• Title, Summary, Keyword: TPH

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Effects of Diesel Dose and Soil Texture on Variation in the Concentration of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon in the Diesel-Contaminated Soil (경유 주입량과 토양 조성에 따른 유류 오염토양 내 TPH 측정 농도 변화 연구)

  • Jeong, Jongshin;Kim, Hakyong;Lee, Sojin;Jeong, Seung-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.69-72
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the effects of oil dose and soil texture on the analysis results for total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in artificially oil-contaminated soils. The same amount of diesel was mixed with soils having different soil texture, and soil TPH concentrations were then analyzed for comparison. Presence of clay in the soil showed lower soil TPH analysis results than that of sand only. As the clay content was increased in the soil, the lower soil TPH concentration was obtained by incompleteness of solvent extraction. As the organic matter content in soil was increased from 5.2% to 10% (weight basis), a higher concentration of TPH was obtained by TPH analysis. However, at a higher organic content in the soil, 18%, resulted in a lower TPH concentration than those of 5.2% and 10%. Gasoline dose to the soil resulted in a significantly low TPH concentration due to the volatilization of gasoline while soil mixing and analysis. This study results would provide fundamental information either to the expectation of TPH concentration in artificially oil-contaminated soil or to estimation of oil release in the real oil-contaminated site.

Treatability Study on the Remediation Groundwater Contaminated by TPH Cr6+ : Lab-Scale Experiment (TPH와 6가 크롬으로 오염된 지하수 처리를 위한 실내 실험)

  • Lee, Gyu-Beom;Chang, Yoon-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.332-345
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of the study is to evaluate the treatability of contaminated groundwater with TPH and (or) $Cr^{6+}$. Laboratory scale tests were performed for oil/water separation, dissolved air flotation (DAF), coagulation and precipitation, and filtration with sand and activated carbon respectively. Two times of oil/water separation tests for total 40 minutes of separation or separating time shows 90.2 % of TPH removal rate. In case of DAF test for high TPH sample, the TPH removal rates were not varied significantly by the variation of microbubble size. However, tests for low TPH samples show that TPH removal rate increases as microbubbles are smaller. When coagulant was added to sample for DAF test, TPH removal rate was increased 12.3 %. SS removal rate by DAF was 97.9 % at $16-40{\mu}m$ and it was increased as the size of microbubble is reduced. Tests for coagulation and precipitation were performed to evaluate the removal of $Cr^{6+}$ in groundwater. The increase of $FeSO_4$ dosage increased $Cr^{6+}$ removal rate in the coagulation and precipitation process. As the amount of activated carbon in the filter media increased TPH removal rate in the filtration process. SS removal rate by the filtration was 96.7 % similar to the results of DAF process tests. The filtration process treats TPH and SS. Best design parameters are determined as the size of sand is $425-850{\mu}m$ and the ratio of activated carbon and sand is 50:50.

The Contamination Characteristics of BTEX and TPH Components in Silty Soils with the Oil Leakage Event from Point Source (점오염원 형태의 유류누출 사건에 의한 실트질 토양층에서 BTEX와 TPH 성분의 오염도 연구)

  • Kang, Dong-Hwan;Chung, Sang-Yong;Go, Dong-Ho
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.393-402
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    • 2006
  • The contamination characteristics of BTEX and TPH components in silty soils with the oil leakage event from point source were studied. The over ratios of three soil pollution standard for TPH component were $1.5{\sim}1.7$ times higher than that of BTEX component. The mean and maximum values of BTEX and TPH components with sample points were B-zone > A-zone > C-zone, and the highest concentrations were measured at $1{\sim}2m$ depth below surface. BTEX and TPH components were increased with linear distance in zone within 120 m and 80 m from point source. For the zone more than 120 m, BTEX and TPH concentrations were under soil pollution standard. The cutoff values of indicator kriging using BTEX and TPH components were defined as confirmative limit, warn- ing limit and counterplan limit. The variograms of indicator-transformed data were selected linear model. The contamination ranges of BTEX and TPH components using confirmative limit and warning limit were estimated similar, but the contamination range of those using counterplan limit was much reduced. The maximum contamination probabilities were estimated by probability maps usinB confirmative limit, warning limit and counterplan limit. The maximum contamination probabilities with three soil pollution standard were estimated 26%, 26% and 13% for BTEX component, and 44%, 38% and 26% for TPH component.

The Characteristics of TPH Removals by Microwave Radiation for Diesel Contaminated Soil (디젤오염토양 마이크로파 처리 시 TPH의 제거 특성)

  • Jeong, Seung-Woo;Lee, Tae-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.35 no.11
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    • pp.776-780
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    • 2013
  • TPH degrdation patterns in diesel contaminated soil was investigated with microwave radiation. When microwave radiation on the soil was applied, temperature increment of the aridic soil was quite low, but temperature in the moist soil was dramatically increased even if short period of running time. Up to 20% of the moisture content, the higher moisture content has more increment of temperature, whereas over 20% of the moisture content, temperature in the soil was rather decreased. when 100~700 W power of microwave radiation was applied into the contaminated soil, a lot of TPH removals was observed under 300 W, but negligible increment of TPH removal was detected over 300 W. 60% of TPH removal was achieved with initial 20% moisture content and microwave radiation. Additional 25% removal was accomplished when moisture content was kept constant during radiation period. It indicated that maintaining of constant moisture is an important factor for TPH removal with microwave radiation because moisture and temperature in the soil are decreased with reaction time.

A Field Study for the Remediation of TPH and BTEX Contaminated Soils Using Hydrogen Peroxide (현장시스템에서 과산화수소를 이용한 TPH와 BTEX 분해에 관한 연구)

  • 최석종;이태진;박진희;김영식
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.248-251
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    • 2004
  • 유류로 오염된 토양에 과산화수소를 주입 후 펜톤유사반응을 유도하여 유류오염토양의 복원 가능성을 조사해 보았다. 과산화수소의 분할 주입 후 TPH와 BTEX 제거율은 최고 99.04 %와 99.25%로 각각 나타났으며, BTEX와 TPH가 혼합 오염된 토양에서 펜톤유사반응을 적용하였을 때 BTEX의 분해보다 TPH의 분해가 빠르게 진행되는 것을 알 수 있었다.

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Extraction of Total Petroleum Hydracabons from Petroleum Oil-Contaminated Sandy Soil by Soil Washing (토양 세척법에 의한 유류오염 사질토양의 TPH 추출 효율 평가)

  • Lee, Cha-Dol;Yoo, Jong-Chan;Yang, Jung-Seok;Kong, Jun;Baek, Kitae
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.18-24
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    • 2013
  • The influences of various operating parameters on physico-chemical techniques were evaluated to remediate petroleum-contaminated sandy soil including S/L ratio, kinetic, and effect of soil particle size. The simple extraction using tap water removed only 20.6% of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH), and addition of NaOH enhanced the removal of TPH to approximately 30%. To meet the regulation levels, a surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate, was added, and the removal of TPH increased to 4 times. Probably, the carbonate minerals affected chemical aging and soprtion of petroleum, which inhibited the extraction of TPH. The soil with smaller particle size contained more TPH, and the removal of TPH was obstructed with smaller particle size. However, NaOH addition increased the removal of TPH in the smaller particles. The physico-chemical properties of soil influenced greatly the removal of petroleum even in sandy soil.

In-situ Bioremediation of Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons-Contaminated Soil by Pseudomonas Species (토양 내 TPH(Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons)의 생물학적 분해 연구)

  • Kim, Jee-Young;Lee, Sang-Seob
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2011
  • We previously showed that five strains belonging to Pseudomonas could remove TPH (Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons) efficiently when they are applied to TPH-contaminated soil. We optimized the bioremediation condition using different hydrocarbons and nutrients conditions to improve the efficiency. We setup lab-scale column bioreactor to monitor TPH and diesel removal efficiency. When we applied five Pseudomonas sp. mixtures to 25,000 $mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ TPH-contaminated soil (diesel 10,000 $mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$, kerosene 10,000 $mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$, gasoline 5,000 $mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$) with the optimum condition, 76.3% of TPH removal efficiency was shown for 25 days. Meanwhile, in the application of five Pseudomonas sp. mixtures to 20,000 $mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ diesel-contaminated soil with the optimum condition, 99.2% of diesel removal efficiency was shown for 40 days. In the application to lab-scale bioreactor with five high efficiency bacteria, 88.5% of TPH removal efficiency was shown for 45 days. Based on the results from this study, we confirmed that this mixed Pseudomonas sp. consortium might improve the bioremediation of TPH in contaminated soil, the efficacy can be controlled by improving the nutrients. We also confirmed that the nutrients and oxygen for biodegradation of TPH could contribute on the management and control of applications of these strains for the study of bioremediation of TPH-contaminated soil.

Enhanced TPH Degradation of Diesel-Contaminated Soil by Microwave Heating (디젤오염토양의 TPH 분해를 위한 마이크로파의 가열특성)

  • Jung, Byung-Gil;Kim, Dae-Yong;Kim, Jung-Kwon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.479-484
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    • 2008
  • The application of microwave technology has been investigated in the remediation of diesel-contaminated soil. The paper deals with economic assessment by means of cost analysis and degradation characteristics at different microwave powers for total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in diesel contaminated soils. The soils from S Mountain around the D University were sampled. The samples were screened with 2.0 mm mesh and dried for 6 hours before the diesel was added into the dried soils. The diesel-contaminated soil (3,300 mg THP/kg soil) was prepared with diesel (S Co.). The drying process was carried out in a microwave oven, a standard household appliance with a 2,450 MHz frequency and 700 W of power. The experiments were conducted from 0 to 20 minutes as the microwave powers increased from 350W to 500W to 700W. The concentrations of TPH were analysed using a gas chromatography/mass spectrometer (GC/MS). The initial concentration of TPH was 3,300 mg TPH/kg soil. The weight of contaminated soil was 200g. The concentration of TPH was decreased to 1,828 mg TPH/kg soil (44.7%), 1,347 mg TPH/kg soil (59.2%) and 1,014 mg TPH/kg soil (69.3%) at 350W, 500W and 700W for 15 minutes respectively. In addition, the curve was best fit with first order kinetics using the least-square method. The ranges of a first order rate constant k and r-square were $0.0298{\sim}0.0375min^{-1}$ and $0.9373{\sim}0.9541$ respectively.

Simultaneous analysis method of BTEX and TPH in soil (토양중 BTEX와 TPH의 동시분석법에 관한 연구)

  • 신호상;박치후
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.3-8
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    • 2000
  • A simple and rapid simultaneous analysis method of BTEX and TPH in soil was developed. 5g of soil sample were mixed with sodium sulfate and then extracted with 10 mL of mixture of acetone and dichloromethane (1:1). Extraction was performed for 10 min in sonicator and analysis was with GC-FID. The detection limits of BTEX and TPH was 0.8 and 10 mg/kg, respectively. The analytical recoveries were >90% for all BTEX and TPH. Low boiling point fuels and high boiling point fuels are consistently reproduced within RSD 7%. The analysis results show very simple and rapid quantitation of BTEX and TPH in soil sample with low RSD.

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Effects of Initial Concentration and Nutrients in Treatment of petroleum Hydrocarbon Contaminated Soils using a Slurry-Phase Bioreactor (슬러리상 생물반응기를 이용한 석유계탄화수소 오염토양의 처리에 있어서 초기농도 및 영양소의 영향)

  • 김수철;남궁완;박대원
    • Journal of Korea Soil Environment Society
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of initial concentration and nutrients in treatment of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soils. The reactor used in this study was slurry-phase bioreactor of in-vessel type. Performance results on treatment of diesel fuel contaminated soils and micorbial growth were generated at the bench-scale level. The fate of TPH(Total Petroleum Hydrocarbon) and the microbial growth were evaluated in combination with biodegradation rate. Effect of initial loading levels of 50,000 and 100,000mg TPH/kg soil was studied. Performance results with two reactors were showed at the total TPH removal rate of 90.5% and 90.8%, respectively. However, the reactor with the initial concentration of 50,000mg TPH/kg soil showed higher biological TPH removal efficiency except for removal by volatilization than the other Although the different amount of nutrients was applied in two reactors, there was no remarkable difference in microbial growth rate. However, considerable factor in this results was that applied different initial concentration to two reactors. Although initial concentration was two times higher than it applied to the reactor without addition of nutrients, in total and biological TPH removal rate the reactor with addition of nutrients showed a higher than the other.

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