• Title, Summary, Keyword: TMS

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Intelligent TMS system architecture with TRIZ (TRIZ를 이용한 창의적인 TMS 시스템 설계)

  • Won, You-Jon;Kim, Dong-Kyu;Kim, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.343-350
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    • 2014
  • Although companies have to concentrate on effort to save cost to survive competition, transportation costs are taking more portions in total sales costs due to globalization in the modern times. It is the reason why Transportation Management System TMS is getting more important. However, it is practically difficult for the system to fit to all of transportation environments and actually many problems are taking place with the system. Therefore, a new idea is necessary to solve such problems fundamentally rather than temporarily or superficially. To do so, if TRIZ, which is a theory that systematically establishes creative ideas on the basis of patent analysis, is employed, it can bring forth a guideline with some creative principles that can be applicable in drawing out innovative ideas based on conceptual shift. The present study aims to propose a methodology of how TRIZ should be applied to solve the problems that happen in TMS as a whole. Particularly, the study focuses on how to design customized TMS system that can be employed for each of different situations in a creative way.

Achievements and Tasks of the SMRT Tunnel Monitoring System(TMS) (서울도시철도공사 터널모니터링 시스템의 운영성과와 과제)

  • Park, Jong-Hun;Kim, Man-Hwa;Park, Ki-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.381-387
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    • 2012
  • This paper is aimed to analyze the achievements of the Tunnel Monitoring System(TMS), implemented in Seoul subway L5~L8, and to find out improved methods. By introducing the TMS, it is possible to inspect tunnel facilities for 24 hours a day while trains are operated. The inspection capability could be expanded, the accuracy was improved, and the cycle was shortened. The efficiency of manpower was improved and the surplus manpower could be used for other tasks of facilities maintenance. As a result, by introduction of the TMS, the amount of tunnel maintenance was increased by 225% and the train service troubles caused by facility problems were decreased by 53%.

Effects of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Motor Recovery in Lower Extremities of Subacute Stage Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Ji, Sang-Goo;Cha, Hyun-Gyu;Kim, Myoung-Kwon
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.427-431
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    • 2015
  • The aim of this study was to investigate whether repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can improve motor recovery in the lower extremities of the patients with subacute stage spinal cord injury (SCI). This study was conducted with 19 subjects diagnosed with paraplegia because of SCI. The experimental group included 10 subjects who underwent active rTMS, and the control group included 9 subjects who underwent sham rTMS. The SCI patients in the experimental group underwent conventional rehabilitation therapy, and active rTMS was applied daily to the hotspot of the lesional hemisphere. The SCI patients in the control group underwent sham rTMS and conventional rehabilitation therapy. The participants in both the groups received therapy five days per week for six weeks. Latency, amplitude, and velocity were assessed before and after the six-week therapy period. A significant difference in post-treatment gains for the latency and velocity was observed between the experimental and control groups (p < 0.05). However, no significant differences in the amplitude were observed between the two groups (p > 0.05). The results of this study indicate that rTMS may be beneficial in improving motor recovery in the lower extremities of subacute stage SCI patients.

Synthesis and Characterization of Si-C-N Precursor by Using Chemical Vapor Condensation Method (화학기상응축법을 이용한 Si-C-N Precursor 분말의 합성 및 특성평가)

  • Kim, Hyoung-In;Kim, Dae-Jung;Hong, Jin-Seok;So, Myoung-Gi
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.783-788
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    • 2002
  • In this study, nano-sized Si-C-N precursor powders were synthesized by Chemical Vapor Condensation Method(CVC) using TMS(Tetramethylsilane: Si($CH_3)_4$), $NH_3$ and $H_2$ gases under the various reaction conditions of the reaction temperature, TMS/$NH_3$ ratio and TMS/$H_2$ ratio. XRD and FESEM were used to analysis the crystalline phase and the average particle size of the synthesized powders. It was found that the obtained powders under the considering conditions were all spherical amorphous powder with the particle size of 87∼130 nm. The particle size was decreased as the reaction temperature increased and TMS/$NH_3$ and TMS/$H_2$ ratio decreased. As the results of EA analysis, it was found that the synthesized powders had been formed the powders composed of Si, N, C and H. Through FT-IR results, it was found that the synthesized powders were Si-C-N precursor powders with Si-C, Si-N and C-N bonds.

Magnetic Properties of Co-substituted Ba-ferrite Powder by Sol-gel Method (졸-겔법에 의한 Cobalt 치환된 Ba-ferrite 분말의 자기적 특성)

  • Choi, Hyun-Seung;Park, Hyo-Yul;Yoon, Seog-Young;Shin, Hak-Gi;Kim, Tae-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.789-794
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    • 2002
  • In this study, nano-sized Si-C-N precursor powders were synthesized by Chemical Vapor Condensation Method(CVC) using TMS(Tetramethylsilane: $Si(CH_3)_4$), $NH_3$ and $H_2$ gases under the various reaction conditions of the reaction temperature, TMS/$NH_3$ ratio and TMS/$H_2$ ratio. XRD and FESEM were used to analysis the crystalline phase and the average particle size of the synthesized powders. It was found that the obtained powders under the considering conditions were all spherical amorphous powder with the particle size of 87∼130 nm. The particle size was decreased as the reaction temperature increased and TMS/$NH_3$ and TMS/$H_2$ ratio decreased. As the results of EA analysis, it was found that the synthesized powders had been formed the powders composed of Si, N, C and H. Through FT-IR results, it was found that the synthesized powders were Si-C-N precursor powders with Si-C, Si-N and C-N bonds.

Effect of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Drug Resistant Depressed Patients (치료 저항성 우울증 환자에서 반복적 경두개 자기자극후 국소뇌혈류 변화)

  • Chung, Yong-An;Yoo, Ie-Ryung;Kang, Bong-Joo;Chae, Jeong-Ho;Lee, Hye-Won;Moon, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Sohn, Hyung-Sun;Chung, Soo-Kyo
    • Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has recently been clinically applied in the treatment of drug resistant depressed patients. There are mixed findings about the efficacy of rTMS on depression. Furthermore, the influence of rTMS on the physiology of the brain is not clear. We prospectively evaluated changes of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) between pre- and post-rTMS treatment in patients with drug resistant depression. Materials and Methods: Twelve patients with drug-resistant depression (7 male, 5 female; age range: $19{\sim}52$ years; mean age: $29.3{\pm}9.3$ years) were given rTMS on right prefrontal lobe with low frequency (1 Hz) and on left prefrontal lobe with high frequency (20 Hz), with 20-minute-duration each day for 3 weeks. Tc-99m ECD brain perfusion SPECT was obtained before and after rTMS treatment. The changes of cerebral perfusion were analyzed using statistical parametric mapping (SPM; t=3.14, uncorrected p<0.01, voxel=100). Results: Following areas showed significant increase in rCBF after 3 weeks rTMS treatment: the cingulate gyrus, fusiform gyrus of right temporal lobe, precuneus, and left lateral globus pallidus. Significant decrement was noted in: the precental and middle frontal gyrus of right frontal lobe, and fusiform gyrus of left occipital lobe. Conclusion: Low-frequency rTMS on the right prefrontal cortex and high-frequency rTMS on the left prefrontal cortex for 3 weeks as an add-on regimen have increased and decreased rCBF in the specific brain regions in drug-resistant depressed patients. Further analyses correlating clinical characteristics and treatment paradigm with functional imaging data may be helpful in clarifying the pathophysiology of drug-resistant depressed patients.

The Behavior of Electrolytes in Nonaqueous Solutions (IV). Relative Viscosities and Osmotic Coefficients of Alkaline Metal Iodides (물아닌 용액에서의 전해질의 행동에 관한 연구 (제4보). 요오드화알칼리금속의 상대점도와 삼투계수)

  • Si-Joong Kim;Jin-Ho Kim;Kyu-Seong Choi
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 1984
  • The relative viscosities and the osmotic coefficients of alkaline metal iodides (NaI, KI, RbI, CsI) in methanol, ethanol, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), and sulfolane (TMS) have been measured by Ubbelohde viscometer and vapor pressure osmometry at 45 ∼ $120^{\circ}C.$ The order of A and B coefficients in viscosity for alkaline metal iodides are MeOH > EtOH > TMS > DMSO, and TMS > EtOH > DMSO > MeOH. dB/dT values for the alkaline metal iodides are in the order of NaI > KI > RbI > CsI in the protic solvents, while those for the aprotic solvents are in the reverse order. The order of the osmotic coefficients for the alkaline metal iodides is EtOH > DMSO > MeOH > TMS.

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A Study on the Simultaneous Determination of Residual Zeranol, Zearalenone and Their Metabolites in Beef by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry에 의한 우육 중의 잔류 Zeranol, Zearalenone 및 그 대사산물들의 동시 분석법에 대한 연구)

  • 이은섭;이용욱
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1994
  • A Simultaneous determination method was improved for the determination and confirmation of zeranol, zearalenone, as well as their isomers and metabolites, in beef. The analytes were extracted from tissue by CH3CN, hydrolyzed enzymatically(for glucuronide conjugates), cleaned up by a strong basic anion exchange resin combined with a liquid/liquid partitioning, derivatized using MSTFA and confirmed, quantified by GC/MS/SIM with a internal standard, zearalane. The results were as follows : (1) all the estrogens were separated on the GC/MS chromatogram under the extraction method and the chromatographic conditions improved, the retention times of zearalane-TMS2, zearalanone-TMS2, zearalenone-TMS2, zeranol-TMS3, taleranol-TMS3, and $\alpha$-zearalenol-TMS3, $\beta$-zearalenol-TMS3, were 18.49, 19.44, 19.63, 19.71, 19.79 and 19.99, 20.08 minutes, respectively. (2) The calibration curves of residual zeranol, zearalenone and their metabolites showed constantly linear(r=0.99) in the range of 5~20 ng. The minimum detection concentration of residual zeranol, zearalenone and their metabolites was 1 ppb. (3) The total average recovery of residual zeranol, zearalenone and their metabolites from spiked beef was 60.2%(CV=29.7%) at the 1 ppb and 63.5%(CV=26.5) at the 2 ppb, 72.9%(CV=18.2%) at the 4 ppb. (4) The preservation method for 6 estrogens was improved for the fast running time(21 min) and MSTFA was utilized for derivatizing 6 estrogens for improvement of recovery, for good resolution, for characteristic mass spectra unlike Jose's method and Tina's method. The utilization of zearalane as internal standard showed good quantification result for zeranol, zearalenone, as well as their isomers and metabolites, in beef.

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Antioxidant activity of Green Tea Fermented with Monascus pilosus

  • Lee, Ye-Kyung;Lee, Sang-Il;Kim, Jeong-Sook;Yang, Seung-Hwan;Lee, In-Ae;Kim, Soon-Dong;Suh, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.19-25
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    • 2012
  • Green tea leaves were fermented for 15 and 30 days with Monascus pilosus which is known to produce functional statins (TMs), and the content of various biochemical constituents such as total polyphenol (TP), total flavonoid (TF), theaflavin, and thearubigin were analyzed and compared with that of non-fermented green tea (GT) and Pu-erh Chinese post-fermented tea (PU). In addition to the electron donating ability (EDA), ferric iron reducing power (FIRP), xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity, iron chelating activity (ICA) and hydrogen peroxide contents were also measured and compared with that of GT and PU. Content of TP and TF in the water and ethanol extracts in TMs were lower than those in GT and PU. Theaflavin and thearubigin contents of water and ethanol extracts in TMs were higher than those of GT. And, these components were increased depending on the period of fermentation. While, EDA and FIRP of TMs were lower than those of GT, XO inhibitory activity of TMs was higher than non-fermented tea. While, ICA of TMs was slightly higher than GT and PU, the content of hydrogen peroxide in TMs was markedly lower than GT. This results suggested that the green tea fermented by M. pilosus was valuable for oxidative stress-induced diseases by decreasing hydrogen peroxide, and forming theaflavins and thearubigins with functionality of genus Monascus.

Utilization of Transactive Memory Systems for New Product Development and its Influence on Team Performance: Focus on Automobile Parts Firm (자동차부품기업의 신제품 개발을 위한 교류기억체계(TMS)의 활용과 팀 성과에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Sangmin;Moon, Taesoo
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.175-196
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    • 2016
  • Purpose The development of new products in automobile parts industry plays an important role. Nowadays, automobile industry is one of the most important industries in the world, because automobile industry includes the industries of steel, machinery, electronic, etc. As a result, automobile industry embodies a country's level of development and competitiveness. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between team characteristics such as communication, familiarity, and contiguity, and team performance through TMS in the process of new products development in automobile parts industry. Design/Methodology/Approach Based on real phenomenon of Korean automobile parts industry, this study tried to figure out the influence of TMS between team members for new product development on team performance. Thus, this study adopts communication, familiarity and contiguity as antecedents, and TMS with specialty, credibility and coordination as a mediating variable, and adopts team performance as a dependent variable. The data of questionnaire were collected from team managers who belong to new product development team in automobile parts firms. 171 questionnaires as data unit of group level from 80 Korean automobile parts firms were collected using face-to-face interview methods. Findings This study proved empirically that the relationship between antecedents and TMS has a positive influence, and TMS also has a positive influence on team performance. This study provides the managers an insight that automobile parts companies should pay more attention to set up TMS in order to improve higher performance between their team members for new product development of automobile parts.