twenty four albino rats of experimental group II treated with 0.5% of 4NQO in propane 1, 2-diol 3 times a week and administrated 20${\mu}g/ml$ indomethacin in drinking water ad lib. The animals of normal and control groups were sacrificed 7th, 11th, 15th, 19th, 23rd and 27th week, while those of experimental group I and II were sacrificed 7th, 9th, 11th, 13th, 15th, 17th, 19th, 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th and 29th week after the experiment. The palatal mucosa was excised and examined grossly, light-microscopically and electron-microscopically. Following results were obtained. 1. In control group, there was no specific difference from normal tissue histopathologically. 2. In group I, hyperkeratosis mild acantosis and dyskeratosis in in 7th week, dysplasia in 11th week and severe acantosis in 19th week were observed, but squamous cell carcinoma not observed until 29th week on light-microscope. 3. In group II, hyperkeratosis, mild acantosis in 9th week, dyskeratosis and dysplasia in 21st week, severe acantosis in 27th week and squamous cell carcinoma in 29th week were observed on light-microscope. 4. In group I, widening of intercellular space in 7th week, increasing of desmosome, giant desmosome and tonofilament in cytoplasm in 9th week, severe widening of intercellular space, increasing of mitochondria and vascular degeneration in 11th week, irregular pattern of cell feature and nucleus and prominent nucleoli in 19th week, and continuity of basal lamina in 29th week were observed on electron-microscope. 5. In group II, mild widening of intercellular space in 9th week, increasing of mitochondria, vascular degeneration and tonofilament in cytoplasm in 13th week, increasing of desmosome and giant desmosome in 15th week, irregular pattern of cell surface and nucleus and prominent nucleoli, and in 21st week continuity of basal lamina were observed on electron-microscope which phenomenon occurred little later than group I. After 21st week, however, severe widening of intercellular space, vascular degeneration and continuity of basal lamina were observed as in group I.

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MEASURES OF COMPARATIVE GROWTH ANALYSIS OF COMPOSITE ENTIRE FUNCTIONS ON THE BASIS OF THEIR RELATIVE (p, q)-TH TYPE AND RELATIVE (p, q)-TH WEAK TYPE

  • Biswas, Tanmay
    • The Pure and Applied Mathematics
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.13-33
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    • 2019
  • The main aim of this paper is to establish some comparative growth properties of composite entire functions on the basis of their relative (p, q)-th order, relative (p, q)-th lower order, relative (p, q)-th type, relative (p, q)-th weak type of entire function with respect to another entire function where p and q are any two positive integers.

ON SOME GROWTH ANALYSIS OF COMPOSITE ENTIRE AND MEROMORPHIC FUNCTIONS FROM THE VIEW POINT OF THEIR RELATIVE (p, q)-TH TYPE AND RELATIVE (p, q)-TH WEAK TYPE

  • Biswas, Tanmay
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.23-41
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    • 2018
  • The main aim of this paper is to prove some results related to the growth rates of composite entire and meromorphic functions on the basis of their relative (p, q)-th order, relative (p, q)-th lower order, relative (p, q)-th type and relative (p, q)-th weak type where p and q are any two positive integers.

Sochungyong-tang, Tradititional Korean Medicine, Suppresses Th2 Lineage Development (소청룡탕(小靑龍湯)이 분화된 Th1 cell 및 Th2 cell cytokine profile에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Hyuk-Joon;Hong, Moo-Chang;Shin, Min-Kyu;Bae, Hyun-Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.380-388
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    • 2005
  • In this study, the immunological effect of a traditional Korea herbal medicine, Sochungyong-tang (SCRT) that has been widely used for the treatment of various immunological disorders including allergic asthma in Korea, was examined in vitro. In our previous study demonstrated that SCRT decreases the expression of IL-4 mRNA, that plays pivotal role in Th2 cell development, while increases $IFN-{\gamma}{\tilde{a}}expression$, which is one of the key cytokines for Th1 lineage development in Th0 condition. That study strongly implies that SCRT can correct Th2 dominant condition directly affecting to the CD4+ T cell development. Present study designated to further evaluate the SCRT on helper T cell development by monitoring Th1/Th2 specific cytokine secretion patterns in artificially induced Th1 or Th2 polarized condition. The results demonstrated that Th2 cells were dramatically under-populated in Th2 driven condition with SCRT treatment, while Th1 cells were not altered in Th1 skewed condition. Furthermore, under Th2-skewed conditions the levels of and IL-4 were considerably decreased with SCRT treatment. However, the expression of GATA-3, a transcription factor that plays pivotal role in Th2 lineage programming, was not changed with SCRT, suggesting that the suppression of Th2 cell development by SCRT was not mediated by GATA-3. Present study implies that the effect on CD4+ T cell may be the one of key pharmacological effect point for treating IgE medicated allergic asthma by SCRT. These results also suggest that SCRT might be desirable agent for the correction of Th2 dominant pathological disorders.

Topping Effect on Growth and Yield of Soybean Growth in Paddy Field

  • Cho, Jin-Woong;Park, Moon-Soo;Lee, Jung-Joon;Lee, Mi-Ja;Jung D. So;Kim, Tae-Soo;Lee, Sang-Bok
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.96-102
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    • 2003
  • This study was conducted to determine the effects of two plant populations (28 and 14 plants per $m^2$) and two toppings in conventional plant population (28 plants per $m^2$) on soybean (Glycine max L. cv. Pungsannamulkong) cultivated in the paddy field. The two topping time were taken at 6$^{th}$ to 7$^{th}$ and 8$^{th}$ to 9$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stages in the conventional plant population. Experimental design for growth data was a randomized complete block with three replications, and samples were taken at R1 (July 31), R3 (August 19), R5 (September 2) and R7 (September 23) growth stages. The branch number of soybean was relatively higher in the low plant population (14 plants per $m^2$) and with the topping at the 6$^{th}$ to 7$^{th}$ leaf stage, in the conventional plant population (28 plants per $m^2$), and with topping at the 8$^{th}$ to 9$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage in descending order. The highest average branch length of soybean was observed in the low population and the longest branch length was observed from the soybean with topping at the 6$^{th}$ to 7$^{th}$ leaf stage. The leaf number per plant was decreased in order of in the low population, with the topping at 6$^{th}$ to 7$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage, with the topping at 8$^{th}$ to 9$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage, and in the conventional population. The leaf area was high in the low population and with topping at 6$^{th}$ to 7$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage and was relatively low in the conventional population and with the topping at 8$^{th}$ to 9$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage in soybean. The dry weight of leaves and branches was high in the low population and with the topping at 6$^{th}$ to 7$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage and was relatively low in the conventional population and with topping at 8$^{th}$ to 9$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage. The leaf number per plant was high in the low population and with topping at 6$^{th}$ to 7$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage and was relatively low in the conventional population and with topping at 8$^{th}$ to 9$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage. The grain yield per 10a was high with the topping at 6$^{th}$ to 7$^{th}$ trifoliolate leaf stage.

Th17 Responses Are not Induced in Dextran Sodium Sulfate Model of Acute Colitis

  • Kim, Yoon-Suk;Lee, Min-Ho;Ju, Ahn-Seung;Rhee, Ki-Jong
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.416-419
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    • 2011
  • Dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) is a widely used chemical model for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is thought that imbalances in the T helper (Th) cell subsets contribute to IBD. Recent studies suggest that the acute DSS-colitis model is polarized toward a Th1/Th17 profile based on RT-PCR analysis of colonic tissues. In the current study we determined whether colonic Th cells from DSS-colitis mice were skewed toward the Th17 profile. Mice were treated with 5% DSS for 7 days and colonic T cells isolated and examined for production of IFN-${\gamma}$ (Th1 cell), IL-4 (Th2 cell) and IL-17 (Th17 cell) by intracellular flow cytometry. We found that the percentage of colonic Th17 cells were similar to non-treated controls but the percentage of Th1 cells were elevated in DSS-colitis mice. These results suggest that in the acute DSS-colitis model the colonic Th cells exhibit a Th1 profile and not a Th17 profile.

THE GROWTH OF ENTIRE FUNCTION IN THE FORM OF VECTOR VALUED DIRICHLET SERIES IN TERMS OF (p, q)-TH RELATIVE RITT ORDER AND (p, q)-TH RELATIVE RITT TYPE

  • Biswas, Tanmay
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.93-117
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    • 2019
  • In this paper we wish to study some growth properties of entire functions represented by a vector valued Dirichlet series on the basis of (p, q)-th relative Ritt order, (p, q)-th relative Ritt type and (p, q)-th relative Ritt weak type where p and q are integers such that $p{\geq}0$ and $q{\geq}0$.

Effects of Thermotherapy on Th1/Th2 Cells in Esophageal Cancer Patients Treated with Radiotherapy

  • Hong, Mei;Jiang, Zao;Zhou, Ying-Feng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.2359-2362
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    • 2014
  • Background: To investigate the effects of double radiofrequency hyperthermia on Th1/Th2 cells in esophageal cancer patients treated with radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: 22 patients with esophageal cancer were divided into a radiotherapy group (10 cases) and a combined group (double radiofrequency hyperthermia combined with radiotherapy group, 12 cases). Both groups received conventional radiotherapy using a cobalt-60 therapy apparatus (TD60-66Gy/30-33F). Patients in the combined group also underwent double radiofrequency hyperthermia (2F/W, 8-10F). Before and after treatment, Th1, Th2, Tc1 and Tc2 cells in peripheral blood were determined with flow cytometry. Results: In the radiotherapy group, Th1 cell contents before and after radiotherapy were $17.5{\pm}5.26%$ and $9.69{\pm}4.86%$, respectively, with a significant difference (p<0.01). The Th1/Th2 ratio was significantly decreased from $28.2{\pm}14.3$ to $16.5{\pm}10.4 $(p<0.01). In the combined group, Th1 cell content before radiotherapy was $15.9{\pm}8.18%$, and it increased to $18.6{\pm}8.84$ after radiotherapy (p>0.05), the Th1/Th2 ratio decreasing from $38.4{\pm}36.3$ to $28.1{\pm}24.0$ (p>0.05). Changes in Th2, Tc1 and Tc2 cell levels were not significant in the two groups before and after therapy (p>0.05). Conclusions: Double radiofrequency hyperthermia can promote the conversion from Th2 to Th1 cells, and regulate the balance of Th1/Th2 cells.